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Saʿadyā ben Yōsēf Gaon of Sura MP (c.882 - 942)

Saʿadyā Ben Yōsēf, saʿīd ( abī) yaʿḳūb yūsuf al-fayyūmī (269-331/882-942), Jewish theologian, philosopher and ...

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Mevorakh ben Abraham MP (c.1010 - d.)

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Abraham Ben Meir Ibn Ezra al Tudela MP (c.1090 - 1125)

Also mentioned in Abarbanel Family Scroll – undated handwritten manuscript from the collection of the late Rabbi Shmuel Gorr, held by Chaim Freedman. Reference was made to “Elef Margali...

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'Nathan HaBabli' ben Abu Ishaq Avraham, Exilarch 'Mar Uqba HaRofeh', Qadi al-Qayrawānī MP (c.940 - c.1049)

Nathan Ha-Bavli has been an enigmatic figure - but I think I have narrowed down to EXACTLY who is Nathan Ha-Bavli. Here is a short description of previous attempts to identify Nathan Ha-Bavli: Since ...

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Israel ben Nathan MP (c.1038 - d.)

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Nehorai ben Nathan MP (c.1037 - d.)

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Yehudah ben Yosef ben Eleazar HaKohen MP (c.1038 - d.)

Judah ben Joseph ben Eleazar ha-Kohen, often referred to simply as “the rav” in letters from the Cairo Geniza, was one of the most respected scholars in Egypt during the second half of th...

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al-Kabira bat Allan al-faraj HaKohen MP (b. - c.1070)

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Rabban Nissim ben Ya'qub ibn Shahin, Gaon al-Qayrawan MP (c.990 - c.1062)

Nissim ben Jacob ben Nissim ibn Shāhīn was one of the foremost Jewish scholars of the eleventh century and the leader of the North African Jewish community. He was born in 990 in Qayrawan...

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Ḥananel ben Ḥushiel, Ra'is Yeshiva al-Qayrawan MP (990 - 1053)

Ḥananel ben Ḥushiel was resh be rabbanan and dayyan in Qayrawān in the first half of the eleventh century. Other than the statement of Abraham Ibn Da’ud in his Sefer ha-Qabb...

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Eleazar "Sa'adya" ibn Hibat Allāh MP (c.1155 - d.)

Eleazar ben Jacob ha-Bavli Eleazar ben Jacob ha-Bavli, known as Eleazar the Gnostic, lived in Baghdad in the first half of the thirteenth century. He was a productive poet during the years before the...

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Daniel ben Saʿadya ha-Bavli, Gaon of Baghdad Yeshiva MP (c.1170 - 1220)

Daniel ben Eleazar ibn Hibat Allāh was also known as Daniel ben Saʿadya ha-Bavli Daniel ben Eleazar ibn Hibat Allāh , who elsewhere refers to himself as Daniel b. Eleazar he-...

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Abu Isḥāq Ibrahim Sahl ibn al-Nag'hdīlah ibn Ata al-yahūdī, haRoffe al-Galut 'Mar Sahl' MP (c.965 - 1053)

Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm Ibn ʿAṭāʾ (Abraham ben Nathan) was leader of Qayrawan Jewry in the first third of the eleventh century. He was a member ...

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Elḥanan ben Shemarya al-Fostat MP (c.988 - c.1060)

Elhanan ben Shemariah ben Elhanan, a member of a leading Fustat family, began to play a major role in the community during the lifetime of his father, Shemariah ben Elḥanan, who prepared him for...

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Shemarya ben Elḥanan haDayyan al-Fustat 1/4 captives MP (c.969 - d.)

Abū ʾl-Khayr Shemariah ben Elhanan was the leader of the Jews of Fustat from the 990s until his death in December 1011. He first became known to scholarship as one of the four captives in...

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Ḥushiel ben Elḥanan, Ra'is Yeshibva al-Qayrawan 2/4 captives MP (c.970 - c.1027)

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Abu Sahl Nathan ben Abraham, Nasi MP (c.995 - d.)

Nathan ben Abraham - a student of Ḥushiel ben Elḥanan Abū Sahl Nathan ben Abraham ben Saul, a scion of a gaonic family on his mother’s side, was born in Palestine in the l...

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Abu Zakri Yaḥyā (Yehudah) ben Shlomo HaKohen al-fasi MP (c.993 - d.)

Yahya's father, Solomon, in his first public act as gaon was to write a letter of lavish praise for the Karaite nasi Hezekiah ben David in which he repeatedly expresses the hope of returning from Egypt...

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Solomon Ben Formash, Gaon MP (c.975 - c.1050)

Solomon ben Judah Furmash Shlomo ibn Furmash is referred to, by Abraham Ibn Daʾūd (in his Sefer ha-Qabbala) as the only one, other than Labrat ben Moshe (Dayyan al-Mahdiyya, Tunisia) , ...

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Yitzhak ben Yakob HaKohen al-Fasi, ‎ MP (c.1013 - c.1103)

Isaac ben Jacob Alfasi ha-Cohen (1013 - 1103) ר' יצחק אלפסי - also known as the Alfasi or by his Hebrew acronym Rif (Rabbi Isaac al...

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Yehudah "Zakhai" Natan ben Avraham al-Andalusī, Nasi, Qaḍī of Sidonia MP (c.993 - c.1070)

Scholars Dr. David Kelley and Dr Don Stone suspect that the name Zakai was introduced into this paternal line via the marriage of Yitzchak Avraham ben Nathan to a daughter of David ben Zakkai of Babylo...

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Alluf Abū ʿAmr Sahlān ben Abraham, Haḥaver MP (b. - c.1059)

Abū ʿAmr Sahlān ben Abraham was a payṭan (liturgical poet) and head of the Iraqi congregation in Fustat from 1034 until 1049 or 1050. He succeeded to this post after the dea...

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Esther bat Sahlān ben Abraham MP (deceased)

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Yosef ben 'Amram, haDayyan of Sijilmasa MP (997 - d.)

Sijilmasa (Ar. Sijilmāsa) was a town in the Mahgreb near the present-day Moroccan town of Rissani in the Tafilalet oasis, approximately 300 kilometers (190 miles) southeast of Fez, along the cha...

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Yakob Ben Shlomo HaKohen al-Fasi MP (c.992 - c.1040)

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Abu Yosef Yakob ben Amram ibn Mar Sahl al-Nag'hdīlah MP (c.990 - d.)

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Ya'qub ben Nissim ibn Shahin al-Qairouan MP (c.960 - d.)

Abu Ya'qub Jacob, was head of the local academy (Heb. bet midrash) and in 987 wrote to Sherira Gaon in Babylonia in the name of “the holy congregation of Qayrawan,” asking him how the Mis...

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Sitt al-Muna bat Nathan MP (c.1037 - c.1120)

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Abu Sa'id Yaḥyā Nissim ben Nahray Ibn al-Majjānī MP (c.1056 - d.)

Ibn al-Majjānī Family The Ibn al-Majjānī family, known from documentary sources in the Cairo Geniza, were active in Mediterranean trade during the first half of the eleven...

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Abū Yaḥyā Nahray "Nehorai" ben Nissim, Nagid MP (c.1025 - c.1098)

Nahray ben Nissim (ca. 1025-1098), nicknamed Abū Yaḥyā , was a North African merchant and communal leader. More than 350 letters, notes, and accounts from the Cairo Geniza are eith...

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Abu Ishaq Abraham ben Nathan, Nasi MP (c.1036 - c.1115)

Abraham ben Nathan son of Nathan ben Abraham Abraham ben Nathan, born around 1037, was the only the son of Nathan ben Abraham, the rival of Gaon Solomon ben Judah in the famous conflict that took pla...

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al-Kahina bint D̲j̲arāwa al-Zanāt MP (c.645 - c.693)

al-Kahina bint D̲j̲arāwa al-Zanāt Dihya ديهيا, (early 7th century - late 7th century) Wikipedia al-Kāhina (“the Sorceres...

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Menelik I (Ibn El-Hakim) El-Hakim da Ethiopia, Beit Shlomo MP (c.-900 - c.-820)

BBC History Bio wikipedia The Dynasty Queen of Sheba and her son Menelik Blackhistory Queen of Sheba bio PBS Queen of Sheba

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Queen of Sheba MP (-1000 - d.)

1 Kings 10:1-13 Song of Songs Chapter 1 שִׁיר הַשִּׁירִים Wikipedia Queen of Sheba ...

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Maimonides Rambam רמב״ם MP (c.1138 - 1204)

From Moshe (of the Torah) to Moshe (Maimonides) there was none like Moshe R' Moshe ben Maimon , Moses Maimonides the Rambam , [ca. 1138 (or 1135?) - 1204] was the preeminent medieval Jewish philosoph...

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Rabbi Capers Funnye MP

Michelle Obama Has a Rabbi in Her Family Congregation Beth Shalom B'nai Zaken Ethiopian Hebrew Congregation in Chicago, Illinois. Wikipedia Bio New York Times Capers C. Funnye Jr. (pronounced...

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Rabbi Natan Gamedze (Prince Nkosinathi Gamedze) MP

Jerusalem, Israel

Rabbi Natan Gamedze is a linguist with an honors degree from Oxford. He is the grandson of a former king of Swaziland and scion of the royal Gamedze dynasty that had ruled Swaziland for generations. Ga...

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