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Irish Convicts to Australia

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IRISH Convicts transported to Australia

Note: This project is for IRISH convicts only, please do not add English profiles to this project'

When Captain Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet arrived at Port Jackson in 1788, 751 convicts and their children disembarked, along with 252 marines and their families. They made the eight month voyage.

People could be deported for crimes such as vagrancy (being homeless and unemployed) or robbery of goods less than a shilling (about $50 today), while stealing goods worth more than a shilling meant death by hanging. Between 1788 and 1868, 165 000 convicts were transported to Australia and formed the majority of the population for the first few decades of this penal colony. Under Governor Phillip, convicts were put to work according to their skills, building bridges, roads, hospitals and courthouses.

Governor Lachlan MacQuarie was the first Governor of New South Wales (1810-1821) to envisage the country as more than a penal colony, and encouraged reformed convicts to take up roles of responsibility within the community. Good behaviour meant many convicts were granted a Ticket of Leave before their full sentence was served.

Aim of this project

The aim of this project is to create a collection of Irish profiles of people who were transported to Australia as a convict.

How can you help?

  • First of all you will need to join this project by clicking on the Actions button in the top right of this page and select Join from the dropdown menu.
  • To add a profile of an Irish convict you go to the profile click on the Actions button and select Add to project from the dropdown menu, a new dropdown menu will open and type in Irish Convicts to NSW and click done after the project appears on the screen.
  • Questions can be asked here Project discussions

Top 10 reasons why people were convicted

  • 1.Stealing an animal
  • 2.Stealing food
  • 3.Burglary
  • 4.Stealing from a person
  • 5.Whiteboyism
  • 6.Robbery of arms
  • 7.Perjury
  • 8.Assault
  • 9.Coining
  • 10.Manslaughter

Convict life

Finding freedom

The Irish convicts

A

  • Esther AERES, age 23 trial place Kilkenny date of trial 01/07/1846, crime larceny
  • Robert AGEE age 14, trial place Antrim, trial date 28/06/1809, crime larceny
  • Anne AGNES age 28, trial place Dublin, trial date 17/07/1845, crime felony of a gold watch
  • Anne AGNEW age 23, trial place Louth, trial date 05/01/1836, crime larency
  • Betty AGNEW age 29, trial place Antrim, trial date 05/04/1837, crime larceny
  • Henry AGNEW age 30, trial place Londonderry, trial date 1836, crime Accessory to murder
  • James AGNEW age 40, trial place Londonderry, trial date 1836, crime Accessory to murder
  • Jane AGNEW, age 35, trial place Antrim, trial date 05/04/1837, crime receiving stolen goods.
  • Philip AGNEW age 20, trial place Fermanagh, trial date 05/03/1845, crime stealing a watch.
  • Cornelius AHERN age unknown, trial place Cork, trial date 28/06/1852, crime stealing sheep.
  • David AHERN, age unknown, trial place Cork, trial date 19/09/1848, crime burglary.
  • Denis AHERN age unknown, trial place Limerick, trial date 04/07/1848, crime larceny.
  • Honora AHERN ,age 33, trial place Cork, trial date 03/08/1838, crime larceny from a person.
  • James AHERN , age 20, trial place Cork, trial date 1839, crime sheep stealing.
  • Robert ALLEN' born in Dublin.
  • Richard ARCHBOLD born in County Kildare, Ireland

B

  • Edward BOLTON, age 23, trial place Dublin, trial date 11/02/1850, crime stealing a gold watch.
  • Thomas BRACKEN, age 20, trial place Dublin, trial date 11/02/1850, crime robbery.
  • Bridget Mary O'BRIEN age 16, trial place Cork, trial date 4 jun 1852, crime unknown
  • Richard BROWNE born in Dublin.

C

  • Jane CARROLL from Dublin.
  • John CAVANAGH, age 20, trial place Dublin, trial date 23/06/1852, crime stealing clothes.

D

  • Margaret DOWLING
  • Thomas DROUGHT, age 29, trial pace Westmeath, trial date 01/04/1851 crime larceny on previous conviction.

E

F

G

H

  • Thomas HEARON, age 22, trial place Dublin, trial date 06/05/1851, crime felonious rape.

I

J

K

  • John KAVANAGH, age 20, trial place Dublin, trial date 06/10/1851, crime felony

L

M

  • Mark MARTIN, age 20, trial place Dundalk, trial date 21/10/1850, crime felony.
  • John MCNALLY age unknown, trial place Dublin, trial date 12/02/1850, crime cattle stealing.
  • John MULHOLM born in Dublin 1815.
  • Peter MURRAY, age 20, trial place Dublin, trial date 14/05/1851,crime felony of purse money

N

O

P

Q

R

S

  • Esther STROUD born in Dublin.
  • Patrick SWEENEY, age unknown, trial place Co Clare, trial date 31/04/1851, crime unknown

T

U

V

W

Y

Sources & Convict databases and registries

Convict ships