About Francis Louis Barrallier
Early explorer and cartographer of NSW
see: http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/barrallier-francis-louis-1745 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Barrallier http://www.eoas.info/archives/BSAR00277.htm http://www.eoas.info/biogs/P000200b.htm http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Barrallier,_Francis_Louis_(DNB00) http://www.jenwilletts.com/searchaction.php?page=1&surname=barralier&firstname=
Published in "The Sydney Morning Herald" of Wednesday 10 August 1910:
""BARRALLIER'S PASS." At a general meeting of the Institute of Surveyors of New South Wales, held on Monday night at the Royal Society's House, Mr. R. H. Cambage lectured on "Barralller's attempt to cross the Blue Mountains in 1802."
"He explained the difficulty which Barrallier had in penetrating the Australian back country. A particular gorge in the mountains near Colong was pointed out. This had been specially referred to in the explorer's diary as the passage through which he had gained access to the high lands. In order to do honour to the explorer Mr. Cambage proposed that this passage should be named "Barrallier's Pass." It met with the general approval of the audience."
Announced in "The Sydney Morning Herald" of Wednesday 22 December 1915:
"BARRALLIER. Talloweena is to be known in future as Barrallier, in memory of the explorer Ensign Francis Barrallier, who made a gallant attempt to cross the Blue Mountains in 1802. "
From "The Canberra Times" of Saturday 6 March 1954:
"WHY YOUR STREET IS NAMED BARRALLIER. Barrallier Street, Griffith, is named after the pioneer, surveyor and explorer, Francis Louis Barrallier, who although of French descent, was commissioned by Governor Hunter in the New South Wales Corps in 1800.
"Barrallier was concerned with scientific rather than military tasks, his first job being to design the Parramatta orphan asylum building, and later to help Grant survey harbours on the New South Wales coast.
"The charts of Jervis Bay, Western Port and portion of Bass Strait were mainly Barrallier's work. In recognition of his service, King made him engineer and artillery officer in the Corps.
"In October, 1802, he carried out exploration of the ranges west of the Nepean, travelling about 140 miles in seven weeks. From the junction of the Nattai and Wollondilly rivers he struck out west to Yerranderi but was turned back by unfriendly natives. A second attempt from the Nattai River was stopped by shortage of provisions about 16 miles south of the Jenolan Caves.
"For many years it was thought Barrallier had crossed the main range and discovered a tribu- tary of the Lachlan, but subsequent re-examlnation of the explorer's notes established he had only reached the watershed. His own chart could not be followed on a modern map.
"Barrallier left other samples of his work in Sydney, designing the fort on Observatory Hill, now used as a signal station. He also drew plans for the first vessel built in Sydney. In 1803, Barrallier resigned his commission and returned to England where he remained in the army, rising to major before retiring. His work was mainly in the survey and engineering spheres in the West Indies. He died in London on June 11, 1853."
From "The Sydney Morning Herald" of Thursday 29 march 1934:
"EVANS AND THE BLUE MOUNTAINS. TO THE EDITOR OP THE HERALD. Slr,-In your issue of to-day's date Mr. G. A. Kine briefly discusses the merits of the work of G. W. Evans, and the Blaxland, Lawson, and Wentworth party, and their respective claims to récognition as the first to cross the Blue Mountains Plateau. Great credit ls due to all these men for their exploratory work, but while gratefully remembering them lt must not be forgotten that others are entitled to remembrance for their attempts to find a way into the interior.
"Chief amongst these courageous men were Ensign Francis Barrallier and George Caley, whose work lias hardly had justice done to it by history. In November, 1802, Barrallier left Sydney, made his way into the gorge of the Nattai, travelled up what is now known as the Burragorang Valley, and eventually terminated his journey near the head of Christy's Creek, one of the tributaries of the Kowmung River. He made the mistake of turning to the right after passing Mt. Colong Instead of following the ridge westerly, which would have taken him to the Dividing Range, and then onward to the open country beyond. This was a Journey of incomparably greater difficulty than that performed by the other explorers.
"At the request of Governor King. George Caley followed Barralliers track in July and August. 1804. Writing from St. Vincent to his friend, Robert Brown, Caley said, In con- nection with the work of Evans and the Blax- land party: " . . . . Mr. Barrlller crossed the mountains as much as the others have.
"A glance at the map will show that the point i reached by Barrallier (and Caley) ls due south of Mt. Blaxland, so that he travelled as far west as the Blaxland party. Barralller's Pass and Barrallier Creek, in the vicinity of the ex- plorer's terminal point, and the post-office named Barrallier, on the Wollondilly, recall the memory of the explorer.
I am. etc.. JAS. JERVIS. Harris Park, March 20"