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Anglo-Norman families: Earls of Norfolk (Bigod)

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The following is written by Charles Cawley and is excerpted (with some reformatting) from the FMG Medieval Lands database:

EARLS of NORFOLK 1142-1306 (BIGOD)


Two brothers: 1. GAUTHIER Bigod (-[1070/78] or after). An undated charter, which records that Geoffroy "Martel" Comte d´Anjou restored property to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme after he acquired the county of Vendôme, states that after his death [dated to 1060/67] "Gualterius Bigotus et frater eius Hugo" seized "terram de Pinis"[747]. "…Wauterii Bigoti…" witnessed the charter dated to [1040/65] under which "Avesgaudus, Sancti Vincentii abbas" confirmed a donation to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[748]. "Wauterius Bigotus et Alexandra uxor sua" sold revenue from "terre…Liragundam" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1070/78][749]. m ALEXANDRA, daughter of ---. "Wauterius Bigotus et Alexandra uxor sua" sold revenue from "terre…Liragundam" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1070/78][750]. Gauthier & [his wife] had one child: a) GUY Bigod . "Wido, filius Wauterii Bigoti, monachus" is named as one of the judges in a charter dated to [1080/1100] which records a dispute between Saint-Vincent du Mans and "Raherio…de Sarciaco"[751].

2. HUGUES Bigod . An undated charter, which records that Geoffroy "Martel" Comte d´Anjou restored property to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme after he acquired the county of Vendôme, states that after his death [dated to 1060/67] "Gualterius Bigotus et frater eius Hugo" seized "terram de Pinis"[752]. The cartulary of Saint-Vincent du Mans includes a census taken "ad festum sancti Johannis Baptiste", dated to end-11th/early 12th century, which names "…Ricardus Bigot iv d…Hugo Bigot iii s…"[753].


3. RICHARD Bigod . The cartulary of Saint-Vincent du Mans includes a census taken "ad festum sancti Johannis Baptiste", dated to end-11th/early 12th century, which names "…Ricardus Bigot iv d…Hugo Bigot iii s…"[754].


4. HAMELIN Bigod . The cartulary of Saint-Vincent du Mans includes a census taken "hortorum super sartam reddendo ad festum Symonis et Jude", dated to end-11th 12th century, which names "…Hamelinus Bigot xv d…Guarinus Bigotus xv d…"[755].


5. GUARIN Bigod . The cartulary of Saint-Vincent du Mans includes a census taken "hortorum super sartam reddendo ad festum Symonis et Jude", dated to end-11th 12th century, which names "…Hamelinus Bigot xv d…Guarinus Bigotus xv d…"[756].


6. JEAN Bigod . "…Johannes Bigotus…" witnessed the undated charter, dated to late 11th century, under which "Herbertus [Desreatus]…et Willelmus frater eius…et omnes infantes Herberti" donated property to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[757].


Two brothers, one sister, parents not known:

1. ROGER Bigod (-1107, bur Thetford[758]).

  • He was granted land in Norfolk and Suffolk. He held Earsham, Suffolk in 1071.
  • "…Rogerus Bigotus…" subscribed a charter dated Sep 1101 under which Bishop Herbert donated property to Norwich priory[759].
  • "…Rogeri de Bigot…" subscribed a charter dated 14 Sep 1101 under which Henry I King of England donated property to Bath St Peter[760].
  • “Rogerus Bygot” founded Thetford Priory, with the advice of “…uxoris meæ Adeliciæ”, by undated charter dated to the reign of King Henry I[761].
  • The Annals of Bermondsey which record the death in 1107 of “Rogerus Bigod, principalis fundator monasterii Beatæ Mariæ Thetfordiæ”[762].
 

m firstly ADELAIS, daughter of ---.

  • The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rodgerus Bigodus, Atheles uxor eius, Willelmus filius eorum"[763].
  • “Willielmus Bigot, dapifer regis Anglorum” donated property to Thetford Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Rogerii Bigoti et matris meæ Adelidis” and for the salvation of “fratris mei Hugonis et sororum mearum”, by undated charter dated to the reign of King Henry I[764].
  • The Complete Peerage[765] states that the wording of this charter shows that Adelais, mother of William, was deceased at the time, and therefore must have been a different person from the Alice [=Adelais?], Roger Bigod's supposed second wife, who was recorded as alive in 1136.
  • “Willielmus Bigot, dapifer regis Anglorum” donated property to Thetford Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Rogerii Bigoti et matris meæ Adelidis…et fratris mei Hugonis”, by undated charter dated to the reign of King Henry I[766].

m secondly (before [1100]) ALICE [Adelisa] de Tosny, daughter of ROBERT de Tosny Lord of Belvoir & his wife --- (-after 1136).

  • Her parentage is indicated by the 1130 Pipe Roll which records "Adeliz uxor Rogi Big…tra patris sui de Belueder" in Lincolnshire[767]. It is also indicated by the charter dated 23 Apr [1430] under which her descendant “Thomas dominus de Ros, de Hamelake, de Trussebout et de Beavoir” confirmed the possessions of Belvoir priory, Lincolnshire made by "antecessores nostros…Robertum de Toteneio, Willielmum de Toteneyo filium suum, Agnetem de Toteneio filiam dicti Roberti de Toteneyo, Henricum de Rya filium Huberto de Rya, Agnetem de Toteneyo, Willielmum de Albeneio primum, Willielmum de Albeneio secundum, Willielmum de Albeneio tertium, Willielmum de Albeneio quartum, Ywynum de Albeneyo, Heliam de Albeneyo et uxores eorundem, Isabellam filiam domini Willielmi de Albeneio quæ fuit uxor domini de Ros, domini de Beauvoire et de Hamelake"[768], the connection between Robert de Tosny Lord of Belvoir, father of Alice, being established through the marriage of her daughter Cecilia to William de Albini Brito.
  • "Rogerius Bigot…et uxoris mee Adalicie" donated the church of Thetford to Cluny dated [1100][769].
  • “Rogerus Bygot” founded Thetford Priory, with the advice of “…uxoris meæ Adeliciæ”, by undated charter dated to the reign of King Henry I[770]. Living in 1136[771].

Roger & his first wife had one child:

a) WILLIAM Bigod (-drowned off Barfleur, Normandy 25 Nov 1120). The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rodgerus Bigodus, Atheles uxor eius, Willelmus filius eorum"[772]. He succeeded his father in 1107 as Lord of Framlingham, Suffolk. “Willielmus Bigot, dapifer regis Anglorum” donated property to Thetford Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Rogerii Bigoti et matris meæ Adelidis” and for the salvation of “fratris mei Hugonis et sororum mearum”, by undated charter dated to the reign of King Henry I[773]. Sheriff of Suffolk 1116. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester names "…Willelmus Bigod…" among those drowned in the sinking of the White Ship[774].

Roger & his [second] wife had five children:

b) HUGH Bigod ([1095]-1177 before 9 Mar). “Willielmus Bigot, dapifer regis Anglorum” donated property to Thetford Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Rogerii Bigoti et matris meæ Adelidis” and for the salvation of “fratris mei Hugonis et sororum mearum”, by undated charter dated to the reign of King Henry I[775]. The Complete Peerage states that he was William´s brother “presumably of the half-blood” but does not explain the basis for this statement[776]. No indication has been found in the primary sources of the identity of Hugh´s mother. He succeeded his half-brother as Lord of Framlingham. King Stephen created him Earl of Norfolk in [Dec 1140/Jan 1141]. - see below.

c) HUMPHREY Bigod (-after [1112/13]). Royal chaplain of King Henry I and prebendary of Totenhall 1101 to [1112/13][777].

d) GUNNOR Bigod (-before [1137]). A charter of Hugh Bigod for Norwich Priory refers to property given by “his sister Gunnor”[778]. “Robert de Essex and Gunnora his wife, daughter of Roger Bigod” donated Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of their ancestors and of "their son Henry on his birth-day"[779]. It is not clear from this extract whether Gunnor´s father was named in the original document. Her first marriage is indicated by the charter of King Henry II which confirmed donations to Thetford Priory, including the donation by “Gunnoræ matris Henrici de Exessa”[780]. “Rob Waster” donated "duos partes totius decimæ meæ de Wereslai" to St Neot´s, Huntingdonshire, for the soul of “Soeni de Essessa” and for the health of "domini mei Roberti filii prædicti Soeni…Gunnor uxoris suæ…uxoris meæ et Willielmi filii Gerei patris sui", by undated charter[781]. Her second husband confirmed grants of her marriage portion in Brome for her soul[782]. m firstly ROBERT FitzSwein Lord of Rayleigh, Essex son of SWEIN FitzRobert & his wife --- (-[1132/40][783]). [784]m secondly as his first wife, HAMON de Saint-Clair, son of --- (-after 1139).

e) MATILDA Bigod (-[1121/33][785]). “Willielmus de Albeneyo, pincerna Henrici regis Anglorum” donated property to Wymondham priory, assisted by “uxoris suæ Matilidis filiæ…Rogeri Bigot” by undated charter, witnessed by “filii…eiusdem Willielmi, Nigellus et Oliverus”[786]. m GUILLAUME d'Aubigny "Pincerna", son of ROGER d'Aubigny & his wife Amice --- (-1139).

f) CECILY Bigod (-after 1136). Her parentage is indicated by the charter dated 23 Apr [1430] under which her descendant “Thomas dominus de Ros, de Hamelake, de Trussebout et de Beavoir” confirmed the possessions of Belvoir priory, Lincolnshire made by "antecessores nostros…Robertum de Toteneio, Willielmum de Toteneyo filium suum, Agnetem de Toteneio filiam dicti Roberti de Toteneyo, Henricum de Rya filium Huberto de Rya, Agnetem de Toteneyo, Willielmum de Albeneio primum, Willielmum de Albeneio secundum, Willielmum de Albeneio tertium, Willielmum de Albeneio quartum, Ywynum de Albeneyo, Heliam de Albeneyo et uxores eorundem, Isabellam filiam domini Willielmi de Albeneio quæ fuit uxor domini de Ros, domini de Beauvoire et de Hamelake"[787], the connection with Robert de Tosny Lord of Belvoir, her maternal grandfather, being established through her marriage. She inherited Belvoir from her mother. "Willielmus de Albeneio Brito…et Ceciliam uxorem meam et Willielmum filium meum" donated land to Thorney monastery, Cambridgeshire by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogero et Roberto filiis meis et Warino Ridel et Olivero et Iwan et Gaufrido nepotibus meis et Roberto Brito…”[788]. "Willielmus de Albenei Brito" donated "terram de Pipewell…de feodo de Bellovidere" to Thorney monastery, Cambridgeshire, with the consent of "Ceciliæ uxoris meæ et Willelmi filii mei", by undated charter, witnessed by "…tres nepotes mei, Oliverus filius Galfridi et Iwanus et Gaufridus de Cabivin…”[789]. "Willielmus de Albineio" donated "ecclesiam de Redmelina" to Belvoir monastery, Lincolnshire, with the consent of "Willielmi filii et hæredis mei et Matildis uxoris meæ et Ceciliæ matris meæ, necnon et Radulphi de Albinei fratris mei", by undated charter[790]. “Willielmus de Albineio” confirmed the possessions of Belvoir priory, Lincolnshire, with the consent of "Willielmi filii et hæredis mei et Matildis uxoris meæ et Ceciliæ matris meæ, necnon de Radulphi de Albineio fratris mei", by undated charter[791]. m WILLIAM de Albini Brito, son of MAIN Seigneur de Saint-Aubin-d'Aubigné & his wife Adelaide de Bohun (-after 1148). He owned part of the fee of Belvoir before Cecily's mother held it, the Complete Peerage concluding therefore that the marriage may have been arranged to settle rival claims[792].

2. WILLIAM Bigod (-after 1091). He is referred to as Roger's brother in Domesday Book[793]. He witnessed a charter dated 1091[794].

3. MATILDA (-after [1107]). The Complete Peerage concludes that Matilda was Roger Bigod's sister from the wording of donations to Thetford in [1107] by her and her husband[795]. m HUGUES de Hosdenc, son of --- (-after [1107]). Tenant of Roger Bigod in 1086.


HUGH Bigod [same as 1(b) above], son of ROGER Bigod of Earsham, Suffolk & his second wife Alice de Tosny ([1095]-1177 before 9 Mar). “Willielmus Bigot, dapifer regis Anglorum” donated property to Thetford Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Rogerii Bigoti et matris meæ Adelidis” and for the salvation of “fratris mei Hugonis et sororum mearum”, by undated charter dated to the reign of King Henry I[796]. The Complete Peerage states that he was William´s brother “presumably of the half-blood” but does not explain the basis for this statement[797]. No indication has been found in the primary sources of the identity of Hugh´s mother. He succeeded his half-brother in 1120 as Lord of Framlingham, Suffolk. "…Hug Bigoto…" subscribed the charter date [3/10] Jun 1123 under which Henry I King of England granted the lands of "Edrici fil Chetelli" to "Walto de Gloec"[798]. King Stephen created him Earl of Norfolk in [Dec 1140/Jan 1141]. The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the death in 1177 of "comes Hugo Bigod, vir magnificus"[799]. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1177 of "Hugo Bigot comes" and that he was succeeded by "Rogerius filius eius"[800].

m firstly (annulled) as her first husband, JULIANE de Vere, daughter of AUBREY de Vere Lord of Hedingham & his wife Adelisa de Clare (-after 1185). “Rogerus Bigot comes Norfolchiæ” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “Hugone Bigot fratris mei et comitissæ Julianæ matris meæ et Idæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hugone Bigot filio meo…”[801]. The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Duvercurt” held by “comitissa Juliana…soror comitis Albrici”[802]. She married secondly Walkelin Maminot. The Complete Peerage says that “for the souls of her father and mother and of her husbands Hugh Bigoth and Walkelin Maminot she granted Begham Abbey land in Brockley” but does not quote the original[803]. According to the Complete Peerage, she was still living in 1185, citing a grant by “Juliana comitissa” at Dovercourt to Colne Priory, witnessed by “Alberico comite et Alberico filius eius”, adding “which being notified to Gilbert Bishop of London was not later than 1189”[804].

m secondly as her first husband, GUNDRED, daughter of --- (-[1200/08]). Documents show that “Gundred, widow of Hugh Earl of Norfolk”, disputed her husband´s inheritance after his death in favour of her son Hugh[805]. She married secondly, as his second wife, Roger de Glanville. A charter of King Henry II confirmed donations to Bungay Nunnery by “Rogeri de Glanvill et Gundredæ comitissæ uxoris meæ” of property at Bungay[806]. It is probably a safe conclusion that Roger de Glanville´s “countess Gundred” was the widow of the earl of Norfolk as no other countess of this name has been identified at that time in England. According to the Complete Peerage[807], she was “apparently” Gundred of Warwick, daughter of Roger Earl of Warwick & his wife Gundred de Warenne of Surrey. The fact that Roger Earl of Warwick had a daughter named Gundred is deduced from a charter, quoted by the Complete Peerage, under which “William de Lancaster” (second husband of this supposed daughter Gundred´s mother, Gundred of Surrey), with the consent of “Willelmi filii mei et heredis et Gundrede uxoris mee”, donated property for the souls of “…Margaretæ filiæ comitisse”, witnessed by “Willelmo filio meo et herede, Gundrea filia comitisse”[808]. The Complete Peerage makes the assumption that “Gundrede uxoris mee” and “comitisse” in this document refer to the same person. A charter of King Henry II which records that “primus Willielmum de Lancaster, baronem de Kendale, qui prius vocabatur de Tailboys” married “Gundredam comitissam Warwic”[809], certainly suggests that this assumption is probably correct, but the question is not entirely without doubt. However, greater problems arise when attempting to link the supposed daughter of Roger Earl of Warwick with these two marriages. The Complete Peerage cites a series of documents based on which, it suggests, the link is a reasonable assumption[810]. However, on closer examination, the only one of these documents which provides any indication of a connection is the Red Book of the Exchequer, in which the 1166 return of William Earl of Warwick (Gundred´s supposed brother) shows that he had received Bungay (subject of the donation in the charter quoted above) in exchange from the Earl of Leicester[811]. However, this provides only circumstancial evidence regarding the link and, if this is the only indication available, it cannot safely be concluded that the link is proved beyond all doubt. The safest position is therefore to show Gundred´s parentage as unproven.

Earl Hugh & his first wife had one child:

1. ROGER Bigod (-1221 before 2 Aug). Robert of Torigny records the death in 1177 of "Hugo Bigot comes" and that he was succeeded by "Rogerius filius eius"[812]. He was recognised as Earl of Norfolk 25 Nov 1189. The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Rogerus Bigod" paying "lxii l xii s vi d" in Norfolk, Suffolk[813]. “Rogerus Bigot comes Norfolchiæ” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “Hugone Bigot fratris mei et comitissæ Julianæ matris meæ et Idæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hugone Bigot filio meo…”[814]. The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Comes Rogerus Bigot, Ida uxor eius, Henricus capellanus, Hugo, Willelmus, Rogerus, Johannes, Radulfus, G. G. dapifer, Basilia, Maria, Margareta, Ida pueri eius"[815]. m IDA, daughter of ---. The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Comes Rogerus Bigot, Ida uxor eius, Henricus capellanus, Hugo, Willelmus, Rogerus, Johannes, Radulfus, G. G. dapifer, Basilia, Maria, Margareta, Ida pueri eius"[816]. “Rogerus Bigot comes Norfolchiæ” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “Hugone Bigot fratris mei et comitissæ Julianæ matris meæ et Idæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hugone Bigot filio meo…”[817].

Roger & his wife had [seven] children: a) HUGH Bigod (-[11/18] Feb 1225). The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Comes Rogerus Bigot, Ida uxor eius, Henricus capellanus, Hugo, Willelmus, Rogerus, Johannes, Radulfus, G. G. dapifer, Basilia, Maria, Margareta, Ida pueri eius"[818]. “Rogerus Bigot comes Norfolchiæ” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “Hugone Bigot fratris mei et comitissæ Julianæ matris meæ et Idæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hugone Bigot filio meo…”[819]. He succeeded his father in 1221 as Earl of Norfolk. See below. b) WILLIAM Bigod . The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Comes Rogerus Bigot, Ida uxor eius, Henricus capellanus, Hugo, Willelmus, Rogerus, Johannes, Radulfus, G. G. dapifer, Basilia, Maria, Margareta, Ida pueri eius"[820]. c) JOHN Bigod . The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Comes Rogerus Bigot, Ida uxor eius, Henricus capellanus, Hugo, Willelmus, Rogerus, Johannes, Radulfus, G. G. dapifer, Basilia, Maria, Margareta, Ida pueri eius"[821]. d) RALPH Bigod . The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Comes Rogerus Bigot, Ida uxor eius, Henricus capellanus, Hugo, Willelmus, Rogerus, Johannes, Radulfus, G. G. dapifer, Basilia, Maria, Margareta, Ida pueri eius"[822]. e) ROGER Bigod (-1230). “Rogerus Bigot, filius comitis Rogeri Bigot” granted property to “Willelmo Russell filio Waldras” by charter dated to [1190/1220][823]. f) BASILIA . The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Comes Rogerus Bigot, Ida uxor eius, Henricus capellanus, Hugo, Willelmus, Rogerus, Johannes, Radulfus, G. G. dapifer, Basilia, Maria, Margareta, Ida pueri eius"[824]. g) MARY Bigod . The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Comes Rogerus Bigot, Ida uxor eius, Henricus capellanus, Hugo, Willelmus, Rogerus, Johannes, Radulfus, G. G. dapifer, Basilia, Maria, Margareta, Ida pueri eius"[825]. The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. m RALPH FitzRobert Lord of Middleham. h) MARGERY Bigod . The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Comes Rogerus Bigot, Ida uxor eius, Henricus capellanus, Hugo, Willelmus, Rogerus, Johannes, Radulfus, G. G. dapifer, Basilia, Maria, Margareta, Ida pueri eius"[826]. The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Margeria de Hastinges" holding one knight´s fee "in Torp" in Lancashire in [1210/12][827]. m WILLIAM de Hastings, son of WILLIAM de Hastings & his first wife Matilda Banaster . i) IDA . The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Comes Rogerus Bigot, Ida uxor eius, Henricus capellanus, Hugo, Willelmus, Rogerus, Johannes, Radulfus, G. G. dapifer, Basilia, Maria, Margareta, Ida pueri eius"[828]. j) [ALICE Bigod (-after 1214). According to the Complete Peerage, the second wife of Aubrey was “apparently” the daughter of Roger, but it cites no primary source on which this is based, suggesting that “it may be derived from the Book of Colne Priory” without further explanation[829]. m (after 1207) as his second wife, AUBREY de Vere Earl of Oxford, son of AUBREY de Vere Earl of Oxford & his third wife Agnes de Essex ([1163 or later]-1214 before Oct, bur Colne Priory).]

Earl Hugh & his second wife had two children: 2. HUGH Bigod . Documents show that “Gundred, widow of Hugh Earl of Norfolk”, disputed her husband´s inheritance after his death in favour of her son Hugh[830]. “Rogerus Bigot comes Norfolchiæ” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “Hugone Bigot fratris mei et comitissæ Julianæ matris meæ et Idæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hugone Bigot filio meo…”[831].


3. WILLIAM Bigod . [832] m MARGARET [de Sutton], daughter and heiress of ROBERT de Sutton, of Bures, Essex & his wife ---. Bracton records a claim, dated 1220, by "Walterus de Verdun" against "abbatem de Meaudona" for "aduocacionem ecclesie de Langedona" granted by "Robertus de Sutton" to "Willelmo de Bigod in maritagium cum filia sua"[833].


1. HENRY Bigod (-after 1210). The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Henricus Bigod" holding "dimidiam hidam per serjanteriam" in Hereford in [1210/12][834].


HUGH Bigod [same as 1(a) above], son of ROGER Bigod Earl of Norfolk & his wife Ida --- (-[11/18] Feb 1225). “Rogerus Bigot comes Norfolchiæ” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “Hugone Bigot fratris mei et comitissæ Julianæ matris meæ et Idæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hugone Bigot filio meo…”[835]. He succeeded his father in 1221 as Earl of Norfolk. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Hugo Bigot comes” died in 1225[836]. The Annals of Waverley record the death in 1225 of “Hugo Bigot comes Norfolchiæ”[837]. m ([before Lent] 1207) as her first husband, MATILDA Marshal of Pembroke, daughter of WILLIAM Marshal Earl of Pembroke & his wife Isabel Ctss of Pembroke ([before 1195]-1/7 Apr 1248). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, names (in order) ”Matilda…Johanna…Isabella” as the daughters of “Willielmi Marescalli comitis Penbrochiæ”, adding that Matilda married “Hugoni le Bigod comiti Norfolke et Suffolke” and secondly “Johanni de Garrene comiti de Surrey”[838]. Her birth date is estimated from the birth of her first child in [1212/13]. Henry III King of England granted letters of conduct to "Matildis uxor Hugonis Bygod" dated 7 Sep 1217[839]. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Hugo Bigot comes…uxor” married “comiti Warenniæ”[840]. She married secondly William de Warenne Earl of Surrey, and thirdly Walter de Dunstanville. The primary source which confirms her third marriage has not yet been identified.

Earl Hugh & his wife had [five] children: 1. [ISABEL . The sources which report the parentage of the wife of Gilbert de Lacy are conflicting. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Gilbertus de Lacy” married “Isabellæ Mareschal”[841], presumably confusing her with Isabel daughter of William Marshal Earl of Pembroke who married firstly Gilbert de Clare Earl of Gloucester and Hereford and secondly Richard Earl of Cornwall. The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Isabella soror Johannis" as daughter of ”Rogerus sive Radulphus Bigod, secundus filius Hugonis le Bigod com. Norfolke et Suffolke…” and his wife “Bertam de Fornivale”, adding that she married firstly "Gilberto de Lacy" and secondly "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey"[842]. This must also be incorrect, as any children of Ralph Bigod could not have been born before the late 1220s at the earliest, which is inconsistent with the timing of Isabel´s first marriage. If Isabel was a member of the Bigod family, she must have been the daughter of Hugh and Matilda Marshal of Pembroke. This is the solution adopted by the Complete Peerage[843], although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified. m firstly GILBERT de Lacy, of Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire, son of WALTER de Lacy Lord of Meath & his wife --- (-[12 Aug/25 Dec] 1230, bur Lanton, Wales). m secondly Sir JOHN FitzGeoffrey, son of GEOFFREY FitzPiers Earl of Essex & his second wife Aveline de Clare (-1258). Justiciar of Ireland. 2. ROGER Bigod ([1212/13]-4 Jul 1270, bur Thetford 10 Jul 1270). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, names (in order) ”Hugo Bigod primus filius, comes Norfolke et Suffolke, et Rogerus sive Radulfus secundus filius” as the children of “Hugoni le Bigod comiti Norfolke et Suffolke” and his wife[844], although this reverses the order of birth of the two sons. He succeeded his father in 1225 as Earl of Norfolk. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death "die Translationis Sancti Martini" [4 Jul] of "Rogerus Bigod comes Norfol. et Suff. marescallus Angliæ, Cuhabe" and his burial "apud Thetford monachorum"[845]. The Annals of Osney record the death “V Non Jul” in 1270 of “Rogerus Bigod marescallus Angliæ”[846]. A writ dated 6 Jul "54 Hen III", after the death of "Roger le Bygod earl of Norfolk", names "Sir Roger Bigot, son of the late Sir Hugh le Bigot brother of the said earl, age variously stated as 24 and more, 25 and more and 26 and more, is his heir"[847]. m (Alnwick May 1225, repudiated 1245 on grounds of consanguinity, compelled to cohabit again by ecclesiastical sentence 1253850) ISABEL of Scotland, daughter of WILLIAM "the Lion" King of Scotland & his wife Ermengarde de Beaumont (-after 1253, bur Church of the Black Friars, London). Henry III King of England granted property to "Isabelle soori A. regis Scottorum" on her marriage to "Rogero filio et heredi H. le Bigod comitis Norfolkie" dated 11 May 1225[848]. An order dated 20 May 1225 refers to the marriage of "Rogerum fil et heredem H. com le Bigod" and "Isab sorore reg Scot"[849]. She is called "filiam regis Scotiæ" (but not named) by Matthew of Paris when he records her husband's resumption of their marriage[850]. She appears to have been living in Gloucestershire in Oct 1263. 3. HUGH Bigod (-before 7 May 1266). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, names (in order) ”Hugo Bigod primus filius, comes Norfolke et Suffolke, et Rogerus sive Radulfus secundus filius” as the children of “Hugoni le Bigod comiti Norfolke et Suffolke” and his wife[851], although this reverses the order of birth of the two sons. Chief Justiciar of England 1257. m (after 1241) as her second husband, JOAN de Stuteville, widow of HUGH Wake, daughter of NICHOLAS [IV] de Stuteville & his wife Devorguilla of Galloway (-before 6 Apr 1276). The Chronicle of Lanercost records in 1255 a dispute involving "Hugonem de Bigod, fratrem Rogeri comitis Marescalli, pro uxore sua filia et herede dominorum de Stuteville"[852]. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. Hugh & his wife had three children: a) ROGER Bigod ([1243/46]-6 Dec 1306). A writ dated 6 Jul "54 Hen III", after the death of "Roger le Bygod earl of Norfolk", names "Sir Roger Bigot, son of the late Sir Hugh le Bigot brother of the said earl, age variously stated as 24 and more, 25 and more and 26 and more, is his heir"[853]. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester names "Rogerum filium Hugonis Bigod fratris eiusdem defuncti" when recording that he succeeded his paternal uncle as Earl of Norfolk[854]. He succeeded his uncle in 1270 as Earl of Norfolk. “Rogerus le Bigod comes Norfolciæ” donated property to Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire by charter dated 4 Aug 1301, witnessed by ”domino Johanne le Bygod fratre meo, domino Johanne de Bygod de Stocton…”[855]. The earldom reverted to the crown on his death, under the terms of a re-grant for life agreed 12 Apr 1302[856]. m firstly (before 29 Oct 1271) as her second husband, ALINE Basset, widow of Sir HUGH Le Despencer, daughter and heiress of Sir PHILIP Basset of Wycombe, Berkshire & his first wife Hawise de Lovaine ([1242/50]-before 11 Apr 1281). A writ dated 6 Nov "55 Hen III", after the death of "Philip Basset", names "Aline his daughter, wife of Roger Bygod earl of Norfolk, marshal of England, late the wife of Sir Hugh le Despensir, age variously stated as 22 and more, 24 and more, 26 and 30 and more, is the heir"[857]. m secondly (1290) ALIX de Hainaut, daughter of JEAN II Comte de Hainaut [later JAN II Count of Holland] & his wife Philippine de Luxembourg (-26 Oct 1317). The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the marriage of "Rogerus Bigot comes Norfolchiæ et marescallus Angliæ" and "Aliciam filiam Johannis de Areynes comitis Agennogiæ"[858]. b) Sir JOHN Bigod . “Rogerus le Bigod comes Norfolciæ” donated property to Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire by charter dated 4 Aug 1301, witnessed by ”domino Johanne le Bygod fratre meo, domino Johanne de Bygod de Stocton…”[859]. His brother settled on him, his wife and two sons, the manor of Settrington, Yorkshire 25 Apr 1302[860]. He was unable to succeed to the Earldom of Norfolk which had been re-granted to his brother Roger in 1302 only for the latter's life. m ISABEL, daughter of ---. The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. Sir John & his wife had two children: i) JOHN Bigod of Settrington, Yorkshire. The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. ii) ROGER Bigod . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. c) JOAN Bigod . A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Philippus de Kyme” married “Hugoni Bigot…filiam suam”[861]. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. m PHILIP de Kyme Lord Kyme, son of WILLIAM de Kyme & his wife Lucy de Ros (-1323 before 2 Apr). 4. RALPH Bigod . The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names ”Rogerus sive Radulphus Bigod, secundus filius Hugonis le Bigod com. Norfolke et Suffolke et Matildæ primæ filiæ Willihelmi Marescalli, et frater Hugonis Bygod com. Norfolke et Suffolke”[862]. m BERTHA de Furnival, daughter of ---. The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that ”Rogerus sive Radulphus Bigod, secundus filius Hugonis le Bigod com. Norfolke et Suffolke…” married “Bertam de Fornivale”[863]. Ralph & his wife had one child: a) JOHN Bigod . The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Johannes Bigod" as son of ”Rogerus sive Radulphus Bigod, secundus filius Hugonis le Bigod com. Norfolke et Suffolke…” and his wife “Bertam de Fornivale”[864]. 5. WILLIAM Bigod . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.