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Battle of Alnwick 1093

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  • Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northumbria (1066 - 1125)
    Robert de Mowbray From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert de Mowbray (died 1125), a Norman, was Earl of Northumbria from 1086, until 1095, when he was deposed for rebelling against William Ruf...
  • Saint Margaret, Queen of Scots (1045 - 1093)
    One out of many, many Hungarian sites who tell us that the grandfather of this Scottish Queen was Szent István, in English Saint Stephen I, the very first King of Hungary. The mother of Queen Ma...
  • Edward mac Máel Coluim (1070 - 1093)
    MALCOLM (1031-killed in battle near Alnwick, Northumberland 13 Nov 1093, buried Tynemouth, later transferred to Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, and later still to Escorial, Madrid). He succeeded in 1058 as MA...
  • Malcolm III, 'Canmore', King of Scots (1031 - 1093)
    Máel Coluim mac Donnchada (Modern Gaelic: Maol Chaluim mac Dhonnchaidh), Anglicised Malcolm III, in later centuries nicknamed Canmore, (c.1031[6] - 13 November 1093), King of Scots. Parents:...

Battle of Alnwick 1093

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Date: 13 Nov 1093

Location:

Alnwick, Northumberland, England

Belligerents

  • Kingdom of Scotland
  • Strength;
  • Losses;
  • Kingdom of England
  • Strength;
  • Losses;

Commanders and leaders

Scotland

England

  • Robert de Mowbray - 1st Earl of Northumbria, pardoned following his part in the Rebellion against William II in 1088. He was governor of Bamburgh Castle,

Causes

William Rufus set about gaining control of northern Northumbria by appointing strong barons who would control the border and prevent Scottish incursions. Malcolm Canmore also had ambitions regarding both Cumbria and Northumbria, and in May 1091 invaded Northumbria and besieged Durham. William Rufus led a large army north to meet this threat. He advanced into Scotland with Malcolm retreating in front of his army. Eventually a truce was negotiated and William withdrew.

The following year William strengthened his position in Cumbria to prevent the possibility of a Scottish invasion there. In November 1093, Malcolm led an army into Northumbria, pillaging and besieged Alnwick.

Overview

Malcolm’s army was big but Robert de Mowbray led a daring raid by a small party of knights directly against Malcolm and his entourage well beyond the castle walls. Suggestions of treachery linger over the fight, but it ended with Malcolm killed by a lance, and his son Edward mortally wounded. Leaderless, the Scots army headed back north.

Result

English triumph

Aftermath

Queen Margaret, Malcolm’s widow, died within days of learning of the death of her husband and son; and Malcolm’s younger sons were soon at war with his brother over the succession.

Casualties and losses

Notable connections

Captives

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