Scope of project
This project identifies ruling members of the royal house of Wettin.
The House of Wettin is a dynasty of German counts, dukes, prince-electors (Kurfürsten) and kings that once ruled the area of today's German states of Saxony, the Saxon part of Saxony-Anhalt, and Thuringia for more than 800 years. Agnates of the House of Wettin have, at various times, ascended the thrones of Great Britain, Portugal, Bulgaria, Poland, Saxony, and Belgium; of these, only the British and Belgian lines retain their thrones today.
List of branches of the House of Wettin and its agnatic descent (and its rulers)
Count of Wettin
Margraves of (Lower) Lusatia
- Dedi I, 1046–1075
- Dedi II, fl. 1069
- Henry I, 1075–1103
- Henry II, 1103–1123
- Wiprecht, 1123–1124
- Albert the Bear, 1123–1128
- Henry III of Groitzsch, 1124–1135
- Conrad of Wettin, 1136–1156, also Margrave of Meissen since 1123
- Dietrich I, 1156–1185, son of Conrad, titular Margrave of Landsberg
- Dedi III, 1185–1190, brother
- Conrad II, 1190–1210, son
Margraves of Meissen
- Dietrich II the Oppressed, 1210–1221, also Margrave of Meissen since 1198
- Henry IV the Illustrious, 1221–1288, last Margrave of Lusatia
Margraves of Landsberg
The Margraviate of Lusatia (Ostmark) was acquired by Brandenburg in 1303 and became a Bohemian crown land in 1367.  Notes
- Henry I 1089–1103
- Thimo 1103
- Henry II 1104–1123
- Wiprecht 1123–1124
- Herman II 1124–1130 - Winzenburg
- Conrad 1130–1156
- Otto II 1156–1190
- Albert I 1190–1195 Followed by the direct rule of the Emperor Henry VI
- Dietrich I 1198–1221
- Henry(Heinrich) III 1221–1288
- Albert II 1288 Son of Henry III the Illustrious
- Frederick Tuta 1288–1291
Wettin Dietrich II 1291–1307
- Frederick I 1291–1323
- Adolf 1293–1298 - Nassau
- Albert III 1298–1307 - Habsburg
- Frederick II 1323–1349 Son of Frederick I the Peaceful
- Frederick III 1349–1381 Son of Frederick II the Cruel
- Balthasar 1349–1382 Son of Frederick II the Cruel
- William I 1349–1407 Son of Frederick II the Cruel
- George 1381–1402 Son of Frederick III the Strict
- William II 1381–1425 Son of Frederick III the Strict
- Frederick IV 1381–1428 Son of Frederick III the Strict
- [Frederick V 1407–1440 Son of Balthasar, heir of William I
After the abolition of all German monarchies in 1918 and the death of Friedrich August III, the last king of Saxony, in 1932, further heads of the house and pretenders to the throne have used the title Margrave of Meissen. Friedrich Christian, Margrave of Meissen Maria Emanuel, Margrave of Meissen Albert, Margrave of Meissen, disputed with Alexander Alexander, Margrave of Meissen, disputed with Albert
- Frederick I of Wettin before 1009 1017 d 1017
- Burchard 1076 d 1076 Murdered
- Burchard II 1114 1117
- Henry Haupt (Caput) 1116 Exchanged by Henry V for Wiprecht von Groitzsch, *Louis of Thuringia and Burchard II.
- Hoyer Recorded 1180
Dukes of Saxony,
- Thuringia came to the house when Henry Raspe dead childless, the titel went to his sisters son who allready was markgrave of Meissen:
- Henry(Heinrich) III 1242-1265, Margrave of Meissen and Lusatia since 1221-1288
- Albert II 1265-1294, son, Margrave of Meissen from 1288-1292, sold Thuringia to
- 1294-1298 Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg, King of Germany (not Wettin)
- 1298-1307 Albert of Habsburg, King of Germany (not Wettin)
- Dietrich IV 1298-1307, Margrave of Lusatia from 1291-1303
- Frederick I 1298-1323
- Frederick II 1323-1349
- Frederick III 1349–1381
- William I 1349-1382 joint rule
- Balthasar 1349-1406 joint rule
- Frederick IV 1406-1440
- Frederick V 1440-1445
- William II 1445-1482
- Albert 1482-1485
- Ernest 1482-1486
- Frederick VI1486-1525
- John Frederick I 1532-1547
- John Ernest 1542-1553, Also duke of Saxe-Coburg
- John Frederick II 1554-1566
- John William 1554-1572
- Frederick I(Friedrich I) 6 January 1423-4 January 1428 Nicknamed "the Warlike." After the Wittenberg line of the Ascanians became extinct, the Electorate was given to Frederick, Margrave of Meissen and Landgrave of Thuringia.
- Frederick II(Friedrich II) 4 January 1428-7 September 1464 Nicknamed "the Gentle". Son of Frederick I. Ruled jointly in Saxony with his brothers, but was the sole holder of the Electorate. Father of Ernest and Albert, founders of the Ernestine (continuing below) and Albertine Saxon lines (see section Albertine Dukes of Saxony below).
- Ernest(Ernst) 7 September 1464-26 August 1486 Son of Frederick II, divided Saxony with his brother Albert, taking Wittenberg, northern Meissen, and southern Thuringia. Inherited Thuringia in 1482 and ruled it jointly with Albert until 1485.
- Frederick III(Friedrich III) 26 August 1486-5 May 1525 'Nicknamed "the Wise." Son of Ernest. Protector of Martin Luther, but a lifelong Catholic.
- John(Johann) 5 May 1525-16 August 1532 Nicknamed "the Steadfast." Brother of Frederick III. Legally established Lutheranism in his territories in 1527.
- John Frederick I(Johann Friedrich I) 16 August 1532-19 May 1547 Nicknamed "the Magnanimous." Son of John the Steadfast. Deprived of his Electorate by Emperor Charles V for his role in the Schmalkaldic War. Died 1554.
- Maurice(Moritz) 4 June 1547-11 July 1553 Second cousin of John Frederick, grandson of Albert. Though a Lutheran, allied with Emperor Charles V against the Schmalkaldic League. Gained the Electorate for the Albertine line in 1547 after Charles V's victory at the Battle of Mühlberg.
- Augustus I(August I) 11 July 1553-12 February 1586 Brother of Maurice. Recognized as Elector by the ousted John Frederick in 1554.
- Christian I 12 February 1586-25 September 1591 Son of Augustus I.
- Christian II 25 September 1591-23 June 1611 Son of Christian I.
- John George I(Johann Georg I 23 June 1611-8 October 1656 Brother of Christian II, ruled during the Thirty Years' War, during which he was at times allied with the Emperor and at times with the King of Sweden.
- John George II(Johann Georg II) 8 October 1656-1 September 1680 Son of John George I.
- John George III(Johann Georg III) 1 September 1680-22 September 1691 Son of John George II.
- John George IV(Johann Georg IV) 22 September 1691-27 April 1694 Son of John George III.
- Frederick Augustus I(Friedrich August I) 27 April 1694-1 February 1733 Brother of John George IV. Converted to Catholicism 1697 in order to compete for the crown of Poland. Took the Polish crown 1697, opposed by Stanisław Leszczyński 1704, forced to renounce the throne 1706, returned as monarch 1709 until his death. Called "the Strong".]
- Frederick Augustus II(Friedrich August II) 1 February 1733-5 October 1763 Son of Frederick Augustus I. Converted to Catholicism 1712. King of Poland 1734-1763. Called ""the Fat" or (in Poland) "the Saxon".
- Frederick Christian(Friedrich Christian) 5 October 1763-17 December 1763 Son of Frederick Augustus II, raised Catholic.
- Frederick Augustus III(Friedrich August III) 17 December 1763-20 December 1806 Son of Frederick Christian. His Electorate ceased with the fall of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, and he became King of Saxony. Called "the Just."
- Frederick Augustus (Friedrich August) I, 20 December 1806-5 May 1827, Duke of Warsaw 1807–1813. Called "the Just."
- Anthony(Anton), 5 May 1827-6 June 1836, Brother of Frederick Augustus I.
- Frederick Augustus(Friedrich August) II,6 June 1836-9 August 1854. Nephew of Anthony.
- John(Johann) 9 August 1854 -29 October 1873 Brother of Frederick Augustus II.
- Albert(Albert) 29 October 1873-19 June 1902 Son of John. Called "the Good"
- George(Georg) 19 June 1902-15 October 1904, Brother of Albert.
- Frederick Augustus(Friedrich August) III, 15 October 1904-13 November 1918, Son of George. Last king of Saxony. Lost his throne in the German revolutions of 1918
Kings of Poland and Grand Dukes of Lithuania
- Frederick Augustus II(Friedrich August II) 1697–1706, 1709–1733
- Frederick Augustus III(Friedrich August III) 1733–1763
Dukes of Saxe-Coburg 1596-1633 1680-1735
- John Casimir(Johann Kasimir) (1596–1633)
Duchy fell to Saxe-Eisenach, restored in 1680
- [Albert V(Albrecht V)] (1680–1699)
- [John Ernest IV(Johann Ernst)] (1699–1729), claimant
- [Christian Ernest II(Christian Ernst II)] (1729–1735), claimant
Incorporated into Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
Dukes of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 1675-1825
- Johann Ernst 1675–1729
- Christian Ernst 1729–1745
- Franz Josias 1745–1764
- Ernst Frederick 1764–1800
- Franz Frederick 1800–1806
- Ernst III Anton Karl Ludwig 1806–1825
Dukes of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1826-1918
Heads of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1918–present)
Dukes of Saxe-Altenburg (first line of Altenburg)
Dukes of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (second line of Altenburg)
- Ernst I 1640–1675 (1601-1675)
- Friedrich I 1675–1689 (1646-1691) son of Ernest I
- Friedrich II 1689–1732 (1676-1732) son of Frederich I
- Friedrich III 1732–1772 (1699-1772) son of Frederich II
- Ernst II. Ludwig 1772–1804 (1745-1804) son of Frederich III
- August 1804–1822 (1772-1822)
- Friedrich IV 1822– 1825 (1774-1825) brother of August
Friederick IV died without issues and the house of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg extint, Most of the land formed the new duchy Saxe-Coburg and Gotha see above)
Dukes of Saxe-Hildburghausen, then Dukes of Saxe-Altenburg (third line of Altenburg)
- Johann Wilhelm 1554–1573
- Frederick William I 1573–1602 son of Johann Wilhelm
- John II 1602–1605 brother
- Johann Ernst I (1605–20) son of Johann
- William(Wilhelm) 1620–1662 brother
- Johann Ernst II 1662–1683 son of Wilhelm
- Wilhelm Ernst 1683–1728 son of Johann Ernst II
- Johann Ernst III 1683–1707 son of Johann Ernst II
- Ernst August I 1707–1748 son of Johann Ernst III
- Ernst August II 1748–1758 son of Ernst August I
- Karl August 1758–1809 son of Ernst August II
Merged with Saxe-Eisenach to form Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Created in 1572 as Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach 1596 divided into Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Eisenach
- John Ernest(Johann Ernst 1596–1638 left no issue
Divided between Saxe-Altenburg and Saxe-Weimar
- Albrecht IV 1640–1644 left no issue
Divided between Saxe-Gotha and Saxe-Weimar
- Adolf Wilhelm 1662–1668 second son of Duke William of Saxe-Weimar
- William Augustus (1668–71), minor son, left no issue
- John George I (1671–86), third son of Duke William of Saxe-Weimar
- John George II (1686–98), son, left no issue
- John William (1698–1729), younger brother
- William Henry (1729–41), son, left no issue
Personal union with Saxe-Weimar
- Ernst August I (1741-1748), Duke of Saxe-Weimar since 1728
- Ernst August II (1748-1758), son
- Charles Augustus(Carl August) (1758-1809), son
Merged with Saxe-Weimar into Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1809–1815
- [Karl August, Charles Augustus(Carl August) 1809–1815 Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach since 1758, until 1775 under the tutelage of his mother Duchess Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Grand Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1815–1918
- Charles Augustus(Karl August) 1815–1928
- Charles Frederick(Karl Friedrich) 1828–1853
- Charles Alexander(Karl Alexander) 1853–1901
- William Ernest(Wilhelm Ernst) 1901–1918
Heads of the House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1918–present
- William Ernest(Wilhelm Ernst) 1918–1923
- Hereditary Grand Duke Carl August 1923–1988
- Prince Michael 1988–present
Dukes of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach
[http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sachsen-Jena Dukes of Saxe-Jena
- Bernhard (1672–1678)
- Johann Wilhelm (1678–1690)
Reincorporated into Saxe-Weimar
- 1640–1674 Ernst I. der Fromme (1601–1675), Sohn Johanns von Sachsen-Weimar
Next duke Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
- 1681–1707 Christian 1681-1707 (1653–1707), Sohn Ernst I. von Sachsen-Gotha
Without issues, the duchy was disputed between Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Saxe-Meiningen, Saxe-Römhild, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and Saxe-Hildburghausen
Dukes of Saxe-Marksuhl
Dukes of Saxe-Meiningen
- Bernhard I 1675-1706 (1649–1706), son of Ernst I of Saxe-Weimar
- Ernst Ludwig I 1706-1724 (1672–1724), son of Bernhard I
- Ernst Ludwig II 1709-1729 (1724–29), son of Ernst Ludwig I
- Karl Frederick 1729-1743 (1712–1743), son of Ernst Ludwig I
- Frederick Wilhelm 1679-1746 (1743–1746), son of Bernhard I
- Anton Ulrich 1746-1763 (1687–1763), son of Bernhard I
- Karl Wilhelm 1763-1782 (1754–82), son of Anton Ulrich
- Georg I 1782-1803 (1761-1803), son of Anton Ulrich
- Bernhard II 1803-1866 (1800–1882), son of Georg I
- Georg II 1866-1914 (1826–1914), son of Bernhard II
- Bernhard III 1914-1918 (1851–1928), son of Georg II
Dukedom abolished in 1918
Heads of the Ducal House of Saxe-Meiningen, post-monarchy
- Bernhard III 1918-1928 (1851–1928)
- Prince Ernst (1928–1941)
- Prince Georg III (1941–1946)
- Prince Bernhard IV (1946–1984)
- Prince Konrad (1984–Present
Dukes of Saxe-Römhild
- Heinrich 1675-1710 (1650–1710), son of Ernst I of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Kings and Queen of the United Kingdom (House of Windsor)
Princes of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary
Kings of Portugal (House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, last reigning from
Royal House of Portugal)
Kings of Bulgaria (sometimes had been known as "Kohary" and as "Sakskoburggotski")
Kings of the Belgians
- Leopold I 1831–1865
- [Carlota of Mexico] (1863–1927) Empress consort of Mexico.
- Leopold II 1865–1909
- Albert I 1909–1934
- Leopold III 1934–1951
- Baudouin I 1951–1993
- Albert II 1993–present
Dukes of "Saxe-Dresden"
Electors of Saxony
Kings of Saxony, currently Prinz/Prinzessin von Sachsen
- Christian I 1656-1691¨
- Christian II 1691-1694
- Christian III 1694-1694 under the regency of Elector Frederick August I of Saxony and the guardianship of his mother Erdmuthe Dorothea of Saxe-Zeitz
- Maurice Wilhelm 1694-1731 until 1712 under the regency of Elector Frederick August I of Saxony and the guardianship of his mother Erdmuthe Dorothea of Saxe-Zeitz
- Heinrich 1731-1738 previously already Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Spremberg
To supply his three younger sons with incomes befitting a duke, Duke Christian I created apanages for his younger sons during his lifetime. These territories remained dependent on the main line and their soverignty was severely restricted. They were named after their owner's residences and disappeared with the death of their first duke, because none of them fathered a male heir. Before it died out, the Saxe-Merseburg-Spremberg line inherited all of Saxe-Merseburg.
- August Until 1715 Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Zörbig
- Philipp Until 1690 Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Lauchstädt
- Heinrich (born: Until 1731 Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Spremberg until 1731, inherited Saxe-Merseburg in 1731
- August 1656–1680
- Johann Adolf I 1680–1697
- Johann Georg 1697–1712
- Christian 1712–1736
- Johann Adolf II 1736–1746
None of the issues of Johann Adolfs II did reach adulty and the duchy went back to Sachsen
On the dead of Georg Albrechts the duchy came back to the headline.