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11th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry

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  • Charles Augustus Oliver (1843 - 1928)
    Charles Augustus Oliver Charles Augustus Oliver was born on 8 September 1843 to Francis Oliver and Jennette (Wells) Oliver in New Brunswick, Middlesex New Jersey. He was the of childeren. On he marri...

Overview

The Eleventh Regiment was organized under the provisions of an Act of Congress, approved July 22, 1861, and by permission granted the Governor by the War Department, to commence the raising of a regiment in anticipation of a call soon to be issued by the President for more troops. Under the authority thus given, recruiting for the Regiment was commenced in May 1862. The regiment was recruited at Camp Perrine, located near the New Jersey State Prison near Trenton. Recruitment continued until the issue of a call by the President of the United States, dated Washington, D.C., July 7, 1862, for three hundred thousand additional volunteers, to serve for three years or during the war. At this time about four hundred men had been recruited and were then encamped at Camp Perrine, Trenton, NJ

On the 8th of July, 1862, a telegram was received from the War Department, Washington, D.C., calling for five regiments of infantry from New Jersey, and in compliance with this telegram and the provisions of General Orders No. 75, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D.C., dated July 8, 1862, the Regiment was completed. The Regiment was fully organized, equipped and officered by the 18th day of August, 1862, at which time it was duly mustered into the service of the United States, for three years, at Camp Perrine, Trenton, NJ by Llewellyn Jones, Major, First Cavalry, U. S. Army.

The regiment was led by Colonel Robert McAllister who had seen service as Lieutenant Colonel in the 1st New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, NJ, and mustered in August 15, 1862. The regiment left New Jersey for Washington on August 25, 1862. And reported at Washington, D.C., the day following, with a full complement of men. (Officers, 39; Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates, 940. Total, 979.)

The 11th was attached to Whipple's Command, Defenses of Washington, D.C.. By mid-September the 11th remain in Washington at half strength due to a measles epidemic. The Regiment remained near Washington, D.C., in the performance of various duties, until the 16th of November 1862 when it was attached to the Brigade of General Carr, Sickles' Division, and entered upon active duty with the Army of the Potomac.

At different times during the year 1864, the strength of the Regiment was increased by the joining from Draft Rendezvous, Trenton, NJ, of a few recruits and a large number of substitutes. The Regiment continued its organization and remained in active service until the close of the war, and those coming under the provisions of General Orders, No. 26, Head Quarters Army of the Potomac, dated May 17, 1865, were mustered out near Washington, D.C., June 6, 1865, by Charles H. Hayes, Captain First Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, Assistant Commissary of Musters, Third Division, Second Army Corps, the remainder were transferred to the Twelfth Regiment, in accordance with Special Orders No. 142, Par. 3, Current Series, Head Quarters Army of the Potomac, dated June 5, 1865, and were mustered out with that Regiment.

The Regiment was first attached to the First Brigade, Second Division, Third Corps, Army of the Potomac; to March, 1864.

Then to the First Brigade, (Second NJ Brigade,) Fourth Division, Second Corps; to May, 1864.

Then to the Third Brigade, Third Division, Second Corps; to July, 1865.

Service

  • Recruited - May 1862
  • The regiment left New Jersey for Washington - August 25, 1862
  • Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D, C. - until November 16, 1862.
  • March to Falmouth, Va., November 16-27.
  • Duty near Falmouth, Va. - November 28-December 11.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg - December 12–15, 1862
  • At Falmouth, Va. - until April 27, 1863.
  • "Mud March" - January 20-24.
  • Chancellorsville Campaign - April 27-May 6.
  • -Battle of Chancellorsville - May 1-5.
  • -Battle of Chancellorsville - May 3-4, 1863
  • -Salem Heights, Virginia - May 3, 1863
  • -Battle of Chancellorsville - May 4, 1863
  • Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign - June 11-July 24.
  • -Battle of Gettysburg - July 1-3.
  • -Pursuit of Lee - July 5-24.
  • -Battle of Gettysburg - July 2–3, 1863
  • -Wapping Heights, Va. - July 23-24, 1863
  • Beverly Ford, Virginia - August 19, 1863
  • Duty near Warrenton - until October.
  • Bristoe Campaign - October 9-22.
  • McLean's Ford - October 15.
  • Advance to line of the Rappahannock - November 7-8.
  • -Kelly's Ford - November 7.
  • -Kelly's Ford, VA - Nov. 8, 1862
  • Mine Run Campaign - November 26-December 2.
  • -Payne's Farm - November 27.
  • -Locust Grove, Virginia - November 27, 1863
  • -Mine Run, Virginia - November 29, 1863
  • Duty near Brandy Station - to May, 1864.
  • -Demonstration on the Rapidan - February 6-7.
  • Campaign from the Rapidan to the James - May 3-June 15,
  • -Battles of the Wilderness - May 5-7;
  • -Wilderness, VA - May 5 to 7, 1864
  • -Battle of Spotsylvania Court House - May 10–12, 1864
  • -Spottsylvania, VA - May 8 to 12, 1864
  • -Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," - May 12.
  • -Spottsylvania, Court House, VA - May 12 to 21, 1864
  • -Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road - May 19.
  • -North Anna River, VA - May 23 and 26, 1864
  • -Ox Ford - May 23-24.
  • -On line of the Pamunkey - May 26-28.
  • -Tolopotomy Creek, VA - May 28-31, 1864
  • -Cold Harbor, VA - June 1 to 12, 1864
  • -Barker's Mills, Virginia - June 10, 1864
  • Siege of Petersburg - June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • -Before Petersburg - June 16-23, 186
  • -Jerusalem Plank Road - June 22-23, 1864
  • -Petersburg, Virginia - July 1, 1864
  • -Deep Bottom, VA - July 26 and 27, 1864
  • -Demonstration north of the James - July 27-29.
  • -Deep Bottom - July 27-28.
  • -Mine Explosion, VA - July 30, 1864
  • -North Bank of James River, VA - August 14 to 18, 1864
  • -Demonstration north of the James - August 13-20.
  • -Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom - August 14-18.
  • -Reams Station - August 25, 1864
  • -Fort Sedgwick, VA - Sept. 10, 1864
  • -Poplar Spring Church, VA - Oct. 2, 1864
  • -Poplar Springs Church - September 29-October 2.
  • -Yellow House - October 2-5.
  • -Boydton Plank Road, VA - Oct. 27, 1864
  • -Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run - October 27-28.
  • -Forts Hascall and Morton - November 5.
  • -Fort Morton, VA - Nov. 5, 1864
  • -Expedition to Weldon Railroad - December 7-12.
  • -Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run - February 5-7. 1865.
  • -Hatcher's Run, VA - Feb. 5 to 7, 1865
  • -Armstrong House, VA - March 25, 1865
  • -Watkins House - March 25.
  • -Appomattox Campaign - March 28-April 9.
  • --Boydton and White Oak Roads - March 30-31.
  • --Crow's House - March 31.
  • --Fall of Petersburg - April 2,
  • --Boydton Plank Road. VA (Capture of Petersburg) - April 2, 1865
  • --Pursuit of Lee - April 3-9.
  • ---Sailor's Creek - April 6.
  • ---Amelia Springs, VA - April 6, 1865
  • ---Farmville, VA - April 6 to 7, 1865
  • ---High Bridge, Farmville - April 7.
  • Appomattox Court House, VA; Surrender of Lee and his army. - April 9, 1865
  • March to Washington, D.C. - May 2-12.
  • Grand Review - May 23.
  • Mustered out near Washington, D.C., (Veterans and recruits transfered to 12th NJ Infantry) - June 6, 1865.

Regimental Organiztion

Field Officers and Staff

Company A

Company B

Company C

Company D

Company E

Company F

Company G

Company H

Company I

Company K

Sources

National Guard Militia Museum of New Jersey. "Civil War Regiments." Last Modified 8 July 2011. [http://www.nj.gov/military/museum]

Ranger95. "11th New Jersey Infantry." Last Modified 2005.[http://ranger95.com/civil_war_us/new_jersey/infantry/11th_reg_inf_nj.html]

Record of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Civil War, 1861-1865. Volume I. Compiled in the Office of the Adjutant General. Published by Authority of the Legislature. William S. Stryker, Adjutant General. Trenton, New Jersey, John L. Murphy, Steam Book and Job Printer, 1876.[http://slic.njstatelib.org/NJ_Information/Digital_Collections/Digidox20.php][http://slic.njstatelib.org/slic_files/searchable_publications/civilwar/NJCWn1.html]

Foster, John Y. (1868). New Jersey and the Rebellion: A History of the services of the troops and people of New Jersey in aid of the Union cause. Published by Authority of the State. Newark, N.J.; Martin R. Dennis & Co. 1868. Reprinted by Higginson Book Company, Salem MA [http://books.google.com/books?id=b3IFAAAAQAAJ]

Wikipedia. "11th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry Regiment." Last Modified 23 December 2010.[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/11th_New_Jersey_Volunteer_Infantry_Regiment]