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  • Robert I the Bruce, King of Scots (1274 - 1329)
    Robert I of Scotland Roibeard Brús Raibeart I na h-Alba Robert I av Skottland English Monarchs, The House of Bruce, Robert the Bruce ---------------------------------
  • Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (1275 - 1324)
    Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (c. 1275 – 23 June 1324) was a Franco-English nobleman. Though primarily active in England, he also had strong connections with the French royal house. O...
  • Edward I "Longshanks", King of England (1239 - 1307)
    a short summary from Wikipedia: Edward I Longshanks Reign: 16 November 1272 – 7 July 1307 Coronation: 19 August 1274 Predecessor : Henry III Successor: Edward II Spouse: Eleanor of C...

Battle of Glen Trool

a.k.a. Glentrool

Minor engagement or skirmish in the Scottish Wars of Independence.

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Date:

March-April 1307

Location:

Glen Trool, Galloway, Scotland

Result

Scottish Victory - Bruce's first victory over the English and a great boost to morale

Belligerents

Kingdom of Scotland

  • Strength Several hundred infantry ±300
  • Commanders and leaders
  • Casualties and losses Low
  • Captives

Kingdom of England

  • Strength Raiding party of several hundred infantry
  • Commanders and leaders
  • Casualties and losses Heavy
  • Captives

Causes

Robert Bruce had been involved in the murder of John "the Red" Comyn the previous year 1306. This led to a bitter civil war between the Bruce's faction and the Comyns and their allies, notably Edward I "Longshanks", King of England, and Bruce had been absent from Scotland.

Overview

In the Spring of 1307 King Robert landed in the south-west of Scotland with soldiers recruited from the Western Isles and established a strong base in the Glen Trool area, which was a difficult position to approach. When Aymer de Valence heard of Bruce's encampment he sent a raiding party who were driven back by Bruce.

Aftermath

Bruce and de Valence met again at Loudoun Hill in May 2007

Although it wasn't a major episode it launched Bruce's successful campaign and gained the respect of the Scots nation, culminating in his victory at The Battle of Bannockburn seven years later in 1314.

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Bruce's Stone was erected to commemorate the battle which marked the turning point for Robert the Bruce in his campaign to defeat Edward I and his English army.

Notable connections/mentions

  • Sir Robert Clifford - English knight
  • Sir John de Vaus (or Vaux) - possibly the Northumberland knight or the Lord of Dirleton of East Lothian.

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References, Sources and Further Reading

  • Scotland - The History of a Nation by Magnus Magnusson