Counties of the United Kingdom - Northern Ireland
See Counties Northern Ireland Map and select "full view" for detailed image of the map right
The counties of Northern Ireland -- Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry and Tyrone—were the principal local government divisions of Northern Ireland from its creation in 1921 until 1972, when their governmental features were abolished and replaced with twenty-six unitary authorities.[ The counties of Northern Ireland form two-thirds of the historical province of Ulster.
This is the hub project for the counties of Northern Ireland. The history of local government in the United Kingdom differs between England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, and the subnational divisions within these which have been called counties have varied over time and by purpose. The county has formed the upper tier of local government over much of the United Kingdom at one time or another, and has been used for a variety of other purposes, such as for Lord Lieutenants, land registration and postal delivery.
The English administration in Ireland following the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland created counties as the major subdivisions of an Irish province. This process lasted a period from the 13th to 17th centuries. The number and shape of the counties that formed the later Northern Ireland were not defined until the Flight of the Earls allowed the shiring of Ulster from 1604.
Though the present-day counties of Northern Ireland were planned in the early 16th century, some had already existed in one form or another beforehand although their boundaries were adjusted. Each county would have an associated county town, with county courts of Quarter Sessions and Assizes
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