Approximately 5,126 POW were held in the following camps:
- Mount Lavina
- Nuwerara Eliya
- Batticaloa cemetry, Colombo
- Kanatta cemetry, Colombo
Those who died on sea on the way to Ceylon were buried at sea.
Boer Prisoners of War
The first sizable batch of Boer prisoners of war taken by the British consisted of those captured at the battle of Elandslaagte on 21 October 1899. No camps had been prepared and by arrangement with the Naval authorities these prisoners (approximately 200 men) were temporarily housed on the naval guard ship HMS Penelope in Simon's Bay. Several ships were used as floating prisoner of war camps until permanent camps were established at Greenpoint, Cape Town and Bellevue, Simonstown. The first prisoners were accommodated in Bellevue on 28 February 1900. Wounded prisoners were sent to the old Cape Garrison Artillery Barracks at Simonstown which had been converted into the Palace hospital. The first wounded arrived on 2 November 1899.
Towards the end of 1900 with the first invasion of the Cape Colony the prisoners at Cape Town and Simonstown were placed on board ships. At the end of December 1900 some 2550 men were placed on board the Kildonan Castle where they remained for six weeks before they were removed to two other transports at Simons' bay.
The camp at Ladysmith, Natal was in use from 20 December 1900 until January 1902. It was mainly used as a staging camp although it had some 120 prisoners of war. Another staging camp was also established at Umbilo in Natal.
Prisoners of war repatriated to South Africa after the cessations of hostilities were sent on arrival to Simonstown or Umbilo. Here they were provided with blankets and clothes before being sent of by train to their final destinations. As the war developed the number of prisoners increased and the provision of accommodation raised some serious problems for the British authorities. This was particularly so after the surrender of General P A Cronje and approximately 4000 burghers at Paardeberg. To keep large camps supplied while conducting a war over large areas would only have imposed intolerable strains on already overburdened supply lines. Not only this, but there was the very real danger of insurrections in the neighbourhood of the camps and the risk of the release of the captives. The solution to the problem was found in the shipment of the prisoners overseas.
- Hermanus Jacobus Kriel 1872-1945
- Jacobus Remeus Kruger 1881
- Jacobus Petrus Gideon Kriel 1854-1935
- Jan Johannes Daniel Kruger 1874
They died in this Camp
- Daniel Johannes Joubert 1873 - 7 March 1901
- Michael Christoffel Roux 1864 - 27 November 1900 POW in Ceylon
- Cause of death – Typhoid
Buried at Sea
How to Participate
If you have an ancestor who was in the Ceylon POW Camp:
Get yourself added as a collaborator Navigate to your ancestor's profile Under the "More Actions" link choose "Add to Project" Select the Ceylon POW " project How to add a link is explained in the attached document - Adding links to Geni profiles to projects.
Include in the "About Me" section of each person a brief biographical sketch of their lives. Also include their Settler party and ship name and arrival date if known Include a photograph/painting of your ancestor if one exists. Your ancestor's profiles should be marked as "public" and not "private". All included profiles should include full identifying information including birth and death dates as well as birth and death locations. It would also be very helpful if the immediate family of your pioneer ancestor, (their parents, siblings and children) profiles were public profiles also. Do not make public any profiles of living people. NOTE: All POW included on this project will have their profiles editable by other geni.com collaborators of this project. The object of reproducing the list here is to see if these people can be located on Geni and perhaps develop trees from them. To take part in any project - you do need to first be a collaborator - so join the project. See the discussion Project Help: How to add Text to a Project - Starter Kit to get you going!