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American slave owners

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  • Dr. John Winsmith (1802 - 1888)
    For photos of the home of John & Catherine (Faber) Winn Smith/Winsmith, go to the Media section. Most photo credits go to the South Carolina Deparrtment of Archives and History, which gives permissio...
  • William Pinchback (1775 - 1848)
    The parents of P.B.S. Pinchback, second governor of Louisiana, were Eliza Stewart, a former slave, and William Pinchback, a white planter and his mother's former master, before he freed her. The couple...
  • James Rowland (1799 - 1857)
    1830 United States Federal Census about James Rowland Name: James Rowland Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Greene, Georgia Free White Persons - Males - Under 5: 2 Free White Persons - Mal...
  • William Rowland (1797 - 1867)
    Excerpt from The Rowland Family in Georgia by Arthur Ray Rowland Death of William Rowland. He was born on the family plantation on Greene County, Georgia, November 26, 1797 and died at his home plant...
  • Hiram Rowland (1772 - 1845)
    Exerpt from: The Rowland Family in Georgia by Arthur Ray Rowland Hiram Rowland was born in Franklin County, North Carolina a few years before the family migrated to Georgia. He was a young man when...

American slave owners or slaveholders were owners of slaves in the United States which typically worked either as agriculture laborers or house servants. The practice was common until its abolition in 1865 with the end of the Civil War and the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution.

List of notable slave owners

For a complete list, please see: American slave owners Project Profiles.

List of the largest American slave owners

The list below is compiled from the 1860 United States Slave Census Schedule.

  1. Col. Joshua John Ward of Georgetown, South Carolina: 1,130 slaves.
  2. Dr. Stephen Duncan of Issaquena, Mississippi: 858 slaves.
  3. J. Burneside of Ascension, Louisiana: 753 slaves.
  4. Meredith Calhoun of Rapides, Louisiana: 709 slaves.
  5. William Aiken of Colleton, South Carolina: 700 slaves.
  6. Gov. John L. Manning of Ascension, Louisiana: 670 slaves.
  7. Col. Joseph A. S. Acklen of West Feliciana, Louisiana: 659 slaves.
  8. Gov. Robert Francis Withers Allston of Georgetown, South Carolina: 631 slaves.
  9. Joseph Blake of Beaufort, South Carolina: 575 slaves.
  10. Jno. Robinson of Madison, Mississippi: 550 slaves.
  11. Jerrett Brown of Sumter, Alabama: 540 slaves.
  12. Arthur Blake of Charleston, South Carolina: 538 slaves.
  13. Jno. J. Middleton of Beaufort, South Carolina: 530 slaves.
  14. Elisha Worthington of Chicot, Arkansas: 529 slaves.
  15. Daniel Blake of Colleton, South Carolina: 527 slaves.
  16. J. C. Jenkins of Wilkinson, Mississippi: 523 slaves.
  17. J. Harleston Read of Georgetown, South Carolina: 511 slaves.
  18. Jno. Butler of McIntosh, Georgia: 505 slaves.
  19. Charles Heyward of Colleton, South Carolina: 491 slaves.


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