Yehudah Arye Leib Alter [Sfat Emes 2nd Gerer Rebbe]

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Admor Yehudah Arye Leib sfas emes Alter [2nd Gerer]  , Sfas Emet

Hebrew: Admor Yehudah Arye Leib sfas emes Alter [2nd Gerer]  , שפת אמת
Also Known As: "Sfat Emes", "2nd Gerer Rebbe", "שפת אמת", "האדמו"ר השני מגור"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Warsaw, Mazovia, Poland
Death: Died in Góra Kalwaria, Mazovia, Poland
Place of Burial: Góra Kalwaria, Mazovia, Poland
Immediate Family:

Son of Moreinu R'Avraham Mordechai Alter and Esther Alter
Husband of Yocheved Rivka Alter and Reizel Eichenstein-Chodorov-Alter
Father of Admor Rabbi Avraham Mordechai Imrei Emes Alter; Yitzchak Meir Alter; Moshe Bezalel Rabbi Alter; Esther Biderman; Chanoch Chaim ALTER and 5 others
Brother of Gitla Alter; Dvoira Malka Boimgold Baumgold; Frymeta (Frimtasha) Morgenstern; Nachemia Alter; Symcha Lajzer Alter and 5 others
Half brother of Rajzla TEOMIM; Pessa Alter; Eliyahu Yosef Alter; Shimon Chaim Alter and Shlomo Alter

Occupation: 2nd Gerer Rebbe, האדמו"ר השני מגור, ADMOR of Ger
Managed by: Naftali Shoshany
Last Updated:

About Yehudah Arye Leib Alter [Sfat Emes 2nd Gerer Rebbe]

Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter (1847–1905), also known by the title of his main work, the Sfas Emes, was a Hasidic rabbi who succeeded his grandfather, Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Alter, as the av beis din (head of the rabbinical court) and Rav of Góra Kalwaria, Poland (known in Yiddish as the town of Ger), and succeeded the Rebbe, Reb Heynekh of Alexander, as Rebbe of the Gerrer Hasidim.

He was born in 1847 and named Yehudah Leib; he was known to family and friends as Leybl. His father, Rabbi Avraham Mordechai Alter, died when Yehudah Leib was only eight years old, and his mother died before that. Orphaned of both parents, he was brought up by his grandparents, Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Alter (known as the Chiddushei Harim) and his wife. When he was about ten years old, his grandfather took him to visit the Kotzker Rebbe, an event which left a lifelong impression on him.

He married Yocheved Rivka, daughter of Reb Yidl (Yehuda) Kaminer. In order not to have the same name as his father-in-law, his own name was changed to Yehudah Aryeh Leib. He is said to have been attached to the name Yehudah, and was upset at not being able to use it as his name any longer.

When his grandfather, Rabbi Yitzchak Meir, died in 1866, many of the Hasidim sought to bestow the mantle of leadership upon eighteen-year-old Yehudah Aryeh Leib. He refused that position, and leadership of the Hasidim went to Rabbi Chanokh Heynekh HaKohen Levin of Aleksander. After the death of the latter in 1870, the Hasidim succeeded in gaining Yehudah Aryeh Leib's assent to become their Rebbe

During the Russo-Japanese War many of his young followers were drafted into the Russian Army and sent to the battlefields in Manchuria. The Rebbe was very worried over these devotees and would constantly write to them. His health suffered, and he died at the age of 57 on 11 January 1905 (5 Shevat 5665).

   "When news of the Admor's petirah (funeral) spread, so many people rushed to Ger yesterday morning that although the railway dispatched extra trains there was hardly any space in the cars and thousands of people were still left without means to travel...
   "One (tram)car with seating for 44 people held over 200, not even leaving any standing room, and in another car some people fainted as a result of the overcrowded conditions...
   "When the time for tefillas Mincha arrived, all of the funeral-goers, 20,000 in number, stood in a field and davened Minchah together...
   "The brief words spoken by the Rav of Sochachov made a powerful impression."[2]

Rabbi Yehudah Aryeh Leib was one of the greatest Torah scholars of his generation, teaching students such as Rabbi Nachman Shlomo Greenspan and many others. His output was prodigious, and his works (all entitled Sfas Emes) deal with the legalistic Talmud, the ethics of Midrash, and mysticism of the Zohar.

His Torah homilies as delivered to his Hasidim, and arranged according to the weekly parashah and the festivals, were the first to be published posthumously under the name Sfas Emes. The title was taken from the closing words of the final piece he wrote (Sfas Emes, Vayechi 5665). His chiddushim (original Torah thoughts) on many Talmudic tractates, and on Yoreh De'ah, have been published under the same name.

The Sochatchover Rebbe, Rabbi Avrohom Bornsztain (known as the Avnei Nezer), a leading Torah scholar and posek in his own right, is said to have maintained two bookcases — one for Rishonim (earlier commentators) and another for Acharonim (later commentators). The volumes of the Sfas Emes, written in the late 1800s, were to be found in his bookcase containing the Rishonim. To study some portions of the Talmud without the Sfas Emes is unthinkable to the modern-day scholar.[3] The Rebbe of Tzaltz wrote a super-commentary to the Sfas Emes entitled the Sfas Bitz.

The Sfas Emes Yeshiva in Jerusalem is named after him and includes his teachings in the curriculum.

He was succeeded as Gerrer Rebbe by his son, Rabbi Avraham Mordechai Alter.

Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter

Gerrer Rebbe

Term 1870 – 11 January 1905

Full name Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter

Main work Sfas Emes

Born 15 April 1847

Warsaw

Buried Ger

Dynasty Ger

Predecessor Chanoch Heynekh of Aleksander

Successor Avraham Mordechai Alter

Father Avraham Mordechai Alter (I)

Mother Ester Landsztajn

Wife1 Yocheved Rivka Kaminer

Children1 Avraham Mordechai Alter

Yitzchak Meir Alter

Moshe Betzalel Alter

Chanokh Chayim Alter

Feyge Lewin

Yisrael Alter

Nechemya Alter

Menachem Mendel Alter

Noach Alter

Esther Biderman

Wife 2 Reyzl Halberstam

--------------------

Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter (1847–1905), also known by the title of his main work, the Sfas Emes, was a Hasidic rabbi who succeeded his grandfather, Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Alter, as the av beis din (head of the rabbinical court) and Rav of Góra Kalwaria, Poland (known in Yiddish as the town of Ger), and succeeded the Rebbe, Reb Heynekh of Alexander, as Rebbe of the Gerrer Hasidim.

He was born in 1847 and named Yehudah Leib; he was known to family and friends as Leybl. His father, Rabbi Avraham Mordechai Alter, died when Yehudah Leib was only eight years old, and his mother died before that. Orphaned of both parents, he was brought up by his grandparents, Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Alter (known as the Chiddushei Harim) and his wife. When he was about ten years old, his grandfather took him to visit the Kotzker Rebbe, an event which left a lifelong impression on him.

He married Yocheved Rivka, daughter of Reb Yidl (Yehuda) Kaminer. In order not to have the same name as his father-in-law, his own name was changed to Yehudah Aryeh Leib. He is said to have been attached to the name Yehudah, and was upset at not being able to use it as his name any longer.

When his grandfather, Rabbi Yitzchak Meir, died in 1866, many of the Hasidim sought to bestow the mantle of leadership upon eighteen-year-old Yehudah Aryeh Leib. He refused that position, and leadership of the Hasidim went to Rabbi Chanokh Heynekh HaKohen Levin of Aleksander. After the death of the latter in 1870, the Hasidim succeeded in gaining Yehudah Aryeh Leib's assent to become their Rebbe.

During the Russo-Japanese War many of his young followers were drafted into the Russian Army and sent to the battlefields in Manchuria. The Rebbe was very worried over these devotees and would constantly write to them. His health suffered, and he died at the age of 57 on 11 January 1905 (5 Shevat 5665).

   "When news of the Admor's petirah (funeral) spread, so many people rushed to Ger yesterday morning that although the railway dispatched extra trains there was hardly any space in the cars and thousands of people were still left without means to travel...
   "One (tram)car with seating for 44 people held over 200, not even leaving any standing room, and in another car some people fainted as a result of the overcrowded conditions...
   "When the time for tefillas Mincha arrived, all of the funeral-goers, 20,000 in number, stood in a field and davened Minchah together...
   "The brief words spoken by the Rav of Sochachov made a powerful impression."

He was succeeded as Gerrer Rebbe by his son, Rabbi Avraham Mordechai Alter.

Rabbi Yehudah Aryeh Leib was one of the greatest Torah scholars of his generation, teaching students such as Rabbi Nachman Shlomo Greenspan and many others. His output was prodigious, and his works (all entitled Sfas Emes) deal with the legalistic Talmud, the ethics of Midrash, and mysticism of the Zohar.

His Torah homilies as delivered to his Hasidim, and arranged according to the weekly parashah and the festivals, were the first to be published posthumously under the name Sfas Emes. The title was taken from the closing words of the final piece he wrote (Sfas Emes, Vayechi 5665). His chiddushim (original Torah thoughts) on many Talmudic tractates, and on Yoreh De'ah, have been published under the same name.

The Sochatchover Rebbe, Rabbi Avrohom Bornsztain (known as the Avnei Nezer), a leading Torah scholar and posek in his own right, is said to have maintained two bookcases — one for Rishonim (earlier commentators) and another for Acharonim (later commentators). The volumes of the Sfas Emes, written in the late 1800s, were to be found in his bookcase containing the Rishonim. To study some portions of the Talmud without the Sfas Emes is unthinkable to the modern-day scholar.[3] The Rebbe of Tzaltz wrote a super-commentary to the Sfas Emes entitled the Sfas Bitz.

His sayings
   One of the greatest religious problems is that people fear having a relationship with God and consequently distance themselves from Him. Just as angels serve God without fear despite their lower status in comparison to God, so too human beings should take their model (walk amongst them) and not be afraid of developing a relationship with God and serving Him. This represents a wholeness that we as human beings are capable of only if we think of ourselves as walking amongst angels. (Sfas Emes, Parshat Beha'alotecha 5636)

About Yehudah Arye Leib Alter [Sfat Emes 2nd Gerer Rebbe] (עברית)

הרב יהודה אריה לייב אלתר - א' באייר תר"ז (1847) -ה' בשבט,

תרס"ה (1905) - , הידוע בכינויו ה"שפת אמת" על שם ספריו. הוא שימש כאדמו"ר השני בשושלת אדמו"רי חסידות גור.

בימיו הגיעה חצר גור לשיא. בדרכי נועם, בפקחות ובתבונה, ידע לקרב אלפים ורבבות ולהורותם את דרך החסידות. חידושיו וחיבורו על התורה שנדפסו על ידי בניו וחתניו נקראו בשם "שפת אמת" על שם המשפט האחרון שיצא מתחת עטו הפורה ימים מועטים לפני פטירתו "שפת אמת תכון לעד".

לאחר פטירתו מילא בנו בכורו האדמו"ר רבי אברהם מרדכי מגור, שישב בירושלים.

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Yehudah Arye Leib Alter [Sfat Emes 2nd Gerer Rebbe]'s Timeline

1847
April 15, 1847
Warsaw, Mazovia, Poland
1862
March 5, 1862
Age 14
Góra Kalwaria, Mazovia, Poland
1865
December 25, 1865
Age 18
Góra, Góra County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland
1866
December 13, 1866
Age 19
Góra Kalwaria, Piaseczno County, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
1868
October 3, 1868
Age 21
Góra, Góra County, Dolnoslaskie, Poland
1869
1869
Age 21
1871
1871
Age 23
Góra Kalwaria, Piaseczno County, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
1872
1872
Age 24
Góra Kalwaria, Piaseczno County, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
1873
August 1873
Age 26
Góra Kalwaria, Piaseczno County, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
1873
Age 25
Góra Kalwaria, Piaseczno County, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland