Sir Henry "Hotspur" Percy

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Henry Hotspur Percy, Sir

Also Known As: "Harry Hotspur", "Sir Henry", "Hotspur", "Sir Henry Percy", "Sir Hotspur Percy", "Percy"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Warkworth Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England
Death: Died in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England
Place of Burial: York Minster, York, North Yorkshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland; Henry 1st Earl Percy; Margaret de Neville, Baroness de Ros and Margaret Percy
Husband of Lady Elizabeth Mortimer
Father of Elizabeth Percy, Countess of Westmoreland; Margaret Cliford; Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland; Matilda Percy; Thomas Percy, Baron Egremont and 4 others
Brother of Isolda Percy; Thomas de Percy; (Sir) Ralph de Percy; Margaret de Percy and Alan de Percy

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sir Henry "Hotspur" Percy

a short summary from Wikipedia:

Harry Hotspur (Sir Henry Percy)

Spouse:

Lady Elizabeth Mortimer

Issue:

Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland

Lady Elizabeth Percy

Noble family House of Percy

Father: Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland

Mother: Margaret Neville

Born: 20 May 1364(1364-05-20)

Spofforth, Yorkshire, England[1]

Died: 21 July 1403 (aged 39)

Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England

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"Sir Henry Percy KG (20 May 1364 – 21 July 1403), commonly known as Sir Harry Hotspur, or simply Hotspur, was the eldest son of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, and Margaret Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby, and Alice de Audley. He was the most famous soldier of his day, but was slain leading the losing side at the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403."

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Links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_%27Hotspur%27_Percy

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=39440911

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I2918&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I417&tree=Nixon

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I64228&tree=Welsh

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I11045&tree=YorkshireVisitation

http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/hotspur.htm

http://www.mathematical.com/percyhenry1364.htm

http://www.nndb.com/people/687/000097396/

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10726.htm#i107251

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Citations / Sources:

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 95. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume XII/2, page 550. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume IX, page 712.

[S1257] #248 A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland Enjoying Territorial Possessions or High Official Rank; but Uninvested with Heritable Honors (1834-1838), Burke, John, (4 volumes. London: Published for Henry Colburn, by R. Bentley, 1834-1838), FHL book 942 D2bc., vol. 4 p. 358.

[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 9 p. G1134, 1186; book 16 p. M1925.

[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 6 p. F4, 9.

[S673] #1079 A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time (1904-1993), Bradney, Sir Joseph Alfred, (Publications of the South Wales Record Society, number 8. Five volumes in 13. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1904-1993), FHL book 942.43 H2b., vol. 3 p. 8.

[S712] #1039 Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families: with Their Collateral Branches in Denbighshire, Merionethshire (1914), Griffith, John Edwards, (Horncastle, England: W.K. Morton, 1914), FHL book Folio 942.9 D2gr; FHL microfilm 468,334., p. I, 305.

[S2] The Visitations of Yorkshire in the years 1563 and 1564, made by William Flower, esquire, Norroy king of arms, Flowers, William and Charles Best Norcliffe, (London : Harleian Society, 1881), FHL book 942 B4h vol. 16; microfilm 162,050 item 2., vol. 16, p. 242.

[S452] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 2 p. 508; vol. 3 p. 293

[S266] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 8 line 5:33, p. 23 line 19:32.

[S394] #230 [5th edition, 1999] The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 (5th edition, 1999), Adams, Arthur, (5th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1999), FHL book 973 D2aa 1999., p. 46 line 36:10, p. 64 line 44:7.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Percy_(Hotspur)

Henry Percy Hotspur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . Sir Henry (Hotspur) Percy

Spouse(s) Elizabeth Mortimer

Issue Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland Elizabeth Percy Noble family House of Percy Father Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland Mother Margaret Neville Born 20 May 1364 Alnwick, Northumberland Died 21 July 1403 (aged 39) Shrewsbury, Shropshire Sir Henry Percy KG (20 May 1364 – 21 July 1403), commonly known as Sir Harry Hotspur, or simply Hotspur, was a late medieval English nobleman. He was known as one of the most valiant knights of his day, and was a significant captain during the Anglo-Scottish wars. He later led successive rebellions against Henry IV of England, and was slain at the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403 at the height of his career. Contents [hide] 1 Career 2 Rebellion and death 3 Marriage and issue 4 Shakespeare and Henry Percy 5 Footnotes 6 References 7 External links 8 Ancestry Career[edit]

Arms of Hotspur Henry Percy was born 20 May 1364 at Alnwick Castle in Northumberland, the eldest son of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, and Margaret Neville, daughter of Ralph de Neville, 2nd Lord Neville of Raby, and Alice de Audley.[1] He was knighted by King Edward III in April 1377.[2] In 1380 he was in Ireland with the Earl of March,[3] and in 1383 travelled in Prussia.[4] He was appointed warden of the east march either on 30 July 1384 or in May 1385,[4] and in 1385 accompanied Richard II on an expedition into Scotland.[1] 'As a tribute to his speed in advance and readiness to attack' on the Scottish borders, the Scots bestowed on him the name 'Haatspore'.[2] In April 1386 he was sent to France to reinforce the garrison at Calais, and led raids into Picardy. Between August and October 1387 he was in command of a naval force in an attempt to relieve the siege of Brest.[4] In appreciation of these military endeavours he was made a Knight of the Garter in 1388.[4] Reappointed as warden of the east march, he commanded the English forces against James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas, at the Battle of Otterburn on 10 August 1388, where he was captured, but soon ransomed for a fee of 7000 marks.[2] During the next few years Percy's reputation continued to grow. He was sent on a diplomatic mission to Cyprus in June 1393, and appointed deputy to John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, in the Duchy of Aquitaine.[2] He returned to England in January 1395, taking part in Richard II's expedition to Ireland, and was back in Aquitaine the following autumn. In the summer of 1396 he was again in Calais.[3] His military and diplomatic service brought Percy substantial marks of royal favour in the form of grants and appointments,[4] but despite this the Percy family determined to support Henry Bolingbroke, the future Henry IV, on his return from exile in June 1399. Percy and his father joined Bolingbroke's forces at Doncaster, and marched south with them. After King Richard's deposition, Percy and his father were 'lavishly rewarded' with lands and offices.[3] Under the new king, Percy had extensive civil and military responsibility in both the east march towards Scotland and in north Wales, where he was appointed High Sheriff of Flintshire in 1399. He was however under increasing pressure in north Wales as a result of the rebellion of Owain Glyn Dŵr. In March 1402 Henry IV appointed Percy royal lieutenant in north Wales, and on 14 September 1402 Percy, his father, and the Earl of Dunbar and March were victorious against a Scottish force at the Battle of Homildon Hill, taking prisoner among others Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas.[1] Rebellion and death[edit]

A 19th century artist's impression of Hotspur's death The Percys had become increasingly discontented with Henry IV, however. Among their grievances was the King's failure to pay the wages due to them for defending the Scottish border, his favour towards Dunbar, his demand that the Percys hand over their Scottish prisoners, his failure to put an end to Owain Glyn Dŵr's rebellion through a negotiated settlement, his increasing promotion of his son Prince Henry's military authority in Wales, and his failure to ransom the Percys' kinsman, Henry Percy's brother-in-law, Sir Edmund Mortimer (1376–1409), whom the Welsh had captured in June 1402, and who had a claim to the crown as the grandson of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, second surviving son of King Edward III.[5] Spurred on by these grievances, in the summer of 1403 the Percys rebelled and took up arms against the King. According to Bean, it is clear that the Percys were in collusion with Glyndŵr. On his return to England shortly after the victory at Homildon Hill, Henry Percy issued proclamations in Cheshire accusing the King of 'tyrannical government'.[3] Joined by his uncle, Thomas Percy, Earl of Worcester, he marched to Shrewsbury where he intended to do battle against a force there under the command of the Prince of Wales. However the army of his father, Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland was, for reasons never fully explained, slow to move south as well, and it was without Northumberland's assistance that Henry Percy and Worcester arrived at Shrewsbury on 21 July 1403, where they found the King with a large army. The ensuing battle was fierce, with heavy casualties on both sides, but when Henry Percy himself was struck down and killed, his own forces fled.[3] The Earl of Worcester was executed two days later.[6] King Henry, upon being brought Percy's body after the battle, is said to have wept. The body was taken by Thomas Neville, 5th Baron Furnivall (d.1407), to Whitchurch, Shropshire for burial; however when rumours circulated that Percy was still alive, the King 'had the corpse exhumed and displayed it, propped upright between two millstones, in the market place at Shrewsbury'.[3] That done, the King dispatched Percy's head to York, where it was impaled on one of the city's gates; his four-quarters were sent to London, Newcastle upon Tyne, Bristol, and Chester before they were finally delivered to his widow. She had him buried in York Minster in November of that year.[7] In January 1404, Percy was posthumously declared a traitor, and his lands were forfeited to the Crown.[citation needed] Marriage and issue[edit] Henry Percy married Elizabeth Mortimer, the eldest daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, and his wife, Philippa, the only child of Lionel, 1st Duke of Clarence, and Elizabeth de Burgh, Countess of Ulster,[8] and by her had two children: Name Lifespan Notes Henry 3 February 1393 – 22 May 1455 2nd Earl of Northumberland; married Eleanor Neville, by whom he had issue. He was slain at the First Battle of St Albans during the Wars of the Roses.[9] Elizabeth c.1395 – 26 October 1436 Married firstly John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford, slain at the Siege of Meaux on 13 March 1422, by whom she had issue, and secondly Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland (d. 3 November 1484), by whom she had a son, Sir John Neville.[10] Sometime after 3 June 1406 Elizabeth Mortimer married as her second husband, Thomas de Camoys, 1st Baron Camoys, by whom she had a son, Sir Roger Camoys.[11] Thomas Camoys distinguished himself as a soldier in command of the rearguard of the English army at the Battle of Agincourt on 25 October 1415.[12] Shakespeare and Henry Percy[edit]

Warkworth Castle, the home of Henry Percy Henry Percy, 'Hotspur', is one of Shakespeare's best-known characters. In Henry IV, Part 1 Percy is portrayed as the same age as his rival, Prince Hal, by whom he is slain in single combat. In fact he was 23 years older than Prince Hal, the future King Henry V, who was a youth of 16 at the date of the Battle of Shrewsbury. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Henry Percy. Footnotes[edit] ^ Jump up to: a b c Richardson III 2011, p. 341; Walker 2004. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Richardson III 2011, p. 341; Cokayne 1936, p. 713; Walker 2004. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Walker 2004. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e Cokayne 1936, p. 713; Walker 2004. Jump up ^ Walker 2004; Pugh 1988, pp. 14, 37; Richardson III 2011, pp. 193–195; Holmes 2004; Tout 2004; Bean 2004. Jump up ^ Bean 2004. Jump up ^ Cokayne 1936, p. 714. Jump up ^ Richardson III 2011, p. 341. Jump up ^ Richardson III 2011, pp. 343–344. Jump up ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 507; Richardson III 2011, p. 250. Jump up ^ Cokayne 1912, p. 508; Richardson I 2011, pp. 398–399. Jump up ^ Leland 2004. References[edit] Bean, J.M.W. (2004). Percy, Henry, first earl of Northumberland (1341–1408). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 3 October 2012.(subscription required) Cokayne, George Edward (1912). The Complete Peerage, edited by H.A. Doubleday II. London: St. Catherine Press. pp. 506–510. Cokayne, George Edward (1936). The Complete Peerage, edited by H.A. Doubleday IX. London: St. Catherine Press. pp. 713–714. Holmes, George (2004). Mortimer, Edmund (III), third earl of March and earl of Ulster (1352–1381). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 29 September 2012. Leland, John L. (2004). Camoys, Thomas, Baron Camoys (c.1350–1420/21). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 26 September 2012. (subscription required) Pugh, T.B. (1988). Henry V and the Southampton Plot of 1415. Alan Sutton. ISBN 0-86299-541-8 Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1-4499-6637-3 Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1-4499-6639-X Tout, T.F., rev. R.R. Davies (2004). Mortimer, Sir Edmund (IV) (1376–1408/9). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 29 September 2012. Walker, Simon (2004). Percy, Sir Henry (1364–1403). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 29 September 2012. External links[edit] Percy, Charles. "The Ancient House of Percy". For an account of the Battle of Shrewsbury and Henry Percy's death see "Plantagenet of Lancaster". English Monarchs. Statue of Henry Percy, 'Hotspur': "Alnwick". fickr. "Harry reborn in bronze". Northumberland Gazette. 22 July 2010. For fictional treatments see: Rose, Alexander. "Kings in the North". alexrose.com. Donsbach, Margaret. "A Bloody Field by Shrewsbury by Edith Pargeter". historicalnovels.info. Ancestry[edit] [show]Ancestors of Henry Percy (Hotspur) Authority control VIAF: 25686896 Categories: 1364 births1403 deathsPeople from Spofforth, North YorkshirePeople from Alnwick14th-century English people15th-century English peopleEnglish military personnel killed in actionKnights of the GarterMale Shakespearean charactersMedieval English knightsEnglish rebelsPercy familyHigh Sheriffs of Flintshire

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Sir Henry "Hotspur" Percy's Timeline

1364
May 20, 1364
Warkworth Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England
1379
December 10, 1379
Age 15
Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales
1390
February 1390
Age 25
Alnwick, Northumberland, England
1391
1391
Age 26
Of,,Northumberland,England
1393
March 2, 1393
Age 28
Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, England
1393
Age 28
Alnwick, Northumberland, England
1395
1395
Age 30
Alnwick, Northumberland, , England
1397
1397
Age 32
Appleby, Westmoreland, England
1403
July 21, 1403
Age 39
Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England
November 1403
Age 39
York Minster, York, North Yorkshire, England