UNION NEW YORK TROOPS
49th New York Infantry Regiment
Also known as "Second Buffalo "
Organized at Buffalo, N.Y., and mustered in September 18, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., September 20, 1861. Attached to Stevens' 3rd Brigade, W. F. Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, to June, 1865.
SERVICE -- Camp near Lewinsville, Defenses of Washington. D.C., until March, 1862. Action at Dranesville, Va., December 20, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15, 1862. Ordered to the Peninsula, Va., March 22. Action at Lee's Mills April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Lee's Mills April 16. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Mechanicsville May 23-24. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Garnett's Farm June 27. Garnett's and Golding's Farm June 28. Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-27. In works at Centreville August 28-31, and cover Pope's retreat to Fairfax Court House September 1. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of Crampton's Pass, South Mountain September 14. Antietam September 16-17. Duty in Maryland until October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations about Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Deep Run Ravine June 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Fairfield, Pa., July 7. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Duty near Brandy Station until May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient or "Bloody Angle" May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-18. Siege of Petersburg June 17-July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and the Northern Defenses of Washington July 11-12. Pursuit of Early July 14-22. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Near Charlestown August 21-22. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan Creek, September 13. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until December. Moved to Washington, thence to Petersburg December 13-16. Siege of Petersburg December 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville, Va., April 23-27. Duty there until May 18. Moved to Richmond, thence to Washington May 18-June 2. Corps Review June 8. (Old members mustered out September 17, 1864.) Mustered out June 27, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 15 Officers and 126 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 5 Officers and 174 Enlisted men by disease. Total 320.
- Antietam 3rd Brigade (Irwin), 2nd Division (Smith), VI Corps
- Chancellorsville 3rd Brigade (Hall), 2nd Division (Gibbon), II Corps
- Chancellorsville 3rd Brigade (Neill), 2nd Division (Howe), VI Corps
- Gettysburg 3rd Brigade (Neill), 2nd Division (Howe), VI Corps