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High Sheriff of Cheshire

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  • Sir Hugh de Venables, of Kinderton (c.1330 - 1382)
    Hugh de Venables, (son of Sir Hugh de Venables, Baron of Kinderton by his 2nd wife, Katherine Houghton) succeeded his father as baron of Kinderton and was sheriff in 1378, died 6 Ric II. 1st wife Ell...
  • Sir Richard de Venables, baron of Kinderton (1365 - 1403)
    Sir Richard de Venables, baron of Kinderton, aged 18 on 6 Ric II, taken prisoner at the battle of Shrewsbury and beheaded afterwards in 4 Hen IV, sheriff of Cheshire in 1386. Married Isabel dau of Ra...
  • John Warren, of Poynton & Stockport (c.1540 - 1587)
    From Earwaker's : Please do not remove this link as it is the original information from Earwaker on the Warren's. Source: East Cheshire Past and Present by J.P. Earwaker, London, 1877 (CRO, Knutsford)....
  • Sir George Holford (c.1456 - 1524)
    . Sir George Holford of Holford, knight, son and heir of Thomas, married Isabel, widow to Lawrence Warren of Pointon in Cheshire, and daughter of Robert Legh of Adlington, Esq. 1475, and had issue Jo...
  • Sir John Warburton, Knight (c.1435 - 1524)

This Project documents associated Geni profiles for the office of High Sheriff of Cheshire. Period covered is 1284-1850.

Overview

The High Sheriff is the oldest secular office under the Crown. Formerly the High Sheriff was the principal law enforcement officer in the county but over the centuries most of the responsibilities associated with the post have been transferred elsewhere or are now defunct, so that its functions are now largely ceremonial. The High Sheriff changes every March.

History of High Sheriffs

from The High Sheriffs' Association of England and Wales

The Office of High Sheriff is the oldest secular Office in the United Kingdom after the Crown and dates from Saxon times. The exact date of origin is unknown but the Office has certainly existed for over 1,000 years since the Shires were formed.

The word ‘Sheriff’ derives from ‘Shire Reeve’ or the Anglo Saxon ‘Scir-gerefa’. The King’s Reeve was also known as the ‘High’ Reeve. Some Sheriffs led contingents at the Battle of Hastings. The Normans continued the Office and added to its powers. During the 11th and 12th centuries a High Sheriff’s powers were very extensive. For example, they judged cases in the monthly court of the hundred (a sub-unit of the Shire); they had law enforcement powers and could raise the ‘hue and cry’ in pursuit of felons within their Shire; they could summon and command the ‘posse comitatus’ – the full power of the Shire in the service of the Sovereign; they collected taxes and levies and all dues on Crown lands on behalf of the Crown and were in charge of Crown property in the Shire. In short, High Sheriffs were the principal representatives and agents for the Crown and were thus very powerful within the Shire.

Of the 63 clauses in the Magna Carta of 1215, no less than 27 relate to the role of the Sheriff and from 1254 the High Sheriff supervised the election to Parliament of two Knights of the Shire. The Sheriffs’ powers were gradually restricted over succeeding centuries. [...]

The ceremonial uniform that is worn by male High Sheriffs today is called Court Dress. It has remained essentially unchanged since the late seventeenth century and consists of a black or dark blue velvet coat with steel-cut buttons, breeches, shoes with cut-steel buckles, a sword and a cocked hat. A lace jabot is worn around the neck. Some High Sheriffs wear their military uniform instead of Court Dress. Today, lady High Sheriffs generally adapt the style of traditional Court Dress to suit their needs. Ceremonial uniform is worn at a wide variety of functions but when not wearing Court Dress, a High Sheriff will wear a badge of Office on a ribbon.

Cheshire

Cheshire also known, archaically, as the County of Chester is a ceremonial county and former principality in North West England. The traditional county town is the city of Chester.

Cheshire's area is 2,343 square kilometres (905 sq mi) and its population is just over a million. Apart from the large towns along the River Mersey and the historic city of Chester, it is mostly rural, with a number of small towns and villages that support an agricultural industry. It is historically famous for the production of Cheshire cheese salt, bulk chemicals, and woven silk.

History of Cheshire

Cheshire's name was originally derived from an early name for Chester, and was first recorded as Legeceasterscir in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, meaning the shire of the city of legions. Although the name first appears in 980, it is thought that the county was created by Edward the Elder around 920. In the Domesday Book, Chester was recorded as having the name Cestrescir (Chestershire), derived from the name for Chester at the time.

Because of the historically close links with the land bordering Cheshire to the west, which became Wales, there is a history of interaction between Cheshire and Wales.

List of High Sheriffs

High Sheriffs in Cheshire have included:

Category:High Sheriffs of Cheshire Cheshire Category:Local government in Cheshire

References