José I Francisco António Inácio Norberto Agostinho 'o Reformador' de Bragança, rei de Portugal (1714 - 1777) MP

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Death: Died in Sintra, Portugal
Occupation: King of Portugal 1750-1777, Kung i Portugal och Algarve 1750-1777
Managed by: Terje Wølner-Hanssen
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About José I Francisco António Inácio Norberto Agostinho 'o Reformador' de Bragança, rei de Portugal

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_I_of_Portugal

Joseph I of Portugal

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Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2009)

Joseph

King of Portugal and the Algarves

and of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia and India, etc.

Reign 1750-1777

Predecessor John V of Portugal

Successor Maria I of Portugal

Spouse Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain

House House of Braganza

Father John V of Portugal

Mother Maria Anna of Austria

Born June 6, 1714

Ribeira Palace, Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal

Died 24 February 1777 (age 62)

Royal Palace of Sintra, Sintra, Kingdom of Portugal

Burial Dynasty of Braganza Royal Pantheon, Monastery of São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, District of Lisbon, Portugal

Joseph I (Portuguese José, Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛ]), the Reformer (Port. o Reformador), 25th (or 26th according to some historians) King of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves, was born in Lisbon, on June 6, 1714. He was the third child of King John V of Portugal and his wife Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria. Joseph had an older brother, Peter, but he died at the age of two, an older sister and three younger brothers.

At the death of his elder brother, José became Prince of Brazil as the heir-apparent of the king, and 15th Duke of Braganza.

In 1729, Joseph married a Spanish princess, Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain, daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth of Parma, and his elder sister Barbara of Portugal married the future Ferdinand VI of Spain. Marianne loved music and hunting, but she was also a serious woman who disliked the King's affairs and did not hesitate to expose them to acquaintances. Joseph and Marianne had four daughters and also two stillborn sons, one stillborn daughter and Marianna Victoria had a miscarriage in 1750.

   * Maria Francisca (Mary Frances) (1734-1816) - The future Queen Mary I
   * Maria Ana Francisca Josefa (Marianne) (1736-1813)
   * Maria Francisca Doroteia (Mary Frances Dorothea) (1739-1771)
   * Maria Francisca Benedita (Mary Frances Benedicta) (1746-1829) - She would marry her nephew Prince Joseph.

Joseph was devoted to the Church and the opera.[citation needed] Indeed, he had assembled one of the greatest collections of operatic scores in Europe. He succeeded to the Portuguese throne in 1750, when he was 35 years old, and almost immediately placed effective power in the hands of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, better known today as the Marquis of Pombal. Indeed the history of Joseph's reign is really that of Pombal himself. King José also declared his eldest daughter Maria Francisca as the official heiress of the throne, and proclaimed her Princess of Brazil. The king did not believe that any longer a son would be born to him.[citation needed]

The powerful Marquis sought to overhaul all aspects of economic, social and colonial policy to make Portugal a more efficient contender with the other great powers of Europe, and thus secure his own power status as a result. A conspiracy of nobles aimed at murdering King Joseph and the Marquis gave Pombal the opportunity (some say, the pretext) to get rid of the Távora family, and to expel the Jesuits in September 1759, thus gaining control of public education and a wealth of church lands and ushering Portugal, which had been a backwater dominated by the High Aristocracy and a very conservative brand of Catholicism, into the Enlightenment age.

Joséph I King of Portugal

The reign of Joseph was also famous for the great Lisbon earthquake of November 1, 1755, in which around 100,000 people lost their lives. The earthquake caused Joseph to develop a severe case of claustrophobia and he was never again comfortable living within a walled building. Consequently, he moved the royal court to an extensive complex of tents in the hills of Ajuda. The capital was eventually rebuilt at great cost, and an equestrian statue of King Joseph still dominates Lisbon's main plaza.[citation needed]

With Joseph's death on 24 February 1777 the throne passed to his daughter Maria I of Portugal and Pombal's iron rule was sharply brought to an end, because she hated him very much for his arrogance and violent behaviour.

Marriages and descendants

Joseph married Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain, daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese of Parma. He had four surviving daughters, all named Maria, and a number of stillborn children.

Name Birth Death Notes

By Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain (March 31, 1718-January 15, 1781; married on January 19, 1729)

Princess Maria Francisca Isabel December 17, 1734 March 20, 1816 Princess of Brazil (1750-1777). Succeeded Joseph as 26th (or 27th according to some historians) monarch and first Queen regnant of Portugal. Married her uncle, Peter III of Portugal.

Infanta Maria Ana October 7, 1736 May 16, 1813

Was a potential bride for Louis, Dauphin of France (1729–1765), but her mother refused to consent the marriage.

Infanta Maria Francisca Doroteia September 21, 1739 January 14, 1771

Was a potential bride for Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, but she refused to married him.

Infanta Maria Francisca Benedita July 25, 1746 August 18, 1829 Married her nephew Joseph, Prince of Brazil.

This page was last modified on 17 July 2010 at 14:06.

[edit] Ancestors -------------------- Joseph I of Portugal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Joseph I (Portuguese José, pronounced [ʒuˈzɛ]), the Reformer (Port. o Reformador), 25th (or 26th according to some historians) King of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves, was born in Lisbon, on June 6, 1714. He was the third child of King John V of Portugal and his wife Mary Anne Josepha of Austria. Joseph had an older brother, Peter, but he died at the age of two.

At the death of his elder brother, José became Prince of Brazil as the heir-apparent of the king, and 15th Duke of Braganza.

In 1729, Joseph married a Spanish princess, Marianne Victoria of Borbón, daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth Farnese, and his elder sister Barbara married the future Ferdinand VI of Spain. Marianne loved music and hunting, but she was also a serious woman, who disliked the King's affairs and had no problems about talking about them to everybody. Joseph and Marianne had four daughters:

Maria Francisca (Mary Frances) (1734-1816) - The future Queen Mary I

Maria Ana Francisca Josefa (Marianne) (1736-1813)

Maria Francisca Doroteia (Mary Frances Dorothea) (1739-1771)

Maria Francisca Benedita (Mary Frances Benedicta) (1746-1829) - She would marry her nephew Prince Joseph.

Joseph was devoted to the Church and the opera. He succeeded to the Portuguese throne in 1750, when he was 35 years old, and almost immediately placed effective power in the hands of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, better known today as the Marquis of Pombal. Indeed the history of Joseph's reign is really that of Pombal himself. King José also declared his eldest daughter Maria Francisca as the official heiress of the throne, and proclaimed her Princess of Brazil. The king did not believe that any longer a son would be born to him.

The powerful marquis sought to overhaul all aspects of economic, social and colonial policy to make Portugal a more efficient contender with the other great powers of Europe, and thus secure her own power status as a result. A conspiracy of nobles aimed at murdering King Joseph and the Marquis gave Pombal the opportunity (some say, the pretext) to get rid of the Távora family, and to expel the Jesuits in September 1759, thus gaining control of public education and a wealth of church lands and ushering Portugal, which had been a backwater dominated by the High Aristocracy and a very conservative brand of Catholicism, into the Enlightenment age.

The reign of Joseph was also famous for the great Lisbon earthquake of November 1, 1755, in which around 100,000 people lost their lives. The earthquake caused Joseph to develop a severe case of claustrophobia and he was never again comfortable living within a walled building. Consequently, he moved the royal court to an extensive complex of tents in the hills of Ajuda. The capital was eventually rebuilt at great cost, and an equestrian statue of King Joseph still dominates Lisbon's main plaza.

With Joseph's death on 24 February 1777 the throne passed to his daughter Mary I and Pombal's iron rule was sharply brought to an end.

Marriages and descendants

Joseph married Marianne Victoria of Borbón, daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese of Parma. He had four daughters, all named Maria.

Children include

  Maria Francisca, Princess of Brazil (future Maria I)
  Infanta Mariana Francisca
  Infanta Doroteia
   Benedita, Dowager Princess of Brazil

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_of_Portugal

Don Jofeph Primero fuccedió á fu padre año de 1753: cafó en 1729 con Doña Maria Ana Victoria, hija de los Reyes de Efpaña Don Felipe V y Doña Ifabel Farnesio: tiene á Maria Francifca, que cafó con el Infante D. Pedro fu tio en Junio del año de 1760, Ifabel, Maria Ana Francifca, Maria Francifca Dorotea, y Maria Benita, Infantas de Portugal. Historia de la Muy Ilustre Casa de Sousa España, 1770. Casa Real de Portugal. Pág. 385

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José I o Reformador, rei de Portugal's Timeline

1714
June 6, 1714
Lisbon, Portugal
1729
January 19, 1729
Age 14
Elvas, Portalegre, Portugal
1734
December 17, 1734
Age 20
Lisbon, Portugal
1736
October 7, 1736
Age 22
Lisboa, Portugal
1739
September 21, 1739
Age 25
Lisboa, Portugal
1746
July 25, 1746
Age 32
Lisboa, Portugal
1777
February 24, 1777
Age 62
Sintra, Portugal
????
Portugal -aka Jose Manuel
????
????
Lisboa, Portugal