Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck, SV/PROG (1619 - 1677) MP

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Nicknames: "Jan van Riebeeck"
Birthplace: 'De Fonteyn', Culemborg, Nederland, Gelderland
Death: Died in East Indies
Occupation: Joining the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1639, he served in a number of posts, including that of an assistant surgeon in the Batavia in the East Indies, Head of the VOC trading post in Tonkin, Vietnam. Command of South African Dutch settlement.
Managed by: Mike A. Doeff
Last Updated:

About Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck, SV/PROG

Johan Anthoniszoon "Jan" van Riebeeck (April 21, 1619, Culemborg, Gelderland – January 18, 1677) was a Dutch colonial administrator and founder of Cape Town.

Van Riebeeck was born in Culemborg in the Netherlands as the son of a surgeon. He grew up in Schiedam, where he married 19-year old Maria de la Quellerie on 28 March 1649. (She died in Malacca, now part of Malaysia, on 2 November 1664, at the age of 35). The couple had eight children, most of whom did not survive infancy. Their son Abraham van Riebeeck, born at the Cape, later became Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_van_Riebeeck

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Jan van Riebeeck (zn. van Anthony Jansz. en Elisabeth Govertsdr.), geb. Culemborg 21-4-1619, onderchirurgijn Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) 1639, klerk 1640, en assistent 1642 ter Generale Secretarie te Batavia, onderkoopman O.-I.C. op Decima 1643!, Tayouan en in Tonkin, koopman O.-I.C. ald.1646, secunde van Tonkin 1646-´47, koopman te Amsterdam 1648, Opperhooft, commandeur aan de Kaap de Goede Hoop 1652-´62, raad van Justitie te Batavia 1662, commandeur en president van Malakka 1662-´65, secretaris van gouverneur-generaal en raden van Indië 1665, + Batavia 18-1-1677.

Founder of Cape-Town

___________

Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck b. 21 April 1619, d. 18 January 1677

Jan van Riebeeck Father* Anthony Janszoon van Riebeeck1 b. 1589, d. 1639 Mother* Lijsbet Govertsdocter van Gaesbeeck1 b. 1599, d. 1629

Birth* Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was born on 21 April 1619 in Culemborg, Nederland.1,2

Marriage* He married Maria de la Queillerie on 28 March 1649 Schiedam, The Netherlands.3

Death* He died on 18 January 1677 Batavia, Java, Indonesia, , at age 57.1,4

Slave In 1650 Maria da Costa van Bengale was a slave from was enslaved about Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck and would have been brought to Batavia, where she was purchased for Jacob Reijniers by de Caep de Goede Hoop and brought to.5

Ship Voyage On 24 December 1651 the Drommedaris and the other ships of the fleet, Goede Hoope and Reijger departed Texel under the overall command of Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck enroute to de Caep de Goede Hoop where they docked on 6 April 1652. Among those on board the Drommedaris were Maria de la Queillerie, Elisabet van Opdorp, Sebastiaen van Opdorp, Willem Barentsz Wilant, Hendrick Hendricksz Boom and Anna Joris of Annetje de Boerin.6,7,8

Slave On 12 December 1654 Eva van Madagascar was a slave from Madagascar, where she had been purchased from the King of Antongil for Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck by Frederick Verburgh and brought to de Caep de Goede Hoop as Van Riebeeck's personal slave.9

Slave On 12 December 1654 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Meijndert van Antongil.10

SlaveTransaction Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck bought a slave, Lysbeth van Bengale from Rear-Admiral Pieter Kemp after 21 February 1657 de Caep de Goede Hoop.11

SlaveTransaction Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck bought a slave, Angela van Bengale from Rear-Admiral Pieter Kemp between 21 February 1657 and 18 September 1659 de Caep de Goede Hoop.12,13

Slave After 28 March 1658 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Claesje van Angola.14

Slave After 28 March 1658 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Christijn van Angola.15

Slave After 28 March 1658 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Domingo van Angola.14

Appointment On 17 April 1658 Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck appointed Pieter van der Stael teacher to the Company owned slaves - he was required to teach them Dutch, and Christian prayers.16

Slave After 6 May 1658 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Anna van Guinea.17

Slave After 6 May 1658 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Evert van Guinea.18

Slave Between 6 May 1658 and 18 September 1659Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Oude Hans van Guinea.19

Slave Between 6 May 1658 and 18 September 1659 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Claes Kelder van Angola.14

Slave Between 6 May 1658 and 18 September 1659 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Dirk van Guinea.20

Slave Between 6 May 1658 and 18 September 1659 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Mathijs van Angola.14

Slave Between 6 May 1658 and 18 September 1659 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Ouwe Jan van Angola.14

Slave Between 6 May 1658 and 18 September 1659 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Francyn van Angola.14

Slave Between 6 May 1658 and 18 September 1659 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Marij van Angola.14

Slave Between 6 May 1658 and 18 September 1659 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Isabel van Angola.14

Slave Between 6 May 1658 and 18 September 1659 at de Caep de Goede Hoop, Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Thomas Keuken van Angola.14

Slave Between 6 May 1658 and 18 September 1659Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck was the owner of Marij Pekenijn van Angola.21

SlaveEmancipation Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck emancipated Evert van Guinea on 22 August 1659 de Caep de Goede Hoop.18

SlaveTransaction On 18 September 1659 de Caep de Goede Hoop Oude Hans van Guinea and Jajenne van Guinea were given by Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck to Jochum Elbertsz and Thomas Christoffel Müller in exchange for Jackie Joy van Angola and Jan Meeuw van Angola.22

SlaveTransaction On 18 September 1659 Thomas Keuken van Angola and Oude Hans van Guinea were sold by Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck, to Thomas Christoffel Müller and Jochem Marquart de Caep de Goede Hoop.23

BirthSlave Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck owned Margaretha Jans van de Caep who was born in bondage, before 18 July 1660, de Caep de Goede Hoop.24,25

BirthSlave Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck owned Jan Dircksz van de Caep who was born in bondage, circa August 1660, de Caep de Goede Hoop.23

BirthSlave Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck owned Marij van de Caep who was born in bondage, circa September 1660, de Caep de Goede Hoop.15,26

Misc On 19 December 1660 de Caep de Goede Hoop Barend Waendersz was asked by an unknown person if he had been intimate with any female slaves who were consequently with child. At first he denied it, but when Van Riebeeck assured him it was to the benefit of the Company, he acknowledged that it was indeed the case. The child[ren] was/were not identified.6

BirthSlave Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck most likely owned Anna de Coningh who was born in bondage, circa 1661, de Caep de Goede Hoop.27

SlaveTransaction Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck sold Jan Dircksz van de Caep to Abraham Gabbema on 25 August 1661 de Caep de Goede Hoop.23

SlaveTransaction Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck sold Marij van de Caep to Abraham Gabbema on 28 September 1661 de Caep de Goede Hoop.28,15

SlaveTransaction Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck sold Claes Kelder van Angola to Hendrick Hendricksz Boom circa 1662 de Caep de Goede Hoop.23

SlaveTransaction Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck sold Ouwe Jan van Angola and Francyn van Angola to the Company circa 1662 de Caep de Goede Hoop.23

SlaveTransaction Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck sold Marij Pekenijn van Angola to Steven Jansz Botma circa 1662 de Caep de Goede Hoop.23

SlaveTransaction Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck sold Angela van Bengale to Abraham Gabbema on 19 April 1662 de Caep de Goede Hoop.29 SlaveTransaction Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck sold Isabel van Angola to Hendrik van Seurwaarden on 22 April 1662 de Caep de Goede Hoop.30 SlaveTransaction Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck sold Christijn van Angola to Elbert Diemer on 22 April 1662 de Caep de Goede Hoop.31 SlaveTransaction Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck sold Mathijs van Angola to Maria de Bucquoij circa 7 May 1662 de Caep de Goede Hoop.23 SlaveTransaction Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck sold Marij van Angola to Zacharias Wagenaer circa 7 May 1662 de Caep de Goede Hoop.23

Family

Maria de la Queillerie b. 28 Oct 1629, d. 2 Nov 1664

Children

  • Abraham van Riebeeck32 b. c 15 Oct 1653, d. 17 Nov 1713
  • Anthony van Riebeeck33 b. 8 Dec 1655, d. 20 Feb 1656
  • Maria van Riebeeck34 b. 17 Jun 1657
  • Elijsabeth van Riebeeck35 b. 25 Sep 1659
  • Joanna van Riebeeck36 b. 23 Jan 1662, d. 21 Jul 1665

Citations:

  1. [S364] Editor-in-chief W.J. de Kock Dictionary of South African Biography Vol II, II (Pretoria: Human Sciences Research Council, 1972), p.798. Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of SA Biography 2.
  2. [S428] Website Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org) "Wikipedia; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_van_Riebeeck."
  3. [S428] Website Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org) "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_van_Riebeeck."
  4. [S428] Website Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org) "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_van_Riebeeck."
  5. [S657] Mansell Upham 'Hell and Paradise … Hope on Constantia', February 2012, Maria (Marij) da Costa / van Bengale (1655 - Van Riebeeck's personal slave sent from Batavia by Jacob Reijniers:)."
  6. [S654] Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)', January 2012.
  7. [S673] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, December 1651 - December 1653, Van Riebeeck's Journal, &c. Part I, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897), p.15. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, Journal 1651-1653.
  8. [S682] Website De VOC. Scheepvaart tussen Nederland en Azië 1595-1795 (http://www.historici.nl/Onderzoek/Projecten/DAS/) "Number 0738.2 Name of ship DROMEDARIS, Master Koning, David, Tonnage 560, Type of ship jacht, Built Yard Amsterdam Chamber Amsterdam, Date of departure 24-12-1651, Place of departure Texel, Arrival at Cape 06-04-1652, Departure from Cape 25-05-1652, Date of arrival at destination 22-07-1652, Place of arrival Batavia, Particulars With van Riebeek on board. The ship was laid up in 1661."
  9. [S676] Attestation, C2391; Council of Policy, 4 September1652-6 February 1660, Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Eva en haer soontie voor S:[ieu]r Verburgh op Madagascar voor den Commande:[u]r gecoght sijnde dese Eva per abuijs onder d'Angoolse slavinnen na Batavia gesonden als hier voren aengeseijen.
  10. [S676] Attestation, C2391; Council of Policy, 4 September1652-6 February 1660, Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Meijndert van Antongil becoming van den Coopman Cops [DR:???].
  11. [S657] Mansell Upham 'Hell and Paradise' "As one of numerous privately owned slaves owned by Van Riebeeck, Lijsbeth was not alone."
  12. [S374] Mansell G. Upham, "Capensis (Maaij Ansela)," Mooij Ansela & the black sheep of the family, 11/97 to 2/99. Hereinafter cited as "Maaij Ansela."
  13. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700 (Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1977), p.125. Hereinafter cited as Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700.
  14. [S676] Attestation, C2391; Council of Policy, 4 September1652-6 February 1660, Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Guinees Dirck ende Dirckie [Hoewj/Hoen(a)/Anna] Angools Hier onder heeft den Commandeur een Angools [Marij Pekenijn] tegen een Madagascarsz slavin [Eva van Madagascar] die per abujis onder d'Angoolse na Bat:a[via] gesonden is Mathijs en: Marselij [Claesje?] Domingo en: Francyn, Tomas Keuken ende Marij, Klaes Kelder, Jan Meeu en: Marij Pekenijn, Jackie Joij,Ouwe Jan en Isabel [Maaij Isabella?] Meijndert van Antongil becoming van den Coopman Cops, Marij van Bengale [Maria da Costa] door Jacob Reijniersz op Batavia laten coopen aen de heer gesonden, Domingo [sic Elisabeth van Bengale] ende van d'heer Kemp hier aen de Caep becomen, Angela [Maaij Ans(i)ela van Bengale] van ditto [Batavia], Eva en haer soontie voor S:[ieu]r Verburgh op Madagascar voor den Commande:[u]r gecoght sijnde dese Eva per abuijs onder d slavinnen na Batavia gesonden als hier voren aengeseijen Jan Bruijn, Cleijn Eva door den Coningh van Antongil aen der Commande:[u]rs vrou tot vereering gesonden Cornelia ende Lijsbeth van Abissina door den Fransen admiral Lacrox aen den Commande:[u]rs vrouw ert [Note in margin about the last 5 slaves] dese 5 lijfeijgenen sijn deur Comp:[agni]e goedt gedaen onder dato 2en Maij a:[nn]o 1657 Welcke 2 laeste door ordre van d'e:[del]e h:[ee]r Van Goens den overleden onder coopman Verburghs huijsvrou ende den sieckentroost:[er]r ter Van der Staels vrou elck een provisioneel tot haar dienst sijn geleendt van allen t' welcke wij onder geschreven raedts personen des forts de Goede Hoop bij dese oirconde wil connen kennisse ende wetenschap te hebben ende volgens desen en please van acto in forma onderteijkent Actum in't Fort voorsz: desen 1en September a:[nno] 1659 [signed] Roeloff de Man, Van alle 't bovenstaande, ick ondergeschreven verclaer, mede kennisse te hebben, excepto van Marij van Bengale, Eva ende Jan Bruijn haer soontjen, die voor mijn arrivement alhier aen de Caep geweest t' sijn: doch wel uijt den monde van andere gehoort, datse gelijck boven verhoedt gecoght, ende also hier gecomen waren. [signed] Abraham Gabbema.
  15. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.125, 28.9.1661, I, p. 278: Mary, child of Deuzsous from Guinea and Christijn from Angola, sold by Jan van Riebeeck to Abraham Gabbema. Age and price not mentioned in the document.
  16. [S646] Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope, Journal, 1656-1658, H.C.V. Leibrandt; (Cape Town, South Africa: W. A. Richards & Sons, Government Printers, Castle Street, 1897), 1658; April 17th. - Fine weather. Arrangements made for establishing a school for the Company's slaves from Angola brought hither by the Amersfoort. The sick comforter, Pieter van der Stael, to be the teacher, especially as he reads Dutch correctly; and that he may encourage the slaves to attend and hear or learn the Christian prayers, it is ordered that everyone shall receive after school a glass of brandy and two inches of tobacco each. All their names are to be written down, those who have no name are to get one, paired or unpaired, young and old. Everything to be done in the presence of the Commander, who shall attend for a few days to put everything in proper order, and bring these people under proper discipline, signs of which are already apparent. All the slaves have been properly clothed, to protect them from the daily increasing cold. The strongest have been already set to work.. Hereinafter cited as Precis of the archives, Journal 1656-1658.
  17. [S676] Attestation, C2391; Council of Policy, 4 September1652-6 February 1660, Western Cape Archives and Records Service, ende 2 d:[it]o slavinnen [Jajenne / Gegeima / Lobbetje & Dirkie / Hoewj / Hoen(a)/Anna].
  18. [S629] Personal communications between Mansell Upham and Delia Robertson, 2010-present. 7 May 1662: Departure: Van Riebeeck & family leave Cape for Batavia. Van Riebeeck manumits (22 August 1659): Evert van Guinea.
  19. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, pp. 13, 125: 18.9.1659, I p. 127: "Oude Hans and Jajenne" both from Guinea, belonging to Jan van Riebeeck, are exchanged by him for Jackie Joy and Jan Meeuw from Angola, respectively 12 and 13 years old, who had been the property of Thomas Muller and Jochem Elbertsz.
  20. [S676] Attestation, C2391; Council of Policy, 4 September1652-6 February 1660, Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Cape Archives (CA): C 2391 (Council of Policy: Attestations 4 September 1652- 6 February 1660) [pp. 86-87] [pp. 119-120] transcribed by Mansell Upham 87 Wij ondergeschreven certificeren dat den Commande:[u]r Jan van Riebeeck met onse kennisse ende wetenschap van d’e:[dele] Comp:[agi]e heeft gecoght 4 Guinees slaven ende 2 d:[it]o slavinnen neffens oock 3 Angoolse slaven ende 4 dito slavinnen conform ‘t geboeckte inde negotieboecken onder dato ultima April,10 Maij ende ul:[tima] Xb:[e]r 1658 sijnde te samen, 13 stux lijfeijgenen van welcke voorsz: 6 Guineese slaven dito Commande:[u]r d’e:[dele] Comp:[agni]e heeft verder gelevert 3 stux ende in mangerlinge daer tegen weder gevenen 3 Angoolse te weten 2 jongens genaemt Tomas Keuken ende Claes Kelder met een jongen slaventien genaempt Marij Pekenijn Item verruijlt een paer ander Guineese slaven aen de vrij saldanhavaerders tegen 2 Angoolse jongens vandeselve genaempt Jan Meeuw ende Jackie Joij mitsgaders gecogt van Casper Brinckman een Guinees slaef sulx hij hier ‘t 14 stux gefoedt door van hem een ouloopen sij onder volgens dien jegenwoordigt op dato noch heeft 13 stux soo Guinees als Angools, namentl:[ijc]k Guinees Dirck ende Dirckie Angools Hier onder heeft den Commandeur een Angools tegen een Madagascarsz slavin die per abujis onder d’Angoolse na Bat:a[via] gesonden is Mathijs en: Marselij [Claesje?]Domingo en: FrancynTomas Keuken ende Marij Klaes KelderJan Meeu en: Marij PekenijnJackie JoijOuwe Jan en Isabel Meijndert van Antongil becoming van den Coopman CopsMarij van Bengale [Maria da Costa[:ITAL door Jacob Reijniersz op Batavia laten coopen aen de heer gesonden Domingo.
  21. [S676] Attestation, C2391; Council of Policy, 4 September1652-6 February 1660, Western Cape Archives and Records Service, Guinees Dirck ende Dirckie [Hoewj/Hoen(a)/Anna] Angools Hier onder heeft den Commandeur een Angools [Marij Pekenijn] tegen een Madagascarsz slavin [Eva van Madagascar] die per abujis onder d'Angoolse na Bat:a[via] gesonden is          Mathijs en: Marselij [Claesje?]Domingo en: FrancynTomas Keuken ende Marij Klaes KelderJan Meeu en: Marij PekenijnJackie JoijOuwe Jan en Isabel [Maaij Isabella?]Meijndert van Antongil                becoming van den Coopman CopsMarij van Bengale [Maria da Costa]          door Jacob Reijniersz op Batavia laten                                    coopen aen de heer gesondenDomingo [sic Elisabeth van Bengale] ende          van d'heer Kemp hier aen de Caep becomenAngela [Maaij Ans(i)ela van Bengale] van ditto [Batavia ]Eva en haer soontie                    voor S:[ieu]r Verburgh op Madagascar  voor den Commande:[u]r gecoght sijnde                                    dese Eva per abuijs onder d'Angoolse    slavinnen na Batavia gesonden als hier                                    voren aengeseijenJan Bruijn Cleijn Eva                         door den Coningh van Antongil aen der                                    Commande:[u]rs vrou tot vereeringh                            gesondenCornelia endeLijsbeth                          van Abissina door den Fransen admiral Lacrox aen den Commande:[u]rs vrouw vereert [Note in margin about the last 5 slaves]     dese 5 lijfeijgenen sijn deur Comp:[agni]e goedt gedaen onder dato 2en Maij a:[nn]o 1657Welcke 2 laeste door ordre van d'e:[del]e h:[ee]r Van Goens den overleden onder coopman Verburghs huijsvrou ende den sieckentroost:[er]r ter Van der Staels vrou elck een provisioneel tot haar dienst sijn geleendt van allen t' welcke wij onder geschreven raedts personen des forts de Goede Hoop bij dese oirconde wil connen kennisse ende wetenschap te hebben ende volgens desen en please van acto in forma onderteijkentActum in't Fort voorsz: desen 1en September a:[nno] 1659[signed] Roeloff de ManVan alle 't bovenstaande, ick ondergeschreven verclaer, mede kennisse te hebben, excepto van Marij van Bengale, Eva ende Jan Bruijn haer soontjen, die voor mijn arrivement alhier aen de Caep geweest t' sijn: doch wel uijt den monde van andere gehoort, datse gelijck boven verhoedt gecoght, ende also hier gecomen waren.[signed] Abraham Gabbema.
  22. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p. 125: 18.9.1659, I p. 127: "Oude Hans and Jajenne" both from Guinea, belonging to Jan van Riebeeck, are exchanged by him for Jackie Joy and Jan Meeuw from Angola, respectively 12 and 13 years old, who had been the property of Thomas Muller and Jochem Elbertsz.
  23. [S629] Mansell Upham.
  24. [S654] Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)' "Reintjebuiten echt geboren dochter van een slavin van Riebeeck ? illegitimate halfslag private slave..."
  25. [S325] Lorna Newcomb and Ockert Malan, compilers, Annale van Nederduits Gereformeerde Moedergemeente Stellenbosch No 1.., CD-ROM (Stellenbosch) Die Genootskap vir die Kerkversameling, 2004 0-9584832-1-3), Baptism Register. Hereinafter cited as Palmkronieke I Baptisms.
  26. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands, A calendar of bondage in southern Africa, 1550 to 1888, CD-ROM; ISBN 1-86918-063-1; (Cape Town: Ancestry24, September 2007), on 28 September 1661, she was one year old.. Hereinafter cited as Changing Hands.
  27. [S374] Mansell G. Upham, "Maaij Ansela," Mooij Ansela & the black sheep of the family, 11/97 to 2/99, . . . we cannot discount the possibility the the following two slave children, jointly baptised on 28 August 1661 were her two children: Jacob buiten echt geboren moeder niet vermeld Annetjie buiten echt geboren moeder niet vermeld . . .
  28. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands,      Sequence IDNO:       0015     Slaves First Name:       Mary     Presumed Place Of Origin:       Van de Caab     Day Of Sale:       28     Month Of Sale:       9     Year Of Sale:       1661     Type Of Sale:       Domestic     Type Of Name:       Christian     Continental Origin Code:       S_African      Slaves Age:       1     Slaves Gender:       Female     Sellers Last Name:       Van Riebeeck     Sellers First Name:       Johannes    Sellers Civil Status:       VOC employee      Sellers Gender:       Male     Sellers Domicile:       Table valley    Sellers Occupation:       Governor     Buyers Last Name:       Gabbema     Buyers First Name:       Abraham   Buyers Civil Status:       VOC employee Buyers Gender:       Male     Buyers Domicile:       Table valley     Buyers Occupation:       maritime officer      Comments And References:       Deuxsous Of Guinea & Christijn     Primary Reference:       Anna Boeseken; Appendices.     
  29. [S374] Mansell G. Upham, "Maaij Ansela," Mooij Ansela & the black sheep of the family, 11/97 to 2/99, Maaij Ansela was sold (19 April 1662) by Commander Jan van Riebeeck prior to his departure to Batavia. No children of hers whatsoever are mentioned and in any case do not appear to have been born yet.
  30. [S418] Anna J. Böeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks at the Cape 1658-1700, p.125, 22.4.1662, I, p.290: Isabella from Angola, sold by Jan van Riebeeck to Hendrik van Zuerwaerden.
  31. [S432] Robert C-H Shell compiler, Changing Hands,           Sequence IDNO:       0024     Slaves First Name:       Christina     Presumed Place Of Origin:       van Angola    Day Of Sale:       2 Month Of Sale:       4  Year Of Sale:       1662Type Of Name:       Christian  Continental Origin Code:       West_Afr    Slaves Gender:       Female     Sellers Last Name:       Van Riebeeck     Sellers First Name:       Johannes    Sellers Civil Status:       VOC employee     Sellers Gender:       Male     Sellers Domicile:       Table valley      Sellers Occupation:       Governor     Buyers Last Name:       Diemer    Buyers First Name:       Albert Dirkz    Buyers Civil Status:       VOC employee     Buyers Gender:       Male     Buyers Domicile:       Table valley     Buyers Occupation:       maritime officer     Primary Reference:       Anna Boeseken; Appendices.
  32. [S672] NGK Baptism Records Cape Town 1652 to 1655: Den 22 desemb in't jaer 53 is hier gekomen mit schip Breda domine Abraham Lendersz uth gevaren van die camer Hoorn en heeft op kersdaegh hier gepredickt ende het heijlige avontma[...] des Heeren utgedeilt ende onse commandaers soontien gedoopt ou[t] sijnde twe maent seven dagen genaemt Abraham van Rebeeck., (1652 to 1655), eGSSA - van der Stael Letters, http://www.eggsa.org/sarecords/index.php/classis-amsterdam/…. Hereinafter cited as NGK Baptism Records Cape Town 1652 to 1655.
  33. [S654] Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)' "8 December 1655:Birth:     Anthony Son of Commander Jan van Riebeeck & Maria de la Queillerie; dies unbaptized Cape (20 February 1656)."February 20th (Sunday)?Heavy North West wind … Between 2 and 3 o'clock this morning the youngest child of the Commander died, so that the twins [referring to an older infant that had died young] are now both with the Lord"."
  34. [S654] Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)' "17 June 1657: birth Maria Daughter of Jan van Riebeeck. Baptism (1658) missing. Accompagnies parents to Batavia (1662)."
  35. [S654] Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)' "[4 April 1660] ... het kint van den e: h:r command:r Jan van Riebeeck ende is genaemt Elijsabeth..."
  36. [S654] Mansell Upham 'What can't be cured, must be endured … Cape of Good Hope - first marriages & baptisms (1652-1665)' "born Cape (23 January 1662); accompagnies parents to Batavia; dies Malacca (21 July 1665)."

http://www.e-family.co.za/ffy/g6/p6531.htm

_____________

On the subject of the misrepresentation of Van Riebeeck & his wife in the famous portraits

long assumed to be them, Craig Sheldon sums up what we know on the Geni SA FaceBook page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/243811932355680/ Possibly a portrait of Bartholomeus Vermuyden, as painted by Dirck Craey, 1650, in the Rijksmuseum - https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/nl/collectie/SK-A-808 - according to the research of Jonkheer F.G.L.O van Kretschmar Jan van Riebeeck, artist unknown - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jan_van_Riebeeck.jpg - reproduced in "De Stichter van Hollands Zuid-Afrika" by E.C. Godee Molsbergen www.rijksmuseum.nl Portret van een man, vermoedelijk Bartholomeus Vermuyden (1616/17-1650), Dirck Craey, 1650 olieverf op paneel, h 74CM × b 57CM. Meer objectgegevens

Unfortunately, I'm unable to find a copy of van Kretschmar's 1984 paper online; supposedly it was published in the Dutch "Jaarboek van Centraal Bureau voor Genealogie"; it doesn't seem to be on their website, www.cbg.nl

But this is a subject that has appeared a few times in "Die Burger" and "Beeld", among other papers -

1990 - http://152.111.1.87/.../dieburger/1990/05/15/9/21.html 2008 - http://152.111.1.88/.../beeld/2008/10/20/BJ/16/beeldjan.html

van Kretschmar also determined that an accompanying portrait believed to be of van Riebeeck's wife, Maria, was more likely that of Catharina Kettingh, wife of Bartholomeus Vermuyden - https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/nl/collectie/SK-A-810 ; worse still, apparently the statue in Adderley Street is not a likeness of Maria either, but of the "wife of the chairman of the Dutch committee that helped to organise the 1952 Van Riebeeck festival in Cape Town." (Giliomee and Mbenga, 2007, "New History of South Africa")

This portrait, at least, by an anonymous painter, does appear to show Maria - https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/collection/SK-A-806

And this is the portrait of Jan - https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/collection/SK-A-805

It reminds me of the problem Scotland had in 2009 when the popular portrait of Bonnie Prince Charlie was determined to be his brother; a problem recently rectified by finding Charlie's only known portrait - http://www.theguardian.com/.../bonnie-prince-charlie...

Similar - though decidedly more racist - questions seem to have been raised in 1988 regarding some portraits of Simon van der Stel - (PDF) http://spil.journals.ac.za/pub/article/download/90/115

view all 17

Jan van Riebeeck's Timeline

1619
April 21, 1619
Culemborg, Nederland, Gelderland
1649
March 28, 1649
Age 29
Schiedam, South Holland, The Netherlands
1652
April 6, 1652
- May 25, 1652
Age 32
Cape of Good Hope

DROMEDARIS (682)
•Master: Koning, David

GOEDE HOOP (683)
•Master Turver, Simon

REIGER (684)
•Master: Hoogzaad, Jan

•Texel 24-12-1651 •06-04-1652 Cape 25-05-1652 •22-07-1652 Batavia

April 1652
Age 32

Commander Jan van Riebeeck landed at Table Bay on a mission to establish a permanent refreshment station and fort at the Camissa River mouth at Table Bay. Kratoa enters into service with Maria de la Quellerie at the Fort de Goede Hoop and moved into the newly built fort from the Camissa tent camp five months after the Commander’s arrival. The van Riebeecks give Kratoa the name ‘Eva’ and she was given Asian clothes to wear, denoting her status as a servant in the household.

Living with the Van Riebeeck family, she took advantage of her position to learn Dutch fluently, `almost as well as a Dutch girl'." Her induction into the Dutch language and way of life may also have been facilitated by Van Riebeeck's two nieces [actually cousins – Sharon Aprl 2013], of relatively comparable ages to Eva. One of these, Elizabeth Van Opdorp, years later took in Eva's children while she was incarcerated on Robben Island."[" Jan Reijnertz and Elizabeth van Opdorp were married on 23 Nov. 1653. At the time he was a junior merchant for the Company, but later became one of the first free burger farmers. Thom, Van Riebeeck, i, 188, 192 (8 and23Nov. 1653); Leibbrandt,PreUcis, 266±7(8 Feb. 1669). http://eprints.ru.ac.za/709/1/Evas-men.pdf Wells, last accessed by Sharon Doubell apr 2013]

April 1652
Age 32

He and his followers camped at Table Bay and greeted Van Riebeeck when he landed.They then lived adjacent to the Dutch tents during the construction of the first fort and became the first Africans proletarianized by the Dutch colonial presence.[Wells]

1653
October 18, 1653
Age 34
Cape Town, WC, South Africa
1656
January 1656
Age 36

Krotoa informed Van Riebeeck of her uncle Autshumato's intentions to
move in closer to the fort.( A negative reply must have been communicated, as Autshumato, still only suspected of stealing Dutch livestock in 1654, kepthis distance for some time.
[http://eprints.ru.ac.za/709/1/Evas-men.pdf Wells]

1658
1658
Age 38

Autshumato waged war against the Dutch settlers. The war broke out when Autshomao reclaimed cattle that were unfairly taken from the Gorinhaikonas people by the Dutch.

By mid-1658, the Dutch had started importing slaves, only to find that they quickly absconded into the interior. Van Riebeeck clearly found Eva far more sympathetic to his wish to have local Khoena participate in returning the run-aways than his chief male interpreter, a Goringhaiqua named Doman. After spending a year in Java, Doman returned highly suspicious of colonial intentions. The journal records how, in a private conversation betwen Van Riebeeck and Eva, she poured out her heart about the intense rivalry between herself and Doman. She further alleged that it was Doman's people, the Goringhaiqua, who had the slaves and were likely to sell them into the interior in exchange for dagga.[See below Sharon Apr 2013]

The Dutch then gave Eva all the credit (or blame) for proposing they take two sons of the Goringhaiqua chief, Gogosoa, as hostages, until all the slaves were returned. .. Whatever her level of complicity, Doman and his people presumed her guilty of openly assisting the Dutch. Fearing for her life, Van Riebeeck ordered her not to leave the fort.

However, tensions soon spiralled out of hand. The hostages languished in the fort for over a week, and only a few missing slaves reappeared. The hostages themselves argued that they should be joined by further hostages from all the local Khoena chiefdoms.
So the Dutch took more, including Eva's uncle, Autshumato, and seized all of his cattle. In the process, the Dutch killed one of his followers, the first Khoena death at their hands.

Within two days, all parties concluded a peace treaty which freed the hostages and secured the return of the slaves. Signifcantly, it also contained clauses stating that the Goringhaiqua now gave up all claims to the Cape peninsula. So what had started out as a tussle over runaway slaves, ended up with a Khoena cession of land to the Dutch, the imprisonment of Autshumato, the confiscation of his cattle and a Khoena death, and both sides blamed Eva! It was a messy affair, which reportedly left Eva `depressed' and no doubt urgently raised the issue of where her loyalties lay. [http://eprints.ru.ac.za/709/1/Evas-men.pdf Wells]

21 June 1658: “Fine weather with N.W. breeze. The freeman Jan Reijnierssen came to complain early in the morning that during the night all his male and female slaves had run away, taking with them 3 or 4 blankets, clothing, rice, tobacco, etc. We thereupon called the new interpreter Doman, now called Anthony, who had returned from Batavia with the Hon. Cuneus, and asked him why the Hottentots would not search for the runaway slaves, to which he coolly replied that he did not know. [Little is known about Doman, though he was one of the important interpreters between the Dutch and the Khoikhoi in the early years. He was taken to Batavia (now Jakarta, Indonesia) to learn Dutch, and there he seems to have noticed the threat that the Dutch posed to indigenous ways of life. When he returned to the Cape, he consistently advocated Khoikhoi interests, especially of the Peninsular tribes, over those of the Dutch in trade negotiations.] The Commander, not trusting him, then called the interpreter Eva alone into his office and privately asked her whether our blacks were not being harboured by the Hottentots. On this she asked whether such was the Commander’s opinion, and being answered in the affirmative, she (speaking good Dutch) said these words, namely: “I tell you straight out, Mijnheer Van Riebeeck, Doman is no good. He told the Hottentots everything that was said in Mijnheer’s room the day before yesterday. When I told him that it was wrong to do so, he replied: ‘I am a Hottentot and not a Dutchman, but you, Eva, try to curry favour with the Commander, etc.’” She added: “Mijnheer, I also believe that the Fat Captain of the Kaapmans harbours the slaves.” On being asked what the chief would do with the slaves, Eva replied: “He will present them to the Cochoquas to retain their friendship, and they in turn will deliver the slaves to the Hancumquas living far from here and cultivating the soil in which they grow daccha [also dagga, of the cannabis family], a dry herb which the Hottentots chew, which makes them drunk and which they highly esteem.”
Riebeeck, Jan van. ‘Journal of Jan van Riebeeck. Volume II, III, 1656-1662.’Edited by H.B. Thom and translated by J. Smuts. Cape Town: A.A. Balkema, 1954.[http://chnm.gmu.edu/wwh/modules/lesson7/pdfs/primarysourcepacket.pdf last accessed 6 Apr 2013 by Sharon Doubell]

1659
June 1659
- September 1659
Age 40

Throughout June and July 1659, Eva travelled back and forth between the fort and the Cochoqua, camped in the vicinity of Saldhana Bay, at times by boat to avoid hostilities and dangers on the overland journey. While tensions bristled between the Dutch and their Goringhaiqua adversaries, the prospects of trade with Oedasoa and his Cochoqua people blossomed.

By the time the rebellion ended, however, Oedasoa had proved to be far from neutral. Not only did he decline to attack the Goringhaiqua and refuse to give the Dutch any intelligence about enemy whereabouts, but he gave shelter to the rebels and eventually negotiated a peace settlement on their behalf. The evidence suggests that Oedasoa had to neutralize Eva's independent actions. She spent much of the latter half of 1659 at Saldhana Bay, where she could not influence the Dutch prosecution of the war. Clear differences between her and Oedasoa surfaced when she urged the Dutch to send a wagon to fetch him to come into the fort. He refused to come, claiming the wagon ride would be too uncomfortable and that he wanted to attend to a sick child.'( Although a relatively trivial event, it exposed open conflict and disagreement between Eva and Oedasoa. His unwillingness to take up arms against fellow Khoena became more and more apparent to Van Riebeeck, who also began to lose trust in Eva, expressing many doubts and misgivings.') He was bitterly disappointed that Oedasoa's Cochoqua would not help the Dutch in their war against the Goringhaiqua.

When Eva had left the fort in July 1659, she hinted that she might not return. However, after spending three months with the Cochoqua, she resurfaced as Oedasoa's chief negotiator in peace talks. By this stage, she conformed completely to the Cochoqua position and tried to soothe the tensions by stressing the importance of achieving peace rather than point fingers at one another for past transgressions. In other words, she completely dropped her vituperations against the Goringhaiqua.[Wells http://eprints.ru.ac.za/709/1/Evas-men.pdf last accessed by Sharon Doubell 7 Apr 2013]

September 25, 1659
Age 40