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African-, Afro-Americans throughout the Americas / Black History - Master Project

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Profiles

  • Rosa Louise Parks (1913 - 2005)
    She was an African American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress later called "the first lady of civil rights", and "the mother of the freedom movement". On December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, A...
  • George Washington Carver (1864 - 1943)
    Mary Ann was George's real Mom. the accounts vary on what happen to her after she was kidnapped. one of the accounts is below George Washington Carver (January 1864 - January 5, 1943), was an America...
  • James Forten (1766 - 1842)
    James Forten was a wealthy African-American businessman (sail maker) and abolitionist, born free in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Forten began experimenting with different types of sails for ships and fi...
  • James Lafayette (1760 - 1830)
    James Armistead was a slave owned by William Armistead of Virginia. His date of birth is usually given as 1760, but may have been 1748. During the American Revolutionary War, James received permission ...
  • William Lee, Valet to President George Washington (c.1750 - c.1828)
    William Lee Valet to President George Washington This profile meant to Honor William s contibution to the History of America, through his Valued Service to President George Washington See also ...

African, African-American and Caribbean thinkers have played a major role in defining the critical issues of our time, just as the cultures of Africans and their descendants have transformed the cultures of the Americas and the world. Source

"The past is what makes the present coherent," said Afro-American writer James Baldwin, and the past "will remain horrible for exactly as long as we refuse to assess it honestly."

African American / Black History - Master Project.

This Master Project is to link all the projects related to Blacks throughout the Americas. This is a work in progress. Much help is needed!

What can you do here?

  • Ask questions.
  • Collaborate on your research.
  • Share knowledge you have gained as you've done your own research in a specific area.
  • Problem finding an ancestors , open a discussion here and we all try to help
  • Start your own related project.
  • Add your profiles.
  • Start or take part in a discussion

How to Contribute

  • Please click the "Join Project" button on the upper right of the project page.
  • After getting yourself added as a collaborator for the surname, select the profile of the prominent African-American you wish to add.
  • Navigate to the profile. Under the "More Actions" link, choose "Add to Project" and select sub-project to which the profile should be included in.
  • Include in the "About Me" section a brief biographical sketch, summarizing the person's significant contributions and accomplishments. (Required)
  • Include a photograph, if one exists.
  • Mark the profile as "public" and not "private". (Required)

PROJECTS

SUBGROUPS

Contents

   

Etymology

    

Definition

    

Geography and climate

  1. Geographic origins (e.g.: Island groups, African regions)
  2. Historical groupings
   

Biodiversity

History

Racial and ethnic distinctions


Demographics

South America

   #  Argentina
  • Argentina in 2006 on knowledge of ancestors from Subsaharan Africa verified that 5% of the population knew of Black African ancestry, and another 20% thought that was possible but not sure.
   #  Bolivia
  • Black African descendants in Bolivia account for about 2% of the population. The majority live in the Yungas. There are about 500,000 persons of Black African ancestry living in Bolivia.
    # Brazil
  • Around 6.9% of Brazil's 190 million people are Black, and many more Brazilians have some degree of African descent. Afro-Brazilians – 92,690,000 (49.5% of Brazilian population)
    # Chile
  • Today there are very few Afro-Chileans, at the most, fewer than 0.1% can be estimated from the 2006 population.
    # Colombia
  • Afro-Colombians – 10,500,000 (21% of Colombian population). Available estimates range from 4.4 to 10.5 million Afro-Colombians. According to CIA World Factbook, the makeup of the population is: "mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%". Afro-Colombians make up approximately 21% (9,154,537) of the population, according to a projection of the National Administration Department of Statistics (DANE), most of whom are concentrated on the northwest Caribbean coast and the Pacific coast in such departments as Chocó, although considerable numbers are also in Cali, Cartagena, and Barranquilla. Colombia is considered to have the third largest Black population in the western hemisphere, following Brazil and the U.S..
    # Ecuador
  • In 2006 Ecuador had a population of 13,547,510. According to the latest data from CIA World Factbook, the makeup of the population is: "mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%". The Afro-Ecuadorian culture is found in the northwest coastal region of Ecuador and make up the majority (70%) in the province of Esmeraldas and the Chota Valley in the Imbabura Province. They can be also found in Quito and Guayaquil.
    # Paraguay
  • They became a significant presence in the country, and made up 11% of the population in 1785. Most Afro-Paraguayans established communities in towns such as Areguá, Emboscada, and Guarambaré. Many achieved their freedom during the Spanish rule. In the capital Asunción, there is a community of 300 Afro-Paraguayan families in the Fernando de la Mora municipality.
    # Peru

Afro-Peruvians make up about 3–4% of the population (close to two million). Over the course of the slave trade, approximately 95,000 slaves were brought into Peru, with the last group arriving in 1850. Today, Afro-Peruvians reside mainly on the central and south coast. Afro-Peruvians can also be found in significant numbers on the northern coast. Recently, it has been verified that the community with the greatest concentration of Afro-Peruvians is Yapatera in Morropón (Piura), made up of around 7,000 farmers who are largely descended from African slaves of "malagasy" (Madagascar) origin. They are referred to as "malgaches" or "mangaches". Luis Miguel Sanchez, Peru's 71st President was the first Afro-Andean President (1930–1933).

    # Uruguay
  • African slaves and their descendants figured prominently in the founding of Uruguay. In the late 18th century Montevideo became a major arrival port for slaves, most brought from Portuguese colonies of Africa and bound for Spanish colonies of the New World, the mines of Peru and Bolivia, and the fields of Uruguay. In the 19th century, when Uruguay joined other colonies in fighting for independence from Spain, Uruguayan national hero Jose Artigas led an elite division of black troops against the colonists. One of his top advisors was Joaquín Lenzina, known as Ansina, a freed slave who composed musical odes about his commander's exploits and is regarded by Afro-Uruguayans as an unheralded father of the nation.
    # Venezuela
  • Venezuela is a very racially mixed nation. Research in 2001 on genetic diversity by the Venezuelan Institute of Scientific Research (Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, IVIC) in which the population was compared to the historical patterns of the colonial castes. Adding to this new information about genetic diseases and characteristics associated with people from Sub-Saharan Africa, Europe and Native Americans reveals that approximately 5% of the population is of African descent and 29% of the Venezuelans are mulattos (mixed African and European), but no further data about the amount of zambos (mixed black and Amerindian) is provided.[citation needed] This information reveals that at least 34% of the Venezuelan population is, to some extent, of African descent.

Central America

    # Belize
    # Costa Rica
    # El Salvador
    # Guatemala
    # Honduras
    # Nicaragua
    # Panama

Caribbean

    # Cuba
   # Dominican Republic
   #  Haiti
   #  Martinique
   #  Puerto Rico

North American

   #  United States
  • African Americans – 39,500,000 (12.4% of American population)
   #  Mexico
    # Canada
  • Black Canadians – 783,795 (2.5% of Canadian population)

Afro-Latino populations in the Americas

Indigenous tribes

Language

Religion

Politics

       # Regionalism
           

Regional institutions

Cuisine

       # Favorite or national dishes

Movies

References

Further reading


External links