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  • Sarah Wakefield (1830 - 1899)
    Sarah Brown was born in Rhode Island in 1829 and came to Minnesota in 1854 where she met her husband Dr. John L. Wakefield whom she married in 1856 and had two children. Dr. Wakefield was a land sp...
  • Samuel Gill (1687 - c.1758)
  • Sarah Huckins (1654 - c.1705)
    She was taken captive by Indians after a raid. (See Robert Huckins).Her husband James Huckins was killed by Indians 18 Aug 1689 when his garrision house was captured. Most of his party were killed. Thi...
  • John Wolcott, IV (c.1695 - d.)
    Joanna Woolcott, b. 1687 Newbury MA, d. 1751; m. Samuel Wheeler 1704 Brookfield MA, great-grandson of Pilgrim, William White. (4) Ruth Woolcott, b. c.1693, d. 1723 Brookfield, unmarried. (4) John W...
  • Mary "Polly" Petro (1761 - 1823)
    I believe that Mary Petro See is not the daughter of Frederick Michael See but of Cornstalk (born 1710) (note by curator Mike van Beuren) -------------------- Find A Grave Birth: Dec. 29, 1761...

During the westward expansion of pioneers in the 17th through 19th centuries, thousands of European and African settlers were captured by American Indians.

Indians waging war against settlers and other tribes often killed adult men and took women and children captive. These captives were adopted and integrated into tribal society. Their presence helped strengthen the tribe.

Settlers in pioneer areas lived with periodic threats of Indian attack and the fear that they or their families might be killed or captured. Whites perceived Indians as savages, so in their worldview a woman who was captured would be degraded by being forced to enter into relationships with Indian men, and children would be barbarized.

Settlers went to great lengths to rescue or ransom these captives, but the efforts often dragged on for years because of the difficulty of locating them and the reluctance of the Indians to return them.

Whites had a horrified fascination with "capture stories". Lurid accounts of "White Indians" were bestsellers among whites living at a distance from the frontier. These highly sensationalized accounts of returned captives told about the horrors of captivity and the indomitable spirit that kept the captives alive through years of despair.

Such stories reinforced white views that the Indians were savages. The stories were often used to justify further encroachment on Indian lands. However, the reality was often disappointingly different. The captives who survived were those who assimilated successfully, so the captives themselves were often reluctant to return when offered the opportunity years later.