William Shakespeare

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William Shakespeare

Nicknames: "Shakspear", "Shakespear", "Shakspeare"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England
Death: Died in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom
Cause of death: Unknown
Place of Burial: Stratford, Warwickshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of John Shakespeare and Mary Shakespeare
Husband of Anne Hathaway
Father of Susanna Hall; Hamnet Shakespeare and Judith Quiney
Brother of Joan Shakespeare; Margaret Shakespeare; Gilbert Shakespeare; Joan Hart; Anne Shakespeare and 2 others

Occupation: Poet, playwright, actor
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare passed away on his 52nd birthday, and the cause of his death remains a mystery. He died on April 23 (Julian calendar) which is May 4. Buried at Holy Trinity Churchyard. His wife Anne Hathaway is also buried there. WGA

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

He (baptised 26 April 1564; died 23 April 1616) was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon".[nb 2] His surviving works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays,154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.

Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men. He appears to have retired to Stratford around 1613, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive, and there has been considerable speculation about such matters as his physical appearance, sexuality, religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.

Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613.[nb 4] His early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the 16th century. He then wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, King Lear, and Macbeth, considered some of the finest works in the English language. In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and collaborated with other playwrights.

Many of his plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy during his lifetime. In 1623, two of his former theatrical colleagues published the First Folio, a collected edition of his dramatic works that included all but two of the plays now recognised as Shakespeare's.

Shakespeare was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the 19th century. The Romantics, in particular, acclaimed Shakespeare's genius, and the Victorians worshipped Shakespeare with a reverence that George Bernard Shaw called "bardolatry". In the 20th century, his work was repeatedly adopted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. His plays remain highly popular today and are constantly studied, performed and reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world.

"Most scholars now believe that Emilia Bassano was the Dark Lady of Sonnets 127-151 written by William Shakespeare and that she had an affair with him. Emilia Bassano was a feminist at a time when there were not many others. Emilia Bassano was a musician and a poet. The instrument she played was called the virginals and was a forerunner of the piano of today. She published a book of poetry with a Christian theme not long after Shakespeare's sonnets were published." -Source Obscure

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WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE

Widely regarded as the greatest writer of all of the English language.

Biography

Here is a summary of William Shakespeare from [http://www.wikipedia.org]:

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised) – 23 April 1616) was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His extant works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, the authorship of some of which is uncertain. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.


Shakespeare was born and brought up in Stratford-upon-Avon. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men. He appears to have retired to Stratford around 1613 at age 49, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive, and there has been considerable speculation about such matters as his physical appearance, sexuality, religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.


Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the 16th century. He then wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, King Lear, Othello, and Macbeth, considered some of the finest works in the English language. In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and collaborated with other playwrights.


Many of his plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy during his lifetime. In 1623, John Heminges and Henry Condell, two friends and fellow actors of Shakespeare, published the First Folio, a collected edition of his dramatic works that included all but two of the plays now recognised as Shakespeare's. It was prefaced with a poem by Ben Jonson, in which Shakespeare is hailed, presciently, as "not of an age, but for all time."


Shakespeare was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the 19th century. The Romantics, in particular, acclaimed Shakespeare's genius, and the Victorians worshipped Shakespeare with a reverence that George Bernard Shaw called "bardolatry". In the 20th century, his work was repeatedly adopted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. His plays remain highly popular today and are constantly studied, performed, and reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world.

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William Shakespeare's Timeline

1557
1557

His parents, John and Mary (Arden), were married about 1557; she was of the landed gentry, he a yeoman—a glover and commodities merchant. By 1568, John had risen through the ranks of town government and held the position of high bailiff, similar to mayor. William, the eldest son, was born in 1564, probably on April 23, several days before his baptism on April 26, 1564. . http://www.enotes.com/william-shakespeare/shakespeare-biography

1564
April 23, 1564
Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England
April 26, 1564
Holy Trinity,Stratford,upon-Avon,Warwickshire
April 26, 1564
Stratford-OnAvon,Warwickshire,England
1582
November 30, 1582
Age 18
Worcester, Worcestershire, , England

From Simon Gromb:

In his biography Peter ACKROYD says that the banns were published on the 30 november and the marriage the same day or perhaps the following day. So, we can say 30 november 1582 (not 1852, I suppose).

* * *

Therefore, the date has been changed from 28 November 1852 to 30 November 1582.

1583
May 26, 1583
Age 19
Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom
1585
February 2, 1585
Age 20
Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom
February 2, 1585
Age 20
Stratford, Warwickshire, England
1589
1589
Age 24
London, England

No one knows for certain how Shakespeare first started his career in the theatre, although several London players would visit Stratford regularly, and so, sometime between 1585 and 1592, it is probable that young Shakespeare could have been recruited by the Leicester's or Queen's men. Whether an acting troupe recruited Shakespeare in his hometown or he was forced on his own to travel to London to begin his career, he was nevertheless an established actor in the great city by the end of 1592. http://www.shakespeare-online.com/biography/shakespeareactor.html

At some point during the “dark years,” Shakespeare began his career with a London theatrical company—perhaps in 1589—for he was already an actor and playwright of some note in 1592. Shakespeare apparently wrote and acted for Pembroke’s Men, as well as numerous others, in particular Strange’s Men, which later became the Chamberlain’s Men, with whom he remained for the rest of his career. . http://www.enotes.com/william-shakespeare/shakespeare-biography

Records also tell us that several of Shakespeare's plays were popular by this time, including Henry VI, The Comedy of Errors, and Titus Andronicus. The company that staged most of the early productions of these plays was Pembroke's Men, sponsored by the Earl of Pembroke, Henry Herbert. The troupe was very popular and performed regularly at the court of Queen Elizabeth. Most critics conclude that Shakespeare spent time as both a writer and an actor for Pembroke's Men before 1592. http://www.shakespeare-online.com/biography/shakespeareactor.html

1589
Age 24

First official record: Francis Meres' Palladis Tamia (1598)
Evidence: The play contains passages which seem to borrow from John Lyly's Midas (1589), meaning it could not have been written prior to 1589. Additionally, Stanley Wells argues that the scenes involving more than four characters, "betray an uncertainty of technique suggestive of inexperience.” As such, the play is considered to be one of the first Shakespeare composed upon arriving in London (Roger Warren, following E.A.J. Honigmann, suggests he may have written it prior to his arrival) and, as such, he lacked theatrical experience. This places the date of composition as most likely somewhere between 1589 and 1591.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_William_Shakespeare%27s_...