Sigismund the Old Jagiellon

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About Sigismund the Old Jagiellon

Zygmunt I Stary, lit. Žygimantas Senasis, biał. Жыгімонт Стары – od 1506 król Polski i wielki książę litewski. Przedostatni z dynastii Jagiellonów na tronie polskim.

Coronation 24 January 1507 in Wawel Cathedral, Kraków

  • Grand Duke of Lithuania: Reign 1506–1548

Coronation 24 January 1507 in Wawel Cathedral, Kraków

Predecessor: Alexander Jagiellon Successor: Sigismund II Augustus

Sigismund I, född 1 januari 1467, död 1 april 1548, var kung av Polen och storfurste av Litauen från år 1506. Han var son till Kasimir IV av Polen och Elisabet av Österrike och gifte sig först med Barbara av Zapolya och sedan med Bona Sforza av Milano, dotter till Gian Galeazzo av Milano och Isabella av Aragonien.

-------------------- King of Poland

Sigismund I av Polen

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Sigrismund den 1

Sigismund I, född 1 januari 1467, död 1 april 1548, var kung av Polen och storfurste av Litauen från år 1506. Han var son till Kasimir IV av Polen och Elżbieta Rakuszanka och gifte sig först med Barbara av Zapolya och sedan med Bona Sforza av Milano, dotter till Gian Galeazzo av Milano och Isabella av Aragonien.

Barn i det först giftermålet

   * Hedvig av Polen (1513-1573), född 1513

Barn i det andra giftermålet:

   * Isabella Jagiełło född 18 januari 1519, Gift med Johan I av Ungern och mor till Johan II av Ungern
   * Sigismund II August av Polen född 1520
   * Anna av Polen, född 1523, gift med Stefan Batory
   * Katarina Jagellonica, gift med Johan III, kung av Sverige


Alexander Herb Rzeczpospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg

Kung av Polen

Storfurste av Litauen



Sigismund II August

Sidan ändrades senast den 11 juni 2010 kl. 18.48.


Sigismund I the Old

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sigismund I the Old (Polish: Zygmunt I Stary; Lithuanian: Žygimantas II Senasis; 1 January 1467 – 1 April 1548) of the Jagiellon dynasty reigned as King of Poland and also as the Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1506 until 1548. Earlier, Sigismund had been invested as Duke of Silesia.


The son of King Casimir IV Jagiellon and Elisabeth of Austria, Sigismund followed his brothers John I of Poland and Alexander I of Poland to the Polish throne. Their elder brother Ladislaus II of Hungary and Bohemia became king of Hungary and Bohemia. Sigismund was christened as the namesake of his mother's maternal grandfather, Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund, who had died in 1437.

Sigismund faced the challenge of consolidating internal power in order to face external threats to the country. During Alexander's reign, the law Nihil novi had been instituted, which forbade Kings of Poland from enacting laws without the consent of the Sejm. This proved crippling to Sigismund's dealings with the szlachta and magnates.

Despite this Achilles heel, he established (1527) a conscription army and the bureaucracy needed to finance it.

After the death of Janusz III of Masovia in 1526, he succeeded in annexing the Duchy of Masovia.

Intermittently at war with Vasily III of Muscovy, starting in 1507 (before his army was fully under his command), 1514 marked the fall of Smolensk (under Polish domination) to the Muscovite forces (which lent force to his arguments for the necessity of a standing army). Those conflicts formed part of the Muscovite wars. 1515 he entered an alliance with the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I.

In return for Maximilian lending weight to the provisions of the Second Peace of Thorn (1466), Sigismund consented to the marriage of the children of Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary, his brother, to the grandchildren of Maximilian. Through this double marriage contract, Bohemia and Hungary passed to the House of Habsburg in 1526, on the death of Sigismund's nephew, Louis II.

The Polish wars against the Teutonic Knights ended in 1525, when Albert, Duke of Prussia, their marshal (and Sigismund's nephew), converted to Lutheranism, secularized the order, and paid homage to Sigismund. In return, he was given the domains of the Order, as the First Duke of Prussia. This was called the Prussian Homage.

Sigismund's eldest daughter Hedwig (1513-1573) married Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg.

In other matters of policy, Sigismund sought peaceful coexistence with the Khanate of Crimea, but was unable to completely end border skirmishes. Sigismund was interested in Renaissance humanism and the revival of classical antiquity. He and his third consort, Bona Sforza, daughter of Gian Galeazzo Sforza of Milan, were both patrons of Renaissance culture, which under them began to flourish in Poland and in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

On Sigismund's death, his son Sigismund II August became the last Jagiellon king of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.

Sigismund I was a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Marriages and issue

In 1512, Sigismund married a Hungarian noblewoman named Barbara Zápolya, with whom he had two daughters:

  1. Electress Hedwig of Brandenburg (1513–1573)
  2. Anna

Barbara died in 1515.In 1517, Sigismund married Bona Sforza, with whom he had:

  1. Queen Isabella of Hungary
  2. Sigismund II of Poland
  3. Sophia, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
  4. Anna I of Poland
  5. Queen Catherine of Sweden
  6. Wojciech Olbracht

By his mistress, Katarzyna Telniczenka (d.1528), he also fathered three children out of wedlock:[3]

  1. Jan (8 January 1499—18 February 1538), Bishop of Wilen (1519) and of Posen 1536
  2. Regina (1500/01—20 May 1526), wed ca 20 October 1518 Hieronim von Szafraniec, Starost of Teschen (d.1556/59)
  3. Katharina (Katarzyna) (1503—before 9 September 1548) wed after 1522 George II Count von Montfort in Pfannberg (d.1544)
view all 17

Sigismund the Old Jagiellon's Timeline

January 1, 1467
January 8, 1499
Age 32
Age 34
Age 36
August 28, 1512
Age 45
March 25, 1513
Age 46
Poznań, Wielkopolskie, Poland
July 1, 1515
Age 48
February 18, 1518
Age 51
January 18, 1519
Age 52
Kraków, Małopolskie, Polska
August 1, 1520
Age 53
Kraków, Małopolskie, Poland