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Australian Penal Colonies

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The following is a list of Australian Penal Colonies.

Cockatoo Island

Located in New South Wales. Opened in 1839 and closed in 1869

Rose Hill

Located in New South Wales. Opened in 1788.

Sydney Cove

Located in New South Wales. Opened in 1788.

Moreton Bay

Located in Queensland. Opened in 1824.

Redcliffe

Located in Queensland. Opened in 1823 and closed in 1824.

Maria Island

Located in Tasmania. Opened in 1825 and closed in 1851

Port Arthur

Located in Tasmania

Richmond

Located in Tasmania

Risdon Cove

Located in Tasmania

Sarah Island

Located in Tasmania

Saltwater River

Located in Tasmania

Sullivna's Cove

Located in Tasmania

Swan River Colony

Located in Western Australia

Norfolk Island