Mary II Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland

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Mary II Stuart, Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland

Birthplace: St James's Palace, London, Greater London, United Kingdom
Death: Died in London, Greater London, United Kingdom
Cause of death: smallpox
Place of Burial: Westminster Abbey, London, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of James VII of Scotland & II of England and Ireland and Anne Hyde, Duchess of York
Wife of William III, King of England, Ireland, and Scotland
Mother of Stillborn daughter van Oranje, Princess of England, Ireland, Scotland and Infant Stuart
Sister of Charles Stuart, Duke of Cambridge; James Stuart, Duke of Cambridge; Anne, Queen of Great Britain; Charles Stewart, Duke of Kendal; Edgar Stuart, Duke of Cambridge and 2 others
Half sister of James Francis Stuart; Katherine Darnley; James Darnley; Catherine Laura Stuart, Princess of England; Isabella Stuart, Princess of England and 9 others

Occupation: Queen of England; Scotland and Ireland (1689 - 1695) Prinzessin von Oranien Gräfin von Nassau-Dillenburg (1677 - 1695)
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Mary II Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland


Mary II (30 April 1662 – 28 December 1694) was joint Sovereign of England, Scotland, and Ireland with her husband and first cousin, William III and II, from 1689 until her death. William and Mary, both Protestants, became king and queen regnant, respectively, following the Glorious Revolution, which resulted in the deposition of her Roman Catholic father, James II and VII. William became sole ruler upon her death in 1694. Popular histories usually refer to their joint reign as that of "William and Mary".

Mary wielded less power than William when he was in England, ceding most of her authority to him, though he heavily relied on her. She did, however, act alone when William was engaged in military campaigns abroad, proving herself to be a powerful, firm, and effective ruler.

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Mary II Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland's Timeline

April 30, 1662
London, Greater London, United Kingdom
November 4, 1677
Age 15
London, England
April 1678
Age 15
February 1680
Age 17
April 11, 1689
Age 26

Mary II and William III: The First Double Coronation

In 1689 Mary (James II's daughter) and her cousin and husband William of Orange jointly succeeded to the throne. For the first time the country had both a King and a Queen (neither were consorts) and their joint coronation was held in Westminster Abbey in April 1689.

William used the original Coronation Chair whilst Mary used a specially made replica for her investiture and crowning. During the investiture, however, their Coronation Rings were mixed up and Mary's ruby ring was mistakenly placed on William's finger.

December 28, 1694
Age 32
London, Greater London, United Kingdom
March 5, 1695
Age 32
Westminster Abbey, London, England