George VI of the United Kingdom

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Albert Frederick Arthur George Windsor, King of the United Kingdom

Also Known As: "Bertie", "the Stammerer", "Albert Frederick Arthur George", "The King of England and Scotland"
Birthplace: York Cottage, Sandringham Estate, Sandringham, Norfolk, England
Death: Died in Sandringham House, Sandringham, Norfolk, England
Place of Burial: King George VI Memorial Chapel / St. George's Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck, Queen consort of the United Kingdom
Husband of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Father of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
Brother of Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor (Edward VIII); Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood; Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester; Prince George, Duke of Kent and Prince John of the United Kingdom

Occupation: King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth, The King of England and Scotland
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About George VI of the United Kingdom

a short summary from Wikipedia:

George VI

King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions (more...)

Reign: 11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952

Coronation: 12 May 1937

Predecessor: Edward VIII

Successor: Elizabeth II

Emperor of India

Reign: 11 December 1936 – 15 August 1947 Predecessor : Edward VIII

Spouse: Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon


Elizabeth II

Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon

Full name:

Albert Frederick Arthur George

House: House of Windsor

Father: George V

Mother: Mary of Teck

Born: 14 December 1895

York Cottage, Sandringham House, Norfolk, United Kingdom

Died: 6 February 1952 (aged 56)

Sandringham House, Norfolk

Burial: 15 February 1952

St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle


"George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India, and the first Head of the Commonwealth. As the second son of King George V, he was not expected to inherit the throne and spent his early life in the shadow of his elder brother, Edward. He served in the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force during World War I, and after the war took on the usual round of public engagements. He married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923 and they had two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret. George's elder brother ascended the throne as Edward VIII on the death of their father in 1936. However, later that year Edward revealed his desire to marry the divorced American socialite Wallis Simpson. British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin advised Edward that for political and religious reasons he could not marry Simpson and remain king. Edward abdicated in order to marry, and George ascended the throne as the third monarch of the House of Windsor. During George's reign the break-up of the British Empire and its transition into the Commonwealth of Nations accelerated. The parliament of the Irish Free State removed direct mention of the monarch from the country's constitution on the day of his accession. Within three years, the Empire and Commonwealth, except the Irish Free State, was at war with Nazi Germany. In the next two years, war with Italy and Japan followed. Though Britain and its allies were ultimately victorious, the United States and the Soviet Union rose as pre-eminent world powers and the British Empire declined. After the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, George remained as king of both countries, but the title Emperor of India was abandoned in June 1948. Ireland formally declared a republic, leaving the Commonwealth, in 1949 and India became a republic within the Commonwealth the following year. George adopted the new title of Head of the Commonwealth. He was beset by health problems in the later years of his reign. His elder daughter, Elizabeth II, succeeded him."


Wikipedia links:

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[S3] Marlene A. Eilers, Queen Victoria's Descendants (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1987), page 171. Hereinafter cited as Queen Victoria's Descendants.

[S130] Wikipedia, online http;// Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page cxxxix. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page cv. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.

[S3] Marlene A. Eilers, Queen Victoria's Descendants, page 172.

[S4] C.F.J. Hankinson, editor, DeBretts Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 147th year (London, U.K.: Odhams Press, 1949), page 22. Hereinafter cited as DeBretts Peerage, 1949.

[S4] C.F.J. Hankinson, DeBretts Peerage, 1949, page 21.

[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), reference "George VI, 1895-1952". Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.

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George VI of the United Kingdom's Timeline

December 14, 1895
York Cottage, Sandringham Estate, Sandringham, Norfolk, England
February 17, 1896
St. Mary Magdalene's Church, Sandringham, Norfolk, England
February 17, 1896
Sandringham, England
- 1911
Age 13
East Cowes, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom
April 26, 1923
Age 27
Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England
April 21, 1926
Age 30
17 Bruton Street, Mayfair, London, England
August 21, 1930
Age 34
Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
December 10, 1936
Age 40

On 16 November 1936, Edward invited Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin to Buckingham Palace and expressed his desire to marry Wallis Simpson when she became free to re-marry. Baldwin informed the King that his subjects would deem the marriage morally unacceptable, largely because remarriage after divorce was opposed by the Church of England, and the people would not tolerate Wallis as Queen.[39]

As King, Edward held the role of Supreme Governor of the Church of England, and the clergy expected him to support the Church's teachings.

Edward proposed an alternative solution of a morganatic marriage, in which Edward would remain King but Wallis would not become Queen. She would enjoy some lesser title instead, and any children they might have would not inherit the throne. This too was rejected by the British Cabinet[40] as well as other Dominion governments,[41] whose views were sought pursuant to the Statute of Westminster 1931, which provided in part that "any alteration in the law touching the Succession to the Throne or the Royal Style and Titles shall hereafter require the assent as well of the Parliaments of all the Dominions as of the Parliament of the United Kingdom."[42] The Prime Ministers of Australia, Canada and South Africa made clear their opposition to the King marrying a divorcée;[43] the Irish premier expressed indifference and detachment, while the Prime Minister of New Zealand, having never even heard of Mrs. Simpson before, vacillated in disbelief.[44] Faced with this opposition, Edward at first responded that there were "not many people in Australia" and their opinion didn't matter.[45]

The King informed Baldwin that he would abdicate if he could not marry Mrs. Simpson. Baldwin then presented Edward with three choices: give up the idea of marriage; marry against his ministers' wishes; or abdicate.[46] It was clear that Edward was not prepared to give up Mrs. Simpson, and he knew that if he married against the advice of his ministers, he would cause the government to resign, prompting a constitutional crisis.[47] He chose to abdicate.[48]

Edward duly signed the instruments[49] of abdication at Fort Belvedere on 10 December 1936, in the presence of his three surviving brothers, The Duke of York, The Duke of Gloucester and The Duke of Kent (the youngest brother, Prince John, had died in 1919).[50] The next day, the last act of his reign was the royal assent to His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936. As required by the Statute of Westminster, all the Dominions consented to the King's abdication,[51] though the Irish Free State did not pass the External Relations Act, which included the abdication in its schedule, until 12 December. As a curiosity, legally, for one day Edward was King of the Irish Free State but not the rest of the British Empire.[52]

On the night of 11 December 1936, Edward, now reverted to the title of Prince Edward, made a broadcast to the nation and the Empire, explaining his decision to abdicate. He famously said, "I have found it impossible to carry the heavy burden of responsibility and to discharge my duties as king as I would wish to do without the help and support of the woman I love."[53]

After the broadcast, Edward departed the United Kingdom for Austria, though he was unable to join Mrs. Simpson until her divorce became absolute, several months later.[54] His brother, Prince Albert, Duke of York, succeeded to the throne as George VI, whose elder daughter, The Princess Elizabeth, became first in the line of succession, as the heiress presumptive.

February 6, 1952
Age 56
Sandringham House, Sandringham, Norfolk, England
February 6, 1952
Age 56