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Eighty Years' War (1568-1648)

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Eighty Years' War

See Wikipedia...

The Eighty Years' War, or Dutch War of Independence, (1568–1648), began as a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces against Philip II of Spain (Felipe II de España), the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands.


After the initial stages, Philip II deployed his armies and regained control over most of the rebelling provinces. However, under the leadership of the exiled William of Orange, the northern provinces continued their resistance and managed to oust the Habsburg armies, and established the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. The subsequent war continued, although the heartland of the republic was no longer threatened. The war ended in 1648 with the Peace of Münster, when the Dutch Republic was recognised as an independent country.

For a list of battles during the Eighty Years' War, see Wikipedia...

Sovereigns during the War

  • 1555-1581 : The Seventeen Provinces (a personal union under the Spanish Habsburgs)
    • Sovereign : Felipe II de España (1527-1598)
  • 1568 : Start of the Dutch Revolt, led by Willem van Oranje (1533-1584)
  • 1581 : Split between the Northern and Southern Netherlands
    • Northern Netherlands: The Dutch Republic
      • Sovereign: the States-General, representing the 7 provinces. The Northern Netherlands and Dutch Republic never had a sovereign during the Eighty Years' War. The Republic was ruled by the States-General, were each province had one vote in the decisions pertaining to the Republic. The provinces were very autonomous, ruled by 'stadtholders'. (The first King of Holland would be Louis Bonaparte, in 1806)
    • Southern Netherlands: The Spanish Netherlands
      • Sovereign : the King of Spain
        • 1556-1598 : Felipe II, King of Spain (1527-1598)
        • 1598-1521 : Felipe III, King of Spain (1578-1621)
        • 1621-1665 : Felipe IV, King of Spain (1605-1665)

Governors

Governors of the Seventeen Provinces, before the 1581 de facto split between North and South

From 1581, leaders in the Dutch Republic

From 1581, governors of the Spanish Netherlands

Military and political protagonists of the Eighty Years' War battles

On the side of the Dutch Republic

On the side of Spain

"WORKSHOP"

Other potential protagonists in the Eighty Years' War (to be researched)

  • Cornelis van Aerssen (1543-1627)
  • Cornelis van Aerssen (1600-1662)
  • François van Aerssen (1572-1641)
  • François d'Anjou
  • Balthasar de Ayala
  • Ferdinand von Bayern
  • Wilhem II von Bayern-Schagen
  • Charles de Berlaymont
  • Adriaan van Blijenburg
  • Hendrik Bloeyman
  • Charlotte de Bourbon
  • Louis III de Bourbon-Vendôme
  • Catharina van Brederode
  • Diederik van Bronckhorst-Batenburg
  • Karel I van Bronkhorst-Batenburg-Steyn
  • Maximiliaan van Bronckhorst-Batenburg-Steyn
  • Paulus Buys
  • Archibald Campbell
  • Jan van Casembroot
  • Manuel de Castel Rodrigo
  • Edward Cecil
  • Thomas Cecil
  • Adriaan Clant
  • Margaretha Coppier
  • Adolf van Cortenbach
  • Philippe III de Croÿ
  • Jean de Croÿ
  • Anthonie Duyck
  • Willem Cornelisz. van Duyvenbode
  • Diego Espinosa y Arévalo
  • Otto van Gendt
  • Balthasar Gerards
  • Marcus van Gerwen
  • Jan IV de Glymes
  • Ruy Gómez de Silva
  • Armand de Gontaut
  • Diederik Jansz Graeff
  • Jacob Dircksz de Graeff
  • Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle
  • Rogier van Grinsven
  • Franciscus Haraeus
  • Kenau Simonsdochter Hasselaer
  • Matthijs Helt
  • Jan van Hembyze
  • Jacob Hessels
  • Jan van Horne (1531-1606)
  • Jean Hotman
  • Jan van Hout (stadssecretaris)
  • Jelle Broers Hylckama
  • Jean Jaureguy
  • Kaiser Matthias
  • Kaiser Rudolf II
  • Jan Koppestok
  • Gilles van Leedenberch
  • Jan Junius van Leefdale
  • Trijn van Leemput
  • Elbertus Leoninus
  • Margaretha von Parma
  • Francisco de Melo
  • Bernard van Merode (1570-1640)
  • Arent van der Mijle
  • Ernesto Montecuccoli
  • Florent de Montmorency
  • Magdalena Moons
  • Cornelis Musius
  • Geertruida van Myllendonk
  • Josef Nasi
  • Anna van Nassau (1563-1588)
  • Catharina van Nassau
  • Elisabeth van Nassau (1542-1603)
  • Maria van Nassau (1539-1599)
  • George van Nassau-Dillenburg
  • Jan VI van Nassau-Dillenburg
  • Magdalena van Nassau-Dillenburg
  • Reinier van Oldenbarnevelt
  • Willem van Oldenbarnevelt
  • Andreas von Österreich
  • Ernst von Österreich (1553-1595)
  • Ferdinand von Österreich (1609-1641)
  • Leopold Wilhem von Österreich
  • Filips Willem van Oranje
  • Adriaan Pauw (1585-1653)
  • Reinier Pauw (1564-1636)
  • Alphonse Pollot
  • Willem Ripperda
  • Caspar de Robles
  • Rochus Meeuwisz
  • Philippine van Ruyschenberg
  • François van Ryhove
  • Johann III von Bayern-Schagen
  • Maria van Schooten
  • Philip Sidney
  • Hendrick Danielsz Slatius
  • William Stanley (1548-1630)
  • Simon Stevin
  • Famiano Strada
  • Du Terrail
  • Olivier van den Tympel
  • Maria van Utrecht
  • Philippus Vaecx
  • Petrus Vladeraccus
  • François Vranck
  • Augustinus Wichmans
  • Rowland York
  • Jacobus Zaffius