William Carpenter, II
|Also Known As:||"William Carpenter II", "Captain William Carpenter"|
|Birthplace:||Shalbourne, Wiltshire, England|
|Death:||Died in Rehoboth, Bristol, Massachusetts|
|Place of Burial:||Newman Cemetery, Rumford, East Providence, Providence, Rhode Island, United States|
Son of William "of the Bevis" Carpenter and Alice Carpenter
|Managed by:||Private User|
About William "of Rehoboth" Carpenter
William Carpenter of Rehoboth was born in England about 1605 and died at Rehoboth, Plymouth Colony, on 7 February 1658[/9]. He is buried along with his wife in Old Rehoboth (Newman) Cemetery, in present-day Rumford, East Providence, Rhode Island.
Parents: William Carpenter, who was born in England about 1575 and lived for many years in the Wiltshire part of Shalbourne Parish. With son William and the latter's family, he sailed to Massachusetts on the Bevis in 1638. He died probably at Weymouth, Massachusetts Bay Colony, or Rehoboth, Plymouth Colony.
- on 28 April 1625 at St. Michael's and All Angels Church, then in the in the Berkshire part of Shalbourne Parish to Abigail Briant. She was baptized there on 27 May 1604 and buried at Rehoboth on 22 February 1686/7. Abigail was the daughter of John and Alice (______) Briant of Shalbourne.
8 children of Children of William2 and Abigail (Briant) Carpenter, i-v baptized at Shalbourne, vii-viii born at Weymouth:
- John3 Carpenter, bp. 8 Oct. 1626; m. Hannah [Smith?].
- Abigail Carpenter, bp. 31 May 1629; m. (1) John Titus, (2) Jonah Palmer Sr.
- William Carpenter, bp. 22 Nov. 1631; m. (1) Priscilla Bennett, (2) Miriam Sale.
- Joseph Carpenter, bp. 6 April 1634; m. Margaret Sutton.
- Samuel Carpenter, bp. 1 March 1636[/7], bur. Shalbourne 20 April 1637.
- Samuel Carpenter (again), b. ca. 1638; m. Sarah Redway.
- Hannah Carpenter, b. 3 2nd mo. [April] 1640; m. Joseph2 Carpenter (see below).
- Abiah Carpenter, b. 9 2nd mo. [April] 1643; m. Mary Redway.
unrelated William Carpenter's
- From the wonderful contributors at www.findagrave.com: hkwerb1added this on 22 Jun 2010
William Carpenter #1 (Grave photo is of this W.C.): He was born about 1605, probably near the confluence of Wiltshire, Hampshire, and Berkshire Counties. No exact date of his birth in primary sources has been found, though some sources indicate May 16,1605, which may be a fabrication. He was the son of William Carpenter of the Wiltshire Co. portion of Shalbourne parish. His mother may have been the Alice Carpenter buried at Shalbourne on Jan 25,1637/8. William Carpenter Sr, aged 62, was listed as a passenger on the "Bevis" in 1638, but he may have died on the voyage or shortly afterward, or returned to England shortly afterward.
This William Carpenter should not be confused with contemporary William Carpenter of Providence,RI, nor are they related in any known way.
In May, 1638 The Bevis of (South) Hampton departed Southampton for New England "by vertue of the Lord Treasurers warrant of the second of May"
- Carpenter, William 62 carpenter, of Wherwell (listed "Horwell"cit.3), county Hampshire
- Carpenter, William, Jr 33 carpenter, of Wherwell, county Hampshire
- (wife) Carpenter, Abigail 32 (Maiden Name: Briant*; listed "Abigael"cit.3)
- (child) Carpenter - under 10 (John*)
- (child) Carpenter - under 10 (Abigail*)
- (child) Carpenter - under 10 (William*)
- (child) Carpenter - under 10 (Joseph*)
- Banshott, Thomas 14 (Carpenter servant)
The Carpenter Cousins Y-DNA Project has established that the Rehoboth and Providence Carpenter families are related, but far more remotely than generally thought.
- Carpenters' Encyclopedia of Carpenters 2008 Update Page last revised 17 Jan. 2011
- Carpenter, John R. Carpenters' Encyclopedia of Carpenters: A Study of the Carpenters of the Philadelphia, Pa Branch & the British West Indies of the Carpenter Family in America : Including the Branches of the Wiltshire & Surrey, England Carpenters. La Mesa, Calif.: J.R. Carpenter, 2001.
- Rehoboth Vital Record Death 1652-1896 pg 808
- B.B. TOPP, Carpenter Chronicles #24, Nov 1995.
- Zubrinsky, Eugene Cole. "Abiah3 Carpenter of Warwick, Rhode Island, and His Family, With Additional Material Concerning William1 Carpenter of Providence, Rhode Island, and William2 Carpenter of Rehoboth, Massachusetts," The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 159 (Jan. 2005):55-68; (Oct. 2005):362-64 (additions and corrections [hereafter a&c]); 161 (Oct. 2007):300 (a&c); 163 (Oct. 2009):297-98 http://members.cox.net/jrcrin001/Carpenter(TAG1995).pdf
- Zubrinsky, Eugene Cole. "Three John Carpenters: A Chain of Mistaken Identities," The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 159 (Jan. 2005):43-54; (Oct. 2005):361-62 (a&c); 163 (Oct. 2009):297 (a&c) http://members.cox.net/jrcrin001/ThreeJohnCarpenters(NEHGR159%5bJan2005%5d).pdf
- Zubrinsky, Eugene Cole. "The Immigration and Marriage of William1 Carpenter of Amesbury, Wiltshire, and Providence, Rhode Island," The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 164 (Jan. 2010):36-40; 164 (Oct. 2010):296-97 (a&c). This work establishes the English origin of William Carpenter of Rehoboth (c1605-1658[/9]); identifies his wife, Abigail Briant; and revises their children's birth order.http://www.americanancestors.org/uploadedFiles/American_Ancestors/Content/Publications/Journals/Register_PDFs/NEHGR_October_2010_Vol_164.pdf
-------------------- Possible alternate death date: 7 Feb 16971697-2-7 at W.P., Rehoboth, Bristol, MassachusettsW.P., Rehoboth, Bristol, Massachusetts
WILL: dated 10 Feb 1679, proved 1 Oct 1685, Providence, RI
He was in Providence, RI, 1637.
John Osbern Austin, THE GENEALOGICAL DICTIONARY OF RHODE
ISLAND; ; Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 198 2; p 36.
-------------------- Notes for William Carpenter:
!NOTE: A FARMER BY TRADE. A FREEMAN OF WEYMOUTH 13 MAY 1640 AND OF REHOBOTH
28 MAR 1645. MUCH INFORMATION IN THE FOLLOWING BOOKS.
!Number 16 in the Carpenter Memorial by Amos B. Carpenter (1898).
!AFN V6TJ-CO & LSD9-5L on this William has major errors. Sources below used for
corrections. Captain of the Colony.
!BIRTH: Probably in Wiltshire. He spent time in Wherwell (Whirlwell).
!Some records given Abigail Sales (Searles) as wife and others Abigail Bennett,
Ralph his brother is also listed as a spouse to Abigail Bennett. It is likely
that this William was married at least twice. Abigail Bennett died in 1687 in
Rehoboth. If this is true the first three kids are AS and others to AB.
In at least one record, Abigail Briant (Bryant) is listed as spouse. It she
was a spouse, she would have been number one or one of the Abigails above
under a married name?
!PER "GENEALOGICAL & FAMILY HISTORY OF WESTERN NEW YORK," LEWIS 1912, PAGE 1253
MUCH DETAIL GIVEN: WILL DATED 21 APR 1659, PROVED 7 FEB 1659, HE MARRIED IN
ENGLAND, ABIGAIL ? WHO DIED 22 FEB, 1687. *ON PAGE 1318: HIS BIRTH IS LISTED AS
25 MAY 1605. RECORDS SHOW HE WAS A FINE WRITER, A MAN OF AFFAIRS, POSSESSED OF
OTHER INFORMATION INCLUDES BUT NOT LIMITED TO: DEPUTY TO THE GENERAL COURT FROM
WEYMOUTH IN 1641-43 AND FROM REHOBOTH IN IN 1645, CONSTABLE IN 1641. HE WAS A
CLOSE FRIEND TO GOVERNOR WILLIAM BRADFORD, WHO MARRIED HIS COUSIN ALICE
CARPENTER. HE BOUGHT THE AREA NOW CALLED REHOBOTH (8 MILES SQUARE) FROM THE
INDIANS. PROPRIETORS' CLERK FROM 1643-1649. CONTRIBUTED TOWARD THE EXPENSES OF
KING PHILLIPS WAR. IN 1647, A SELECTMAN FROM REHOBOTH. HE WAS A CAPTAIN OF
!NOTE: SEE ALSO SAN DIEGO FAMILY HISTORY CENTER BOOK 929.273 C226c. THIS ORIGINAL
TYPED COPY CONTAINS DESCENDANTS NOT INCLUDED IN THE 1898 BOOK.
AFN LSD9-5L is apparently the same person with Baptism date as birth date.
!BOOK:- GENEALOGY: Amos B. Carpenter, A GENEALOGICAL HISTORY OF THE REHOBOTH
BRANCH OF THE CARPENTER FAMILY IN AMERICA. Also known as the CARPENTER
MEMORIAL. Published 1898 By: Press of Carpenter & Morehouse, Amherst, MA
WILLIAM is listed as # 16. Pages 38 to 50.
!BOOK:- GENEALOGY: Carpenter and Allied Families by Miss Annie L. Carpenter,
The American Historical Society, Inc., NY, published in 1936. Page 11-13.
!See LDS film #1449498; c225a; 0928227; 1404120.
!See Carpenter Family publication, LDS film #1685645.
!See Rehoboth MA Vital Records Arnold pp. 571, 578
!See Weymouth Historical Society publication N2, pp 254-287
!See New England Historical & Genealogical Register Vol LXV p.65
!See Plymouth Colony Records, 12 Vols. (Boston, MA, 1861),
Wills, Vol. 2, pp. 80-83.
!See REF: B.B. TOPP, Carpenter Chronicles #24, Nov 1995
Contents of pages 298-300 of Emigration List, BEVIS 1638
"Portus Southon: Southon, (May 1638) The list of the names of passengers
intended to shipe themselves, in the Bevis of Hampton of CL tommes, Robert
Batten, Master, for New England; thus by vertue of the Lord Tresurers Warrant
of the second of May, which was after the restrayne(t) & they some dayes gone
to sea before the King's Mates. Proclamacon come unto Southton."
(lists of names)
62 William Carpenter
33 William Carpenter Jun (of Horwell)
32 Abigail Carpenter
10 & under four children
!Through his five sons, Capt. William Carpenter became the father of "The
Family of Heroes." Over 300 of his male lineal descendants (230 proven as of
8/96) served America in the Revolutionary War. No other American colonial man
had as many. Source: Raymond George Carpenter, American Genealogist for the
Carpenter Family, author of "The Family of Heroes." (serial)
settlement at Providence, RI 1637-1901. By Daniel Hoogland Carpenter of
Mapelwood, Essex, NJ. Published by the Marion Press of Jamaica, Queensborough,
NY in 1901. 370 Pages.
See page 354, Describing the "Visitation" or census of the College of Arms in
1623 and 1634 where it is shown that there was a number of Carpenter
families in Gloucester, Hereford, Somerset, and Surrey, who made proof
of their pedigrees by presenting arms which were emblazoned in the windows of
the Church at Westbury upon Trin (often called the Worcester Arms).
Notes for Abigail (Briant) Bennett:
!PER 1912 LEWIS BOOK HER NAME WAS ABIGAIL NOT PRISCILLA.
!Per THE SECOND BOAT research notes dated May 1980 (vol.1 No. 1) page 15
by Harry Rogers suggests that Abigail was the daughter of WILLIAM BENNETT of
Sway, whose will made in 1630 and proven in 1638 (he was buried 20 Aug 1638)
names sons-in-law RALPH CARPENTER and WILLIAM CARPENTER, but only RALPH served
as an executor, making some researchers believe the missing Carpenter was the
William who sailed on the BEVIS in 1638.
!See REF: B.B. TOPP, Carpenter Chronicles #24, Nov 1995
Abigail, brn aft 1606, and died 22 Feb. 1686. Upon the death of her husband
William Carpenter she received his Bible and other books. Two hundred pounds
of sugar, the room the testator lodges inn with the chamber over it; and
"libertie to come to the fier to do her occations." She got a meadow near the
house, a way to the swamp, a supply of corn and the cloth in the house "toward
clothing herself and children". With her herd of swine that she hath to serve
towards housekeeping. Abigail was named sole executrix of the will, with
Richard Bowin, John Allin and "my brother Carpenter" to help her. Each year
date and the inventory was taken 21 Feb 1658 or 1659.
!Some records list her as Abigail Briant (Bryant), but this is incorrect.
She was probably another wife?
Notes for Abigail (SALE) SEARLES:
!ID # FMCV-Q8 "ABIGAIL SALE" IS THE SAME PERSON. BAP. 26 MAR 1932 SL; END. 7
APR 1932 SL; SP. 29 MAY 1946 SG. BORN 1593/94.
SEARLES IS THE AMERICAN VERSION OF THE ENGLISH "SALE(S)" or "SAILE".
IN ONE RECORD, ABIGAIL'S BIRTH DATE IS LISTED AS 1606 BUT THIS IS INCORRECT.
Children of William Carpenter and Abigail Bennett are:
+ 6 i. Abiah3 Carpenter, born April 09, 1643 in Weymouth, Norfolk, MA; died 1699 in Pawtuxet, RI.
+ 7 ii. John Carpenter, born Abt. 1628 in ,Wiltshire, England; died May 23, 1695 in JAMACIA, Long Island, NY.
+ 8 iii. William Carpenter, born Abt. 1632 in Southampton, England; died January 26, 1702/03 in Rehoboth, Bristol, MA.
+ 9 iv. JOSEPH Carpenter, born April 06, 1634 in Shalbourne, Berkshire, England; died May 06, 1675 in Swansey, Bristol, MA.
+ 10 v. Hannah Carpenter, born April 03, 1640 in Weymouth, Norfolk, MA; died in Musceta Cove, Long Island, NY.
+ 11 vi. Abigail Carpenter, born April 09, 1643 in Weymouth, Norfolk, MA; died March 05, 1709/10 in Rehoboth, Bristol, MA.
+ 12 vii. Samuel Carpenter, born Abt. 1644 in Rehoboth, Bristol, MA; died February 20, 1682/83 in Rehoboth, Bristol, MA.
13 viii. Ephraim Carpenter, born April 25, 1651 in Weymouth, Norfolk, MA; died April 30, 1713 in Rehoboth, Bristol, MA.
Notes for Ephraim Carpenter:
!In Ancestral File but not in the Carpenter Memorial.
William of Rehoboth came to America on the ship BEVIS which sailed in May 1 CONC of 1638 from Southhampton, Hampshire, England with 61 passengers. 1 CONT Accompanying him was his father William ( 10 ) Carpenter of Wherewell, 1 CONC Hampshire, age 62, wife Abigail, age 32, and four children under 10. It 1 CONC is believed that the elder William left his son and family at Weymouth 1 CONC Mass. and returned to England on the Bevis. 1 CONT 1 CONT Captain William (11) of Rehoboth died probably in the winter of 1668 - 1 CONC 1669. 1 CONT His will, dated 07, Feb. 1669 named his wife and children and was 1 CONC witnessed by Thomas Willet, Josiah Winslow and William Bradford. 1 CONT Source: D. Pulsifer, " Plymouth Colony records," 12 V, Boston, Ma. 1861, 1 CONC Wills, V2 pp 80 - 83. 1 CONT They had a servant Thomas Banshott 14 years old. 1 CONT The Younger WilIiiam was admitted a freeman of Weymouth on 13 May 1640 1 CONC and was named Constable in 1641
a/k/a William Batt Carpenter [Br?und WFT Vol. 2, Ed. 1, Tree #0089, Date of Import: Oct 6, 1996]
!FAMILY GROUP RECORDS ARCHIVES VITAL RECORDS OF REHOBOTH, MA (FHL #974.485/R1 V2a) PETER WILSON COLDHAM, THE COMPLETE BOOK OF EMIGRANTS (FHL #973 W2col) WILL OF WILLIAM CARPENTER, SR., MAYFLOWER DESCENDANT, 14:231-33 (FHL # 974.4 D25m) GEORGE WALTER CHAMBERLAIN, GENEALOGIES OF THE EARLY FAMILIES OF WEYMOUTH,MA (FHL #974.47/W1 D2c) [Br?und WFT Vol. 2, Ed. 1, Tree #6129, Date of Import: Oct 6, 1996]
A farmer. In 1641 and 1643, William was the Representative from Weymouth and was Constable in 1641. He was representative from Rehoboth in 1645,and was a close friend to Governor Bradford, who was married to William's cousin, Alice. He was also a cousin of William Carpenter of Providence who preceeded him from England to New England by several years. [Br?und WFT Vol. 2, Ed. 1, Tree #0945, Date of Import: Oct 6, 1996]
all info on this family from correspondence w/Helen Carpenter Burns 1990 Among the first settlers of Rehoboth were 58 people from Weymouth who drew lots in the division of lands on June 31, 1644: William Carpenter's name in that division stands as number 10. At the first meeting of the proprietors of Rehoboth, held at Weymouth in 1643/4 to organize the settlement of the land which had been originally purchased from the Wampanoags in 1641 by men of the Plymouth Colony, the group chose nine "townsmen" to run their affairs.The company at Weymouth, led by the Rev. Samuel Newman, did not adhere to either the Massachusetts Bay Colony or the Plymouth Colony at first, preferring to consider itself an independent settlement. . . . however in 1644 the majority decided to join Plymouth Colony, soon after an election of townsmen was held. . . Tradition, as well as the description given in his will, indicates the WIlliam Carpenter residence was located in the "ring" directly east of the church. In 1645 William Carpenter was elected a Rehoboth representative to the governmental body at Plymouth, also chosen to look after the interest of the town and named as one of those empowered to hear and decide on grievances in regard to the division of land by lots. In 1647 and 1655 he was chosen as one of the directors of the town . . . His vocation was given on the shipping list as that of carpenter, but one wonders if he had not at one time planned to enter the ministry. His library, mentioned in his will, includes various religious works of the eras as welll as Latin classics, Greek and Hebrew grammars, biblical concordances and some legal works. These books, plus the fine script in which he wrote the early Rehoboth records, indicate he had a far better education than most of the early New England settlers. All of William Carpenter's children are mentioned in his will, which is dated the 10th day of the 10th month, 1658. (A copy of the will is on file with Plymouth Old Colony records, --wills, Vol 2, pages 80-83, in Plymouth,MA) William died at Rehoboth Feb 7, 1658/59 and his will was proved April 21,1659. His widow, Abigail, died at Rehoboth February 22, 1687/88. The maiden name of William's wife, Abigail, has never been confirmed by documentation. It is generally believed, however, that she was the daughter of WIlliam Bennett of Sway in Hampshire. William Bennett's will, made in 1630 and proven shortly after his Aug 20, 1638 burial, names as executors Ralph and William Carpenter, but only Ralph served as an executor.
"Wm Carpenter of Rehoboth, MA came to America on the ship BEVIS which sailed in May of 1638 from Southampton, Hampshire, England with 61 passengers aboard. Accompanying him was his father William of Wherwell, Hampshire, age 62, wife Abigail 32y and 4 ch under 10y. They were also accompanied by a servant, Thomas BANSHOTT 14y. Complete passenger list is given in Charles E.Banks' THE PLANTERS OF THE COMMONWEALTH, 1620-1640, (Baltimore MD 1961) pp198-200. It is believed the elder William left his son and family at Weymouth, MA and returned to England on the BEVIS. The younger WM was admitted a freeman of Wey mouth on 13 MAy 1640 and was named Constable in 1641. He served as a Representative of Weymouth to the General Court of Plymouth, MA Bay Colony in 1641 and 43." From Raymond G. Carpenter's update PART 4 THE EARLY REHOBOTH, MA BRANCH...THE FAMILY OF HEROES. -------------------- Capt. William Carpenter, II: Birth: 1605 in Amesbury, Wiltshire, England Death: 1685 in Rehoboth, Bristol, Massachusetts, USA
William Carpenter (Father) Mary Alice Batt (Mother) .
WILLIAM2 CARPENTER (WILLIAM1) OF REHOBOTH, MASSACHUSETTS Eugene Cole Zubrinsky, FASG Ojai, California, 2008 Last revised 18 May 2011 Prepared for Carpenters’ Encyclopedia of Carpenters 2008 Update WILLIAM2 CARPENTER (William1) was born in England about 1605 and died at Rehoboth, Plymouth Colony (that part now Rumford, East Providence, Rhode Island), on 7 February 1658[/9]. He married in the parish of Shalbourne, Berkshire, England, on 28 April 1625, ABIGAIL BRIANT, baptized there on 27 May 1604 and buried at Rehoboth on 22 February 1686/7, daughter of John and Alice (______) Briant of Shalbourne. Both are buried in Old Rehoboth (Newman) Cemetery, Rumford (TAG 70:193–94, 203; RI Cems 63; see also BIRTH, DEATH, BURIAL, MARRIAGE, and COMMENTS sections, below). [While the foregoing genealogical data is presented in Register style, the embedding, grouping, and severe abbreviating of source citations are conveniences that depart from it. Sources are cited in full in KEY TO SOURCE NOTES, at the end of this sketch. The format below is patterned loosely after that used by Robert Charles Anderson in his Great Migration series.] BIRTH: The earliest known record of William2 and his family of origin is that of their tenancy at Westcourt Manor, in the Wiltshire part of Shalbourne, beginning in 1608 (see RESIDENCES, below). The line separating Wiltshire and Berkshire bisected the parish, and the Hampshire border was/is only about four miles distant; it is therefore likely that he was born in one of these three counties. William2’s approximate birth year is calculated from his age, 33, as reported a few days before 2 May 1638 and recorded on that date in the passenger list of the Bevis, on which ship he and his family sailed to Massachusetts (TAG 70:193–94, 203; see also IMMIGRATION, below). William is named with his father in the aforementioned 1608 Westcourt Manor record (see RESIDENCES, below). The copyhold was reaffirmed in 1614 by cross-outs and insertions in the original, 1608 record, augmented by a margin note. Presumably in 1621, when the copy court roll was compared to the manorial court book, William2’s age, 16, was inserted in the original record in a space theretofore left blank (Westcourt Recs 7; Crookston). No record of his specific date of birth or baptism has been found, and any such date appearing in the secondary literature is a fabrication. DEATH: Original Rehoboth vital records give Willliam2’s date of death as 7 February 1658. In May of that year, however, William Carpenter Sr. was chosen Rehoboth waywarden, and on 22 June 1658, he was one of forty-nine proprietors (also including William Jr.) who drew lots for meadows lying on the north side of the town (RTM 1:31v/74, 1:58r/127; RPropR 4A:7). His year of death is therefore presented in the first paragraph as 1658[/9], indicating that the original death-record date is Old Style (year beginning 25 March). For details concerning Old and New Style dating and the proper treatment (then and now) of pre-1752 dates between 1 January and 24 March, see Donald Lines Jacobus, Genealogy as Pastime and Profession, 2nd ed. (Baltimore, 1968; repr. 1999 [paperback]), 109–13; “A Member Responds to ‘Ask a Librarian’ Question,” NEHGS eNews 6, no. 6, whole no. 152 (6 February 2004), online at www.newenglandancestors.org/publications/ eNews_eNews_152.asp; Mike Spathaky, “Old Style and New Style Dates and the Change to the Gregorian Calendar: A Summary for Genealogists,” online at www.genfair.com/ dates.htm. BURIAL: William2’s grave marker is an ordinary field stone inscribed with the initials “WC” and “1658” chiseled below it; nearby are wife Abigail’s headstone (“AC”) and footstone (“1686”) (Early Rehoboth 4:32, 34–35). An image of the former is available online at www.genealogy.com/users/c/a/r/John-W-Carpenter/PHOTO/0001photo.html. MARRIAGE: William and Abigail’s marriage record (only Bishops’ Transcripts of Shalbourne parish records survive for this period) has her surname as Briante (Shalbourne ParR; TAG 70:194). The five remaining Shalbourne church records mentioning Abigail’s family (including her baptismal record) spell the name Briant (Shalbourne ParR). Her father’s will, however (including his signature), has it as Bryan (PCC). St. Michael and All Angels, the parish church where the couple married, is situated in what was then the Berkshire part of Shalbourne. The church was nevertheless under the jurisdiction of the dean and chapter of the cathedral church at New Sarum (Salisbury), Wiltshire (TAG 70:194, 194n5). Some sources give wife Abigail’s maiden name as Bennett or Searles. The first instance, however (prompted by the maiden name of her son William3 Carpenter’s first wife, Priscilla Bennett), represents unwarranted linkage to a Bennett family of Sway, Hampshire. The second reflects apparent confusion with the maiden name of William3’s second wife, Miriam Sale(s) (TAG 70:194n9, 204; see also Second Boat 1:15). IMMIGRATION: William2, his wife, four children, and father embarked at Southampton, Hampshire, on the Bevis. The preamble to the ship’s passenger list, dated 2 May 1638, indicates that “they [had been] some Dayes gone to sea” (NEHGR 14:336). They landed probably at Boston (the point of all but a handful of Bay Colony arrivals) in June or July 1638 (the average ocean crossing took five to eight weeks). RESIDENCES: William Carpenter “iunr” was about three years old when his father and he were first recorded as copyholders at Newtown, in the Wiltshire part of Shalbourne; their tenancy began on 1 June 1608. (The inclusion of William1’s presumably eldest [perhaps only] son and his sole heir [according to the law of primogeniture] gave the Carpenter copyhold potential continuity beyond the father’s lifetime.) He remained at Newtown until at least September 1637, if not January 1637/8 or later (Westcourt Recs 7; see also William1 of Shalbourne sketch, BIRTH, MARRIAGE, and RESIDENCES). The Bevis passenger list describes William2 and his father as “of Horwell,” that is, Whorwell (now Wherwell), in Horwell Hundred, Hampshire, about 15 map miles south-southeast of Shalbourne. Whorwell/Wherwell, which had a tradition of religious dissent—at least two of its vicars, Stephen Bachiler (1587–1605) and probable brother-in-law John Bate (1605–1633), were nonconformists—lies on a straight line from Shalbourne to the Bevis’s port of departure, at Southampton. (Another Bevis passenger in 1638 was Richard Dummer, who, with kinsman Bachiler, had been a partner in the Plough Company, which had recruited dissenters for migration to New England in 1631 and 1632.) It is clear from the chronology of Carpenter records at Shalbourne that the family was at Wherwell for a few months at most. It is indeed possible that they paused there only long enough to obtain from sympathetic authorities the certificates of conformity (one for each man) that customs officials would require for the Carpenters to leave England and from which the residence recorded for them on the passenger list was probably copied (TAG 70:193–94, 195n14; NEHGR 14:336; Old Hampshire Maps; see also “Focus on the Planter,” GMN 15, no. 4). William2 was living at Weymouth by 1640, having probably settled there soon after arriving in Massachusetts, in 1638 (see FREEMAN and CHILDREN sections, below; Weymouth Hist 1:197–98). On 10 1st month [March] 1644, he was among fifty-eight original Rehoboth proprietors who drew lots for the “first Division in the Neck” (RTM 1:6; RPropR 4A:5). (There is no record of home-lot grants, which undoubtedly had already been made.) That the earliest Rehoboth proprietors’ meetings were held at Weymouth in late 1643 suggests that actual settlement of Rehoboth did not begin until 1644 (see RTM 1:27, [29?], 31; Rehoboth Hist 24–25, 55). Amos B. Carpenter’s statement that William Carpenter was admitted an inhabitant of Rehoboth on 28 March 1645 has no documentary support (see Carpenter  38). There is no town record of that date, and no explicit admissions are recorded during this period (only the occasional grant of a home lot). It would have been superfluous, moreover, to admit as an inhabitant an original proprietor, to whom several lots had already been granted. OCCUPATION: House-carpenter/joiner and planter. The Bevis passenger list describes him as a carpenter, and his estate inventory contains many house-carpenter’s tools (NEHGR 14:336; WILL/ESTATE, below). FREEMAN: Weymouth, 13 May 1640 (TAG 70:193); Rehoboth, 4 June 1645 (PCR 2:84).
EDUCATION: William2’s will mentions many books, including “technical religious works of the time, Latin classics, Greek and Hebrew grammars, biblical concordances [and] some legal works” (MD 14:231–33; Colonial Families 2:553). Given his father’s apparent illiteracy and both men’s modest station in England, it is not surprising that William2 fails to appear in Oxford or Cambridge matriculation records; he was perhaps tutored by a local clergyman (see William1 of Shalbourne sketch, OCCUPATION, EDUCATION/ OFFICES; OCCUPATION, above). OFFICES: Weymouth: deputy to Massachusetts Bay Colony General Court, 1641, 1643; constable, 1641. Rehoboth: deputy to Plymouth Colony General Court, 1645, 1656; townsman (councilman/selectman), 1645, 1647, 1648, 1653, 1655[/6]; one of six to hear land-allotment grievances, 1645; grand juror, 1646; fence-viewer, 1646, 1647; surveying activity for the town, 1649 (perhaps other years); constable, 1654; surveyor (overseer) of highways (way warden) 1654, 1658 (MBCR 1:313, 318–19, 2:33; PCR 2:85, 102, 3:48–50, 99; Rehoboth Hist 32–33, 36, 38, 39, 40–41, 44–45, 46, 168, 171; RTM 1:41r/93, 58r/127). Perhaps the most repeated assertion as to the offices occupied by William2 Carpenter is that he was Rehoboth’s first proprietors’ and town clerk. Amos Carpenter states that “[a]t a proprietors’ meeting held in Weymouth before the emigration to Rehoboth, the latter part of the year 1643, William Carpenter was chosen Proprietors’ clerk. . . . He served as Proprietors’ and Town Clerk from 1643 until 1649” (Carpenter  39). At the bottom of the same page, author Carpenter presents a mistake-ridden transcription of a 1644 Rehoboth town order establishing wage rates for common labor. Following this (on a new line and near the right margin) is the phrase “WILLIAM CARPENTER, clerk.” It thus appears that William2 identified himself as the one who, as town clerk, had entered the record in the town book. The original record, however, is followed by no such indication of the clerk’s identity (RTM 1:7). Nothing but a blank space separates it from the next, unrelated record. Neither does William2 Carpenter’s name appear in the records of the proprietors’ meetings held at Weymouth in late 1643, nor does it appear thereafter in connection with a clerkship of any kind (RTM 1:27, [29?], 31; Rehoboth Hist 24–25, 55). The claim that William2 was Rehoboth town clerk was first made in 1836 by Leonard Bliss: “No Town Clerk is mentioned by name in the town records till the year 1651 [emphasis added], when Peter Hunt was chosen to the office. But previous to this date the records appear to have been written by the same hand; and it appears from various returns made by the town clerk and on record at Plymouth, that the first who filled that office in Rehoboth was William Carpenter, and that he retained it from the date of the commencement of the town records in October, 1643 till 1649, when Mr. Hunt was probably chosen” (Rehoboth Hist 171). This writer, though among the many who have repeated Bliss’s conclusion (see TAG 70:196), has recently discovered it to be erroneous. Almost all Rehoboth records made from 1643 to mid-1649 are written in a single, distinctive hand. During this period, however, only one return from the Rehoboth town clerk is entered in Plymouth Colony records: “a Record of Land pchased from The towne of Rehoboth with an agreement of what other lands are to be aded [sic] for John Browne,” dated 20 10th month [December] 1645 and recorded at Plymouth in 1649 (day/month not given). At the end of the colony copy is the Rehoboth town clerk's certification: “p[er] me Edward Smith Towne Clarke” (PCR 12:177–78; PCLR 1:2:293). The original town record (dated 29 10th mo. 1645) is written in the same hand as virtually all other Rehoboth records of this period (RTM 1:71). On 3 5th month [July] 1644, thirty Rehoboth inhabitants (out of fifty-eight original proprietors) entered into a covenant, agreeing to subject themselves to the authority of an elected town council (Rehoboth Hist 27–28). (That William Carpenter was not among the subscribers suggests that he may have been away, perhaps moving his family from Weymouth.) Fortunately, the compact is incorporated into Rehoboth town-meeting records with the original signatures, of which the second is that of the aforementioned Edward Smith (RTM 1:3). The rendering of Smith’s full name introducing a 1645 list of his land holdings matches his signature, as do other instances of the letters of his signature that occur in this record (RTM 1:22r/55). The land-possessions record, in turn, is in the same hand as practically all other Rehoboth records dated between 24 8th month [October] 1643 (at “Weimoth”) and 1 4th month [June] 1649 (RTM 1:3–41r/93 passim). The Rehoboth town (and proprietors’) clerk from 1643 to 1649 was clearly Edward Smith and not William2 Carpenter. (Smith was of Weymouth by 1642, Rehoboth in 1644, and Newport, R.I., by 1653; the latest known Rehoboth record in which he appears is dated in December 1650. He was at least thrice a Rehoboth townsman [town councilman] and while at Newport served several terms each as deputy and general assistant to the Rhode Island General Assembly [Austin 380; Rehoboth Hist 29, 32, 39, 42].) Bliss’s aforementioned reference to the “various returns” of Rehoboth records copied into Plymouth Colony records that bear the name of William Carpenter undoubtedly reflects confusion with our subject’s son William3, who, as Rehoboth town clerk almost continuously from 1668 to 1702/3, certified many lists of Rehoboth vital records forwarded annually to Plymouth (see William3 sketch, OFFICES; PCR 8:52–88 passim). Less often repeated but nevertheless persistent is the claim by Amos Carpenter (whose volume about the Rehoboth Carpenters contains many genealogical and biographical errors) that William2 was commissioned a captain by the authorities at Boston “about 1642” (Carpenter  42–43); another source has the commission coming from the Essex court (see Colonial Families 2:552). The date’s lack of precision is consistent with the fact that evidence of such an appointment is not found in the records of either Massachusetts Bay Colony or the Essex Quarterly Court (the latter lacked the authority for such an act). If a William Carpenter were to have been made a captain about this time, it would have been William1 of Pawtuxet, Rhode Island (d. 1685). (Pawtuxet—not to be confused with Pawtucket—was then part of Providence Plantation and is now in Cranston. Our subject, the eventual William2 of Rehoboth, was then of Weymouth.) In September 1642, Pawtuxet inhabitants—“Willi: Arnold, Rob: Coale, Willi: Carpenter, & Bened: Arnold, his company” (not a militia company but the remainder of Pawtuxet residents)— put themselves and their lands (on both Providence and Warwick sides of the Pawtuxet River) under Massachusetts Bay Colony authority to fend off the encroachments of Samuel Gorton and his followers (MBCR 2:26–27). Most of the alleged interlopers were arrested by Massachusetts troops under Captain George Cooke in early October 1643. On the twentieth of that month, the Bay Colony General Court commissioned Carpenter and five other Pawtuxet men to seize and return to Boston certain of Gorton’s people who had not already been gathered up; no military ranks were assigned or mentioned (Samuel Gorton 48–50, 68, 109; MacDonough–Hackstaff 299–300 [facsimile of original commission opposite 299]). No known record of William2 of Rehoboth (or William1 of Pawtuxet) includes a military title of any kind. It is therefore inappropriate to use the title Captain (as some do) to distinguish William2 of Rehoboth from his father, William1, or his son William3. WILL/ESTATE: William2’s will is dated “the 10th month [December] the 10th day of the month” (year not given—perhaps as early as 1656, no later than 1658) and was proved on 21 April 1659 (TAG 70:196, 199n45). His extensive estate inventory, taken on 21 February 1658[/9], values his Rehoboth and Pawtuxet lands at £180 and £60, respectively. (The Pawtuxet property was in northern Warwick, R.I., across the Pawtuxet River from the Providence section of the same name. “[T]he Island” mentioned several times in the will was not a location in the Pawtuxet River [see Carpenter  41] but was simply short for Rhode Island.) His personal estate contained many carpenter’s implements, including a lathe and turning tools; various types and sizes of saws and planes; jointers, spokeshaves, drawing knives, chisels, adzes, gouges, a vise, and glue. The value of his entire estate is not given but amounts to £644 19s. 10d. when all items are totaled (see PCPR 2:1:80–90A). (About 1643, William’s estate was calculated at £254 10s. [RPropR 1:1–2]. Of that amount, £108 was not actual wealth but simply reflected his having a family of nine. Land was allotted “according to person and Estate,” and “one person [was] valued at Twelve pounds Sterling in Division of Lands” [RPropR 4A:3; RTM 1:31].) For the most accurate transcription of the will by far (only slightly abridged), see MD 14(1912):231–33; for analysis of important passages, see TAG 70 (1995):195–200 and NEHGR 159(2005):64. CHILDREN: Numbers i–v baptized at Shalbourne, vii–viii born at Weymouth (TAG 70: 194, 203–4). For details and source citations, see the respective sketches of those listed below (except no. v). i. JOHN3 CARPENTER, bp. 8 Oct. 1626; m. HANNAH SMITH. ii. ABIGAIL CARPENTER, bp. 31 May 1629; m. (1) JOHN TITUS, (2) JONAH PALMER SR. iii. WILLIAM CARPENTER, bp. 22 Nov. 1631; m. (1) PRISCILLA BENNETT, (2) MIRIAM SALE. iv. JOSEPH CARPENTER, bp. 6 April 1634; m. MARGARET SUTTON. v. SAMUEL CARPENTER, bp. 1 March 1636[/7], bur. Shalbourne 20 April 1637 (TAG 70: 194, 196, 204). vi. SAMUEL CARPENTER (again), b. ca. 1638; m. SARAH REDWAY. vii. HANNAH CARPENTER, b. 3 2nd mo. [April] 1640; m. JOSEPH2 CARPENTER (William1 of Providence). viii. ABIAH CARPENTER, b. 9 2nd mo. [April] 1643; m. MARY REDWAY. COMMENTS: The record of William2 Carpenter’s participation with fifty-seven others in a division of woodland is dated at the upper edge of a disintegrating page whose filmed image shows only the number of the day (RTM 1:25). A 1731 transcription has the date as 31 __ month 1643, whereas Bliss’s History of Rehoboth (1836) has it as 31 4th month [June] 1644, as does Arnold’s Vital Record of Rehoboth (1897) (RPropR 4A:3–4; Rehoboth Hist, 27; RVR [pub] 911). Thirty-one and June (a thirty-day month) are of course incompatible, and the year stated in the latter two sources conflicts with that in the first one. In the late 1940s, the original record still showed the month, but it was so faded as to appear to the naked eye as a blank space (as it apparently had even in 1731). Using magnification, Richard Bowen concluded that the month appeared to be written as the number 5, representing the Old Style month of July (see Early Rehoboth, 4:3–4). Apparently, however, no one paid much attention to the number of the day in the original record. After examining it carefully and comparing it with other, contemporaneous Rehoboth records in the same hand, this writer has concluded that the day is written as 3th, with the slightly elevated, uncrossed t giving the appearance of a 1. (Though written in a different hand, the first volume of Rehoboth vital records is full of dates in which ordinally numbered days that one expects to end in st, nd/d, or rd/d end instead in th: 1th, 3th, 22th, 23th, and 31th, for example.) While this restores June as a possibility, the month and year nevertheless remain uncertain: Is the former June or July? Is the latter 1643 or 1644? The best that can be said is that since the earliest Rehoboth proprietors’ meetings were held at Weymouth in late 1643 (see RESIDENCES, par. 3, above), it is likely that the record in question was made in mid-1644. It is often said (though not by reliable sources) that William2 Carpenter of Rehoboth was a first cousin of William1 Carpenter of Providence (son of RichardA Carpenter of Amesbury, Wiltshire) and also of the daughters of AlexanderA Carpenter of Wrington, Somersetshire, and Leiden, Netherlands, four of whom came to Plymouth. This derives from Amos Carpenter’s unsupported claim that William1 (Bevis, 1638), RichardA, and AlexanderA Carpenter were brothers (see Carpenter  34; William1 of Shalbourne sketch, COMMENTS). No evidence has been found even hinting at a link between the Wrington Carpenters, on the one hand, and either of the other two aforementioned families, on the other; a connection is highly improbable. Traditional genealogical research methods provide good reasons to doubt also that Rehoboth William and Providence William were closely related (see NEHGR 159:64–66, 67n63). Results of recent genetic testing coordinated by the Carpenter Cousins Y-DNA Project support this conclusion: Based on a number of 67-marker tests, “we can state with 95% confidence that the most recent common ancestor of the two groups [descendants of the Providence and Rehoboth Carpenters, respectively] was more than 2 generations before the immigrants and less than about 20. Therefore, the DNA testing has very nearly ruled out the often-repeated claim that the Williams were first cousins. The most likely estimate is about 7 generations, but that is a very rough estimate, and the 95% confidence interval is a more reasonable description of what the DNA is telling us” (Carpenter Cousins). Clerical errors in and misinterpretation of original Weymouth vital records cause that town’s published vital-records volume to attribute to William2 a son Abraham and to identify him as the twin of William2’s son Abiah. Amos Carpenter correctly concludes that Abraham did not exist but nevertheless retains the idea that Abiah had a twin—his sister Abigail (see Carpenter  46). It has since been established, however, that she was several years older than Abiah. There was neither an Abraham nor a multiple birth in this family (TAG 70:200–3). Occasionally, a researcher includes in the list of William2’s children a son Ephraim. The earliest Ephraim among Rehoboth Carpenters, however, was the son (1681–1743) of William3 and Miriam (Sale) Carpenter (RVR 1:9, 2:250; William3 sketch, CHILDREN). An 1847 genealogical-journal item states the following: “CARPENTER, WILLIAM, Hingham, 1641, witnessed, and seems to have drawn the deed of a tract of land there from the Indians, ‘to John Tower the elder.’ His autograph, and the instrument to which it is attached, are a most elegant specimen of the chirography of that age” (NEHGR 1:137; see also 139 [deed dated 17 June 1641 (sic), endorsed in 1662/3]). Amos Carpenter quotes this passage without elaboration but with the implication that the handwriting is William2 Carpenter’s (see Carpenter  39). His quotation is inaccurate in several respects, including his substituting Weymouth for Hingham. But more important, the original statement is itself flawed: while John Tower was of Hingham (hence the inference that Carpenter was also), the deed describes land in Rhode Island (probably in present-day Scituate, Providence County) and is dated not in 1641 but 1661; it is witnessed by Joseph Peck Sr. (Rehoboth), Nathaniel Baker (Hingham), and William Carpenter (Tower Gen 28–29). Based on the foregoing facts—and knowing that William2 had died in 1658/9, and that his namesake son, who had excellent handwriting, often signed his name with great flourishes—we conclude that the creator of this “elegant specimen of . . . chirography” was William3 Carpenter, who became Rehoboth town clerk in 1668 (see William3 sketch, OFFICES). The only extant document known to contain William2 Carpenter’s handwriting (discovered by this writer in the mid to late 1990s) is his transcription of a “memorandom,” dated 14 10th month [December] 1653, between the Indians of Pawtuxet, on the one hand, and Robert Coles, William Carpenter, and Richard Chasmore, all of Pawtuxet, and William Carpenter of Rehoboth, on the other (see Indian Deed). (William Carpenter of Pawtuxet [Providence] was the immigrant from Amesbury, Wiltshire, whose son Joseph married, a few years later, Hannah Carpenter, daughter of William2 of Rehoboth [see CHILDREN, no. vii, above; also this section, par. 1]. Coles and Chasmore lived across the river, in the part of Pawtuxet in Warwick.) In return for twelve pounds and four shillings, the Indians are to build and maintain a fence to keep the Englishmen’s animals (grazing on adjacent land) out of their corn fields in Pawtuxet (Warwick); the planters will not bear the costs of damage from subsequent incursions. Appended to this agreement, in the same hand, is the following statement: “These presents is a true Coppie of the grant and deed that was made by the Indians above said to the parties above said the which grant and deed is in the hand and Custodie of mee William Carpenter of Rehoboth And this presents I make and assigne over unto William Carpenter of pautuxett for his ashourance and to satisfye all men whome it may Consearne and is made verbatom with the grante deed In witness where of I doe sett my hand heare unto [signed] William Carpenter.” Following this statement, in another hand, is a note: “This grant deed was Recorded in the towne Reccordes of warwicke in the 64th page of the booke of Land Evidences p[er] mee John Potter Clearke.” Presumably, it was William1 Carpenter of Providence or one of his sons who, belatedly, took this document to the Warwick town clerk for recording, which was done immediately below a deed dated in 1684 (see WarLE 1:64–65). The will of John “Bryan” the elder of Newtown, parish of Shalbourne, grocer—dated 11 July 164[torn] and proved 20 June 1643—mentions (in order of appearance) son John’s daughters Mary (eldest), Lucie (youngest), and Dorothie (under 21; “if shee turne protestant”); son Joseph’s son Edmund (under 24); daughter Elizabeth Tubbe’s sons John and Nathaniel (both under 24); daughter Elizabeth Tubbe; William Carpenter (under 24), son of William Carpenter; sons John and Joseph (primary beneficiary and, if necessary, successor executor); godson Jonathan Pearse alias Moone; goddaughter Mary Webbe; the poor of Shalbourne and Chilton; wife Alice (executrix); overseers Mr. Beniamine Some (“my pastor”) and Mr. Edmund Halford; and witnesses Edmund Halford and GeffreyPlatt (PCC). HISTORICAL BACKGROUND: See, for example, Leonard Bliss Jr., The History of Rehoboth, Bristol County, Massachusetts (Boston, 1836); Richard LeBaron Bowen, Early Rehoboth: Documented Historical Studies of Families and Events in This Plymouth Colony Township, 4 vols. (Rehoboth, 1945–1950); John Demos, A Little Commonwealth: Family Life in Plymouth Colony, 2nd ed. (New York, 1999 [paperback]); Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History & People, 1620–1691 (Salt Lake City, 1986 [paperback]); Hugh Trevor-Roper, Archbishop Laud: 1573–1645 (London, 1940; repr. 2000 [paperback]); Keith Wrightson and David Levine, Poverty and Piety in an English Village: Terling, 1525–1700, 2nd ed. (Oxford, England, 1995 [paperback]). KEY TO SOURCE NOTES: Austin John Osborne Austin, The Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, rev. ed. (Baltimore, 1969) Carpenter  Amos B. Carpenter, A Genealogical History of the Rehoboth Branch of the Carpenter Family in America [informal title: Carpenter Memorial] (Amherst, Mass., 1898) 10 Carpenter Cousins Carpenter Cousins Y-DNA Project website, maintained by John F. Chandler (13 March 2008 update); see discussion of Carpenter descendant groups 2 (Providence) and 3 (Rehoboth) Colonial Families Herbert F. Seversmith, Colonial Families of Long Island, New York and Connecticut, 5 vols. (Washington, D.C., 1939–1958) Crookston E-mails, dated in Aug. and Sept. 2007, to Gene Zubrinsky from Andrew Crookston (andrewcrookston@ wiltshire.gov.uk), Archivist, Wiltshire and Swindon Archives, Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre, Chippenham (formerly Wiltshire and Swindon Record Office, Trowbridge), England Early Rehoboth Richard LeBaron Bowen, Early Rehoboth: Documented Historical Studies of Families and Events in This Plymouth Colony Township, 4 vols. (Rehoboth, Mass., 1945– 1950) GMN Great Migration Newsletter, online at www.great migration.org (subscription website; printed issues available) Indian Deed Pawtuxet Indians’ memorandum/deed to local yeomen (transcribed by William2 Carpenter of Rehoboth), Rhode Island Historical Society Manuscripts Collection, MSS 9003, vol. 5, p. 5, Rhode Island Historical Society; digital image online at http://members.cox.net/johnrcar penter/Deed%20in%20hand%20of%20William %20Carpenter2%20of%20Rehoboth.jpg MacDonough–Hackstaff Rodney MacDonough, The MacDonough–Hackstaff Ancestry (Boston, 1901) MBCR Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, 1628–1886, ed. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, 5 vols. in 6 (Boston, 1853–1854) MD The Mayflower Descendant, vol. 1 through present (1899– 1937, 1985–) 11 NEHGR The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 1 (1847) through present Old Hampshire Maps “Old Hampshire Mapped,” online at www.geog.port.ac.uk/ webmap/hantsmap/hantsmap/hantsmap.htm (select “John Speed’s map of Hampshire . . . , 1611” or “John Blaeu’s map of Hampshire, 1645” → Index sheet to part of the map → SU44; also either map → Gazetteer, in Hundreds → Horwell Hundred) PCC Records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, The National Archives, PROB 10/639/11:19–20 (John Bryan will [digital image]) PCLR Plymouth Colony Deeds, vol. 1 [Family History Library (FHL), Salt Lake City, film #567,788] PCPR Plymouth Colony Probate Records [Wills and Inventories, 1633–1686], vols. 1–4 [FHL film #567,794] PCR Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England, ed. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff and David Pulsifer, 12 vols. in 10 (Boston, 1855–1861) Rehoboth Hist Leonard Bliss Jr., The History of Rehoboth, Bristol County, Massachusetts (Boston, 1836) RI Cems The Rhode Island Historical Cemeteries Transcription Project Master Index, online at www.rootsweb.com/~rigen web/cemetery RPropR Rehoboth, Massachusetts, Proprietors’ Records, vols. 1–4 [FHL film #550,004], 4A–5 [FHL film #550,005] RTM Rehoboth, Massachusetts, Town Meetings (and Vital Records), 1644–1673 [FHL film #562,558 (uncataloged), item 4] RVR Rehoboth, Massachusetts, Vital Records vol. 1 [FHL film
- 562,559 (personal copy; no longer cataloged), item 3],
vols. 2–3 [FHL #562,558 (old loan copy; no longer cataloged), items 5–6] 12 RVR[pub] James N. Arnold, Vital Record of Rehoboth, 1642–1896 (Providence, 1897) Samuel Gorton Adelos Gorton, The Life and Times of Samuel Gorton (Philadelphia, 1907) Second Boat The Second Boat, vols. 1–7 (Machias, Maine, 1980–1986) Shalbourne ParR Shalbourne Parish Records (Bishops’ Transcripts), bundle 1 and unsorted box, Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre, Chippenham, England TAG The American Genealogist, vol. 9 (1932) through present Tower Gen Charlemagne Tower, Tower Genealogy: An Account of the Descendants of John Tower, of Hingham, Mass. (Cambridge, Mass., 1891) WarLE Warwick, Rhode Island, Land Evidences, 1669–1711 [FHL film #22,500] Westcourt Recs Survey of Shalbourne Westcourt (c1610–1639/40), Savernake Estate Collection, ref. 9/24/460, Wiltshire and Swindon Archives, Chippenham, England Weymouth Hist George Walter Chamberlain, History of Weymouth, Massachusetts, 4 vols. (Boston, 1923) Thanks to Jim Bullock (Littleton, Colo.), John R. Carpenter (La Mesa, Calif.), Terry L. Carpenter (Germantown, Md.), and John F. Chandler (Harvard, Mass.) for reviewing the original sketch.
Will of William Carpenter of Rehoboth
21 Apr 1659 , Rumford, Providence, Rhode Island, United States
In the name of God, Amen, I, William Carpenter, Sr. of Rehoboth, being in perfect memory at present, blessed be God, do make my last Will and Testament.
--I give to my son, John Carpenter, one mare, being the old white mare, and my best doublet and my handsomest coat, and new cloth to make him a pair of breeches.---I give unto his son beside twenty shillings to buy him a calf.
---I give to him Mr. Ainsworth's upon the five books of Moses, Canticles and Psalms, and Mr. Brightman on Revelations, and my concordance.
--I give to my son William, the young grey mare of two yearling colts, and five pounds in sugar or wampum, and my (passett) coate, and one suit of apparel, and Mr. Mahew on the four Evangelists upon the 14 chapters of Saule (or Paul).
--I give him my Latin books, my Creek grammar and Hebrew grammar and my Greek Lexicon, and I give him ten (or 5) pounds of cotton wool; and his son, John twenty shillings to be paid to him a year after my decease.
--I give to my son, Joseph two of the youngest steers of the four that were brought to work this year; and to his son, Joseph twenty shillings, and to Joseph I give one of Perkins' works and of Barrows upon private contentions called harts (cq) divisions.
__I give to Joseph a suit of better cloths to be given at his mother's discretion, and I give him a green serge coat and ten pounds of cotton wool, and a match lock gun.
--I give to my daughter, Hannah half of my Common at Pawtuxet, and one third of my impropriate, only my meadow excepted, and my home lot, and that land I had laid out to cousin that I had for the low lands cousin Carpenter that I had by. (NOTE: dmt. No doubt refers to exchange of lands or land purchased of Joseph Carpenter, son of William Carpenter of Providence, Rhode Island.)
--) I give to my daughter Hannah one yearling heifer, also I give to Hannah her Bible, the practice of piety and the volume of prayer, and one ewe at the island, and twenty pounds of cotton, and six pounds of wool.
--I give to my son Abiah (Abijah) the rest of my lands at Pawtuxet, and the meadow, after my decease; and his mother and Samuel to help him to build a house because Samuel has a house built already. Only if my wife marry again, she shall have nothing to do with that land.
--I give to my daughter, Abigail, one young mare, a three-year old bay mare, and if the mare should be dead at Spring, she shall have fifteen pounds in her stead, within one year after my decease.
--I give twenty shillings to John Titus, his for to be paid a year after my decease; but if John Titus comes to dwell and take the house and land, which I sent him word he shall have if he come. then he shall have the land and not the money.
--I give to my son Samuel one-half my land which I now live upon (and two pens of the young sheep, two cows, one bull) and he now lives on, with his furniture and half of my working tools; and Abish, the other half; and Samuel to have on book of Psalms, a Dictionary, and a Gun and my best coat, and one ewe at the island.
--I give to my wife the other half of the land I now live upon, for her life time, and the use of my household stuff, carts and plows, if she marry not. But if she marry, she shall have a third part in my land and Samuel, the rest; and she shall have four oxen, one mare, which is called the black mare, four cows, one bed and its furniture, one pot, one good kettle and one little, and one skillet, and half of the pewter her lifetime, and then to give it up to the children; and if she does not marry, to have the rest of my land at Pawtuxet, which remaineth, that which is left which is not given to my daughter, Hannah, and that which is left Abiah to have after my wife's decease; if she marry, to have it the next year after.
--I give to my wife those books of Perkins, called Christ's Sermon on the Mount, the good Bible, Burroughs Jewell of Contentment, the oil of Gladness. I give her two hundred of sugar. __My wife is to have the room I now lodge in, and the chamber over, and to have liberty to come to the fire and do her occasions, and she shall have the meadow that was made in John Titus lot because it is near, and she is to have a way to the swamp through the lot. And if John Titus come, Samuel is to have two acres out of his lot that is not broken up, and my wife is to have the rest; and Samuel to break it up for her. Also, I give to my wife (corn) towards housekeeping and the cloth in the house toward the clothing herself, and children with her, and twine that she hath to serve towards housekeeping, and three acres at the Island.
--I give to Abiah a yearling mare colt, being the white mare's colt, and one yearling heifer, and Dr. Jarvi's Catechism, and Helens History of the World, and one ewe...about my wife's occasion when she was at the Island. (Abiah was to care for her when at the Island.)
--When the legacies are paid out, the remainder is to be disposed among the children at the discretion of my wife and the overseers.
Memorandum:---If my son Titus come and do possess the land, I said he should have, as namely the house land and orchard, and corn. Joseph had the land in two divisions, the fresh meadow, salt one last laid out, and not the fresh I fenced in, and to pay the reates for, for that he do agree, and if he go from it, he shall not sell it to any but his brother Samuel or his mother.
--This is my Will and Testament, to which I set my hand. William Carpenter of Rehoboth, the day and year before written.
--I make my wife the Executrix, and my Overseer to be Richard Bowen, and John Allen is to be helpful to my wife, and I appoint my brother Carpenter to help, and to have ten shillings for their pains.."
The last will and testament of William Carpenter, senior, of Rehoboth, late deceased, exhibited before Captain Thomas Willett, Major Josiah Winslow, and Mr. William Bradford -------------------- Birth: May 23, 1605 in Amesbury, Wiltshire, England. In 1621 at age 16 was his marriage to Abigail Searles in England. In Apr. 28, 1625 at age 19 was his marriage to Abigail Briant in Shalbourne, Wiltshire, England at Shalbourne Parish. Death: Feb. 7, 1659 in Rehoboth, Bristol, Massachusetts, USA. William Carpenter, (Gen. 2) first appears in New England records in 1640, as a resident of Weymouth, Massachusetts. He was among the founders (at Weymouth in late 1643) of the Plymouth Colony town of Rehoboth (settled 1644). His son, William (Gen. 3) Carpenter (b. 1631 in England - 1702/3 Rehoboth, Bristol, MA), was for many years Rehoboth town clerk, by virtue of which his name—not that of his father—appears with some frequency in Plymouth Colony records, in association with a number of local vital-records lists that he certified and forwarded to colony authorities. The name William Carpenter appears in copious Plymouth Colony records and in the writings of John Winthrop and in other public records over the generations. Three Carpenter family houses in Rehoboth are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places: Christopher Carpenter House, Col. Thomas Carpenter III House, and Carpenter House.
William "of Rehoboth" Carpenter's Timeline
May 23, 1605
Shalbourne, Wiltshire, England
May 23, 1605
Wherwell, Hamps, England
April 28, 1625
April 28, 1625
Shalbourne, Berkshire, England
October 8, 1626
Shalbourne, Berkshire, England
May 31, 1629
Shalbourne, Wiltshire, Eng
November 22, 1631
Shalbourne, Wiltshire, England
Shalbourne, Wiltshire, England
June 24, 1635
Hingham, Plymouth, MA