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  • Estrid Margrethe Svendsdatter, Princess of Denmark (997 - 1074)
    Estrid Margarete Svendsdatter (Estrith, Astrith) was a Danish princess, daughter of Sweyn Forkbeard and sister of Cnut. As the wife of Ulf Jarl[1], she was the mother of Sweyn II of Denmark (Sven...
  • Sweyn II Ulfson Estridson, King of Denmark (c.1022 - 1074)
    Svend Estridsen/Svend den Yngre Links: The Peerage Geneall Kings of Denmark Wikipedia: English Dansk Biografi på dansk
  • Marie Couteau, SM/PROG (1659 - 1718)
    Judi Marais-Meyer register. GR - C C de Villiers Pierre Lombard v. Pointaix, in Dauphiné, Frankryk, ­1658. In 1688 is hy aan die Kaap en in 1690 word hy beskryf as “'n sick m...
  • Maria Kickers, SM/PROG (1655 - 1723)
    Note: Maria Kickers had nothing to do with Jan Coenraadsz Visser. During her divorce proceedings, and again in the adultery case of 16 November 1706, she stated that all her children had been fathered ...

For people who have tested and are assigned the maternal haplogroup H or who are believed to have had that maternal haplogroup based on descendants tested.

Defining Mutations

G2706A and T7028C


Haplogroup H has an estimated age of about 25,000 to 30,000 years. In his popular book The Seven Daughters of Eve, Bryan Sykes named the originator of this mtDNA haplogroup Helena. It is the most common haplogroup in Europe; about half of all people with European origin belong to this group.


FromNatGEO: "Mitochondrial haplogroup H is a predominantly European haplogroup that originated outside of Europe before the last glacial maximum (LGM). It first expanded in the northern Near East and southern Caucasus between 33,000 and 26,000 years ago, and later migrations from Iberia suggest it reached Europe before the LGM. It has also spread to Siberia and Inner Asia. Today, about 40% of all mitochondrial lineages in Europe are classified as haplogroup H."

Subclades of H

There are currently 100s of defined subclades of H. For the defining SNPs see mtDNAcommunity or People with haplogroup H will normally need a Full Sequence test (FMS) to find their subgroup of H.

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How to Participate

Geni Wiki Projects Page

To participate in this project, join or follow the project, add your oldest known ancestor in the direct maternal line who belonged to this haplogroup. The profile must be set to public in order to add it.