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Carmarthenshire - Historic County of Wales

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This is the Umbrella project for Carmarthenshire

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Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin or Sir Gâr) - Historic County of Wales

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Carmarthenshire has been spelt in other ways in the past, including:

  • Carmardenshire
  • Caermarthenshire
  • Caermardi / Caermardī
  • Caermaridunum / Caermaridvnvm

Known in Welsh as Sir Gaerfyrddin.

A maritime County bounded N. by Cardiganshire, E. by Brecknockshire and Glamorgan, S. by the Bristol Channel and W. by Pembrokeshire. The largest County in Wales.

  • Incorporated into : 1974 Dyfed
  • Re-establihed 1996 as a unitary authority
  • Additions : 1996 Carmarthen, Dinefwr, Llanelli

Area 587,816 acres. 2,395

Population 183,800 (2011)

Admin. Headquarters Carmarthen

Motto: 'Rhyddid Gwerin Ffyniant Gwald' - The freedom of the people is the prosperity of the country.

County Flower Whorled Caraway - Carum Verticillatum

The surface generally is upland and mountainous. Fforest Fawr and Black Mountain extend into the E. of the County and the Cambrian Mountains into the North. The S. coast contains many fishing villages and sandy beaches. The highest point is Carmarthen Fau (2,525 feet). The main rivers are the Tywi, the Lougher (which forms the E. boundary with Glamorgan), and the Gwendraeth Fawr. The principal industries are agriculture, forestry, fishing and tourism.

Places of special interest: Carreg Cennen Castle (SM6619); Dolaucothi Gold Mines (SN6640); Kidwelly Castle (SN4007); Laugharne Castle (SN3010); National Botanic Garden of Wales (SM5216); Pembrey Country Park (SN4000).

Main towns

  • Ammanford,
  • Burry Port,
  • Carmarthen,
  • Kidwelly,
  • Llanelli,
  • Llandeilo,
  • Llandovery.

See Table of Welsh Place names (Table listing where places are in Current [Post 1974/1996] Welsh Counties/Historic Counties

Parish Map


from The Phillimore Atlas and Index of Parish Registers 1984.

For full size image see South Wales - Phillimore - open the full view and use the magnify tool.