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Banffshire - Historic County of Scotland

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This is the Umbrella project for Banffshire

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Banffshire, Historic County of Scotland

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  • Administrative centre Banff
  • Chapman County Code - BAN
  • Famous for:
  • Whisky distilleries
  • Portsay marble
  • Landmarks and Places of Interest
  • Aviemore
  • Area 1,668 Sq.km (644 sq.mi)
  • Population
  • Succeeded by From 1975 to 1996, the area of the previous county lay within the Grampian Region. The county's area is now split between Moray council and Aberdeenshire council.
  • County Flower - Dark-red Helleborine - Epipactis atrorubens

Banffshire or the County of Banff was a local government county of Scotland with its own county council between 1890 and 1975. The Region of Banffshire is extinct and no longer exercises administrative power, its functions and responsibilities have been transferred or absorbed by new authorities.

Banffshire was a maritime county which bordered the Moray Firth to the north, Moray and Inverness-shire to the west, and Aberdeenshire to the south. Until 1891 the county contained various exclaves which were locally situated in Aberdeenshire, the biggest being the parish and village of St. Fergus. Most of the Soiuthern section (about three-fourths of the entire length) was occupied with mountains, wooded hills and glens. The Northern district was diversified with low hills, valleys, and small tracts of rich plain.

Towns and Villages

  • Aberlour
  • Ballindalloch
  • Banff
  • Buckie
  • Cullen
  • Elgin
  • Keith
  • MacDuff
  • Portsoy

Highest mountains,

  • Ben Macdhui (4296 ft.)
  • Cairn Gorm (4080 ft.), were situated on the SW. border.

Rivers

  • Spey, with its affluent the Fiddich;
  • Deveron, with its affluent the Isla;
  • Boyne. There are quarries of slate and marble.

Occupations were chiefly pastoral, but many people were also employed in the fisheries.

Parishes

The following list includes every parish which, perhaps in part only, or for a limited time, could be reckoned as belonging to Banffshire. [Bartholemew's Gazetteer of the British Isles, 1887] [see map below]

  1. Aberlour
  2. Alvah*
  3. Banff
  4. Bellie*
  5. Boharm*
  6. Botriphnie
  7. Boyndie
  8. Cabrach*
  9. Cairnie*
  10. Cullen*
  11. Deskford
  12. Enzie*
  13. Fordyce
  14. Forglen
  15. Gamrie*
  16. Gartly*
  17. Glass*
  18. Grange
  19. Inveravon*
  20. Inverkeithny
  21. Keith*
  22. King Edward*
  23. Kirkmichael
  24. Marnoch
  25. Mortlach
  26. New Machar*
  27. Old Deer*
  28. Ordiquhill
  29. Rathven*
  30. Rothes*
  31. Rothiemay
  32. St Fergus*

Those parishes marked * have undergone boundary changes which may be significant for genealogical purposes.

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Map of the Parishes of Banffshire

See also http://www.british-history.ac.uk/map.aspx?compid=55149

http://www.british-towns.net/scotland/north-east/banffshire

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References, Sources and further reading