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Cornish settlement in Australia

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Cornish settlement in Australia

Cornish are sometimes described as one of the six Celtic Nations. They form part of the worldwide Cornish diaspora, which also includes large numbers of people in the US, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Mexico and many Latin American countries. Australians originating from Cornwall are thought to make up around 4.3 per cent of the Australian population and are thus one of the largest ethnic groups in Australia.

Cornish people first arrived in Australia with Captain Cook, most notably Zachary Hickes, and there were some Cornish convicts on the First Fleet, James Ruse, Mary Bryant, along with several of the early governors. South Australia, with its emphasis on being free of convicts and religious discrimination, was championed by many Cornish religious dissenting groups and Cornish people comprised a sizeable proportion of settlers helped establish that colony. Large scale Cornish emigration to Australia did not begin until the 1840s, coinciding with the Cornish potato famine and slumps in the Cornish mining industry. The gold rushes and copper booms were major draws on Cornish people, not just from Cornwall itself, but also from other countries where they had previously settled.

What Profiles To Add?

Profiles where the family originated from Cornwall, England, including "via" other countries and settled in Australia. You may include their immediate offspring, as a complete family, but it is not necessary. Couples should both be included, as they have different ancestors.

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  • Photo kindly supplied by the Wiki Pedia Creative Commons.