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This project identifies ruling members of the royal house of Wettin.

Wiki - House of Wettin

Overview

The House of Wettin is a dynasty of German counts, dukes, prince-electors (Kurfürsten) and kings that once ruled the area of today's German states of Saxony, the Saxon part of Saxony-Anhalt, and Thuringia for more than 800 years. Agnates of the House of Wettin have, at various times, ascended the thrones of Great Britain, Portugal, Bulgaria, Poland, Saxony, and Belgium; of these, only the British and Belgian lines retain their thrones today.

List of branches of the House of Wettin and its agnatic descent (and its rulers)

Count of Wettin

Margraves of Lusatia(Markgrafschaft Lausitz)

Margraves of (Lower) Lusatia

  • Dedi I, 1046–1075
  • Dedi II, fl. 1069
  • Henry I, 1075–1103
  • Henry II, 1103–1123
  • Wiprecht, 1123–1124
  • Albert the Bear, 1123–1128
  • Henry III of Groitzsch, 1124–1135
  • Conrad of Wettin, 1136–1156, also Margrave of Meissen since 1123
  • Dietrich I, 1156–1185, son of Conrad, titular Margrave of Landsberg
  • Dedi III, 1185–1190, brother
  • Conrad II, 1190–1210, son

Margraves of Meissen

Margraves of Landsberg

The Margraviate of Lusatia (Ostmark) was acquired by Brandenburg in 1303 and became a Bohemian crown land in 1367. [edit] Notes

Margraves of Meissen(Markgrafschaft Meißen) 965-1423

  • Henry I 1089–1103
  • Thimo 1103
  • Henry II 1104–1123
  • Wiprecht 1123–1124
  • Herman II 1124–1130 - Winzenburg
  • Conrad 1130–1156
  • Otto II 1156–1190
  • Albert I 1190–1195 Followed by the direct rule of the Emperor Henry VI
  • Dietrich I 1198–1221
  • Henry(Heinrich) III 1221–1288
  • Albert II 1288 Son of Henry III the Illustrious
  • Frederick Tuta 1288–1291

Wettin Dietrich II 1291–1307

  • Frederick I 1291–1323
  • Adolf 1293–1298 - Nassau
  • Albert III 1298–1307 - Habsburg
  • Frederick II 1323–1349 Son of Frederick I the Peaceful
  • Frederick III 1349–1381 Son of Frederick II the Cruel
  • Balthasar 1349–1382 Son of Frederick II the Cruel
  • William I 1349–1407 Son of Frederick II the Cruel
  • George 1381–1402 Son of Frederick III the Strict
  • William II 1381–1425 Son of Frederick III the Strict
  • Frederick IV 1381–1428 Son of Frederick III the Strict
  • [Frederick V 1407–1440 Son of Balthasar, heir of William I

After the abolition of all German monarchies in 1918 and the death of Friedrich August III, the last king of Saxony, in 1932, further heads of the house and pretenders to the throne have used the title Margrave of Meissen. Friedrich Christian, Margrave of Meissen Maria Emanuel, Margrave of Meissen Albert, Margrave of Meissen, disputed with Alexander Alexander, Margrave of Meissen, disputed with Albert

Burggrafen:

  • Frederick I of Wettin before 1009 1017 d 1017
  • Burchard 1076 d 1076 Murdered
  • Burchard II 1114 1117
  • Henry Haupt (Caput) 1116 Exchanged by Henry V for Wiprecht von Groitzsch, *Louis of Thuringia and Burchard II.
  • Hoyer Recorded 1180

Dukes of Saxony,

Landgraves of Thuringia

Electors of Saxony(Kurfürsten von Sachsen)

  • Frederick I(Friedrich I) 6 January 1423-4 January 1428 Nicknamed "the Warlike." After the Wittenberg line of the Ascanians became extinct, the Electorate was given to Frederick, Margrave of Meissen and Landgrave of Thuringia.
  • Frederick II(Friedrich II) 4 January 1428-7 September 1464 Nicknamed "the Gentle". Son of Frederick I. Ruled jointly in Saxony with his brothers, but was the sole holder of the Electorate. Father of Ernest and Albert, founders of the Ernestine (continuing below) and Albertine Saxon lines (see section Albertine Dukes of Saxony below).

Ernestine Line:

  • Ernest(Ernst) 7 September 1464-26 August 1486 Son of Frederick II, divided Saxony with his brother Albert, taking Wittenberg, northern Meissen, and southern Thuringia. Inherited Thuringia in 1482 and ruled it jointly with Albert until 1485.
  • Frederick III(Friedrich III) 26 August 1486-5 May 1525 'Nicknamed "the Wise." Son of Ernest. Protector of Martin Luther, but a lifelong Catholic.
  • John(Johann) 5 May 1525-16 August 1532 Nicknamed "the Steadfast." Brother of Frederick III. Legally established Lutheranism in his territories in 1527.
  • John Frederick I(Johann Friedrich I) 16 August 1532-19 May 1547 Nicknamed "the Magnanimous." Son of John the Steadfast. Deprived of his Electorate by Emperor Charles V for his role in the Schmalkaldic War. Died 1554.

Albertine Line:

  • Maurice(Moritz) 4 June 1547-11 July 1553 Second cousin of John Frederick, grandson of Albert. Though a Lutheran, allied with Emperor Charles V against the Schmalkaldic League. Gained the Electorate for the Albertine line in 1547 after Charles V's victory at the Battle of Mühlberg.
  • Augustus I(August I) 11 July 1553-12 February 1586 Brother of Maurice. Recognized as Elector by the ousted John Frederick in 1554.
  • Christian I 12 February 1586-25 September 1591 Son of Augustus I.
  • Christian II 25 September 1591-23 June 1611 Son of Christian I.
  • John George I(Johann Georg I 23 June 1611-8 October 1656 Brother of Christian II, ruled during the Thirty Years' War, during which he was at times allied with the Emperor and at times with the King of Sweden.
  • John George II(Johann Georg II) 8 October 1656-1 September 1680 Son of John George I.
  • John George III(Johann Georg III) 1 September 1680-22 September 1691 Son of John George II.
  • John George IV(Johann Georg IV) 22 September 1691-27 April 1694 Son of John George III.
  • Frederick Augustus I(Friedrich August I) 27 April 1694-1 February 1733 Brother of John George IV. Converted to Catholicism 1697 in order to compete for the crown of Poland. Took the Polish crown 1697, opposed by Stanisław Leszczyński 1704, forced to renounce the throne 1706, returned as monarch 1709 until his death. Called "the Strong".]
  • Frederick Augustus II(Friedrich August II) 1 February 1733-5 October 1763 Son of Frederick Augustus I. Converted to Catholicism 1712. King of Poland 1734-1763. Called ""the Fat" or (in Poland) "the Saxon".
  • Frederick Christian(Friedrich Christian) 5 October 1763-17 December 1763 Son of Frederick Augustus II, raised Catholic.
  • Frederick Augustus III(Friedrich August III) 17 December 1763-20 December 1806 Son of Frederick Christian. His Electorate ceased with the fall of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, and he became King of Saxony. Called "the Just."

Kings of Saxony

Kings of Poland and Grand Dukes of Lithuania

Dukes of Saxe-Coburg 1596-1633 1680-1735

Duchy fell to Saxe-Eisenach, restored in 1680

  • [Albert V(Albrecht V)] (1680–1699)
  • [John Ernest IV(Johann Ernst)] (1699–1729), claimant
  • [Christian Ernest II(Christian Ernst II)] (1729–1735), claimant

Incorporated into Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.

Dukes of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 1675-1825

Dukes of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1826-1918

Heads of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1918–present)

Dukes of Saxe-Altenburg (first line of Altenburg)

Dukes of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (second line of Altenburg)

Friederick IV died without issues and the house of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg extint, Most of the land formed the new duchy Saxe-Coburg and Gotha see above)

Dukes of Saxe-Hildburghausen, then Dukes of Saxe-Altenburg (third line of Altenburg)

Dukes of Saxe-Weimar

Merged with Saxe-Eisenach to form Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Dukes of Saxe-Eisenach

First creation

Created in 1572 as Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach 1596 divided into Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Eisenach

Divided between Saxe-Altenburg and Saxe-Weimar

Second creation

Divided between Saxe-Gotha and Saxe-Weimar

Third creation

  • Adolf Wilhelm 1662–1668 second son of Duke William of Saxe-Weimar
  • William Augustus (1668–71), minor son, left no issue
  • John George I (1671–86), third son of Duke William of Saxe-Weimar
  • John George II (1686–98), son, left no issue
  • John William (1698–1729), younger brother
  • William Henry (1729–41), son, left no issue

Line extinct

Personal union with Saxe-Weimar

Merged with Saxe-Weimar into Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1809–1815

Grand Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1815–1918

Heads of the House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1918–present

Dukes of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach

[http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sachsen-Jena Dukes of Saxe-Jena

  • Bernhard (1672–1678)
  • Johann Wilhelm (1678–1690)

Reincorporated into Saxe-Weimar

Dukes of Saxe-Gotha

  • 1640–1674 Ernst I. der Fromme (1601–1675), Sohn Johanns von Sachsen-Weimar

Next duke Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg

Dukes of Saxe-Eisenberg

  • 1681–1707 Christian 1681-1707 (1653–1707), Sohn Ernst I. von Sachsen-Gotha

Without issues, the duchy was disputed between Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Saxe-Meiningen, Saxe-Römhild, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and Saxe-Hildburghausen

Dukes of Saxe-Marksuhl

Dukes of Saxe-Meiningen

Dukes of Saxe-Meiningen

Dukedom abolished in 1918

Heads of the Ducal House of Saxe-Meiningen, post-monarchy

  • Bernhard III 1918-1928 (1851–1928)
  • Prince Ernst (1928–1941)
  • Prince Georg III (1941–1946)
  • Prince Bernhard IV (1946–1984)
  • Prince Konrad (1984–Present

Dukes of Saxe-Römhild

  • Heinrich 1675-1710 (1650–1710), son of Ernst I of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg

Kings and Queen of the United Kingdom (House of Windsor)

Princes of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary

Kings of Portugal (House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, last reigning from

Royal House of Portugal)

Kings of Bulgaria (sometimes had been known as "Kohary" and as "Sakskoburggotski")

Kings of the Belgians

Dukes of "Saxe-Dresden"

Electors of Saxony

Kings of Saxony, currently Prinz/Prinzessin von Sachsen

Saxe-Zeitz

Saxe-Merseburg

  • Christian I 1656-1691¨
  • Christian II 1691-1694
  • Christian III 1694-1694 under the regency of Elector Frederick August I of Saxony and the guardianship of his mother Erdmuthe Dorothea of Saxe-Zeitz
  • Maurice Wilhelm 1694-1731 until 1712 under the regency of Elector Frederick August I of Saxony and the guardianship of his mother Erdmuthe Dorothea of ​​Saxe-Zeitz
  • Heinrich 1731-1738 previously already Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Spremberg

Cadet lines:

To supply his three younger sons with incomes befitting a duke, Duke Christian I created apanages for his younger sons during his lifetime. These territories remained dependent on the main line and their soverignty was severely restricted. They were named after their owner's residences and disappeared with the death of their first duke, because none of them fathered a male heir. Before it died out, the Saxe-Merseburg-Spremberg line inherited all of Saxe-Merseburg.

  • August Until 1715 Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Zörbig
  • Philipp Until 1690 Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Lauchstädt
  • Heinrich (born: Until 1731 Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Spremberg until 1731, inherited Saxe-Merseburg in 1731

Saxe-Weissenfels 1656-1746-

Sachsen-Weißenfels-Querfurt (Landesherren)

None of the issues of Johann Adolfs II did reach adulty and the duchy went back to Sachsen

Saxe-Weißenfels-Barby

On the dead of Georg Albrechts the duchy came back to the headline.

Dukes of Saxony, Landgraves of Thuringia, Dukes of Luxembourg

Saxe-Landsberg