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Historical Cambridgeshire

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Historical Cambridgeshire

History of the County of Cambridgeshire - England

Please join the project and add information if you can.

// Contributions welcome - but please do not copy and paste Wiki!!

The purpose of this project is to give a historical background to Cambridgeshire, to provide information about those individuals of Historic importance linked to the county and to add links to any profiles of significant people linked to Cambridgeshire who have profiles on GENi.

See also Cambridgeshire Main Page



  • Kimbolton Castle

Historic Houses

History - over view



9th Century

  • 875 Cambridge was founded when the Danes conquered Eastern England.

10th Century

  • 905 A.D. Edward the Elder of Wessex entered Cambridgeshire, over running large areas of Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely up to the Fenlands.
  • 921 A.D. The English completed the reconquest of East Anglia. peace reigned until the advent of Ethelred. the army of Cambridgeshire swore loyalty to Edward the Elder separately from other East Anglian forces. The settlement broke from the Roman enclave on Castle Hill into the market area, with outlying villages at Barnwell and Girton; the population rose to around 1,600 making it one of East Anglia's largest cities.
  • 958-975 A.D. The abbeys that had been previously ransacked by the Danes were re-established by Edgar. The new foundations included Ramsey and Chatteris. Ely was re-established in 974.
  • 991 A.D. The defence of Maldon stopped the Danes.

11th Century

  • 1010 A.D. Battle of Ringmere, near Thetford, The Danes won East Anglia and started major moves into the fens, plundering, looting and killing. Cambridge was burned by the Danes
  • 1025 St Benet's church was built by the Saxons and still stands today in Benet Street.
  • 1068 The Normans built a castle on Castle Hill. Originally a timber structure it was replaced by a stone castle in the 12th century.
  • 1092 Barnwell Priory was founded. It was originally situated on Castle Hill, but later moved to an area by the Elizabeth Way bridge.

13th Century

  • 1209 Cambridge University was founded by around 3,000 scholars and academics who had left Oxford following riots there.

  • 1275 A Jewish community in Cambridge were all expelled to Huntingdon.

14th Century

  • 1349, 1361 and 1368 Like many other places in the country Cambridge was decimated by the Black Death, losing up to a third of its population in 1349.

17th Century

  • 1640 Oliver Cromwell was elected as Member of Parliament for Cambridge. He had previously been MP for Huntingdon.
  • 1642 Cambridge was garrisoned for Parliament at the outbreak of the Civil War.
  • 1669 Sir Isaac Newton was appointed Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge, in October.

18th Century

  • 1744 The first newspaper in Cambridge started. "The Cambridge Journal", was founded.
  • 1766 The Addenbrooke Hospital opened in Trumpington Street, Cambridge. It was named after Dr John Addenbrooke, a fellow of St Catharine's College, who left £4,500 in his will for its establishment.

References, Sources and further reading

  • The visitation of Cambridge made in a (1575) : continued and enlarged with the vissitation of the same county made by Henery St. George, Richmond herald, marshall and deputy to Willm. Camdem, Clarenceulx, in a 1619, with many other descents added therto

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Please add the profiles off your Cambridgeshire born ancestors to the Cambridgeshire - Family Heads or [ Cambridgeshire - Famous People projects, not here.

How to add a link is explained in the attached document - Adding links to Geni profiles in projects.

Members of Parliament

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Lord Lieutenants of XXX.

High Sheriffs of XXX