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  • Olaf I Tryggvason, King of Norway (c.963 - 1000)
    Olav Tryggvesson, King of Norway (1) M, #42895, b. 968, d. 999 Last Edited=13 Jul 2005 Olav Tryggvesson, King of Norway was born in 968. He was the son of Tryggve Olavsson, King in Vigen and Ro...
  • Byrhtnoth, Ealdorman of Essex (b. - 991)
    Byrhtnoth (Byrhtnoþ, also spelled Byrhtnoð, Byrihtnoð, Brihtnoþ, Beorhtnoþ, Beorhtnoð, Baeorhtnoð) was a 10th century Ealdorman of Essex. His name is co...

Battle of Maldon

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Date: three weeks before Whitsun, in the year 991

- during the reign of Aethelred the Unready

Location: Malden, Essex, beside the River Blackwater

Belligerents

Anglo-Saxons

  • Strength Unknown
  • Commanders and leaders
  • Casualties and losses

The death of Byrhtnoth was recorded in four versions of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. The Cotton Tiberius manuscript says for the year 991:-

"Here Ipswich was raided. Very soon after that, ealdorman Byrhtnoth was killed at Maldon. And on that year it was decided to pay tax to Danes for the great terror which they made by the sea coast; that first [payment] was 10,000 pounds. Archbishop Sigerīc decided first on the matter". Translation from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Maldon''

  • Unknown
  • Captives

Vikings

  • Strength 2 000- 4 000
  • Commanders and leaders
  • Casualties and losses
  • Unknown
  • Captives

Result

Viking Victory

Causes

Overview

In the manuscript of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle it states that a Norwegian, Olaf Tryggvason, led the Viking forces, which were estimated as between 2,000 and 4,000 fighting men. A source from the 12th century, Liber Eliensis or Book of Ely, written by the monks at Ely, suggests that Byrhtnoth commanded only a few men: "he was neither shaken by the small number of his men, nor fearful of the multitude of the enemy".

Aftermath

After the battle Archbishop Sigeric of Canterbury and the aldermen of the south-western provinces advised King Aethelred to stop the armed struggle by buying off the Vikings. A payment of 10,000 Roman pounds (3,300 kg) of silver was made, the first example of Danegeld, or Danish Tax, paid in England.

Notable connections

Anglo-Saxons

  • Godric the son of Odda apparently fled the battle with his brothers and, most improperly, does so on Byrhtnoth's horse.
  • Godric, the son of Æthelgar

[From the poem "Baltte of Maldon"

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References, Sources and Further Reading