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Graven van Vlaanderen - Counts of Flanders

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The Counts of Flanders

The Count of Flanders was the ruler or sub-ruler of the county of Flanders from the 9th century until the abolition of the position by the French revolutionaries in 1790.

Although the early rulers, from Arnulf I onwards, were sometime referred to as margraves or marquesses, this alternate title largely fell out of use by the 12th century. Since then the rulers of Flanders have only been referred to as counts.

The Counts of Flanders enlarged their estate through a series of diplomatic manoeuvres. The counties of Hainaut, Namur, Béthune, Nevers, Auxerre, Rethel, Burgundy, and Artois were acquired via marriage with the respective heiresses. The County of Flanders itself suffered the same fate. By the marriage of Margaret III, Countess of Flanders with Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, the county and the subsidiary counties were absorbed into the Duchy of Burgundy in 1405.

Geography

The geography of the county of Flanders only partially overlaps present day Flanders in Belgium. The land covered by the county of Flanders is spread out over:

Belgium

  • two of the five Flemish provinces: West-Flanders and East-Flanders
  • part of the Flemish province Antwerp: the land of Bornem
  • part of the Walloon province Hainaut: Tournai and the region around Moeskroen (that * belonged to West-Flanders until 1962)

France

  • French Flanders (in the Nord departement)
  • the French westcorner: the region around Dunkirk, Bergues and Bailleul, an area where Dutch used to be the main language
  • Artois (in the Pas-de-Calais department): removed from Flanders in 1191 and created as independent county in 1237

Netherlands

  • Zeelandic Flanders, a region between Belgium and the Western Scheldt, in the southern part of the province of Zeeland

From Wikipedia

Languages and Names

Name Format

We follow the ordinary ‘rule’ of using original language. Since we in Belgium have three languages, Flemish/Dutch, Wallon/French and German, but in Flandres was and is the language Flemish/Dutch, we try to incorporate sometimes also the French version, but the Dutch/Flemish version prevales.

  • nicknames: other languages and additional names

The English form should thus be put in the Nickname and Addit field only

The languages used in this area were old forms of Dutch/Flemish and French (not English), thus the names are allowed to be written in those old languages.

More about West Flemish

Map of the Dutch and Flemish languages

Sources

Resources==