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Marshal Alejandro, Conde de O'Reilly (1722 - 1794)

Marshal Alejandro, Conde de O'Reilly (1722, Dublin, Ireland - March 23, 1794, Bonete, Spain ) (English: Alexander, Count de O'Reilly), was an Irish-born military reformer and Inspector-General of Inf...

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<private> Foster

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<private> Blanco (Babineaux)

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Buddy Roemer MP

"Buddy" Roemer won the governorship without a majority vote, a point which somewhat weakened his administration.. Roemer led in the primary with 33 percent to Edwin Edwards' 28 percent. Edwards withd...

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David Connor Treen (1928 - 2009)

David Connor Treen, the first Republican governor in Louisiana since Reconstruction, knew well the political realities of the state. After receiving the endorsement of four Democrats he had faced in th...

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<private> Edwards

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Alvin Olin King (1890 - 1958)

Alvin O. King became Governor as a result of a political controversy between Huey Long and Dr. Paul Cyr. After Long was elected to the U. S. Senate, Cyr, the Lt. Governor, declared Long's office vacant...

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John Julian McKeithen (1918 - 1999)

John McKeithen employed a folksy plea - "Won't you he'p me?" - with a promise to "clean up the mess in Baton Rouge" to win election as Governor in 1964. McKeithen's stance as a reformer combined with h...

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Robert "Bob" Kennon (1902 - 1988)

As Governor, Bob Kennon wanted to take a "civics book approach to government." After defeating Earl Long, Kennon reestablished the state civil service which Long had abolished and pushed for state cons...

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Jimmie Davis, Governor (1899 - 2000)

Jimmie Davis won his first gubernatorial election in 1944 with the support of reform Governor Jones. Davis at first thought he should avoid mixing his two careers of country music and politics. After a...

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Sam Houston Jones (1897 - 1978)

Sam Jones broke the 12-year hold on the Governor's office enjoyed by the Long faction in Louisiana politics. Following the "Louisiana Scandals" of 1939 which focused voters' attention on the corruption...

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Richard Webster Leche (1898 - 1965)

Richard W. Leche won the battle to succeed Huey Long as the leader of the Long faction after Huey's assassination. He won the Democratic primary by a 3 to 1 margin and proceeded to honor his statement,...

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James A. Noe, Sr. (1890 - 1976)

James A. Noe, a wealthy independent oil man, ran for the State Senate at the request of Huey Long. He won, became a Long floor leader and was chosen by his colleagues to be President Pro Tempore of the...

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Oscar Kelly Allen (1882 - 1936)

Oscar Kelly Allen, Sr. (August 8, 1882 – January 28, 1936), also known as O. K. Allen, was the 42nd Governor of Louisiana from 1932 to 1936. He was a key lieutenant in the political machine of H...

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Oramel Hinckley Simpson (1870 - 1932)

Oramel Simpson succeeded to the office of Governor from his position as Lieutenant Governor on October 11, 1926 when his predecessor, Governor Fuqua died. Simpson inherited Fuqua's office and the con...

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Henry Luse Fuqua (1865 - 1926)

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John Milliken Parker (1863 - 1939)

John Milliken Parker (March 16, 1863– May 20, 1939) was an American Democratic politician from Louisiana, who served as the state's 37th Governor from 1920–1924. He was a friend and admir...

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Brig. General Francis T. Nicholls (CSA), Governor, Chief Justice of the Louisiana Supreme Court (1834 - 1912)

A conservative Democrat who looked at the antebellum period as a golden age in Louisiana, Francis R. T. Nicholls embodied the "Bourbon" or planter approach to less government-low taxes, few official se...

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Joshua Baker (1799 - 1885)

Joshua Baker, a pro-Union conservative Democrat who supported the less stringent plan of Reconstruction, took office in January, 1868. General Winfield Scoft Hancock, the new military district commande...

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Luther Egbert Hall (1869 - 1921)

Luther Hall ran for Governor with the encouragement and support of John M. Parker and his Good Government League reformers. That support vanished after the election as Hall's weak reform measures were ...

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Ruffin Golson Pleasant (1871 - 1937)

Ruffin G. Pleasant played in the first LSU-Tulane game as a captain of the LSU squad in 1893. Knocked out of that game, Pleasant remained in the political game through alliances at various times with m...

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Jared Young Sanders (1869 - 1944)

J. Y. Sanders was the first Governor elected under the primary law passed during Governor Blanchard's administration. Under the law, Sanders had to face another Democrat in a primary election before ru...

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Newton C. Blanchard, Governor, U.S. Senator (1849 - 1922)

Newton Crain Blanchard developed a strong career as a Bourbon Democratic Party functionary before stepping onto a higher national stage. From chairmanship of the Democratic Committee of Caddo Parish, B...

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Stephen Bennett Packard (1839 - 1922)

Stephen Bennett Packard (April 25, 1839 - January 31, 1922), a native of Maine, emerged as an important Republican politician in Louisiana during the era of Reconstruction. He was the unsuccessful Repu...

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William Wright Heard (1853 - 1926)

William Wright Heard, a protege of Governor Foster, received the Democratic nomination for Governor in 1900. Because of previous efforts to disenfranchise blacks, Republicans, and white Populists, the ...

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<private> Foster

Franklin, LA, USA

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Murphy J. Foster, Sr. (1849 - 1921)

Murphy J. Foster personified Bourbonism: paternalistic and protective of the Democratic Party. Foster was part of the codification of "Jim Crow" to separate blacks and whites in daily life. He was part...

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Louis Alfred Wiltz (1843 - 1881)

An ally of the Louisiana Lottery Company, Louis A. Wiltz was elected Governor under the Constitution of 1879, a pro-Democrat document written to replace the 1868 Constitution written by Republicans. As...

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William P. Kellogg, Governor, U.S. Senator (1830 - 1918)

William Pitt Kellogg (December 8, 1830 – August 10, 1918) was an American politician and a governor of Louisiana from 1873-1877 during Reconstruction. He was one of the most important politici...

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Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback MP (1837 - 1921)

Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback, the son of a Mississippi white planter and a freed slave, became active in Republican Party politics in Louisiana as a delegate in the Republican state convention o...

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Samuel Douglas McEnery (1837 - 1910)

Samuel McEnery succeeded Governor Louis Wiltz when Wiltz died in office. McEnery had joined Wiltz on the Democratic pro-lottery ticket in the election of 1879, an off-year year election called for by...

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John McEnery (1832 - 1891)

In the election of 1872 John McEnery, a Democrat, faced Republican William Pitt Kellogg. Sitting Governor Henry Clay Warmoth, a Republican, supported McEnery because Warmoth opposed the Republican Part...

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Henry Clay Warmoth (1842 - 1931)

Henry Clay Warmoth epitomizes the corruption of Louisiana politics during Reconstruction and at other times as well. Elected Governor at age 26 as the Republican candidate, Warmoth speculated in stat...

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Benjamin Franklin Flanders (1816 - 1896)

Benjamin Franklin Flanders held important pro-Union posts before being appointed governor by the New Orleans military district commander, Gen. Philip Sheridan. During the war, as special agent of the...

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Thomas Jefferson Durant (1817 - 1882)

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James Madison Wells (1808 - 1899)

James Madison Wells became Governor upon the resignation of Governor Hahn who left office to serve in the U. S. Senate. As Hahn's Lieutenant Governor, Well's pro- Union stance was no secret, his opposi...

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Georg Michael Decker Hahn (1830 - 1886)

Michael Hahn, born in Bavaria, but orphaned and educated in Orleans Parish, opposed secession, avoided swearing loyalty to the Confederacy and collaborated with the Federal occupation forces in New Orl...

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Brig. Gen. Henry W. Allen (CSA), Governor (1820 - 1866)

Henry Allen served Confederate Louisiana as an officer in the Battle of Shiloh and in the defense of Baton Rouge, La. where he was wounded in both legs. As governor, Allen persuaded the Legislature to ...

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Brig. Gen. George F. Shepley (USA) (1819 - 1878)

George Foster Shepley (January 1, 1819 – July 20, 1878) was a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He was appointed military and 18th Governor of Louisiana by Maj.-Gen. Benja...

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Thomas Overton Moore (1804 - 1876)

Thomas Moore held office through the secession crisis after the election of Abraham Lincoln, the formation of the Confederate States of America and the first three years of the War Between the States. ...

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Brig. General Paul Octave Hebert (CSA), Governor (1818 - 1880)

Paul Octave Hebert, first in his class at West Point and a veteran of the Mexican War, won the governorship of Louisiana in an off-year election provided for in the Constitution of 1852. Trained as a...

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Joseph Marshall Walker (1784 - 1856)

Joseph M. Walker became the first Governor inaugurated in the new state capitol in Baton Rouge. The main event of Walker's administration, the adoption of the Constitution of 1852, shortened his term...

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Edward Douglass White, Sr., 10th Governor of Louisiana (1795 - 1847)

Edward Douglass White's governorship came in the middle of Whig dominance of the office. The sugar planters of the more populous Acadian parishes supported the pro-tariff Whigs and Alexander Porter led...

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Andre Bienvenue Roman (1795 - 1866)

Andre Roman became governor by appointment after Jacques Dupre resigned before completing the term left open by Pierre Derbigny's death in office and Arnaud Beauvais's resignation. That succession cris...

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Alexandre Mouton, Governor, U.S. Senator (1804 - 1885)

Alexander Mouton, elected as the first Democratic Governor of Louisiana, led the Constitutional Convention of 1845. The new Constitution directed the legislature to begin a public education system and ...

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Jacques Dupré (1773 - 1846)

Jacques Dupre was elected President of the Senate, an office left vacant after Arnaud Beauvais assumed the duties of Governor when Pierre Derbigny died in office. Upon-his election as Senate President,...

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Armand Julie Beauvais (1783 - 1843)

Arnaud Julie Beauvais succeeded Pierre Derbigny as Governor after Derbigny died in office. Beauvais became Acting Governor because the Constitution required the President of the State Senate to assume ...

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Pierre Auguste Bourguignon Derbigny (1769 - 1829)

Pierre Derbigny had graciously bowed out of the governor's race in 1820 when he won the vote of the legislature but lost the popular vote to Thomas Robertson. Derbigny was victorious in 1828. After a c...

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Thomas Bolling Robertson (c.1773 - 1828)

Thomas Bolling Robertson, elected Governor in 1820, practiced law in Virginia until his appointment by President Jefferson on August 12, 1807, as secretary of the Territory of Orleans. While retaining ...

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Robert Charles Wickliffe (1819 - 1895)

Robert Wickliffe opposed the rise of the "Know-Nothing" Party in Louisiana, which reached its peak of strength during his administration. The "Know-Nothings", or the American Party, was formed to oppos...

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Henry Johnson, 5th Gov. of Louisiana MP (1783 - 1864)

) Henry Johnson (September 14, 1783 - September 4, 1864) was the fifth Governor of Louisiana, and served as a United States Representative and as a United States Senator. Early life Johnson w...

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Isaac Johnson (1803 - 1853)

Isaac Johnson's term as Governor began in controversy when Whig Party opponents claimed he had taken an improper oath and was not legally governor. His administration continued in conflict when he ap...

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Henry Schuyler Thibodaux (c.1769 - c.1827)

Henry Schuyler Thibodaux served for one month as interim governor after Governor Thomas Robertson resigned to become a federal judge. A state legislator originally from New York, Thibodaux was marrie...

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Jacques Phillippe Villeré (1761 - 1830)

Jacques Phillippe Villeré (April 28, 1761 - 7 March, 1830) was the second Governor of Louisiana after it became a state. He was the first Creole and the first native of Louisiana to attain that ...

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Juan Manuel de Salcedo (1743 - d.)

Salcedo served under Charles IV and battled his government over the rights of Americans to navigate freely down the Mississippi River below Natchez, Miss. He left for a post in the Canary Islands after...

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Sebastian Calvo de la Puerta Y O'Fariel, Marqui de Casa Calvo (1751 - 1820)

Sebastian Calvo de la Puerta Y O'Fariel, Marqui de Casa Calvo was appointed by Charles IV as an interim governor after Gayoso's death. He was a Spanish army officer and native Cuban who governed during...

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Esteban Rodriguez Miró y Sabater (1744 - 1795)

Miro served under Charles III and Charles IV. He was an interim governor while Galvez was in Cuba from 1782 to 1785 and was appointed governor in 1785. During his term, Spain allowed trade with France ...

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Francisco Luis Hector, barón de Carondelet (1748 - 1807)

Francoise-Louis Hector, Baron de Carondelet et Noyelles served under King Charles IV. A native of France, he was also a loyal Spanish army officer and governor who had the ironic distinction of ensur...

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Manuel Gayoso de Lemos (1751 - 1799)

Gayoso was appointed by Charles IV because of his ability to speak English and his knowledge of colonial politics. He died from yellow fever in 1799

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Bernardo de Gálvez, vizconde de Galvestón y conde de Gálvez MP (1746 - 1786)

Galvez served under Charles III and improved upon Unzaga's policies. He worked to increase commerce and trade. When Spain declared war against England, he supplied Americans with arms and captured al...

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Luis de Unzaga y Amezaga (1721 - 1790)

Unzaga was appointed by O'Reilly who left in 1770, and served under King Charles III. He continued policies to strengthen ties between French colonists and Spanish administrators

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Alejandro O'Reilly (1722 - 1794)

Alejandro O'Reilly (1722, Dublin, Ireland - March 23, 1794, Bonete, Spain [1]) (English: Alexander O'Reilly), was a military reformer and Inspector-General of Infantry for the Spanish Empire in the sec...

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Antonio de Ulloa (1716 - 1795)

Antonio de Ulloa (12 January 1716 – 3 July 1795) was a Spanish general, explorer, author, astronomer, colonial administrator and the first Spanish governor of Louisiana.

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William C. C. Claiborne, US Congress, Gov. (c.1775 - 1817)

For more information: William Charles Cole Claiborne (b. before 23 November 1772,[1] or on 13 August 1773,[2] or between 23 November 1773 and 23 November 1774,[3] or in August 1775[4] – d. 2...

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Pierre Clément, Baron de Laussat (1756 - 1835)

Pierre Clement de Laussat (1756–1835) was a French politician, and the last French governor of Louisiana. De Laussat was born in the town of Pau. After serving as receveur généra...

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Charles Philippe Aubry (c.1720 - 1770)

Charles Phillipe Aubry served under Louis XV as transitional governor between French and Spanish regimes after Gov. D'Abbadie died in office. -------------------- Charles Phillipe Aubry served unde...

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Jean Jacques Blaise d'Abbadie (c.1726 - 1765)

Jean-Jacques Blaise d'Abbadie (1726-February 4, 1765, New Orleans) was the governor of the French colony of Louisiana from 1763 to 1765. Louis XV continued to direct the affairs in Louisiana because ...

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Louis Billouart, Chevalier de Kerlerec (c.1704 - c.1770)

Louis Billouart, Chevalier de Kerlerec (1704–1770) was the governor of the French colony of Louisiana from 1753 to 1763. After the former governor, Pierre François de Rigaud, Marquis de V...

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Pierre François de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal MP (1698 - 1778)

Pierre François de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal (22 November 1698 – 4 August 1778) was a Canadian-born French colonial governor in North America. He was born November 22, 1698 to...

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Étienne Périer (c.1690 - c.1755)

Étienne Périer was the fifth governor of the Louisiana colony. He became governor in 1727. His governorship was marked by the arrival of the first Ursuline nuns in New Orleans in 1727 to ...

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PIerre Duguay dit LaFranchise (1663 - 1740)

Pierre Dugué de Boisbriand (21 February 1675 – 7 June 1736) was a Canadien who commanded several areas in North America colonized by France in the early 18th Century, rising to become the...

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Jean Michiele de L'Epinay (c.1665 - 1721)

Jean Michiele de L'Epinay was the governor of the French colony of Louisiana from 1717 to 1718. Before serving as governor, Lepinay had been a naval officer and served over twenty years in Canada. He w...

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Earl Kemp Long (1895 - 1960)

Earl Long, Huey's younger brother, entered politics as one of his campaign workers. He never ventured beyond Huey's shadow, even during a period of conflict with him, until after his brother's assassin...

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Huey Pierce "The Kingfish" Long, Jr. (1893 - 1935)

Huey Pierce Long, Jr. (August 30, 1893 – September 10, 1935), nicknamed The Kingfish, served as the 40th Governor of Louisiana from 1928–1932 and as a U.S. Senator from 1932 to 1935. ...

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Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac (1658 - 1722)

CADILLAC, Antoine Laumet, dit Antoine de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, governor. Born, Laumets, Gascony, France, March 5, 1658; son of Jean Laumet, a minor magistrate. Went to Acadia; June 25, 1687, mar...

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Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville (1680 - 1767)

Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville Known as the "Father of Louisiana," Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville (1680-1767) aided his brother, Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, in establishing French control ...

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Sauvolle (c.1671 - 1701)

Sauvolle The sieur de 'Sauvolle' (sometimes spelled 'Sauvole'), to give him the only name known with certainty to be his, was the first governor of the French territory of Louisiana. He accompanied t...

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