William III, King of England, Ireland, and Scotland

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William Hendrik III of Orange van Oranje-Nassau, King of England, Ireland, Scotland

Dutch: Willem Hendrik van Oranje, King of England, Ireland, Scotland
Also Known As: "Prince William of Orange-Nassau"
Birthplace: Binnenhof, The Hague, South Holland, Netherlands
Death: Died in Kensington Palace, London, England
Place of Burial: London, Middlesex, Westminster, UK
Immediate Family:

Son of Willem II van Nassau-Dillenburg, prins van Oranje and Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange
Husband of Mary II Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland
Partner of Arnold van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle and Elizabeth Hamilton (Villiers), Countess of Orkney
Father of Stillborn daughter van Oranje, Princess of England, Ireland, Scotland and Infant Stuart
Brother of Jan van Oranje-Nassau and Cornelius de Witt van Oranje-Nassau

Occupation: King co-ruler 1689-1702, King of Great Britain, King of England/Scotland/Ireland & Stadtholder of the Netherlands, comte de Moers, King of England, Scotland and ireland (1689 - 1702)
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About William III, King of England, Ireland, and Scotland

King of England, Scotland and Ireland - Prince of Orange - Stadtholder of Guelders, Holland, Zealand, Utrecht, and Overijssel

William III (14 November 1650 – 8 March 1702)[1] was a sovereign Prince of Orange by birth. From 1672 onwards, he governed as Stadtholder William III of Orange over Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel of the Dutch Republic. From 1689 onwards, he reigned as King William III over England and Ireland, and as King William II over Scotland.[2] He is informally known in Northern Ireland and Scotland as "King Billy". A member of the House of Orange-Nassau, William won the English, Scottish and Irish crowns following the Glorious Revolution, in which his uncle and father-in-law James II was deposed. In England, Scotland and Ireland, William ruled jointly with his wife, Mary II, until her death on 28 December 1694.

A Protestant, William participated in several wars against the powerful Catholic King Louis XIV of France in coalition with Protestant and Catholic powers in Europe. Many Protestants heralded him as a champion of their faith. Largely due to that reputation, William was able to take the British crowns when many were fearful of a revival of Catholicism under James. William's victory over James II at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 is commemorated by the Orange Institution in Northern Ireland to this day. His reign marked the beginning of the transition from the personal rule of the Stuarts to the more Parliament-centred rule of the House of Hanover.


William III Henry of Orange, King of Great Britain was born on 4 November 1650.4

He was the son of Willem II von Nassau-Dillenburg, Prince of Orange and Mary Henrietta Stuart, Princess Royal of Great Britain.

He married Mary II Stuart, Queen of Great Britain, daughter of James II Stuart, King of Great Britain and Lady Anne Hyde, on 4 November 1677 at St. James's Palace, St. James's, London, England.5

He died on 8 March 1702 at age 51 at Kensington Palace, Kensington, London, England, in a hunting accident.4 He was buried at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.4
    William III Henry of Orange, King of Great Britain and Elizabeth Villiers were associated.6 

He succeeded to the title of Stadholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands on 6 November 1650.4 He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) on 25 April 1653.4 He gained the title of Graf von Nassau-Dillenburg in 1672.4 He gained the title of Prince of Orange from 1672 to 1702. He gained the title of King William III of Great Britain on 13 February 1689.1 He was crowned King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith on 11 April 1689 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.1

    William and Mary were joint sovereigns as both had a good claim to the throne. William's object in taking the throne was to ensure that England remained part of the Grand Alliance against France who had territorial ambitions in Europe. William agreed to a Parliamentary demand for constitutional changes which permitted non-conformist Christians the right of worship; ensured that the Commons controlled Royal expenditure; provided for a new parliament to be called every 3 years; made the appointment of judges subject to parliamentary approval and, perhaps most important, laid down that only Protestants could succeed to the throne. William fought against the French and although reducing their power they were not decisively beaten. In 1690 William defeated James II and his French allies at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland and the expenses of these wars necessitated the creation of the National Debt and this partly led to the establishment of the Bank of England in 1694. Queen Mary died of smallpox in 1694 and was buried at Westminster Abbey. The menace of France remained and William appointed John Churchill, Earl of Marlborough, Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Alliance. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.7

Children of William III Henry of Orange, King of Great Britain and Mary II Stuart, Queen of Great Britain

  1. child1 Stuart b. Apr 1678, d. Apr 1678
  2. child2 Stuart b. Sep 1678, d. Sep 1678
  3. child3 Stuart b. Feb 1680, d. Feb 1680


[S4] C.F.J. Hankinson, editor, DeBretts Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 147th year (London, U.K.: Odhams Press, 1949), page 21. Hereinafter cited as DeBretts Peerage, 1949.

[S332] Artcyclopedia, online http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists. Hereinafter cited as Artcyclopedia.

[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message from unknown author e-mail (France) to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family".

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 265. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family, page 266.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 2, page 2096. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), reference "William III, 1650-1702". Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.

Born after the death of his father. Undersized, asthamtic & with a hook-nose. After his wife's death he began drinking alot. It was hard for him to breathe as he was asthmatic. He became very thin & his legs swelled to an immense size. In Feb. 1702 William was riding at Hampton Court when his horse stumbled on a mole hill & there he broke his collar bone. After it had been set, he insisted on returning to Kensington Palace by coach, which aggravated his condition. He became feverish & some days later died of pleuro-pneumonia. His funeral was held at midnight.


The book, 'The Island Race', by Winston Churchill

The book, 'Louis 14th, An Informal Portrait'

The book, 'The Princes of Wales'

view all 16

William III, King of England, Ireland, and Scotland's Timeline

November 14, 1650
The Hague, South Holland, Netherlands
- 1672
- 1702
Age 21
November 4, 1677
Age 26
London, England
April 1678
Age 27
February 1680
Age 29
February 13, 1689
- March 8, 1702
Age 38
- 1694
Age 38
King of England
- 1702
Age 38
- 1702
Age 43
King of England