Yair (Jair) Chayim Bachrach

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Yair (Jair) Chayim Bachrach

Nicknames: "Chavas Yair"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Leipnik, Moravia
Death: Died in Worms, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Moses Samson (Shimshon) Bachrach and Devora Bachrach, דבורה בכרך
Husband of Dina Sorle (Sarah) Bachrach
Father of Samson (Shimshon) Bachrach / "Aschkenasi"; Samuel (Schmuel) Zanvil Bachrach; Chava Oppenheimer (Bachrach); Chaim Bachrach; Dvorah Oppenheimer (Bachrach) and 3 others
Brother of Menachem Bachrach

Occupation: Rabbi who headed the Rabbinical Court (AB"D), Sefer Chavos Yair
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Yair (Jair) Chayim Bachrach

another possible death date is 1 January 1702

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yair_Bacharach

http://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%99%D7%90%D7%99%D7%A8_%D7%97%D7%99%D7%99%D7%9D_%D7%91%D7%9B%D7%A8%D7%9A

http://www.mytzadik.com/tadik.asp?kever_id=177&safaid=6

http://www.daat.ac.il/encyclopedia/value.asp?id1=1967

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Bal Mechaber Sefer Chavat Yair

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Rabbi Yair Chaim Bacharach was one of the greatest rabbinic figure of the seventeenth century but most of his life he had to endure suffering and disappointment.

His grandmother Chava was a granddaughter of the Maharal of Prague and famed for her unusual scholarship and piety. Her husband R. Samuel was appointed rabbi of Worms. On Good Friday in 1615, the community suffered a pogrom and R. Samuel was a casualty, passing away at the age of 40. Chava raised her children but never remarried, though the great Shelah HaKodesh, R. Isaiah Horowitz, sought her hand, and when she refused deemed himself to be unworthy of her.

Chava’s son, R. Samson, was also appointed rabbi of Worms where he served until his death in 1670. Chava lived in Worms till her grandson Yair Chaim’s thirteenth birthday at which time she undertook a pilgrimage to the Holy Land but died on the way. R. Yair Chaim esteemed her to such an extent that the title of his most famous work, Chavos Yair, is based on her name.

R. Yair Chaim served briefly as rabbi of Coblentz and returned to reside in Worms. Shortly before his death his father, R. Samson asked the community to appoint his son in his place. But the community failed to select him. R. Yair Chaim wrote many works and was recognized as one of the great halachic authorities of the time. One of his works, Mekor Chaim, a major commentary on the Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim was ready to be printed when the commentaries of Taz and Magen Avraham were printed. Sadly, R. Yair Chaim withdrew his own commentary.

Besides his halachic expertise he had complete mastery of all the sciences, music and had a deep interest in history. He also wrote poetry. He compiled a 46 volume encyclopedia on many topics.

In 1689, the Worms community was decimated by the French. Gradually, it was rebuilt. R. Yair Chaim had prematurely aged and was soon to lose his hearing. In 1699, he was finally appointed rabbi of Worms where his father and grandfather had served before him. He served for only three years until his death in 1702. The inscription on his tombstone begins with the words, “A great and dark horror befalls us from the hiding of the light of Rabbeinu...” One may detect a sense of regret that perhaps Worms had not properly treated the giant within their midst.

In 1982 R. Yair Chaim’s major work, Mekor Chaim, was finally published by Mechon Yerushalayim.

M.G.

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Source: Orthodox Union

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Rabbi Yair Chaim Bacharach

(1638-1702)

Rabbi Bacharach was one of the greatest rabbinic figure of the seventeenth century but most of his life he had to endure suffering and disappointment.

His grandmother Chava was a granddaughter of the Maharal of Prague and famed for her unusual scholarship and piety. Her husband R. Samuel was appointed rabbi of Worms. On Good Friday in 1615 the community suffered a pogrom and R. Samuel was a casualty, passing away at the age of 40. Chava raised her children but never remarried, though the great Shelah HaKodesh, R. Isaiah Horowitz, sought her hand, and when she refused deemed himself to be unworthy of her.

Chava’s son, R. Samson, was also appointed rabbi of Worms where he served until his death in 1670. Chava lived in Worms till her grandson Yair Chaim’s thirteenth birthday at which time she undertook a pilgrimage to the Holy Land but died on the way. R. Yair Chaim esteemed her to such an extent that the title of his most famous work, Chavos Yair, is based on her name.

R. Yair Chaim served briefly as rabbi of Coblentz and returned to reside in Worms. Shortly before his death his father, R. Samson asked the community to appoint his son in his place. But the community failed to select him. R. Yair Chaim wrote many works and was recognized as one of the great halachic authorities of the time. One of his works, Mekor Chaim, a major commentary on the Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim was ready to be printed when the commentaries of Taz and Magen Avraham were printed. Sadly, R. Yair Chaim withdrew his own commentary.

Besides his halachic expertise he had complete mastery of all the sciences, music and had a deep interest in history. He also wrote poetry. He compiled a 46 volume encyclopedia on many topics.

In 1689 the Worms community was decimated by the French. Gradually, it was rebuilt. R. Yair Chaim had prematurely aged and was soon to lose his hearing. In 1699 he was finally appointed rabbi of Worms where his father and grandfather had served before him. He served for only three years until his death in 1702. The inscription on his tombstone begins with the words, “A great and dark horror befalls us from the hiding of the light of Rabbeinu...” One may detect a sense of regret that perhaps Worms had not properly treated the giant within their midst.

In 1982 R. Yair Chaim’s major work, Mekor Chaim, was finally published by Mechon Yerushalayim.

M. G.

" Die Inschriften des Alten Judenfriedhofes in Wein " Band II, by Dr. Bernhard Wachstein- page 2, 497

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Yair (Jair) Chayim Bachrach's Timeline

1638
1638
Leipnik, Moravia
1653
1653
Age 15
Fulda, Hesse, Germany
1654
1654
Age 16
1657
1657
Age 19
Worms, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
1659
1659
Age 21
Worms, Germany
1661
1661
Age 23
Mainz, Rheinland Pfalz, Deutschland
1662
1662
Age 24
1699
1699
- 1702
Age 61
Rabbi of Worms
1701
December 21, 1701
Age 63
Worms, Germany
????