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High Priests of Israel

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  • Matthias ben Ananus, High Priest of Iudaea (deceased)
    High Priests under Herodians and Romans Ananelus 37-36 BC Jonathan Aristobulus III 36 BC-last of the Hasmoneans; paternal grandson of Aristobulus II and brother of Herord's wife Mariamne (secon...
  • Ananus ben Ananus, High Priest of Iudaea (deceased)
    Ananus ben Ananus (Hebrew: חנן בן חנן Hanan ben Hanan Greek: Ἀνάνου Ἄναν&...
  • Theophilus ben Ananus, High Priest of Iudaea (deceased)
    Theophilus was the High Priest in the Second Temple in Jerusalem from AD 37 to 41 according to Josephus's Antiquities of the Jews. He was a member of one of the wealthiest and most influential Jewish f...
  • Jonathan ben Ananus, High Priest of Iudaea (deceased)
    High Priests under Herodians and Romans Ananelus 37-36 BC Jonathan Aristobulus III 36 BC-last of the Hasmoneans; paternal grandson of Aristobulus II and brother of Herord's wife Mariamne (secon...
  • Eleazar ben Ananus, High Priest of Iudaea (deceased)
    High Priests under Herodians and Romans Ananelus 37-36 BC Jonathan Aristobulus III 36 BC-last of the Hasmoneans; paternal grandson of Aristobulus II and brother of Herord's wife Mariamne (secon...

LIST OF HIGH PRIESTS

Old Testament

  • 1. Aaron
  • 2. Eleazar
  • 3. Phinehas
  • 4. Abishua
  • 5. Bukki
  • 6. Uzzi

With Eli the high-priesthood passes from the line of Eleazar to that of Ithamar.

(a) Old Testament. - (b) Josephus - (c) Seder Olam Zuta

  • 7. Eli - (b) Eli
  • 8. Ahitub - (b) Ahitub
  • 9. Ahiah - (b) Ahiah
  • 10. Ahimelech - (b) Ahimelech
  • 11. Abiathar - (b) Abiathar

From Solomon to the Capitivity. (With Zadok the line of Eleazar reappears)

  • 12. Zadok - b. Zadok - c. Zadok
  • 13. Ahimaaz - b. Ahimaaz - c. Ahimaaz
  • 14. Azariah - b. Azariah - c. Azariah
  • 15. …. - b. Joran - c. Joash
  • 16. Jehoiarib - b. Jesus - c. Joarib
  • 17. …. - b. Axiomar - c. Jehoshaphat
  • 18. Jehoiada - b ..... - c. Joiada
  • …..
  • …..
  • Azariah ll
  • ….
  • Urijah
  • Azariah lll
  • …..
  • Shallum
  • Hilkiah
  • Azariah lV
  • Seraiah
  • Jehozadak

From Captivity to Herod


  • Jehua
  • Joiakim
  • Eliashib
  • Joiada
  • Johanan
  • Jaddua
  • …..
  • Apocrypha
  • Simon l
  • …..
  • ....
  • ....
  • ....
  • Onias
  • Jason
  • Menelaus
  • Alcimus
  • Jonathan
  • Simon (the Prince)
  • John
  • ….
  • ….
  • ….
  • ….
  • ….
  • ….
  • ....

From Herod to the Destruction of the Temple

  • Josephus ( "Antiquities")

(Under Herod)


(Under Archeiaus)

  • Eleazar, son of Boethus
  • Jesus, son of Sie
  • Joazar reappointed

(Under Quirinius)


  • Ananus, son of Seth

(Under Valorius Gratus)


  • Ismael, son of Phabi
  • Eleazar, son of Ananus
  • Simon son of Caithus
  • Joseph (called "Caiaphas")

(Under Vitellius)


  • Jonathan, son of Ananus
  • Theophilus, son ananus

(Under Agrippa)


  • Simon, or Cantheras, son of Boethus
  • Mattathias, son of Ananus
  • Elioneius, son of Catheras

(Under Herod of Chalcis)

  • Joseph, son of Cainus
  • (Perhaps Ishmael should be placed here)
  • Ananias, son of Nebedeus
  • Jonathan restored

(Under Agrippa ll)

  • Ishmael, son of Fabi
  • Joseph Cabi, son of Simon
  • Ananus, son of Ananus
  • Jesus, son of Damneus
  • Jesus, son of Gamaliel - instant which a priest betrothed to a widow before his elevation was permitted to marry her afterward.
  • Mattathias, son of Theophilus
  • Phinehas, son of Samuel, appointed by the people during the war.

Josephus enumerates only fifty-two pontificates under the Second Temple, omitting the second appintmens of Hyrcanus ll, Hananeel, and Joazar