Main References - The Settler Handbook by MD Nash and 1820 Settlers.com
The aim of this project is to link profiles on Geni to the names in the list, and to expand notes about individuals - mostly on the Profile page in the "About Me" field, or here if no profile exists.
To take part in any project
- you do need to first be a collaborator - so join the project. See the discussion Project Help: How to add Text to a Project - Starter Kit to get you going!
How to Participate
- Please add only the profiles of members of this party to this project (not their descendants)! This is easily done from the profile page using the Add to project link.
In the interests of uniformity please use one of the images attached to this project as "flags" for 1820 Settlers where there are no other photos available. It easily identifies the actual person who was on one of the ships when browsing the Tree.
- If you have any queries related to these settlers please start a discussion linked to this project. (See the menu top right).
- Please add related projects to the menu on the right.
- If you have links to related web pages that would be of interest to others please add them in the relevant section at the bottom of the page. In order to do this use the drop down menu at the top left of the screen and Join the Project. If this option is not available to you then contact a collaborator and ask to be added to the project. As a collaborator you will be able to edit this page.
- Add any documents of interest using the menu at the top right of the page, and then add a link to the document in the text under the heading below. If you do not know how to do this please contact one of the other collaborators to assist you.
How to add a link is explained in the attached document - Adding links to Geni profiles in projects.
- Leader Lieut Charles Crause
- Number in the Party 41
- Area Party originated from Kent
- Area Allocated to the Party "Spanish Reeds" between the Wellington and Kap rivers
- 1820 Settler Ship Nautilus
- Departure London, 3 December 1819
- Arrival Table Bay, Cape Town - 17 March 1820
- Final Port - Algoa Bay, Port Elizabeth 14 April 1820
M.D. Nash 1987 - Settler Handbook
"No. 2 on the Colonial Department list, a joint-stock party led by Lieutenant Charles Crause of Borstal Court Farm, West Rochester, Kent, an officer of the Royal Marines on half-pay. Included in the party was his brother Lieutenant Johan Crause, an infantry officer who had been Adjutant at the Invalid Depot, Chatham. A third brother, Captain Henry Crause, was a member of the party led by their brother-in-law John Bailie.
Soon after submitting his application to emigrate, Charles Crause gave up his farm and moved to Mill Street, Lambeth, and it is likely that his party - made up mostly od small tradesmen - was recruited in London. James Moorcroft enquired about emigrating with 10 families before he joined Crause's party, and according to their Death Notices in the Cape Archives, Charles Spiller and Samuel Dredge were also Londoners. The Attwell family was from Bedfordshire.
Articles of agreement were drawn up and deposits were paid for 12 men. The party sailed from Gravesend in the regular transport ship Nautilus, in company with her consort the Chapman, on 3 December 1819. The two ships were separated when the Nautilus struck on the Goodwin Sands, off Ramsgate, during a violent storm, but was set afloat again without much damage. Bothe the Nautilusand Chapman reached Table bay on 17 March 1820. While the ships lay at anchor the three Crause brothers applied for separate grants of land by virtue of their situation as half-pay officers with long service records.
The Naulilus reached Algoa bay on 14 April 1820, and the party was located between the Wellington and Kap Rivers. Lieutenant Crause separated from his party soon after it was located, and was replaced as leader, first by Thomas Phillips and then by James Moorcroft. The location was named Spanish Reeds".
Members of Crause's Party
[Bold links are to Geni profiles; other links are to other biographical notes]
- Richard Labrun Attwell 19 Baker
- William Attwell 22 baker
- Charles Crause 35 Lieut. Royal marines (Half-pay). Wife Emily 26
- John Anthony Crause 26 Lieut. and Adjutant, 50th Regt. (Half-pay).
- Samuel Dredge 24, Bookbinder
- William Dredge 29 Cabinetmaker. Wife Elizabeth - 25
- George Martinson 37 Goldsmith
- Samuel John Mollett 40 printer. Wife Margaret Holliday 38
Main sources for party list
List of settlers under the direction of Lieut Charles Crause (Cape Archives CO 6137/1,4). This in=s the London list; no Agent of Transports' Return has been traced for the Nautilus, showing the state of the parties as they arrived at the Cape, but all the men's names on the London list are confirmed by the signatures on a memorial addressed to the Governor by the free settlers on board the Nautilis in Table bay (Cape Archives CO 3917).
The names of Lieut John Crause's wife and family are included in the London list. However, Martinson's family were left in England (Cape Archives CO 2629) and there is no record of Amelia Crause's presence in the colony. Lieut John Crause married Sarah Boardman in 1825, and it is assumed that his first wife died in England.
John Mandy's letters to his mother, written on boiard Nautilus, reproduced in C T Campbell, British South Africa (London, Haddon, 1897) and in the Souvenir in Commemoration of the 1820 Settlers of Albany (East London, Daily Dispatch, 1920).