For DAR information, see Daughters of the American Revolution.
The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) or American War of Independence began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies in North America, and concluded in a global war between several European great powers.
The war was the culmination of the political American Revolution, whereby many of the colonists rejected the legitimacy of the Parliament of Great Britain to govern them without representation, claiming that this violated the Rights of Englishmen. The First Continental Congress met in 1774 to coordinate relations with Great Britain and the by-then thirteen self-governing and individual provinces, petitioning George III of Great Britain for intervention with Parliament, organizing a boycott of British goods, while affirming loyalty to the British Crown. Their pleas ignored, and with British soldiers billeted in Boston, Massachusetts, by 1775 the Provincial Congresses formed the Second Continental Congress and authorized a Continental Army. Additional petitions to the king to intervene with Parliament resulted in the following year with Congress being declared traitors and the states to be in rebellion. The Americans responded in 1776 by formally declaring their independence as one new nation — the United States of America — claiming their own sovereignty and rejecting any allegiance to the British monarchy.
France's government under King Louis XVI secretly provided supplies, ammunition and weapons to the revolutionaries starting in 1776, and the Continentals' capture of a British army in 1777 led France to openly enter the war in early 1778, which evened the military strength with Britain. Spain and the Dutch Republic – French allies – also went to war with Britain over the next two years, threatening an invasion of Great Britain and severely testing British military strength with campaigns in Europe — including attacks on Minorca and Gibraltar — and an escalating global naval war. Spain's involvement culminated in the expulsion of British armies from West Florida, securing the American colonies' southern flank.
Throughout the war, the British were able to use their naval superiority to capture and occupy American coastal cities, but control of the countryside (where 90% of the population lived) largely eluded them because of the relatively small size of their land army. French involvement proved decisive, with a French naval victory in the Chesapeake leading at Yorktown in 1781 to the surrender of a second British army. In 1783, the Treaty of Paris ended the war and recognized the sovereignty of the United States over the territory bounded by what is now Canada to the north, Florida to the south, and the Mississippi River to the west.
Notable people of the American Revolutionary War
Profiles of those who favored independence for Britain's American Colonies,
- Patrick Henry, Sr. (1736 - 1799), famously asserted, "Give me Liberty, or give me Death!"
- Daniel Morgan Boone, Sr. (1734 - 1820)
- William Blount, Signer of the US Constitution, Governor of the Southwest Territory, U.S. Senator (1749 - 1800)
- Aaron Burr, Jr. (1756 - 1836), 3rd Vice President of the USA
- Silas Deane (1737 - 1789)
- Henry Knox (1750 - 1806)
- Edmund Randolph, Governor, US Attorney General, US Secretary of State (1753 - 1813)
- Paul Revere (1734 - 1818)
- General Theodore Sedgwick, later Speaker of US House of Representatives (c.1746 - 1813)
- General Jesse Root (1736 - 1822), earlier a Continental Congressman
- Governor Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (1710 - 1785)
- Major General William Alexander, Lord Sterling (Continental Army) (1726 - 1783)
- Tadeusz Andrzej Kościuszko (1746 - 1817), Polish-Lithuanian officer
- Maj. Gen. Benedict Arnold (1741 - 1801) for a time supported the revolution, and later opposed it, to be considered a traitor by revolutionary patriots.
- General Laurence Baker (Continental Army) (c.1746 - c.1807)
- Gen. Thomas Bartlett (1745 - d.)
- Lt. Frederick Baylies (1741-1825)
- Capt. Nicholas Biddle (Continental Navy) (1750 - 1778)
- Major Wood Bouldin (1742 - 1800)
- Lt. Gamaliel Bradford (Continental Army) (1768 - 1824)
- Major John Buttrick, Commander at the Battle of Concord (1731 - 1791)
- Captain Richard Coleman (c.1719 - 1783)
- Gen. George Rogers Clark (Virginia Militia) (1752 - 1818)
- Maj. General Jonathan Clark (Virginia Militia) (1750 - 1811)
- Maj. General James Clinton (1736 - 1812)
- Brig General Elias Dayton (Continental Army) (1737 - 1807)
- Maj. General Henry Dearborn (1751 - 1829), later U.S. Secretary of War
- Col. William Douglas (1742 - 1777)
- Capt. John Edwards (1750 - 1833)
- Col. Nathan Gallup (1727 - 1799)
- Maj. General Nathanael Greene (Continental Army) (1742 - 1786)
- Capt. Andrew Grant (c.1730 - 1809)
- Colonel Edward Gwin (c.1749 - 1831)
- Captain William Gwin (1746-1829) (c.1746 - 1829)
- Capt. Nathan Hale (Continental Army) (1755 - 1776), who said, before he was hanged as a spy, "I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."
- Brevet Brig. General Moses Hazen (Continental Army) (1733 - 1803)
- Maj Gen William Heath (1736 - 1814)
- Brevet Maj. Gen. Jedediah Huntington (Continental Army) (1743 - 1818)
- Capt. John James(1709 - 1778)
- Colonel Thomas Knowlton (1740 - 1776)
- Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette (1757 - 1834)
- Maj. General Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee III (Continental Army) (1756 - 1818)
- Gen. Benjamin Lincoln (1733 - 1810)
- Major Henry Livingston, Jr. (1748 - 1828)
- Brig. Gen. Francis Marion (1732 - 1795), known as "The Swamp Fox"
- Brig. General Daniel Morgan (Continental Army) (c.1736 - 1802)
- Maj. Gen. Samuel H. Parsons (1737 - 1789)
- General Andrew Pickens, Colonial Militia (1739 - 1817)
- General Israel Putnam (1718 - 1790)
- Brig. General Rufus Putnam (Continental Army) (1738 - 1824)
- Capt. Joseph Reynolds (1719 - 1789)
- Capt. Elisha Riggs (1742 - 1777)
- Lt. Amaziah Richmond (1745 - 1825)
- Lt. Joseph Safford (1731 - 1795)
- Col. Alexander Spotswood (1746 - 1818)
- Col. John Spotswood, Jr. (Continental Army) (1748 - 1800)
- Brevet Maj. General John Stark (Continental Army) (1728 - 1822)
- Maj. General Arthur St. Clair (Continental Army), 15th President of the Continental Congress (1737 - 1818)
- Maj. Caleb Stark (Continental Army) (1759 - 1838)
- Lt. Col. Christopher Stuart (1748 - 1799)
- Col. Benjamin Tallmadge (1754 - 1835)
- Col. Richard Lee Taylor (Continental Army) (1743 - 1829)
- Capt. Adam Wallace (Continental Army) (1755 - 1780)
- Capt. Andrew Wallace (Continental Army) (1754 - 1781)
- Lt. James Hugh Wallace (Continental Army) (1750 - 1775)
- Col. Samuel Wallace (Continental Army) (1745 - 1785)
- General James Wilkinson (Continental Army; War of 1812) (1757 - 1825)
- Capt. Abraham Cooper Woodhull, Esq. (1750 - 1826)
- Brig. General Nathaniel Woodhull (1722 - 1776)
- Maj. General David Wooster (Continental Army) (1711 - 1777)
- Commodore Esek Hopkins, Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy (1718 - 1802)
- Commodore Dudley Saltonstall (Continental Navy) (1738 - 1796)
- Sgt. Ezra Lee (1749 - 1821), 1st person to operate a sub in battle
- Ensign David Crawford (1730 - 1787)
Other notable people
- Betsy Ross (1752 - 1836), the seamstress who "created the American flag"
- Rev. Timothy Dwight, IV (1752 - 1817), appointed by Congress chaplain in Gen. Parsons's Connecticut Continental Brigade. Among the several war songs he composed is "Columbia." He was later President of Yale.
- John Trumbull (1756 - 1843), a painter of historical scenes. His Declaration of Independence, Surrender of General Burgoyne, and Surrender of Lord Cornwallis hang in the rotunda of the United States Capitol.
- Charles Willson Peale (1741 - 1827) painter of founding fathers' portraits, and founder of the first American museum of fine art, the Philadelphia Academy of Art.
- Peter Wallace, Jr. (1719 - 1784)
Missing notable profile
Please help by locating these missing profiles and add them to the project.
- Louis Lebèque Duportail
- Horatio Gates
- Edward Hand
- Robert Howe
- Johann de Kalb
- Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette
- Charles Lee
- Benjamin Lincoln
- Lachlan McIntosh
- Alexander McDougall
- Richard Montgomery
- Peter Muhlenberg
- John Paterson
- Wikipedia - Military leadership in the American Revolutionary War: Major Generals
- LafayetteGenWeb, database of French officers and soldiers participating in the War of Independence (an estimated 15,000 French participated)