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Historical Westmorland

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Historical Westmorland

History of the County of Westmorland - England

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The purpose of this project is to give a historical background to Westmorland, to provide information about those individuals of Historic importance linked to the county and to add links to any profiles of significant people linked to Westmorland who have profiles on GENi.

See also Westmorland Main Page

Battles

Castles

  • Kendal Castle

Historic Houses

History - over view

Timeline

Pre-history

12th Century

15th Century

Members of Parliament

For Biographical articles go to - http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/research/members

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

Lord Lieutenants of Westmorland.

List (incomplete) from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lord_Lieutenant_of_Westmorland''

  • Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberland 1553–1559
  • Henry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon 20 August 1586 – 14 December 1595
  • George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland 1603–1605
  • Francis Clifford, 4th Earl of Cumberland 27 October 1607 – 4 January 1641 jointly with
  • George Home, 1st Earl of Dunbar 27 October 1607 – 20 January 1611 and
  • Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk 27 October 1607 – 31 August 1639 and
  • Henry Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford 27 October 1607 – 1642 and
  • Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland 13 November 1626 – 31 August 1639 and
  • Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel 23 July 1632 – 31 August 1639 and
  • Henry Howard, Lord Maltravers 23 July 1632 – 31 August 1639
  • Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle 1 October 1660 – 24 February 1685
  • Thomas Tufton, 6th Earl of Thanet 3 March 1685 – 1687
  • Richard Graham, 1st Viscount Preston 29 August 1687 – 1688
  • Sir John Lowther, 2nd Baronet 8 April 1689 – 1694
  • Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle 28 June 1694 – 1 May 1738
  • Henry Lowther, 3rd Viscount Lonsdale 1 June 1738 – 7 March 1751
  • Sir William Lowther, 3rd Baronet 6 February 1753 – 15 April 1756
  • Sir John Pennington, 3rd Baronet 29 April 1756 – 1758
  • James Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale 13 December 1759 – 24 May 1802
  • William Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale 26 June 1802 – 19 March 1844
  • William Lowther, 2nd Earl of Lonsdale 3 May 1844 – 1868
  • Henry Lowther, 3rd Earl of Lonsdale 14 December 1868 – 15 August 1876
  • Sir Richard Musgrave, 11th Baronet 3 October 1876 – 13 February 1881
  • Henry Tufton, 1st Baron Hothfield 15 March 1881 – 29 October 1926
  • Lord Henry Cavendish-Bentinck 8 December 1926 – 6 October 1931
  • Stanley Hughes le Fleming 7 December 1931 – 1939
  • Anthony Lowther, Viscount Lowther 1 December 1939 – 1945
  • James Winstanley Cropper 26 April 1945 – 10 November 1956
  • Henry Hornyold-Strickland 6 May 1957 – 1965
  • Lieutenant-Commander Paul Norman Wilson 12 November 1965 – 31 March 1974

High Sheriffs of Westmorland

The following list is incomplete- extracted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Sheriff_of_Westmorland''

Except where separately referenced, names are taken from the website of the Public Records Office in Kew. The references given are also used throughout English archives.

Between the thirteenth century and 1849, the office of High Sheriff was hereditary, firstly granted in perpetuity by King John to Robert de Veteripont and afterwards held by the de Clifford family and then by the Earls of Thanet, until the 11th earl died with no successors.

The office was finally abolished in 1974 when the shrievalty of Cumbria was established.

12th Century

  • 1129. Richard filius Gerardi de Appleby.
  • 1174. Ranulf de Glanville
  • 1176. Ranulf de Glanville
  • 1177. Ranulf de Glanville
  • c. 1189. Osbert de Longo Campo (Longchamp) D MUS 2/10/24
  • 1191-1199 Hugh Bardulf
  • 1199. Geoffrey FitzPeter

13th Century

  • 1201. Geoffrey FitzPeter and Roger Bellocampo Beauchamp (under-sheriff?)(cf. The History and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmoreland and Cumberland. Vol. I)
  • 1200. William de Stuteville. D MUS 2/10/67.
  • 1202. William Stutevil and Philip Escrope (under-sheriff?)
  • 1204-1228 Robert de Veteripont (Vipont)
  • 1235 John de Vieuxpont Vipont (Hereditary Sheriff 1228–1243)
  • c. 1230. Alexander Bachucton D/WYB/2/115
  • 1241 Gilbert of Kirketon DDHV/70/1
  • 1241-43 John de Veteriponte(Hereditary Sheriff 1228–1243)
  • Robert de Vieuxpont (Hereditary Sheriff 1243–1242)
  • John de Vieuxpont (Hereditary Sheriff 1242–1264)
  • Isobella and Idomea Vieuxpont (Hereditary Sheriffs 1264-1308?)
  • mid 13th century. Roger de Stokes D/WYB/2/35
  • before 1283 Thomas de Mussegrave D/WYB/2/38
  • c. 1280-1290 William de Steynton D MUS 2/10/88
  • c. 1283-1289 Sir Richard de Medburn D/WYB/2/42
  • 1284 Michael de Hartcla D/WYB/2/116
  • 1288 Robert de Morvill D/WYB/2/43
  • 1294 Thomas de Hellebek WD D/MD 40

14th Century

  • 1312 1312 Robert de Morwyll D HC 2/11/6
  • 1317 Henry de Warthecopp D/WYB/2/117
  • 1320-1322 Hugh de Louther SC 8/151/7531 (Louther also served as sheriff from October 1320 to February 1322)
  • 1322-1323 Hugh de Louther SC 8/151/7531 (Louther did hold the office from December 1322 to July 1323, and it is possible that this short term was as a result of the complaints made in this petition (List of Sheriffs, p. 150). However Louther also served as sheriff from October 1320 to February 1322)
  • c. 1323-1325 Henry de Threlkeld C 49/45/14
  • 1329 Thomas de Waryekop D/WYB/2/123
  • 1330 Nicholas de Grendon SC 8/33/1650
  • 1333-1334? Robert de Sandford D MUS 2/10/32
  • 1342 Thomas de Musgrave D/WYB/2/124
  • Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford (Hereditary Sheriff 1308?–1314 (killed))
  • Roger de Clifford, 2nd Baron Clifford (Hereditary Sheriff 1314–1322 (hanged and attainted 1322))
  • Robert de Clifford, 3rd Baron Clifford (Attainder revoked 1327. Hereditary Sheriff 1327–1344)
  • 1344 Robert de Clifford, 4th Baron Clifford (Hereditary Sheriff 1344–1344)
  • 1351 John de Burgham
  • 1355 Hugh de la Boure C 131/9/17
  • c. 1360 Roger Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford (Hereditary Sheriff 1350–1389) SC 8/130/6466
  • Thomas Clifford, 6th Baron de Clifford (Hereditary Sheriff 1389–1391)
  • John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford (Hereditary Sheriff 1391–1422) (killed 1422)
  • 1380 William de Lancaster WD RY/BOX 92/53
  • 1389 Walter de Stirkeland SC 8/222/11077

15th Century

  • 1402 Elizabeth Clifford SC 8/119/5945
  • 1403-1406 Thomas Warcop SC 8/23/1108 (Thomas Warcop of Lambert's Ash was sheriff between November 1403 and October/November 1406, and again (unless this is the son?) between September/October 1417 and October 1418)
  • 1406-1408 William de Thornburgh SC 8/23/1108 (sheriff between October/November 1406 and October/November 1408)
  • 1417-1418 Thomas Warcop SC 8/23/1108 (Thomas Warcop of Lambert's Ash was sheriff between November 1403 and October/November 1406, and again (unless this is the son?) between September/October 1417 and October 1418)
  • Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford (Hereditary Sheriff 1422-1455) (killed 1455)
  • John Clifford, 9th Baron de Clifford (Hereditary sheriff 1455-1461, attainted 1461)
  • 1462–1473 Sir John Parr
  • 1484–1485 Sir Richard Ratcliff Awarded for life but killed 1485.

16th - 17th Centuries

  • 1512 Henry Clifford C 131/97/16 (attainder revoked 1485, Hereditary sheriff 1485-1523)
  • Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland (Hereditary sheriff 1523–1542)
  • Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberland (Hereditary sheriff 1542-1570)
  • George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland (Hereditary sheriff 1570-1605)
  • 1643-1676 Lady Anne Clifford (Hereditary sheriff 1606–1676)
  • 1676-1679 Nicholas Tufton, 3rd Earl of Thanet
  • 1679-1680 John Tufton, 4th Earl of Thanet WD RY/BOX 86/21
  • 1680-1684 Richard Tufton, 5th Earl of Thanet
  • 1684–1729 Thomas Tufton, 6th Earl of Thanet
  • 1729-1753 Sackville Tufton, 7th Earl of Thanet
  • 1753-1786 Sackville Tufton, 8th Earl of Thanet DRO/021/102
  • 1786-1825 Sackville Tufton, 9th Earl of Thanet

19th Century

  • 1825-1832 Charles Tufton, 10th Earl of Thanet
  • 1832-1849 Henry Tufton, 11th Earl of Thanet
  • 1849: George Edward Wilson
  • 1851: Edward Wilson, of Rigmaden
  • 1852: Richard Burn, of Orton Hall
  • 1853: John Wakefield, of Sedgwick House, Kendal
  • 1854: John Wilson, of the Howe
  • 1855: John Hill, of Castle Bank, Appleby
  • 1856: William Wilkinson, of Warcop
  • 1857: Richard Luther Watson, of Ecclerigg, Windermere
  • 1858: Robert Addison, of the Friary, Appleby
  • 1859: William Moore, of Grimes Hill, Kirkby Lonsdale
  • 1860: Matthew Benson Harrison, of Ambleside
  • 1861: William Hopes, of Brampton Crofts, Appleby
  • 1862: Lt-Col. Frederic Gandy, of Heaves, Milnthorpe
  • 1863: William Wilson, of High Park, near Kendal
  • 1864: Matthew Thompson, of Kirkby Stephen
  • 1865: Arthur Shepherd, of Shaw End, near Kendal
  • 1866: Joseph Gibson of Whelprigg, Kirby Lonsdale
  • 1867: Hugh Rigg, of Crossrigg Hall, Morland, Penrith
  • 1868: Thomas Taylour (commonly called Lord Kenlis), of Underley Hall, Kirkby Lonsdale
  • 1869: James Christopher Wilson, of Low Nook, Ambleside
  • 1870: James Atkinson, of Winderwath, Templesowerby, Penrith
  • 1871: William Henry Wakefield, of Sedgwick
  • 1872: Frank Atkinson Argles, of Eversley, Milnthorpe
  • 1873: Thomas Mason, of Kirkby Stephen
  • 1874: Sir Henry James Tufton, of Appleby Castle, Bart
  • 1875: James Cropper
  • 1882: William Thompson, of Moresdale Hall, Kendal
  • 1883: Joseph Gibson, of Whelprigg, Kirkby Lonsdale
  • 1884: Christopher Wyndham Wilson, of Eigmaden, Kirkby Lonsdale
  • 1885: Alfred Harris, of Lunefield, Kirkby Lonsdale
  • 1886: Edward Hugh Wilson of Dallam Tower, Milnthorpe
  • 1887: John Edward Hasell, of Dalemain
  • 1888: William Dillworth Crewdson, of Helm Lodge, near Kendal
  • 1889: Francis Markham, of Morland
  • 1890: Walter James Marshall, of Patterdale Hall
  • 1891: Thomas Atkinson Argles, of Eversley, Milnthorpe
  • 1892: James Gandy Gandy, of Heaves, Milnthorpe
  • 1893: Jacob Wakefield, of Sedgwick House, Kendal
  • 1894: Colonel Joseph Withers, of Briery Close, Windermere.
  • 1895: Charles Walker, of Brcttargh Holt, Kendal
  • 1896: Henry Miles Radcliffe, of Summerlands, Kendal
  • 1897: William Smith Paget-Tomlinson, of The Biggins, Kirkby Lonsdale
  • 1898: William Stavert, of Prizett, Kendal
  • 1899: Frank Maude Taylor Jones-Balme, of High Close, Ambleside

20th Century

  • 1900 Office declared vacant on bankruptcy PC 8/533
  • 1901 Maurice Bromley Wilson, of Dallam Tower, Milnthorpe
  • 1910 John Rankin, of New Hutton and Liverpool
  • 1920 A. M. Sing ZDEH/35/53
  • 1930 Anthony Lowther, of Clifton Hill
  • 1935 Sir Arnold Somervell

References, Sources and further reading

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