Zerubbabel 3rd Exilarch

public profile

Is your surname .?

Research the . family

Zerubbabel 3rd Exilarch's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Zerubbabel ., Exilarch III Governor of Judah

Hebrew: זרובבל ., Exilarch III Governor of Judah
Nicknames: "Nechemya", "Sheshbatzar", "Zerobavel", "Zerubabel", "Zerubavel", "Zorobabel", "Hatarashta", "Root of Yishai (Jesse)", "ben Hachalya (Zerubavel ben Pedaya", "בן שאלתיאל"
Death: Died in Memphis, Egypt
Immediate Family:

Son of Shealtiel 2nd Exilarch and Hachalya ., Princess of Judah
Husband of Amytis ., of Babylon; Rhodah / Rhodogunne ., of Persia and Esther .
Father of Shazrezzar; Reza .; Meshullam / משולם ., the Scribe, 4th Exilarch / הסופר; Hananiah ben Zerubbabel, 5th Exilarch / חנניה בן זרובבל; Shelomith and 5 others
Half brother of Shealtiel / שאלתיאל .

Occupation: 1 Chron 3:19, Prince of Judah, Governor of Judah, Exilarch of Judah
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Zerubbabel 3rd Exilarch

Ibn Ezra (Shemot 2:10, Haggai 1:1) says that Zerubavel was the son of Pediyah, based on a verse in Divrei haYamim. Zerubavel is generally identified as a son of Shealtiel, because Shealtiel was Pediyah's brother, and Shealtiel raised Zerubavel. Biologically, Zerubavel is the son of Pediyah, Pediyah turn the child to Sheltiel to be raised as an heir to a sterile father.

The position of ibn Ezra is strengthened by the text "Yashir Moshe"; the Dayan of Aleppo Family Tree which provides the same explanation as presented by ibn Ezra.

Further, Rabbi David Kimhi (the Radak) (Melachim II 8:26, Yechezkel 21:32) says that this was the family line: Yechanyah-Shelatiel-Pediyah-Zerubavel. Shealtiel may have been listed as the father because he was more well-known and respected than Pediyah.

Ibn Ezra (Chaggai 2:22, Daniel 6:29, Ezra 1:8) also mentions that Zerubavel was also known as Sheshbatzar. He takes "Sheshbatzar" to be a Babylonian variant to "Zerubavel."

Avot deRabbi Nathan says Zerubavel was born circumcised. This seems to be learned from Gd's reference to Zerubavel as "Avdi," "my slave," in Chaggai 2:23.

Also mentioned in Abarbanel family scroll as son of Pedaya – undated handwritten manuscript from the collection of the late Rabbi Shmuel Gorr, held by Chaim Freedman. Reference was made to “Elef Margaliot” 1993, Meir Wunder.

This is Zerubbabel, Governor of Judah. Do not confuse him with the Zerubbabel who was named in the Gospel of Luke.

Ezra 3:2

Zorobabel was the 23rd generation in male line descent from King David (No. 1). He was the accepted heir. The details of his ancestry and the solution of the two fathers listed for him being Shealtiel and Pediah (1Chron. 3:19) are explained under the Levirate laws and the explanation is in the paper The Genealogy of the Messiah (No. 119).

Zorobabel was the royal Jewish heir and 3rd Exilarch at Babylon ca 545 BCE. He was 8th Governor of Judea ca 537-536 BCE. He was Prince of Judah ca. 515 BCE and was recalled and imprisoned 513 BCE and executed 510 BCE.

He married three wives. The first wife was Amytis a Babylonian Princess, who was called a foreign wife. She bore him Shazrezzar, which is a Babylonian name. He was the ancestor of a major Davidic line.

Zorobabel’s second wife was Rhodah who was a Persian princess who later remarried a Persian prince and was also called a foreign wife. She bore him Reza (a Persian Name). He was allegedly the half brother through his mother of Darius, king of Persia. It is this line that is referred to in the ancestry of Mariam if we accept that the line of Zorobabel was in fact through Nathan and the adopted son of Jeconiah, namely Shealtiel who was the actual son of Neri(ah). The Crown Princess Tamar was the means of the change in lineage. This is another incident of a Princess Tamar being used to transfer the kingship. We will examine this further below.

Thirdly, Zorobabel married Esthra, who was a Jewish princess and from whom the line of the current royal family is descended.

The prophecy concerning the throne and the place of Zorobabel in the process is seen to be part of the process of the birthright promises of the last days.

Remember that the father of Zorobabel was Shealtiel/Pediah and the father of Shealtiel was not actually Jeconiah. He was the adopted son of Jeconiah and was his acknowledged heir (Mat. 1:12). He was the son of the wife of King Jehoiakin or Jeconiah by a former husband of Princess Tamar, namely Prince Neri(ah). See also Luke 3:27. Now this fact gives another rise to the issue of from whom the lineage of Zorobabel was actually descended.





Zerubbabel (Hebrew: זְרֻבָּבֶל‎, Zərubbāvel; Greek: ζοροβαβελ, Zŏrobabel) was a governor of Judah (Haggai 1:1) and the great-grandson of Jehoiachin, next-to-last King of Judah. Led the first band of Jews, numbering 42,360, who returned from the Babylonian Captivity in the first year of Cyrus, King of Persia. He also laid the foundation of the Second Temple in Jerusalem the next year. The Seder Olam Zutta lists him as the Exilarch in Babylon to succeed Shealtiel. The texts are conflicting as to whether Zerubbabel was the son of Shealtiel or his nephew. His son Meshullam succeeded him as Exilarch, and was followed by another son Hananiah. Muslim historian Ya'qubi attributed the recovery of the Torah and the Books of the Prophets to him instead of Ezra.


Please do NOT, under ANY conditions merge this profile for Zerubbabel, with the other one ( http://www.geni.com/profile/index/6000000007562852810 ). Read on for explanation.


Luke 3:23–38 lists the genealogy of Jesus, and has Zerubbabel as the 20th generation ancestor of Jesus. That source has a VERY different lineage for the ancestry of Zerubbabel, as the descendant of Nathan, son of King David. Traditionally these are the same person, BUT there is NO way to reconcile the two very different genealogies. As such we preferred having BOTH versions represented in the tree. As noted the "other" Zerubbabel is here ( http://www.geni.com/profile/index/6000000007562852810 ). Luke's version has Zerubbabel as the descendant of Nathan, son of King David, which would make him completely irrelevant to Throne of King David. In this version, on the other hand, as the great-grandson of Jehoiachin, next-to-last King of Judah, he has a direct and immediate claim to this throne. So this version makes a lot more historical sense. As such, the rest of Luke's lineage to Jesus, is continued HERE, through Zerubbabel's son, Rhesa. -------------------- event

0538 B.C. .

·He was a Jewish Tribal leader who returned to Judah after Cyrus, King of Persia, captured Babylon. Ezra 2:1 "Now these are the children of the province that went up out of the captivity, of those which had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon, and came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his city;" 2:2 "Which came with Zerubbabel: Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mizpar, Bigvai, Rehum, Baanah." (1,2)


0520 B.C. .

·governor of Judaea charged with the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem (1)


·the father of Meshullam, and Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister; and Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah, and Hasadiah, Jushabhesed (1) -------------------- This writer suspects that Prince Neriah was killed due to his attempt to mangle the genitals of Nechemiah to prevent fathering competition for the throne...and that the father of Neriah (Shemaiah the Nathanite (HAMAN?)) harassed Nechemiah throughout his life.

Nechemiah became the cup-bearer of Ahashverush in order to prevent his poisoning. Nechemiah is called the tirshatha'. In Ezr 2:63; Neh 7:65,70, it is the title of Sheshbazzar ibn Neryah- it comes from the Bactrian word antarekshatra, that is, "he who takes the place of the king" (usurper).

One of the principal duties of the Persian governor was to assess and collect the taxes. This would readily account for the fact that in Neh 7:70 the tirshatha' gave Babylonian treasure to be used in the building of the temple a thousand drachms of gold, etc., and that in Ezr 1:8

Cyrus numbered the vessels of the house of the Lord unto Sheshbazzar (Nechemiah has usurped Sheshbazar). This derivation would connect it with the Aramaic rashya, "creditor," and the New Hebrew rashuth, "highest power," "magistrate." -------------------- Zerubavel ,

son of Padia and nn Possible ancestor R. Yoseph I may descend via Bustanai from the King David genealogy as follows:

Each entry is supposed to be the son of daughter of the previous entry. Zurubbabel Hananiah. Sons: Pelatiah (Phaltial), Jeshaiah (Yesaiah) (Yeshaya) (Isaiah), Exilarch (Contact Don Stone for descendants) Exilarch Isaiah or Jeshaiah (b. Jerusalem about 469 B.C.E.) Exilarch Rephaiah (b. Jerusalem about 424 B.C.E.) Exilarch Amay or Arnan (b. Jerusalem about 400 B.C.E.) Exilarch Obadaiah (b. Jerusalem about 375 B.C.E.) Exilarch Shecanian Exilarch Shemaiah (b. Jerusalem about 325 B.C.E.). Children: Exilarch Neariah, Exilarch Hattush II, Exilarch Shemida, Igeal (Igal), Bariah, Shaphat, Neariah (b. Jerusalem about 297 B.C.E.). Children: Exilarch Hezekaiah (father of Exilarch Nakhum I), Exilarch Azrikam, Exilarch Elioenai. (Another source <http://www.flemingmultimedia.com/Genealogy/Haninai.html> gives a different descent from her e to Huna II) Exilarch Hizkiah Elioenai <http://genpc.com/gen/files/d0018/f0000024.html> (lived Jerusalem, b. about 272 B.C.E.). Seven son all of whom were Exilarchs: Anani, Dalaiah, Johanan, Akkub, Pelaiah, Eliashib, Hodaviah (ancestor of some more exilarchs) Akkub (lived Jerusalem, b. about 244 B.C.E.) David Shlomo Shemaiah David Shechaniah Hizkiah Shalom Nathan (possibly Nathan De-Zuzita, an illusive Jewish hero whose story is chronologically out of place and in literature jumps around history.) Hunya Shlomo Yakov Ahija, founded a new dynasty of exilarchs around 135 on the extinction of previous dynasty (none of ancestors between him and Akkub were exilarches). Sons: Nakhum, II, Johanan, Nathan. Nakhum, II (around 145-170) Sons: Huna, I, Mar-Ukba, I. Mar-Ukba, I (around 210-240). Sons: Huna, II, Nathan, I Huna, II, Exilarch 240-259. Sons: Nathan I, and Nosson Nathan I UKBA, Exilarch at Babylon 259-270. Sons: Nehemiah I, Mar-Ukba, II Nehemiah (b. 270, executed 313), Exilarch at Babylon. Sons: Mar-Ukba, II/III, Isaac, Huna, III. Nathan (known as Ukba Mar II before he became Exilarch), Exilarch at Babylon (d. 337, reigned 313-337). Mar Abba Abra, Exilarch at Babylon (b. 300, d. 370, reigned 350-370) Sons: Nathan, II, Kahana, I Mar Kahani, I, Exilarch at Babylon (reigned 400-415). Sons: Nathan, Huna, IV, Mar-Zutra, I Mar Zutra I, Exilarch at Babylon (b. 370, d. 413(???), reigned 441-455). Sons: Kahana II, Huna V, and Nosson. Maremar = Kahana II (reigned 455-465). Haninai = Huna VI (reigned 484-508) Sons: Mar-Zutra II, and Hizkiah (father of David father of Mar-Zutra III) one missing generation? Mar Zutra II (b. 493, d. 520, reigned 508-520). Sons: Ahunai (Huna-Mar II), and Sutra I who went to palestine and founded a new dynansty of the Palestinian Nesi'im. Huna Mar (Ahunai) (520-581) Kafnai Hofnai (Kafnai; Qafnai), exilarch at Babylon (550-581). Sons: Haninai and Hushiel. Haninai (b. 560 Persia, d. 590 executed), exilarch at Babylon (581-589) Bustanai (d. 660/5) was the first Exilarch to be recognized by Arab rule. His birth and much of his life is surrounded by legend. As a token of appreciation, Caliph Ali gave him the daughter of the Persian king Yazdeger (Yazadagird III of Parthia ) for a slave. Eventually Bustanai married her. His first wife, Adoa, a Davidic Jewish princess (relative), had two sons: Hisdai I & Baradai; His 2nd wife, Dara or Azdadwar Izdundad or Izdadwar <hp.html> daughter of Zamaspdukht <emesa.html> and King Shahrijar III of Persia <persia.html>. The Parthi princess, had three sons: (a) Hisdai II <http://www.pohly.com/tree/d0013/g0000066.html> , (b) Nehemiah <http://genpc.com/gen/files/d0050/f0000016.html>, and (c) Haninai [Hananiah], who was "exilarch" of Sura 689-694. See <http://www.gendex.com/users/wilkinso/wilkinsons/d0140/f0000072.html>, <http://www.afn.org/~lawson/d0005/g0000011. html>, <http://rksmith.net/d0000/g0000043.html>, <http://www.pohly.com/tree/d0000/g0000062.html>, <http://www.gencircles.com/users/family_ties/1/data/11980.html> family trees descending from Haninai. The descendants of Haninai appear to occupy th e gaonate of Sura for several generations and may also be ancestors of the Maharal of Prague <maharal.html>. (However, according to Rinnah Burns dburns60 at neo.rr.com <mailto:dburns60 at neo.rr.com>, their three sons were Shahrijar, Durdanshah , and Mardanshah. Source: Arthur J. ZUCKERMAN's A Jewish Princedom in Feudal France, 768-900 <http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0231032986/loebfamilytree> and David HUGHES's Davidic Dynasty <http://hometown.aol.com/rdavidh218/davidicdynasty.h tml>.) See article by Moshe SHALTIEL-GRACIAN mosheshaltiel at cs.com <mailto:mosheshaltiel at cs.com> Prince Haninai Baradai (d. 689). Three sons: Hisdai II (exilarch c. 700-730) (information available), Nehemiah through whom the line of the exilarchs eventually passes, and Hananiah Hannaniah, the gaon of Sura from 689 to 694. Sons: Hilai (Hillel) gaon of Sura from 694 to 712, and Yakob Yakob, Gaon of Sura from 712-730 Mari, Gaon of Sura from 748 or 751 to 756 (d. 756). Hillel, Gaon of Sura 792-798, d. 798. Sons: Ivomai, Natroi gaon of Sura (d. 853) and Rivyai (father of Joseph [d. 841]) Ivomai, Kohen Zedek, Gaon 838-848. Sons: Hophni, Nehemiah and Nahshon (gaon of Sura 874-882, and father of Khai gaon of Sura 889-896). Hophni. Given by another source as Hophni son of Zedek Ha-COHEN son of Ivomai. Rabba or Rabban Mari, Gaon of Sura, went to Spain in 941. Samuel Ha-Gaon, gaon of an academy in Spain around 975. Died 935. Hophni ha-COHEN (from Merida?) (d. 963) married the daughter of Tzadok Kahana son of Mar Joseph Rav, grandson of Matityahu Gaon. (See David HUGHES RDavidH218@aol.com <mailto:RDavidH218@aol.com> for ancestry of Matityahu Gaon.) Sons: Samuel Ha-Nagi d, Yehoseph Ha-Nagid (father of Samuel, father of Joseph Ha-Nagid who was killed in a pogrom 1062) Samuel Ha-Nagid (b. Spain, d. 1056 Spain or 1034) (Last Gaon of the Sura academy 997-1013). Samuel's daughter Asmouna possibly married Hai Gaon . Samuel's son Israel was Gaon of Sura Academy 1017-1034. (Azariah ha-Kohen [Gaon of Sura Academy 1034-1037] may have been son of Israel.) Samuel's son Isaac was a gaon. (generation skipped in some accounts) Joseph Ibn Nagrela [Al-Nagrila] Ha-Nagid (d. 1034) (generation skipped in some accounts) Samuel Ha-Nagid, vizier 1027 (d. 1056). R. Yoseph I. Gaon. Executed 1066. Married daughter of Rabbi Nissim Ben Yaakov. According to Moshe Shaltiel, Yoseph was assassinated in a pogrom in Granada (1062) where he served as a Grand Vizier like his father before him to: nn 1) Hananiah to: nn Main index A-Z