Yosef Joseph Gedaliah Klausner (1874 - 1958) MP

‹ Back to Klausner surname

Is your surname Klausner?

Research the Klausner family

Yosef Joseph Gedaliah Klausner's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Birthplace: Olkanik, Lithuania
Death: Died in Israel
Managed by: Eli Klausner Montague
Last Updated:
view all

Immediate Family

About Yosef Joseph Gedaliah Klausner

.Joseph Gedaliah Klausner (Hebrew: יוסף גדליה קלוזנר) (1874–1958), was a Jewish historian and professor of Hebrew Literature. He was the chief redactor of The Hebrew Encyclopedia.

Klausner was born in Olkeniki, Lithuania in 1874. At the turn of the 20th century, his family left Lithuania due to growing antisemitism and settled in Odessa, where Klausner was educated. He frequented scientific, literary, and Zionist circles. Klausner was a committed Zionist, and knew Theodore Herzl personally.

In 1912, he visited Palestine for the first time, and moved there in 1919. In 1925, he became a professor of Hebrew literature at the University of Jerusalem. He embarked upon research on the history of the Second Temple period. According to his great-nephew, Amos Oz, his private library contained 25,000 volumes. Later in his career, he was given a chair in Jewish history.

His house in Talpiot was virtually destroyed in the 1929 Palestine riots. Amos Oz wrote about his great uncle in his autobiography, "A Tale of Love and Darkness".

Although not an Orthodox Jew, he observed Sabbath and the dietary laws. He had a wide grasp of the Talmud and Midrashic literature.

Klausner earned his Ph.D. in Germany. One of his most influential books was about Jesus. The book Jesus of Nazareth, and its sequel, From Jesus to Paul, gained him some celebrity. In it, Klausner described how Jesus was best understood as a Jew and Israelite who was trying to reform the religion, and he died as a devout Jew. He was attacked about this issue as much by Christians as by Jews. The book was considered to be so informative by Herbert Danby, an Anglican priest, that he translated the work from Hebrew into English so that English scholars might avail themselves of the information contained within this book. A number of clergymen were so incensed at Danby for translating this controversial work that they demanded his recall from Jerusalem.[citation needed]

He was an ardent Zionist, but had numerous disagreements with Chaim Weizmann. The two were candidates in the presidential election of 1949; Weizmann was declared the first President of Israel.

[edit] Awards and honours

   * In both 1941 and 1949, Klausner was awarded the Bialik Prize for Jewish thought.[1]
   * In 1958, he was awarded the Israel Prize in Jewish studies.[2]
   * In 1982, in recognition of his scholarly achievements, the State of Israel issued a stamp with his picture on it.
See also
   * List of Israel Prize recipients
   * List of Bialik Prize recipients
   * Pro-Wailing Wall Committee

References

  1. ^ "List of Bialik Prize recipients 1933-2004 (in Hebrew), Tel Aviv Municipality website". http://www.tel-aviv.gov.il/Hebrew/_MultimediaServer/Documents/12516738.pdf. 
  2. ^ "Israel Prize recipients in 1958 (in Hebrew)". Israel Prize Official Site. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010 by WebCite®. http://cms.education.gov.il/EducationCMS/Units/PrasIsrael/Tashyag/Tashkab_Tashyag_Rikuz.htm?DictionaryKey=Tashyah. 
External links
   * "Into the fray: Joseph Klausner's approach to Judaism and Christianity in the Greco-Roman world". Dissertation.
   * (Univ. of) Heidelberg's Hope, address by Fania Oz-Salzberger, great-great-niece of Klausner
   * Works by or about Joseph Klausner in libraries (WorldCat catalog)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Klausner"

Categ

view all

Yosef Joseph Gedaliah Klausner's Timeline

1874
August 20, 1874
Olkanik, Lithuania
1958
October 27, 1958
Age 84
Israel
????