The purpose of this project is to display a list of all ruling members of the house of Hohenzollern.
Region of Nuremberg, Ansbach, Kulmbach and Bayreuth, (Franconia and Bavaria, Germany)
- Frederick I/III 1192-1200/1204 also count of Zollern
- Frederick II/IV 1204-1218 son of Frederick I/III, also count of Zollern
- Conrad I/III 1218-1261/1262 son of FredrickI/III, also count of Zollern
- Frederick III 1262-1297 son of Conrad
- John I(Johann I) 1297-1300 son of Frederick III
- Frederick IV 1300-1332 (brother of)
- John II 1332-1357 (son of)
- Frederick V 1357-1398 (son of)
At Frederick V's death on 21 January 1398, his lands were partitioned between his two sons
- John III/I 1398-1420 (son of, also Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach)
- Frederick VI/I/I 1420-1427, (brother of, also Elector of Brandenburg and Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach)
After John III/I's death on 11 June 1420, the two principalities were briefly reunited under Frederick VI/I/I. From 1412 Frederick VI became Margrave of Brandenburg as Frederick I and Elector of Brandenburg as Frederick I. From 1420, he became Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. Upon his death on 21 September 1440, his territories were divided between his sons:
- John II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
- Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg
- Albert III, Elector of Brandenburg and Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
From 1427 onwards the title of Burgrave of Nuremberg was absorbed into the titles of Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.
- Frederick I 1398-1440 son of Frederick V of Nuremberg also Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
- Albert I/I/III Achilles 1440-1486 son of Frederick I, also Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and Elector of Brandenburg
- Frederick II/II 1486-1536 son of Albert Achilles, also Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
- George I/I the Pious 1536-1543 son of Frederick, also Duke of Brandenburg-Jägerndorf
- George Frederick I/I/I/I 1543-1603 son of George I, also Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, Duke of Brandenburg-Jägerndorf and Regent of Prussia
- Joachim Ernst 1603-1625
- Frederick III 1625-1634
- Albert II 1634-1667
- John Frederick(Johann Friedrich) 1667-1686
- Christian I Albrecht 1686-1692
- George Frederick II/II 1692-1703 later Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
- William Frederick 1703-1723 (before 1686–1723)
- Charles William 1723-1757 (1712–1757)
- Christian II Frederick 1757–1791 son of, also Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
On 2 December 1791, Christian II Frederick sold the sovereignty of his principalities to king Frederick William II of Prussia.
Margraves of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (1398-1604), later Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1604–1791)
- John I 1398-1420
- Frederick I 1420-1440 (also Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach)
- John II 1440-1457
- Albert I/I/III Achilles 1457-1486 (also Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Elector of Brandenburg)
- Siegmund 1486-1495
- Frederick II/II 1495-1515 (also Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach)
- Casimir 1515-1527
- Albert II Alcibiades 1527-1553
- George Frederick I/I/I/I 1553-1603 (also Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, Duke of Brandenburg-Jägerndorf and Regent of Prussia)
- Christian I 1603-1655
- Christian II Ernst 1655-1712
- George I William 1712-1726
- George Frederick II/II 1726-1735 (previously Margrave of Kulmbach)
- Frederick IV 1735-1763
- Frederick V Christian 1763-1769
- Christian II Frederick 1769-1791 until 1791, also Margrave of brandenburg-Ansbach
On 2 December 1791, Christian II Frederick sold the sovereignty of his principalities to king Frederick William II of Prussia.
Margraves and Electors of Brandenburg (1417–1806)
- Frederick I/I/VI 1415-1440' (also Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and Burgrave of Nuremberg)
- Frederick II 1440-1470 (son)
- Albrecht III/I/I Achilles 1470-1486 (brother) (also Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach)
- John I(Johan I) Cicero 1486-1499 (son)
- Joachim I Nestor 1499-1535 (son)
- Joachim II Hector 1535-1571 (son)
- John II George(Johan II Georg) 1571-1598 (son)
- Joachim III/I/I Frederick 1598-1608 (son, also Duke of Brandenburg-Jägerndorf and Regent of Prussia)
- John III/I Sigismund(Johann Sigismund) 1608-1619 (son, also duke of Prussia)
- George William I/I (Georg Wilhelm I/I 1619-1640 (son of John III/I Sigismund, also duke of Prussia)
- Frederick I/III William "the Great Elector" (Friedrich Wilhelm I) 1640-1688 (son of George William I, also duke of Prussia)
- Frederick IV/II/I (Friedrich I) 1688-1701 (son Friedrich Wilhelm I, also Duke of Prussia and King in Prussia)
From 1701 the title of Elector of Brandenburg was attached to the title of King in and of Prussia.
Dukes of Brandenburg-Jägerndorf 1523-1622=
The Duchy of Brandenburg-Jägerndorf was purchased in 1523.
- George I/I the Pious 1541-1543 (also Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach)
- George Frederick I/I/I/I 1543-1603 (also Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and Regent of Prussia)
- Joachim I/I/III 1603-1606 (also Regent of Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg)
- Johann Georg of Hohenzollern 1606-1621
The duchy of Brandenburg-Jägerndorf was confiscated by Ferdinand III of the Holy Roman Empire in 1622.
Margraves of Brandenburg-Küstrin (1535–1571)
The short-lived Margraviate of Brandenburg-Küstrin was set up, against the Hohenzollern house laws on succession, as a secundogenitur fief of the House of Hohenzollern, a typical German institution.
- Johan the Wise 1535-1571 (son of Joachim I Nestor)
He died without issue. The Margraviate of Brandenburg-Küstrin was absorbed in 1571 into the Margraviate and Electorate of Brandenburg.
Margraves of Brandenburg-Schwedt (1688–1788)
From 1688 onwards the Margraves of Brandenburg-Schwedt were a side branch of the House of Hohenzollern. Though recognised as a branch of the main dynasty the Margraviate of Brandenburg-Schwedt never constituted a principality with allodial rights of its own.
- Philip William (Philip Wilhelm) 1688-1711 (son of Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg)
- Frederick William (Friedrich Wilhelm) 1711-1771 (son of Philip William)
- Henry Frederick (Heinrich Friedrich) 1771-1788 (brother of Frederick William)
In 1788 the title was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia.
Dukes of Prussia (1525–1701)
In 1525 the Duchy of Prussia was established as a fief of the King of Poland.
- Albert I(Albrecht I) 1525-1568
- Albert II Frederick(Albrecht II Friedrich) co-inheritor 1568-1618 (son of Albert I)
- Joachim I/II Hector co-inheritor 1568-1571 (also Elector of Brandenburg)
- [ George Frederick I/I/I/I] 1578-1603 (Regent also Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and Duke of Brandenburg-Jägerndorf)
- Joachim I/I/III Frederick 1603-1608 (Regent, also Duke of Brandenburg-Jägerndorf and Elector of Brandenburg)
- John I/III Sigismund(Johann Sigismund) 1608-1618 (Regent, also Elector of Brandenburg)
- John I/III Sigismund(Johann Sigismund) 1618-1619 (also Elector of Brandenburg)
- George William I/I (Georg Wilhelm I/I 1619-1640 (son of John III/I Sigismund, also Elector of Brandenburg)
- Frederick I/III William "the Great Elector" (Friedrich Wilhelm I) 1640-1688 (son of George William I, also Elector of Brandenburg)
- Frederick IV/II/I (Friedrich I) 1688-1701 (son of Friedrich Wilhelm I,also Elector of Brandenburg and King in Prussia)
From 1701 the title of Duke of Prussia was attached to the title of King in and of Prussia.
Kings in Prussia (1701–1772)
In 1701 the title of King in Prussia was granted, without the Duchy of Prussia being elevated to a Kingdom within the Holy Roman Empire. From 1701 onwards the titles of Duke of Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg were always attached to the title of King in Prussia.
- Frederick I/II/IV 1701-1713 (also Duke of Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg)
- Frederick William I (Friedrich Wilhelm I) 1713-1740 (son of Frederick I)
- Frederick II the Great (Friedrich "der grosse") 1740–1786 (son of Frederick William I, also King in Prussia)
In 1772 the Duchy of Prussia was elevated to a kingdom.
Kings of Prussia (1772–1918)
In 1772 the title of King of Prussia was granted with the establishment of the Kingdom of Prussia. From 1772 onwards the titles of Duke of Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg were always attached to the title of King of Prussia
- Frederick II the Great (Friedrich "der grosse") 1740–1786 (son of Frederick William I, before Elector of Brandenburg)
- Frederick William II 1786–1797 (nephew of Frederick the great)
- Frederick William III 1797–1840 (son of Frederick William II)
- Frederick William IV 1840–1861 (son of Frederick William III)
- Wilhelm I 1861–1888 (brother of Frederick William)
- Frederick III 1888-1888 (son of William I)
- Wilhelm II 1888–1918 (son of Frederick III)
In 1871 the Kingdom of Prussia was a constituting member of the German Empire.
German Kings and Emperors (1871–1918)
In 1871 the German empire was proclaimed. With the accession of Wilhelm I to the newly-established imperial German throne, the titles of King of Prussia, Duke of Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg were always attached to the title of German Emperor.
- William I(Wilhelm I) 1871-1888 (also King of Prussia)
- Frederick III(Friedrich III) 1888-1888 (son of William I, also King of Prussia)
- William II 1888-1918 (Son of Frederick III, also King of Prussia)
In 1918 the German empire was abolished and replaced by the Weimar Republic.
Line of Succession (1918 to Present)
Prince Georg Friedrich head of the Prussian branch of the House of Hohenzollern Despite the abolition of the German monarchy in 1918, the House of Hohenzollern never relinquished their claims to the thrones of Prussia and the German Empire. These claims are linked by the Constitution of the second German Empire: according to this, whoever was King of Prussia was also German Emperor. However, these claims are not recognised by the Federal Republic of Germany.
- Wlhelm II 1918–1941 (Exiled in the Netherlands until his death)
- Crown Prince William 1941–1951
- Prince Louis Ferdinand 1951–1994
- Prince Georg Friedrich 1994-present
- Prince Christian-Sigismund of Prussia heir presumptive
The head of the house is the titular King of Prussia and German Emperor. He also bears a historical claim to the title of prince of Orange. Members of this line style themselves princes of Prussia.
Swabian senior branch
The senior Swabian branch of the House of Hohenzollern was founded by Frederick II, Burgrave of Nuremberg. Ruling the minor German principalities of Hechingen, Sigmaringen and Haigerloch, this branch of the family decided to remain Roman Catholic and from 1567 onwards split into the Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Haigerloch branches. When the last count of Hohenzollern, Charles I of Hohenzollern (1512–1579) died, the territory was to be divided up between his three sons:
- Eitel Frederick IV of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1545–1605)
- Charles II of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1547–1606)
- Christoph of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch (1552–1592)
They never expanded from these three Swabian principalities, which was one of the reasons they became relatively unimportant in German history for much of their existence. However, they kept royal lineage and married members of the great royal European houses. In 1767 the principality of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch was incorporated in the other two principalities. In 1850, the princes of both Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen abdicated their thrones, and their principalities were incorporated as the Prussian province of Hohenzollern. The last ruling Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Karl Anton, would later serve as Minister-President of Prussia between 1858 and 1862. The Hohenzollern-Hechingen finally became extinct in 1869. A descendent of this branch was Sophie Chotek, wife of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Este. 'However, a member of the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen family, Charles Eitel, second son of prince Karl Anton, was chosen to become prince of Romania as Charles I in 1866. In 1881 Charles I became the first king of the Romanians. Charles' older brother, Leopold, was offered the Spanish throne after a revolt removed queen Isabella II in 1870. Although encouraged by Bismarck to accept it, Leopold backed down once France's Emperor, Napoleon III, stated his objection. Despite this, France still declared war, beginning the Franco-Prussian war. Charles I had only a daughter who died very young, so Leopold's younger son Ferdinand I would succeed his uncle as king of the Romanians in 1906, and his descendants continued to rule in Romania until the end of the monarchy in 1947. Today this branch is represented only by the last king, Michael, and his daughters. The descendants of Leopold's oldest son William continue to use the titles of prince or princess of Hohenzollern.
Counts of Hohenzollern (1204–1575)
In 1204, the County of Hohenzollern was established out of the fusion of the County of Zollern and the Burgraviate of Nuremberg.
- Frederick IV/II 1204-1251/1255 also Burgrave of Nuremberg
- Frederick V 1251/1255-1289 also Burgrave of Nuremberg
- Frederick VI/I 1289-1298 also Elector of Brandenburg
- Frederick VII/II 1298-1309 also Elector of Brandenburg
- Frederick VIII 1309-1333
- Frederick IX 1333-1377
- Frederick XI 1377-1401
- Frederick XII 1401-1426
- Eitel Frederick I 1426-1439
- Jobst Nikolaus I 1439-1488
- Eitel Frederick II 1488-1512
- Eitel Frederick III 1512-1525
- Charles I 1525-1575
In 1575 the County of Hohenzollern was split in two Counties with allodial rights, Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.
Counts of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch (1567–1630 and 1681–1767)
The County of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch was established in 1567 without allodial rights.
- Christoph 1575-1601
- Johann Christoph 1601-1623
- Johann 1601-1630
Between 1630 and 1681 the county was temporarly integrated into the Margraviate of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.
- Francis Anthony 1681-1702
- Ferdinand Anthony 1702-1750
- Francis Christoph Anthony 1750-1767
With the death of Francis Christoph Anthony, the county of Hohenzollern-Haigenloch was definitely absorbed into the principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen in 1767.
Counts, later Princes of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1576–1623–1850)
The County of Hohenzollern-Hechingen was established in 1576 with allodial rights.
- Eitel Friedrich IV (1576–1605)
- Johann Georg 1605–1623 (also prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen)
- Eitel Friedrich V 1623–1661 (also count of Hohenzollern-Hechingen)
- Philipp Christoph Friedrich 1661–1671
- Friedrich Wilhelm 1671–1735
- Friedrich Ludwig 1735–1750
- Josef Friedrich Wilhelm 1750–1798
- Hermann *1798–1810*
- Friedrich *1810–1838*
- Konstantin 1838–1850
In 1850 the principality was sold to the Franconian branch of the family and incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia. The branch became extinct in dynastic line with Konstantin's death in 1869.
History of the County In Deutsch
Counts/Princes of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1576–1623–1849)
The County of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen was established in 1576 with allodial rights and a seat at Sigmaringen Castle.
- Karl II 1576–1606
- Johann I 1606–1623 (also Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen)
- Johann II 1623–1638 (also Count of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen)
- Meinrad I 1638–1681
- Maximilian 1681–1689
- Meinrad II 1689–1715
- Joseph Franz Ernst 1715–1769
- Karl Friedrich 1769–1785
- Anton Aloys 1785–1831
- Karl III 1831–1848
- Karl Anton 1848–1849
In 1850 the principality was sold to the Franconian branch of the family and incorporated into the kingdom of Prussia. Nevertheless, the family continued to use the princely title of Fürsten von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen until 1869 and still use the title of Fürsten von Hohenzollern.
Kings of the Romanians (1866–1947)
The Principality of Romania was established in 1862, after the Ottoman vassal states of Wallachia and Moldavia had been united in 1859 under Alexandru Ioan Cuza as Prince of Romania in a personal union. He was deposed in 1866 by the Romanian parliament which then invited a German prince of the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen family, Charles, to become the new Prince of Romania. In 1881 the Principality of Romania was proclaimed a Kingdom.
- Charles I (Carol I) 1866-1914 (also Prince of Romania)
- Ferdinand 1914-1927
- Michael I 1927-1930
- Charles II (Carol II) 1930-1940
- Michael I 1940-1947
In 1947 the Kingdom of Romania was abolished and replaced with the People's Republic of Romania.
Succession (1947 until today)
King Michael has retained his claim on the Romanian throne. At present, the claim is not recognised by Romania, a republic. At 10th May 2011, King Michael severed all of the dynastic and historical ties between the House of Romania and the House of Hohenzollern.
House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
The princely House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen never relinquished their claims to the princely throne of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen or the royal throne of Romania. Because the last reigning king of the Romanians, Michael I, has no male issue, upon his death the claim will devolve to the head of the House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (or to the king's female line descendants, if one follows the amended Romanian house laws).
- Karl Anton 1849-1885 Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
- Leopold 1885-1905 Prince of Hohenzollern
- Wilhelm 1905-1927 Prince of Hohenzollern
- Friedrich 1927-1965 Prince of Hohenzollern
- Friedrich Wilhelm 1965-2010 Prince of Hohenzollern
- Karl Friedrich 2010-present Prince of Hohenzollern
- Alexander heir apparent Hereditary Prince of Hohenzollern
- Romanticism and Revolt: Europe 1815-1848 by J. L. Talmon. History of European Civilization Library, General Editor: Geoffrey Barraclough. Harcourt, Brace and World, Inc., c. 1967. Reprinted 1970.