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1820 Settlers - Crause's Party

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  • Elizabeth Dredge, SM/PROG (c.1794 - 1868)
  • Richard James Attwell, Snr, SV/PROG (1771 - 1852)
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1820 English Settler Richard (48), farmer, was part of Lieut. Charles Crause's par...
  • Sarah Attwell (1805 - 1890)
    1820 English Settler Sarah (13) was part of Lieut. Charles Crause's party of 41 people on the NAUTILUS Party originated from Kent. Departure London, 3 December 1819. Arrival Table Bay, Cape Town ...
  • Mary Ann Oertel, b2 (1818 - 1903)

Crause's Party

Main References - The Settler Handbook by MD Nash and 1820

The aim of this project is to link profiles on Geni to the names in the list, and to expand notes about individuals - mostly on the Profile page in the "About Me" field, or here if no profile exists.

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Party Details

  • Leader Lieut Charles Crause
  • Number in the Party 41
  • Area Party originated from Kent
  • Area Allocated to the Party "Spanish Reeds" between the Wellington and Kap rivers
  • 1820 Settler Ship


  • Dates
  • Departure London, 3 December 1819
  • Arrival Table Bay, Cape Town - 17 March 1820
  • Final Port - Algoa Bay, Port Elizabeth 14 April 1820

(Other parties on this voyage - Owen, Mandy, Rowles, Scott)

M.D. Nash 1987 - Settler Handbook

"No. 2 on the Colonial Department list, a joint-stock party led by Lieutenant Charles Crause of Borstal Court Farm, West Rochester, Kent, an officer of the Royal Marines on half-pay. Included in the party was his brother Lieutenant Johan Crause, an infantry officer who had been Adjutant at the Invalid Depot, Chatham. A third brother, Captain Henry Crause, was a member of the party led by their brother-in-law John Bailie.

Soon after submitting his application to emigrate, Charles Crause gave up his farm and moved to Mill Street, Lambeth, and it is likely that his party - made up mostly od small tradesmen - was recruited in London. James Moorcroft enquired about emigrating with 10 families before he joined Crause's party, and according to their Death Notices in the Cape Archives, Charles Spiller and Samuel Dredge were also Londoners. The Attwell family was from Bedfordshire.

Articles of agreement were drawn up and deposits were paid for 12 men. The party sailed from Gravesend in the regular transport ship Nautilus, in company with her consort the Chapman, on 3 December 1819. The two ships were separated when the Nautilus struck on the Goodwin Sands, off Ramsgate, during a violent storm, but was set afloat again without much damage. Bothe the Nautilusand Chapman reached Table bay on 17 March 1820. While the ships lay at anchor the three Crause brothers applied for separate grants of land by virtue of their situation as half-pay officers with long service records.

The Naulilus reached Algoa bay on 14 April 1820, and the party was located between the Wellington and Kap Rivers. Lieutenant Crause separated from his party soon after it was located, and was replaced as leader, first by Thomas Phillips and then by James Moorcroft. The location was named Spanish Reeds".

Members of Crause's Party

[Bold links are to Geni profiles; other links are to other biographical notes]

Richard James Attwell 48, Farmer.

Wife Ann Labrun 47

Children :

Charles Crause 35 Lieut. Royal marines (Half-pay).

Wife Emily 26

Children :

John Anthony Crause 26 Lieut. and Adjutant, 50th Regt. (Half-pay). (Later married Sarah Hayes Boardman of Willson's Party.)

Samuel Dredge 24, Bookbinder

William Dredge 29 Cabinetmaker.

Wife Elizabeth - 25

George Martinson 37 Goldsmith

Samuel John Mollett 40 printer.

Wife Margaret Holliday 38

Children :

James Moorcroft 26 Gardener.

Wife Sarah Dixon 28

Children :

Thomas Phillips 35 Bookseller and Stationer.

Wife Alice Fame 35

Children :

Charles James Spiller 28 Grocer.

Wife Catherine Madden 27

Children :

Main sources for party list

List of settlers under the direction of Lieut Charles Crause (Cape Archives CO 6137/1,4). This in=s the London list; no Agent of Transports' Return has been traced for the Nautilus, showing the state of the parties as they arrived at the Cape, but all the men's names on the London list are confirmed by the signatures on a memorial addressed to the Governor by the free settlers on board the Nautilis in Table bay (Cape Archives CO 3917).

The names of Lieut John Crause's wife and family are included in the London list. However, Martinson's family were left in England (Cape Archives CO 2629) and there is no record of Amelia Crause's presence in the colony. Lieut John Crause married Sarah Boardman in 1825, and it is assumed that his first wife died in England.

Further Reading

John Mandy's letters to his mother, written on board Nautilus, reproduced in C T Campbell, British South Africa (London, Haddon, 1897) and in the Souvenir in Commemoration of the 1820 Settlers of Albany (East London, Daily Dispatch, 1920).

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