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Boone and de Bohun Family Project

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  • John Milton, "Poet" (1608 - 1674)
    John Milton (December 9, 1608 – November 8, 1674) was an English poet, most famous for his blank verse epic Paradise Lost. His father, John Milton Sr., was a well-off scrivener, and his grandf...
  • Mary Maugridge (1647 - 1697)
    Mary was born in Bradnich, Devonshire, England, Great Britain 1647. Mary was the daughter of Mr. Milton and Miss. Mary died AUG 1697 in Bradninch, Devonshire, England, at 50 years of age. She was chris...
  • John Maugridge (1639 - 1700)
    John 4 Maugridge (Robert5 Mogridge) was born in Bradnich, Devon, England 1630 and died November 1700 in Bradninch, Devon, England, at 70 years of age. His body was interred 21 November 1700 in Bradninc...
  • Eleanor de Bohun, Countess of Ormonde (1304 - 1363)
    "Eleanor de Bohun, Countess of Ormond (17 October 1304 – 7 October 1363) was an English noblewoman born in Knaresborough Castle to Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth daughter ...
  • James Boone (deceased)

This project covers nearly a thousand years of the de Bohun and Boone families and the families they married.

Notable Profiles

American pioneer, explorer, and frontiersman Daniel Boone

Related Projects

de Bohun project focused on the heirs of Humphrey with the beard.

de Bohuns of the Middle Ages

The following is written by Charles Cawley and is excerpted (with some reformatting) from his FMG Medieval Lands Project:

EARLS of HEREFORD 1200-1373 (BOHUN)


HUMPHREY de Bohun [Bohon, in Normandy], son of --- (-after 1092). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “dominus Hunfredus de Bohun, cum barba” accompanied William “the Conqueror” to England, adding that he was “cognatus” of William[364]. "…Unfredi de Bohun et Richardi filii eius necnon Ingulfi eiusdem loci canonici…" are named as witnesses at the court of William I King of England in the charter dated to [1081] which records an agreement between the monks of Marmoutier and "Gaufridus Nervei filius"[365]. Lord of Tatterford, Norfolk. A charter dated 1092 records the claim by "Richard de Mereio son of Humfrey de Bohonio" for a field near the monastery of Bohun from the monks of Marmoutier, a settlement being confirmed by the monks receiving "one of his little sons (parvulis) Humfrey…[to] teach him until he reached the age at which he could be a monk if he wished", with the consent of "uxor eius domina Luc[i]a et filii eius Rotbertus, Hainricus, Hunfridus, Havidis filia eorum" and witnessed by "Hunfrido patre eorum, Ricardo filio suo"[366]. m firstly ---. "Humfrey de Buhun" donated tithes to Rouen Saint-Amand "for himself and iii uxoribus suis" by charter dated to before 1066, signed by "Willelmi comitis et Normannorum ducis"[367]. m secondly ---. "Humfrey de Buhun" donated tithes to Rouen Saint-Amand "for himself and iii uxoribus suis" by charter dated to before 1066, signed by "Willelmi comitis et Normannorum ducis"[368]. m thirdly (before 1066) ---. "Humfrey de Buhun" donated tithes to Rouen Saint-Amand "for himself and iii uxoribus suis" by charter dated to before 1066, signed by "Willelmi comitis et Normannorum ducis"[369].

Humphrey & his [first/second/third] wife had six children: 1. ROBERT . Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy" on the roll dated 1198, states that "Humphrey de Bohon" donated part of the fief of Puchay to the monastery of Saint-Leger at Préaux, with the consent of "his sons Robert and Richard", undated, but he does not cite the source reference[370]. 2. RICHARD de Méry (-before 1131). Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy" on the roll dated 1198, states that "Humphrey de Bohon" donated part of the fief of Puchay to the monastery of Saint-Leger at Préaux, with the consent of "his sons Robert and Richard", undated, but he does not cite the source reference[371]. His epithet "de Méry" suggests that this was territory inherited from his mother. Thomas Stapleton identifies Méry as "Mareium…the marshy territory along the banks of the river L´Ouve in the vicinity of le Homme, otherwise L´Isle-Marie, adjacent to the communes of Liésville on one side and of Picauville on the other" and lists various donations by individuals named "de Mareio"[372]. The dates of the documents in which Richard is named suggest that he may have been one of his father´s oldest children. "…Unfredi de Bohun et Richardi filii eius necnon Ingulfi eiusdem loci canonici…" are named as witnesses at the court of William I King of England in the charter dated to [1081] which records an agreement between the monks of Marmoutier and "Gaufridus Nervei filius"[373]. A charter dated 1092 records the claim by "Richard de Mereio son of Humfrey de Bohonio" for a field near the monastery of Bohun from the monks of Marmoutier, a settlement being confirmed by the monks receiving "one of his little sons (parvulis) Humfrey…[to] teach him until he reached the age at which he could be a monk if he wished", with the consent of "uxor eius domina Luc[i]a et filii eius Rotbertus, Hainricus, Hunfridus, Havidis filia eorum" and witnessed by "Hunfrido patre eorum, Ricardo filio suo"[374]. A charter dated 1093 records that "Richard de Mereio" confirmed the donation to the monks of St Martin made by "his father Humfrey" for "quendam monachum eiusdem loci fratrem suum…Ingelrannum who urged it on him and for love of a little boy of his whom he had given them to bring up and teach"[375]. Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy" on the roll dated 1198, says that "in 1131 a proffer of sixty marks of silver would be owing from [Humphrey de Bohon the King´s steward] to the crown si poterit dirrationare terram de Meri", citing the 1129/30 Pipe Roll, which suggests that Richard de Méry had died before that date[376]. m (before 1092) LUCIE, daughter of ---. A charter dated 1092 records the claim by "Richard de Mereio son of Humfrey de Bohonio" for a field near the monastery of Bohun from the monks of Marmoutier, a settlement being confirmed by the monks receiving "one of his little sons (parvulis) Humfrey…[to] teach him until he reached the age at which he could be a monk if he wished", with the consent of "uxor eius domina Luc[i]a et filii eius Rotbertus, Hainricus, Hunfridus, Havidis filia eorum" and witnessed by "Hunfrido patre eorum, Ricardo filio suo"[377]. Domesday Descendants records that the mother of Ingelger [I] de Bohun was "Lucy brother of Alexander"[378]. Richard & his wife had seven children: a) ROBERT . A charter dated 1092 records the claim by "Richard de Mereio son of Humfrey de Bohonio" for a field near the monastery of Bohun from the monks of Marmoutier, a settlement being confirmed by the monks receiving "one of his little sons (parvulis) Humfrey…[to] teach him until he reached the age at which he could be a monk if he wished", with the consent of "uxor eius domina Luc[i]a et filii eius Rotbertus, Hainricus, Hunfridus, Havidis filia eorum" and witnessed by "Hunfrido patre eorum, Ricardo filio suo"[379]. b) HENRY . A charter dated 1092 records the claim by "Richard de Mereio son of Humfrey de Bohonio" for a field near the monastery of Bohun from the monks of Marmoutier, a settlement being confirmed by the monks receiving "one of his little sons (parvulis) Humfrey…[to] teach him until he reached the age at which he could be a monk if he wished", with the consent of "uxor eius domina Luc[i]a et filii eius Rotbertus, Hainricus, Hunfridus, Havidis filia eorum" and witnessed by "Hunfrido patre eorum, Ricardo filio suo"[380]. c) HUMPHREY . A charter dated 1092 records the claim by "Richard de Mereio son of Humfrey de Bohonio" for a field near the monastery of Bohun from the monks of Marmoutier, a settlement being confirmed by the monks receiving "one of his little sons (parvulis) Humfrey…[to] teach him until he reached the age at which he could be a monk if he wished", with the consent of "uxor eius domina Luc[i]a et filii eius Rotbertus, Hainricus, Hunfridus, Havidis filia eorum" and witnessed by "Hunfrido patre eorum, Ricardo filio suo"[381]. d) HAVIDE . A charter dated 1092 records the claim by "Richard de Mereio son of Humfrey de Bohonio" for a field near the monastery of Bohun from the monks of Marmoutier, a settlement being confirmed by the monks receiving "one of his little sons (parvulis) Humfrey…[to] teach him until he reached the age at which he could be a monk if he wished", with the consent of "uxor eius domina Luc[i]a et filii eius Rotbertus, Hainricus, Hunfridus, Havidis filia eorum" and witnessed by "Hunfrido patre eorum, Ricardo filio suo"[382]. e) INGELGER [I] de Bohun (-[1172]). "…Engelgerius de Bohun, Alexander de Bohun…" witnessed the charter dated to [end 1150/early Sep 1151] under which "H. dux Normannorum" granted privileges to the citizens of Rouen[383]. His grant to the priory of Saint-Georges de Bohon names his deceased first wife and his second wife[384]. Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Blanchelande, including donations by "Engelgerius de Bohon…Ricardus Avenel…Doon Bardouf et Thomas frater eius…", by charter dated 1157[385]. The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Engelgero de Buhun" at "Blochesha", yielding ₤20, in Oxfordshire[386]. "Engelger de Bohon" donated property to St Georges de Bohun "desiring for the weal of his wife Adelisa and his father Richard de Meri" by charter dated to [1155/65][387]. The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Engelger de Boun" with two knights and seven knights "in Costentino" in his own service[388]. m firstly MATHILDE, daughter of ---. Domesday Descendants records that Ingelger donated property to the priory of Saint-Georges de Bohon naming "a deceased wife Mathilde and…his present wife Adelise"[389]. m secondly as her second husband, ADELISE d'Aumâle, widow of ROBERT [II] Bertran Seigneur de Briquebec, daughter of ETIENNE Comte d'Aumâle & his wife Hawise de Mortemer (-before [1168]). Domesday Descendants records that Ingelger donated property to the priory of Saint-Georges de Bohon naming "a deceased wife Mathilde and…his present wife Adelise"[390]. "Adeliza daughter of [Stephen] count Albemaris" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "Engelger her husband and Robert Bertrand her son" by charter dated to [1151/77][391]. f) ALEXANDER de Bohun (-[1153]). Steward of Henri Comte d'Anjou and Duke of Normandy (later Henry II King of England) at Falaise, Argentan and Domfront[392]. "…Alexandro de Bohun…" witnessed the charter dated to [1146/50] under which "G. dux Norm et comes And…" confirmed the rights of the abbey of Saint-Wandrille[393]. "…Engelgerius de Bohun, Alexander de Bohun…" witnessed the charter dated to [end 1150/early Sep 1151] under which "H. dux Normannorum" granted privileges to the citizens of Rouen[394]. g) MURIEL de Bohun . Domesday Descendants states that Savari de Beaumont married "Muriel daughter of Richard de Meri, the Norman heir of Humphrey de Bohun" but does not cite the corresponding primary source[395]. Her family origin is indicated by a charter of King Richard I dated 31 Mar 1190 confirming "Ford, Climpling, Rustinton, Presteton and Lovinto…in the county of Sussex" to "Francus de Bohun", to hold in the same way as "Savaric son of Savaric, heir of Enjulger de Bohon" had held[396]. "Savaric son of Cana and Muriel his wife" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin, Sees by charter dated to [1105], witnessed by "…Radulfus et Savarico filii ipsius Savarici"[397]. m SAVARI de Beaumont, son of RAOUL [V] Vicomte de Beaumont-sur-Sarthe, Vicomte du Maine & his second wife Cana --- . h) [daughter . Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy" on the roll dated 1198, says that "a daughter of Richard de Meri was apparently the wife of one Engelger, a Norman of the Cotentin, who in 1130 was instrumental in making peace between Henry I and his favourite Geoffrey de Clinton", referring as "proof of this conjecture" to "a recital as to tenure of certain land in Oxfordshire, which dates from the time of King John, that Hugh de Plaiz held seven hides in Bereford (Little Barford) which had been given to Richard de Meri…[who] had given them to Enjugier de Bohun in frank-marriage and…the said Enjugier gave them to the ancestor of Hugh de Plaiz", but he does not cite the source reference[398]. m ENGELGER, son of --- (-after 1130).] 3. INGELRAM [Ingulf] (-after 1093). Monk at Marmoutier. "…Unfredi de Bohun et Richardi filii eius necnon Ingulfi eiusdem loci canonici…" are named as witnesses at the court of William I King of England in the charter dated to [1081] which records an agreement between the monks of Marmoutier and "Gaufridus Nervei filius"[399]. A charter dated 1093 records that "Richard de Mereio" confirmed the donation to the monks of St Martin made by "his father Humfrey" for "quendam monachum eiusdem loci fratrem suum…Ingelrannum who urged it on him and for love of a little boy of his whom he had given them to bring up and teach"[400]. 4. daughter . Nun at Saint-Leger, Préaux. Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy" on the roll dated 1198, states that "Humphrey de Bohon" confirmed his donation of the tithe of "Barbivilla and the church of Notre-Dame de Brevans" to the monastery of Saint-Leger at Préaux for "a second daughter of his admitted into the monastery", with the consent of his sons "Richard and Humphrey and Ralph du Cotentin their cousin", undated, but he does not cite the source reference[401]. 5. daughter . Nun at Saint-Leger, Préaux. Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy" on the roll dated 1198, states that "Humphrey de Bohon" confirmed his donation of the tithe of "Barbivilla and the church of Notre-Dame de Brevans" to the monastery of Saint-Leger at Préaux for "a second daughter of his admitted into the monastery", with the consent of his sons "Richard and Humphrey and Ralph du Cotentin their cousin", undated, but he does not cite the source reference[402]. 6. ADELA de Bohun . The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Adele amite Unf de Buhun" in Wiltshire[403]. Humphrey & his [third] wife had one child: 7. HUMPHREY de Bohun (-before 1129). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “dominum Hunfredum de Bohun secundum” as son of “dominus Hunfredus de Bohun, cum barba”[404]. The estimated date of Humphrey´s marriage suggests that he was born from his father´s third marriage, or even from a later marriage contracted after the conquest of England. He died before the 1129/30 Pipe Roll in which his son is recorded. m ([1089/99]) MATILDA de Salisbury, daughter of EDWARD de Salisbury, Sheriff of Wiltshire & his wife --- (-bur Lanthony Priory). The Book of Lacock names “Matildam” as daughter of “Edwardum…vicecomitem Wiltes”, adding that she married “Humphridus de Bohun”[405]. The Complete Peerage states that the marriage was arranged "at the instance (it is said)" of King William II, citing Dugdale[406]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “dominum Hunfredum de Bohun secundum” married “Matildem filiam Edwardi de Salesbury”, adding that she brought “Weston juxta Salesbury, et Walton, Newenton, Piryton, Staunton, Trobrege…” to her husband[407]. Humphrey & his wife had two children: a) HUMPHREY de Bohun ([1100/10][408]-[before 1166]). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus tertius de Bohun et Matildis” as the children of “dominum Hunfredum de Bohun secundum” and his wife “Matildem filiam Edwardi de Salesbury”[409]. - see below. b) MATILDA de Bohun . A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus tertius de Bohun et Matildis” as the children of “dominum Hunfredum de Bohun secundum” and his wife “Matildem filiam Edwardi de Salesbury”[410]. Thomas Stapleton names her "Mabilia" but he does not cite the primary source on which he bases this information[411].


1. INGELGER [II] de Bohun (-after 1196). The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Emugerus de Bohun" paying "lx s" in Sussex[412]. Ingelger [II] de Bohun was presumably related to Ingelger [I] (see above), but the precise relationship has not yet been traced.


HUMPHREY de Bohun, son of HUMPHREY de Bohun & his wife Matilda de Salisbury ([1100/10][413]-[before 1166]). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus tertius de Bohun et Matildis” as the children of “dominum Hunfredum de Bohun secundum” and his wife “Matildem filiam Edwardi de Salesbury”[414]. He succeeded his father, recorded in the 1129/30 Pipe Roll as paying relief on his land[415]. The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Vnfr de Bohun" in Dorsetshire and Wiltshire[416]. As steward [dapifer], he witnessed a charter of Henry I King of England to Bec Abbey dated 1131 and King Stephen's 1136 Charter of Liberties[417]. He was steward of King Stephen from 1136 to 1139[418], but later supported Empress Matilda as shown by the following charter. "M. imperatrix, Henrici regis filia et Anglorum domina et Henricus filius comitis Andegavie" confirmed the rights of "Unfrido de Buhun" in the lands he held on the death of her father "et dapiferatum suum in Anglia et Normannia" by charter dated to [1142/46][419]. The 1155 Pipe Roll records "Hunfr. de Buhu" in Wiltshire[420]. The 1156 and 1157 Pipe Rolls record "Hunfr de Buhun" in Wiltshire, "in Melchesha" yielding ₤48, in "Bradeford" ₤40[421]. “Humfridus de Bohun regis dapifer et Marger. uxor mea” founded Farleigh Priory by undated charter[422]. m MARGARET of Hereford, daughter of MILES of Gloucester Earl of Hereford & his wife Sibylle de Neufmarché ([1121/25]-6 Apr 1187, bur Lanthony Priory, Gloucester). The Historia fundationis cum fundatoris genealogia of the priory of Abergavenny names “Margaretam, Bertam et Luciam” as the three daughters of “Milonem” & his wife, adding that Margaret married “Humphredo de Boun” and inherited “comitatu Herefordiæ”[423]. Her birth date range is estimated from the date of her parents' marriage and the likely birth date of her daughter Matilda. “Humfridus de Bohun regis dapifer et Marger. uxor mea” founded Farleigh Priory by undated charter[424]. She certified the knights' fees made in the fee of her father during the time of King Henry I[425], which may imply that her husband had died by then. The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Margareta de Bohun xvii m" in Gloucestershire in [1167/68][426]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records the death 6 Apr 1187 of “Margeriam”, wife of “dominum Hunfredum de Bohun tertium” and her burial “in capitulo Lanthoniæ, juxta Gloucestriam”[427]. A manuscript in Aske´s collections names “Milo…Erle of Herforde, Lord of Bricone and of all the Forest of Done, and also Constable of England…Sibbill wiff of the seid Milo…Ladi Margaret the furst begotton daughter of the said Milo…married to Humfre of Bohun the third…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[428]. King John confirmed the possessions of Lanthony abbey by charter dated 30 Jul 1199, including the donation of "duas partes de Onedesleye" made by "Margar de Bohun", in accordance with the division made "inter ipsam et Luciam sororem suam"[429]. Humphrey de Bohun & his wife had [five] children: 1. HUMPHREY de Bohun (-[1180], bur Lanthony Priory, Gloucester). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “dominus Humfridus quartus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et constabularius Angliæ” as son of “dominum Hunfredum de Bohun tertium” and his wife “Margeriam”[430]. He succeeded his father as Lord of Trowbridge, Wiltshire. The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Humfridus de Boun" with two knights and two knights "in Costentino" in his own service[431]. He was appointed Constable of England by [1172][432], presumably inheriting the position from his mother's family. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1182 of "Hunfredus de Bohun"[433]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “dominus Humfridus quartus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et constabularius Angliæ” was buried at Lanthony[434]. A manuscript in Aske´s collections names “Milo…Erle of Herforde, Lord of Bricone and of all the Forest of Done, and also Constable of England…Ladi Margaret the furst begotton daughter of the said Milo…married to Humfre of Bohun the third…Humfre of Bohum the iiiith sonne and heire of the foresaid Margaret…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[435]. m (1171 before Easter) as her second husband, MARGARET of Huntingdon, widow of CONAN IV "le Petit" Duke of Brittany, daughter of HENRY of Scotland Earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland & his wife Ada de Warenne of Surrey ([1143/44]-1201, bur Sawtrey Abbey, Herts). Her origin and first marriage are deduced from Benedict of Peterborough recording that "filia sororis regis Scotiæ Willelmi comitissa Brittaniæ" gave birth in 1186 to "filium…Arturum"[436]. Her birth date is estimated from the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records property “villam de Wissinton” held by “Margareta comitissa…xl annorum”, adding that “comes Britannie habet filiam suam” and that she has “i filium de Humfrido de Buun qui est infra etatem”[437]. The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that "Conanus filius Alani" married "Margaretam sororem Willielmi Regis Scotie"[438]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “dominus Humfridus quartus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et constabularius Angliæ” married “Margaretam comitissam Britanniæ”[439]. The Annals of Burton record the death in 1201 of “Margareta mater…Constantiæ, soror Willelmi regis Scotiæ, mater Henrici de Boum comitis Herefordiæ”[440]. Humphrey de Bohun & his wife had [two] children: a) HENRY de Bohun (-1 Jun 1220, bur Lanthony Priory, Gloucester). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Henricus de Bohun comes Hereford et constabularius Angliæ” as son of “dominus Humfridus quartus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et constabularius Angliæ” and his wife “Margaretam comitissam Britanniæ”[441]. He succeeded his father as hereditary Constable of England. He was created Earl of Hereford in 1200. - see below. b) [MARGARET (-[1188/95]). Her suggested parentage and marriage is justified as follows. A charter dated "X Kal Feb 1221" (Spanish Era = A. D. 23 Jan 1183) at Anjou records a donation by "P…comes de Lara…comitisse Marger´ uxori mee consanguinee H...angl´ regis" of "Molmera et Handaluz et Agusinu et Eles et Pulucranke…in Hyspania" to Llanthony abbey witnessed by "comes Gaufredus Britannie, J. sine terra, J. comes J, Mauricius de Creon senescallus Andeg, J. Didaci comitis"[442]. Evans suggests that she was Margaret of Scotland, widow firstly of Conan IV "le Petit" Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond, and secondly of Humphrey de Bohun, daughter of Henry of Scotland Earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland & his wife Ada de Warenne of Surrey ([1143/44]-1201, bur Sawtrey Abbey, Herts). He points out that Llanthony had been founded in 1136 by Miles of Gloucester, whose eldest daughter married Humphrey de Bohun, who was the father of Margaret´s second husband[443]. If this origin is correct, Pedro´s marriage to Margaret was presumably terminated before her death, given his third marriage. The difficulty with Evans´s proposal is the obvious age difference between Pedro de Lara and Margaret of Scotland. Another possibility, which also justifies the connection with Llanthony through the Bohun family and is more satisfactory from a chronological point of view, is that Pedro´s second wife was an otherwise unrecorded daughter of Margaret by her second husband Humphrey de Bohun. "El conde Pedro Manrique señor de Molina vizconde de Narbona y…la condesa doña Margarita su segunda mujer" donated their property "en Albaladejo, Canet y Cuenca" to the Order of Calatrava by charter dated 30 Dec 1187[444]. m as his second wife, conde don PEDRO Manrique de Lara Vicomte de Narbonne, son of conde don MANRIQUE Pérez de Lara & his wife Ermesinde Ctss de Narbonne (-Jan 1202, bur Santa María de Huerta).] 2. MILO (-young). He is named as son of Humphrey in a charter[445]. 3. RICHARD (-young). He is named as son of Humphrey in a charter[446]. 4. MATILDA de Bohun ([1140/43][447]-after 1194, or after 1199). Her parentage is established by a 1263 inquisition which confirms that Humphrey de Bohun, grandfather of Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford at that time, gave Bradenham to his sister Matilda[448]. Her first and [third] marriages are confirmed by a lawsuit recorded in 1194 in which "Matill uxor Walteri fil Robti" sued "Cecilia uxore Rad fil Wigain" over Swereford manor, Oxfordshire, given to her by "Henri de Oilli vir eius…in dote"[449]. A writ dated 7 Mar "47 Hen III", after the death of "John de Plessetis alias de Plascetis earl of Warwick", notes that "Humphrey de Bohun gave the manor [of Bradenham, Buckinghamshire] in free marriage to Henry de Oylly with Maud his sister"[450]. Her possible second marriage is confirmed by the Feet of Fines which records the judgment dated 9 Feb 1196 in a claim by "Henricus de Bohon…pro Adam de Greiuill" against "Matill de Bohon" concerning land "villa de Waleton…villam de Blakemer" and "in villa de Niweton" given to Matilda "in maritagium quondam Iuhellus de Mee---e"[451]. It is supposed that Matilda was the plaintiff´s aunt, although this is not specifically stated in the document. No other Matilda de Bohun has been identified, and the 1194 document demonstrates that Henry´s aunt was litigious. It is supposed that the name "de Mee---e" indicates Mayenne, but this is not beyond all doubt. ["Matill de Buun" paid a fine for "saisina de matris sue die qua obiit…de terra de Liscaret et de Kareswell" in Devonshire and Cornwall, dated 1199[452]. It is unsure whether this entry relates to Matilda, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun and Margaret of Hereford.] m firstly HENRY de Oilly of Hook Norton, Oxfordshire, son of ROBERT d'Oilly & his wife Edith Forne (-1163). [m secondly (after 1163) JUHEL de Mayenne, son of JUHEL Seigneur de Mayenne & his wife Clémence de Ponthieu (-after 1172).] [453]m [thirdly] as his second wife, WALTER FitzRobert of Little Dunmow, Essex, son of ROBERT FitzRichard de Clare & his wife Matilda de Senlis (-1198, bur Dunmow Priory). 5. [MARGARET de Bohun (-before 1196). According to the Complete Peerage[454], the first wife of Waleran de Beaumont Earl of Warwick was Margaret de Bohun, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun & his wife Margaret of Hereford. This appears chronologically improbable in light of the likely birth dates of Humphrey and Margaret's children in the 1140s and the estimated birth date of Waleran & Margaret's son in [1190].]


HENRY de Bohun, son of HUMPHREY de Bohun, hereditary Constable of England & his wife Margaret of Huntingdon (-1 Jun 1220, bur Lanthony Priory, Gloucester). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Henricus de Bohun comes Hereford et constabularius Angliæ” as son of “dominus Humfridus quartus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et constabularius Angliæ” and his wife “Margaretam comitissam Britanniæ”[455]. He succeeded his father as hereditary Constable of England. He inherited the principal estates of the former Earls of Hereford, through his paternal grandmother. The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Henricus de Bohun" paying "x s, dimidium militem" in Berkshire[456]. He was created Earl of Hereford at Porchester 28 Apr 1200. He was one of the 25 barons appointed to secure the observance of Magna Carta in 1215, and after the death of King John supported Louis de France when he invaded England. He was taken prisoner at the battle of Lincoln 20 May 1217[457]. The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the death in 1220 of "Henricus de Boum comes Herefordensis"[458]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Henricus de Bohun” died 1 Jun 1220 and was buried at Lanthony[459]. A manuscript in Aske´s collections names “Milo…Erle of Herforde, Lord of Bricone and of all the Forest of Done, and also Constable of England…Ladi Margaret the furst begotton daughter of the said Milo…married to Humfre of Bohun the third…Humfre of Bohum the iiiith sonne and heire of the foresaid Margaret…Henri of Bohum sonne and heire of the foreseid Margaret…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[460].

m as her first husband, MATILDA de Mandeville, daughter of GEOFFREY FitzPiers Earl of Essex & his first wife Beatrice de Say (-27 Aug 1236, bur Lanthony Priory). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Galfridus…Willielmus cognomina Mandavilla…et Matildis, Humfrido de Bohun comiti Herefordiæ maritata” as children of “domino Galfrido filio Petri” & his wife[461]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Henricus de Bohun” married “Matildem filiam et hæredem domini Galfridi filii Petri comitis Essexiæ”[462]. Henry III King of England ordered custody of "tocius terre que fuit H. comitis Herefordie", except the property of "Matildi comitisse Herefordie…manerio de Wokesie…dotem suam…[et] maritagio suo in manerio de Witehurst" given by "G. filius Petri pater ipsius comitisse…H. comiti Herefordie", dated 26 Jul 1220[463]. She married secondly (before 22 Feb 1228, divorced before 24 Apr 1233, divorce revoked before Jul 1236[464]) Roger de Daunteseye of Dauntsey, Wiltshire. An order dated 22 Feb 1228 records a fine paid by "Rogerus de Antese et Matildis comitissa Herefordie uxor eius" in respect of a debt of "W. comes Essexie frater ipsius comitisse"[465]. She succeeded her brother, William de Mandeville Earl of Essex, in 1227 as Ctss of Essex, suo iure. The Annals of Dunstable record that “comitissa Herfordiæ” died in 1236[466].

Earl Henry & his wife had three children: 1. HUMPHREY de Bohun (-24 Sep 1275, bur Lanthony Priory, Gloucester). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Matilidis filia sua, Humfredus filius suus primogenitus, Henricus et Radulfus fratres eius” as children of “Humfridum de Bohun filium domini Henrici de Bohun comitis Herefordiæ” and his wife “Matildi”[467]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” as sons of “Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam et hæredem domini Galfridi filii Petri comitis Essexiæ”[468]. He succeeded his father in 1220 as Earl of Hereford, hereditary Constable of England. He had livery of his mother's lands 9 Sep 1236, thereby succeeding as Earl of Essex. He supported Henry III King of England against the barons in 1263/64[469]. m firstly MATHILDE de Lusignan, daughter of RAOUL de Lusignan Comte d'Eu & his wife Alice d'Eu (-14 Aug 1241, bur Lanthony Priory, Gloucester). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ” married firstly “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia”, adding that she died “in vigilia assumptionis beatæ Mariæ” and was buried in Lanthony[470]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death “circa Assumptionem beatæ Mariæ” in 1241 of “comitissa Herefordiæ” and her burial “apud Lentoniam juxta Gloucestriam”[471]. A manuscript in Aske´s collections names “…Matildae daughter of the Erle of Ewes in Normanni, first wiff of…Humfre de Bohum the vth…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[472]. The necrology of Ulterioris Portus monastery records the death "14 Aug" of "Mathildis comitissa de Herefort, filia...Aelidis comitissæ Augi"[473]. m secondly MATILDA de Avenbury, daughter of --- (-Sorges, Gascony 8 Oct 1273, bur Sorges, transferred 1290 to Lanthony Priory, Gloucester). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Humfredus quintus de Bohun” married secondly “Matildem de Avenbury”, adding that she died 8 Oct 1273 “apud Sorgee in Gasconia” where she was buried, her son transferring her body to Lanthony 17 years after her death[474]. A manuscript in Aske´s collections names “…Matildae of Avenburi Countes, wiff of the seid Humfre the second…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[475]. Earl Humphrey & his first wife had five children: a) HUMPHREY de Bohun (-Beeston Castle, Cheshire 27 Oct 1265, bur Combermere Abbey). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “dominus Humfredus sextus de Bohun, dominus de Brekenok” as the son of “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia”[476]. - see below. b) MATILDA de Bohun (-Groby, Lincolnshire 20 Oct 1252, bur Brackley). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Matilidis filia sua, Humfredus filius suus primogenitus, Henricus et Radulfus fratres eius” as children of “Humfridum de Bohun filium domini Henrici de Bohun comitis Herefordiæ” and his wife “Matildi”[477]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Matildis..Alicia” as the first two of the four daughters of “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia”, adding that Matilda married “Ancelmo filio et hæredi Willielmi le Mareschall”[478]. A charter dated 19 Jan 1246 mandates the grant to "Matilda who was the wife of Anselm Marshall…[of] 60 librates of land in Ireland, for her maintenance until the king shall cause her dower to be assigned to her out of Anselm´s lands"[479]. m firstly ANSELM Marshal, son of WILLIAM Marshal Earl of Pembroke & his wife Isabel de Clare Ctss of Pembroke (-Chepstow [22/24] Dec 1245, bur Tintern Abbey). He succeeded his brother in 1245 as Earl of Pembroke. m secondly (before 5 Jun 1250) as his second wife, ROGER de Quincy Earl of Winchester, son of SAHER de Quincy Earl of Winchester & his wife Margaret of Leicester (-25 Apr 1264, bur [Brackley]). c) ALICE (-bur Lanthony Priory). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Matildis..Alicia” as the first two of the four daughters of “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia”, adding that Alice married “domino de Thonye” and was buried at Lanthony[480]. A manuscript in Aske´s collections names “…the Ladi Alice of Tonny daughter of Humfre of Bohum the vth…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[481]. m as his first wife, ROGER [V] de Tosny, son of RAOUL [VI] de Tosny & his wife Pernel de Lacy (29 Sep 1235-[10 Jun 1263/14 May 1264]). d) [daughter . A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that the third of the four daughters of “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia” married “domino de Quincy”[482]. This may represent confusion with the second marriage of this supposed daughter´s sister Matilda to Roger de Quincy Earl of Winchester (see above).] e) [daughter . A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia” had four daughters[483].]

Earl Humphrey & his second wife had one child: f) JOHN de Bohun of Haresfield . A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Johannem de Bohun, dominum de Haresfeld, patrem domini Edmundi de Bohun” as the son of “Humfredus quintus de Bohun” and his second wife “Matildem de Avenbury”[484]. He performed the office of Constable of England in 1282 when his nephew Humphrey was confined to Brecknock[485]. m ---. The name of John´s wife is not known. John & his wife had one child: i) EDMUND de Bohun . A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Johannem de Bohun, dominum de Haresfeld, patrem domini Edmundi de Bohun”[486]. m MATILDA de Segrave, daughter of NICHOLAS de Segrave Baron of Stowe, Staffordshire & his wife ---. 2. HENRY de Bohun . The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Matilidis filia sua, Humfredus filius suus primogenitus, Henricus et Radulfus fratres eius” as children of “Humfridum de Bohun filium domini Henrici de Bohun comitis Herefordiæ” and his wife “Matildi”[487]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” as sons of “Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam et hæredem domini Galfridi filii Petri comitis Essexiæ”, adding that Henry died young[488]. 3. RALPH de Bohun . The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Matilidis filia sua, Humfredus filius suus primogenitus, Henricus et Radulfus fratres eius” as children of “Humfridum de Bohun filium domini Henrici de Bohun comitis Herefordiæ” and his wife “Matildi”[489].


HUMPHREY de Bohun, son of HUMPHREY de Bohun Earl of Hereford and Essex & his first wife Matilda de Lusignan (-Beeston Castle, Cheshire 27 Oct 1265, bur Combermere Abbey). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “dominus Humfredus sextus de Bohun, dominus de Brekenok” as the son of “Henricus [mistake for Humfredus] quintus de Bohun comes Hereford et Essex et constabularius Angliæ et dominus Henricus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem filiam comitis de Ewe in Normannia”[490]. He supported the barons against Henry III King of England in 1263/64 and was taken prisoner at the battle of Evesham 4 Aug 1265[491]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “dominus Humfredus sextus de Bohun, dominus de Brekenok” was captured at the battle of Evesham and taking to “castellum de Bystone juxta Cestriam” where he died “in vigilia sanctorum Simonis et Judæ”, adding that he was buried “in abbathia de Cumbremere”[492]. A writ dated 21 Feb "51 Hen III", after the death of "Humphrey de Boun", names "Humphrey son of the said Humphrey and Eleanor his wife, aged 18 1/2 , is heir"[493]. m firstly (after Aug 1241) ELEANOR de Briouse, daughter and co-heiress of WILLIAM de Briouse Lord of Abergavenny & his wife Eve Marshal of the Earls of Pembroke (-bur Lanthony Priory, Gloucester). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Isabella, Matildis, Eva et Alianora” as the four daughters of “Willielmus de Brews quartus” and his wife “Evam filiam domini Willielmi Mareschalli”, adding that Eleanor married “Hunfredo de Bohun quinto cum dominio de Brekenok”, corrected to “Humfredus sextus” in a later passage which also adds that the marriage took place after the death of Humphrey´s mother[494]. The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Matilda, Alianora et Eva" as the three daughters of "Willielmo de Brewes" and his wife "quinta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Eva", adding that Eleanor married "Humfrido de Bohun vi"[495]. A manuscript in Aske´s collections names “…Elionor of Brewis, Ladi and heire of the land of Bricon…” among those buried at Lanthony Priory[496]. m secondly JOAN de Quincy, daughter and co-heiress of ROBERT de Quincy & his wife Helen of Wales (-25 Nov 1285). An undated writ "48 Hen III", after the death of "Roger de Quency earl of Winchester", records that "Joan, wife of Sir Humphrey de Boum the younger of full age, and Hawis, within age, daughters of the late Robert de Quency" were his heirs in the manor of "Styventon alias Steventon [Bedford]"[497].

Humphrey de Bohun & his first wife had three children: 1. HUMPHREY de Bohun ([1249]-1298). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus septimus de Bohun” as son of “dominus Humfredus sextus de Bohun, dominus de Brekenok” and his wife “Alianoram de Brewes”[498]. He succeeded his grandfather in 1275 as Earl of Hereford and Essex. - see below. 2. GILBERT de Bohun . His brother granted him all the lands in Ireland belonging to their mother[499]. 3. --- de Bohun . m ---. One child: a) OLIVER de Bohun . A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus sextus de Bohun” as “avus domini Oliveri de Bohun” but does not name Oliver´s parents[500]. 4. ELEANOR de Bohun (-20 Feb 1314, bur Walden Abbey). The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “1313 X Kal Mar” of “Elianora comitissa Derbi” and her burial at Walden[501]. m (26 Jun 1269) as his second wife, ROBERT de Ferrers Earl of Derby, son of WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his second wife Margaret de Quincy of Winchester ([1239]-1279, bur [Stafford, Priory of St Thomas]).


HUMPHREY de Bohun, son of HUMPHREY de Bohun & his first wife Eleanor de Briouse of Abergavenny ([1249]-Pleshey 31 Dec 1298, bur Walden, Essex). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus septimus de Bohun” as son of “dominus Humfredus sextus de Bohun, dominus de Brekenok” and his wife “Alianoram de Brewes”[502]. A writ dated 21 Feb "51 Hen III", after the death of "Humphrey de Boun", names "Humphrey son of the said Humphrey and Eleanor his wife, aged 18 1/2 , is heir"[503]. He succeeded his grandfather in 1275 as Earl of Hereford and Essex, hereditary Constable of England. He was confined to Brecknock in 1282 and the office of Constable performed by his uncle John de Bohun[504]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “1298 II Kal Jan” of “Humfridus de Boun comes Herefordiæ et Essexiæ”[505]. The Annals of Worcester record the death “II Kal Jan” in 1298 of “Umfredus comes Herefordiæ” and his burial “in monasterio de Waledene”[506]. m (1275) MATHILDE de Fiennes, daughter of ENGUERRAND Seigneur de Fiennes & his wife Isabeau de Condé (-6 Nov before 1298, bur Walden, Essex). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Matilda de Fenis” as wife of “Humfridus de Boun comes Herefordiæ et Essexiæ”[507]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Humfredus septimus de Bohun” married “Matildem de Fenes”, adding that she died “in festo S. Leonardi” and was buried “apud Waldene”[508]. The primary source which confirms her parentage more precisely has not yet been identified. Earl Humphrey & his wife had one child: 1. HUMPHREY de Bohun ([1276]-killed in battle Boroughbridge 16 Mar 1322, bur York, Church of the Friars Preachers). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” as son of “Humfredus septimus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem de Fenes”[509]. He succeeded his father in 1298 as Earl of Hereford and Essex, hereditary Constable of England. He was deprived of his office of Constable in 1302, but was restored as such 28 Aug 1311. He was among the Barons who forced King Edward II to agree to the appointment of the Ordainers, of whom he became one himself. He opposed the Despensers, joined the rebellion of Thomas Earl of Lancaster, and was killed while trying to force the bridge at Boroughbridge. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records that “Humfridus de Bohun” was killed “ad pontem de Burrowbrigge” and was buried at York[510]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Humfredus octavus” died 16 Mar 1321 and was buried “apud Ebor, inter Fratres Prædicatores”[511]. m (Westminster 14 Nov 1302) as her second husband, ELIZABETH of England, widow of JAN I Count of Holland and Zeeland, daughter of EDWARD I King of England & his first wife Infanta doña Leonor de Castilla (Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire Aug 1282-Quendon, Essex [5] May 1316, bur Walden Abbey, Essex). The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the birth "apud Rothelan" in 1282 of "filiam…Elizabetham" to "Alienora regina Angliæ"[512]. The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records the marriage of Count Jan and "Elizabeth…Eduardi regis filia", recording in a later passage that she returned to England after her husband died and married (secondly) "comes Erffordie"[513]. The Annales Londonienses record the marriage "in festo Sanctæ Katerinæ…apud Caversham juxta Redyng" in 1302 of "Margareta filia regis Angliæ, comitissa Hoylandiæ et Salondiæ" and "domino Humfrido de Bohun comiti Herefordiæ"[514]. The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records the marriage of Count Jan and "Elizabeth…Eduardi regis filia", recording in a later passage that she returned to England after her husband died and married (secondly) "comes Erffordie"[515]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” married “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that she was buried “apud Waldene”[516]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Quenden” of “quædam filia” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ” during whose birth her mother died, and in a later passage her burial at Waldon[517].

Earl Humphrey & his wife had ten children: a) MARGARET de Bohun ([Tinehmue] 1303-). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Tinehmue” of “Margareta primogenita” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ”[518]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that the first Margaret died young[519]. b) HUMPHREY de Bohun (Knaresborough [1304]-10 Sep 1304). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Knaresburgh” of “Humfridus filius suus primogenitus” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ”[520]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that the first Humphrey died 10 Sep 1304[521]. c) JOHN de Bohun (St Clements 23 Nov 1306-Kirkby Thore, co. Westmoreland 20 Jan 1336, bur Stratford Abbey near London). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that John was “comes Hereford et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ”[522]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Plesset” of “Johannes” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ”[523]. He succeeded his father as Earl of Hereford and Essex, hereditary Constable of England but this office was removed from him 26 Oct 1330 in favour of his brother "on account of his infirmity"[524]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death in 1335 of “Johannes sine hærede” and his burial “abbatiam de Stratford”[525]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records the death of “comes Johannes”, after the death of his brother Edward, “apud Kirkeby Thore sine hærede in festo sanctorum Fabiani et Sebastiani” in 1335 and his burial “in abbathia de Stratford iuxta London”[526]. m firstly (Papal dispensation Feb 1325) ALICE FitzAlan, daughter of EDMUND FitzAlan Earl of Arundel & his wife Alice de Warenne of Surrey (-bur Walden Abbey). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records the marriage of “Johannes de Bohun comes”, son of “Humfredus octavus”, and “Aliciam filiam domini Edmundi comitis Arundeliæ” after the death of his father, and her burial at Walden[527]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Alicia Arundell” as the wife of “Johannes de Boon, comes Herefordiæ et Essexiæ” and records that she was buried at Walden[528]. m secondly MARGARET Basset, daughter of RALPH Basset Lord Basset of Drayton & his wife Joan de Grey of Wilton (-after 1 Dec 1347). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records the second marriage of “Johannes de Bohun comes”, son of “Humfredus octavus”, and “Margaretam filiam domini Radulphi Basset” after the death of his first wife[529]. d) HUMPHREY de Bohun (Longmaban, Scotland [1309]-Pleshey 15 Oct 1361, bur London, Church of the Friars Augustine). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that the second Humphrey was “comes Hereford et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and was unmarried[530]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Longmaban in Scotia” of “Humfridus” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ”[531]. He succeeded his brother in 1336 as Earl of Hereford and Essex. He granted the office of Constable of England to his brother William for life 12 Jun 1338[532], but it presumably reverted to Earl Humphrey when his brother died in 1360. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “1361 XVIII Kal Nov” of “Humfridus” at London and his burial “in ecclesia fratrum sancti Augustini”[533]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records the death of “Humfredus decimus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essexiæ, ac dominus Breconiæ” in 1361 “apud Pleysis sine hærede” and his burial “Londini apud Fratres Augustinos”[534]. e) EDWARD de Bohun (Caldecot [1312]-Low Malden castle, Scotland [10] Nov 1334, bur Walden Abbey). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that Edward and William were “nati ad unum tempus” and that Edward died “in Scotia” and was buried “apud Waldene”[535]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Caldecot” of “duo gemelli…Edwardus et Willielmus” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ”[536]. Twin with his brother William. He replaced his brother as Constable of England 26 Oct 1330 on account of his brother's infirmity[537]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death in 1333 “ad castrum de Low-Malden” of “Edwardus de Boun miles”, drowned, and his burial “apud Walton”[538]. He was drowned in Scotland when trying to rescue one of his followers[539]. m MARGARET de Ros, daughter of WILLIAM de Ros & his wife Matilda des Vaux (-bur Walden Abbey). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Margareta le Roos” as the wife of “Edwardus de Boon” and records that she was buried at Walden with her husband[540]. f) WILLIAM de Bohun (Caldecot [1312]-16 Sep 1360, bur Walden Abbey, Essex). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that Edward and William were “nati ad unum tempus” and that King Edward III invested William as Earl of Northampton after the death of his brother John[541]. Earl of Northampton. - see below. g) ELEANOR de Bohun (-7 Oct 1363). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that Eleanor married firstly (after the death of her father) “domino Jacobo le Botyler Hiberniæ”, who was created “comitem de Urmond” by King Edward III[542]. m firstly (1327) JAMES Butler, son of EDMUND Butler [Le Botiller] & his wife Joan FitzGerald of Kildare ([1305]-[Jan/Feb] 1338, bur Gowran, co. Kilkenny). He was created Earl of Ormond Oct 1328. m secondly (licence 24 Jan 1344, before 20 Apr 1344) Sir THOMAS de Dagworth, son of JOHN de Dagworth of Dagworth, Suffolk & his wife Alice FitzWarin (after 1292-killed in battle Aurai, Brittany [Jul/Aug] 1350). He was created Lord Dagworth 13 Nov 1347. h) MARGARET de Bohun (-16 Dec 1391, bur Exeter Cathedral). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that the second Margaret married (after the death of her father) “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire”[543]. The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey records the marriage ”1325 III Id Aug” of “Hugonem tertium” and “dominæ Margaretæ filiæ comitis Herefordiæ domini Humphredi de Bohun”, adding that her mother was “dominam Elizabetham…regis…Edwardi…primi filiam”[544]. m (contract [1314/15], 11 Aug 1325) HUGH de Courtenay, son of HUGH de Courtenay Lord Courtenay [later Earl of Devon] & his wife Agnes de St John (12 Jul 1303-2 May 1377, bur Exeter Cathedral). He was summoned to parliament 23 Apr 1337, whereby he is held to have become Lord Courtenay. He succeeded his father in 1340 as Earl of Devon. i) ENEAS de Bohun ([1313/15]-Kimbolton [29 Sep] 1331, bur Walden Abbey). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that Eneas died after his father and was buried “apud Waldene”[545]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud ---” of “Eneas” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ”[546]. He is mentioned in his father's will, but deceased in the 19 Jan 1344 ordination of the chantry of his brother William[547]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “1331 circa festum sancti Michaelis…apud Kymbolton” of “Æneas de Bohun” and his burial at Walden[548]. j) ISABEL de Bohun (Quendon [5] May 1316-young, bur Walden Abbey). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that Isabel died young[549]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Quenden” of “quædam filia” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ” during whose birth her mother died, and in a later passage the burial of mother and child at Walden[550].


WILLIAM de Bohun, son of HUMPHREY de Bohun Earl of Hereford and Essex & his wife Elizabeth of England (Caldecot [1312]-16 Sep 1360, bur Walden Abbey, Essex). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that Edward and William were “nati ad unum tempus” and that King Edward III invested William as Earl of Northampton after the death of his brother John[551]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Caldecot” of “duo gemelli…Edwardus et Willielmus” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ”[552]. Twin with his brother Edward. He was created Earl of Northampton 16 Mar 1337. His brother Humphrey granted him the office of Constable of England for life 12 Jun 1338[553]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records the death of “Willielmus de Bohun…comes Northamtoniæ et constabularius Angliæ” 16 Sep 1350 (an error in the document, corrected when the text records the death of William´s brother Humphrey in 1361 “unum annum, unum mensem et quinque dies” after his brother died) and his burial “apud Waldene”[554]. m (licence 1335) as her second husband, ELIZABETH de Badlesmere, widow of Sir EDMUND Mortimer Lord Mortimer, daughter of BARTHOLOMEW de Badlesmere Lord Badlesmere & his wife --- ([1313]-8 Jun 1355[555]). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records the marriage of “Willielmus de Bohun”, son of “Humfredus octavus”, and “Elizabetham filiam domini Bartholomei de Badlesmere”, previously married to “domino Edmundo de Mortuomari”[556].

Earl William & his wife had two children: 1. HUMPHREY de Bohun (25 Mar 1342-16 Jan 1373, bur Walden Abbey). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus undecimus et una filia…Elizabetha” as the children of “Willielmus de Bohun”, son of “Humfredus octavus”, and his wife “Elizabetham filiam domini Bartholomei de Badlesmere”[557]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records that “Humfredus filius domini Willielmi de Bohun, comitis de Northampton” succeeded his uncle[558]. He succeeded his father in 1360 as Earl of Northampton. He succeeded his uncle in 1361 as Earl of Hereford and Essex, hereditary Constable of England. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “1372 VII die Jan” of “Humfredus de Bohun” and his burial at Walden[559]. m (after 9 Sep 1359) JOAN FitzAlan, daughter of RICHARD FitzAlan Earl of Arundel & his second wife Eleanor of Lancaster ([1347]-7 Apr 1419, bur Walden Abbey). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the marriage of “Humfredus filius domini Willielmi de Bohun, comitis de Northampton” and “dominam Joannam filiam comitis Arundellæ”[560]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Humfredus undecimus” married “Johannam filiam Richardi comitis Arundeliæ et de Surreia”[561]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “VII Id Apr 1419” of “Johanna filia comitis Arundel” and her burial with her husband at Walden[562]. Earl Humphrey & his wife had two children: a) ELEANOR de Bohun ([1366]-Minoresses’ Convent, Aldgate, London 3 Oct 1399, bur Westminster Abbey). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Alianoram…et Mariam” as the two daughters of “Humfredus filius domini Willielmi de Bohun, comitis de Northampton” and his wife “dominam Joannam filiam comitis Arundellæ”, adding that Eleanor was wife of “domino Thomæ de Woodstock…regis Angliæ Edwardi tertii filio, duci Gloucestriæ et comiti Buckinghamiæ”[563]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “1399 V Non Oct” of “Elianora ducissa Gloucestriæ” and her burial at Westminster[564]. m (before 8 Feb 1376) THOMAS of Woodstock, son of EDWARD III King of England & his wife Philippa de Hainaut (Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire 7 Jan 1355-murdered Prince’s Inn, Calais 8/9 Sep 1397, bur Pleshy, Essex, Collegiate Church of the Holy Trinity). He was recognised as Constable of England, de iure uxoris. He was created Earl of Buckingham 16 Jul 1377. He succeeded as Earl of Essex 22 Jun 1380, in right of his wife after she came of age. He was created Duke of Gloucester 6 Aug 1385. b) MARY de Bohun ([1369/70]-Peterborough Castle 4 Jun 1394, bur Leicester, St Mary’s Church, later removed to Trinity Hospital Leicester). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Alianoram…et Mariam” as the two daughters of “Humfredus filius domini Willielmi de Bohun, comitis de Northampton” and his wife “dominam Joannam filiam comitis Arundellæ”, adding that Mary was wife of “Henrici comiti de Derbi, domini Johannes de Gant ducis Lancastriæ filio”[565]. She died in childbirth. m (Rochford, Essex or Arundel Castle, Sussex [20 Jul 1380/10 Feb 1381]) as his first wife, HENRY "of Bolingbroke" Earl of Derby, son of JOHN "of Gaunt" Duke of Lancaster & his first wife Blanche of Lancaster (Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire [3] Apr 1367-Jerusalem Chamber, Westminster Abbey 20 Mar 1413, bur Canterbury Cathedral). He was created Earl of Northampton and Earl of Hereford in right of his wife 22 Dec 1384. He succeeded in 1399 as HENRY IV King of England. 2. ELIZABETH de Bohun (-3 Apr 1385, bur Lewes). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus undecimus et una filia…Elizabetha” as the children of “Willielmus de Bohun”, son of “Humfredus octavus”, and his wife “Elizabetham filiam domini Bartholomei de Badlesmere”, adding that Elizabeth married “Richardo filio et hærede [Richardi] comitis Arundeliæ”[566]. m (contract 28 Sep 1359, Papal dispensation Sep 1359) as his first wife, RICHARD FitzAlan, son of RICHARD FitzAlan Earl of Arundel & his second wife Eleanor of Lancaster (1346-beheaded Cheapside 21 Sep 1397, bur Church of the Augustine Friars, Bread Street, London). He succeeded his father in 1376 as Earl of Arundel.