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Hrvati u Boliviji / Croatas en Bolivia

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Croatian diaspora in Bolivia


There are some 4,000 Croats and descendants of Croats in Bolivia, these are mostly third and fourth generation descendants of Dalmatian Croats, originating mostly from the island of Brač and who came to Bolivia between 1915 and 1931. From the very beginning, they integrated into Bolivian society and entered into mixed marriages with locals. The first Croatian settlers arrived in Bolivia in the late 19th century. According to hearsay, the first Croat settler in Bolivia was Ivan Ivanović, from Sutivan, Brač, who arrived in 1885 via the Chilean port of Antofagasta. He was followed by other settlers from Brač and Hvar. According to available data, there were about 1,000 Croats in Bolivia in 1914, at that time, they were referred to as "Austriacos"(Austrians).

Hrvatsko iseljeništvo u Boliviji


Danas u Boliviji živi oko 4000 Hrvata i njihovih potomaka treće i četvrte generacije dalmatinskih iseljenika, pretežno Bračana, koji su između 1915. i 1931. godine emigrirali u Boliviju. Od samog početka integrirali su se u bolivijsko društvo i sklapali mješovite brakove.

Prvi hrvatski doseljenici u Boliviju došli su krajem 19. stoljeća. Prema predaji prvi naš doseljenik u Boliviju bio je Ivan Ivanović iz Sutivana na Braču, koji je na jedrenjaku prešao Magellanov tjesnac, iskrcao se u čileanskoj luci Antofagasti, odakle je 1885. godine prešao u susjednu Boliviju i u njoj se nastanio. Njega su slijedili Bračani, pa Hvarani, te nekolicina iz Hrvatskog primorja, tako da već početkom 20. stoljeća nalazimo formirane male naseobine naših iseljenika u Oruru, Cochabamabi, La Pazu, Santa Cruzu, Sucreu i drugdje. Naši prvi doseljenici radili su na izgradnji putova i željezničkih pruga, u rudnicima, neki su krčili prašume i podizali farme. Marljivim radom pomalo su se osamostalili i ekonomski podigli pa se kasnije bavili trgovinom, građevinarstvom, ugostiteljstvom i slično.

Prema raspoloživim podacima u Boliviji je uoči prvoga svjetskog rata živjelo oko 1000 Hrvata. Poslije II. Svjetskog rata ovamo se doselila skupina političkih izbjeglica, a došlo je i nekoliko hrvatskih svećenika. Kao ekonomski jaka skupina Hrvati su dali veliki doprinos razvoju Bolivije kao svoje nove domovine, ali oni još uvijek gaje osjećaje pripadnosti hrvatskom narodu.

Hrvatska zajednica u Cochabambi organizirana je i ima svoj Hrvatski dom. No, nemaju organizirane hrvatske emisije na radio - programu i na televiziji niti izlaze listovi na hrvatskom jeziku.

Inmigración croata en Bolivia

El ingreso de los primeros inmigrantes croatas en Bolivia se produjo a fines el siglo XIX, en forma simultánea con el ingreso de otros compatriotas croatas en Chile y Perú. Sus metas eran las zonas mineras. Ello demuestra que ya entonces se tenía conocimiento en Croacia de la existencia de diversos minerales en Cerro de Pasco (Perú), de oro en Tipuani y en los arroyos situados entre La Paz y el Monte Illimani, de plata en Potosí, de cobre, oro y salitre en Antofagasta, y de plata en Tarapacá.

A mediados del año 1850, apareció en Potosí el primer grupo de inmigrantes croatas. Según relatos de informantes, se trataba de Mateo Rendić, Juan Jakšić, Vicente Vučić y Mateo Dobravčić. Apenas llegaron, los cuatro inmigrantes se dedicaron a la extracción de mineral de plata. Durante los tres lustros siguientes se sumaron nuevos pequeños grupos de compatriotas, todos resueltos a seguir los pasos de los primeros, “arañando cerros”. Muy poco pudo averiguarse respecto al resultado de sus esfuerzos, y respecto al tiempo que permanecieron todos esos grupos en Potosí. Lo que se supo fue que dos de ellos, Jakšić y Rendić, se encontraban en 1870 en Antofagasta, con importantes comercios, lo que testimonia que en Potosí habían amasado cierta fortuna. A partir de 1870, el cambio de residencia de aquellos pioneros entre las dos ciudades fue incesante. Además de buscadores de oro y plata y de mineros, los primeros inmigrantes croatas en el país del Altiplano trabajaban en la construcción de caminos y vías férreas, en la selva boliviana, y en faenas agrícolas. Luego, una vez asentados, una parte de ellos se dedicó al comercio y a la industria, a la que nos referiremos más adelante.

Entre 1890 y 1914, año del estallido de la Primera Guerra Mundial, varios centenares de croatas se habían establecido en diferentes zonas del país, particularmente en Oruro, donde se vivía intensamente la “fiebre del estaño”. Un lustro después comenzaron a llegar al país nuevos grupos, generalmente familiares y coterráneos de viejos residentes. Esa nueva corriente prosiguió hasta el estallido de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, cuando el número total de ingresados era superior a dos mil. En esos años, la presencia de croatas era notable en todas las actividades, y en toda Bolivia: La Paz, Oruro, Tarija, Potosí, Sucre, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Beni y otras ciudades.

List of Surnames

  • Bezmalinović Bezmalinovic
  • Bojanić Bojanic
  • Baković Bakovic
  • Cvitanić Cvitanic
  • Domić Domic
  • Drpić Derpic
  • Dubravčić Dubravcic
  • Eterović Eterovic
  • Franulić Franulic
  • Garafulić Garafulic
  • Gospodnetić Gospodnetic
  • Harašić Harasic
  • Ilijić Ilijic
  • Ivanović Ivanovic
  • Jadrijević Yadriyevic
  • Jakšić Yaksic
  • Jutronić Yutronic
  • Kirigin
  • Krstulović Krstulovic
  • Kršul Krsul
  • Lavčević Lavcevic
  • Lukšić Luksic
  • Mihaić Mihaic
  • Marinković Marincovic
  • Marinović Marinovic
  • Martinić Martinic
  • Matijasević Matijasevic
  • Matković Matkovic
  • Matulić Matulic
  • Orlandini
  • Ostojić Ostoic
  • Papić Papic
  • Pavišić Pavisic
  • Poklepović Poklepovic
  • Sabiancello Sabioncello
  • Sapunar
  • Sazunić Sasunic
  • Skarić Skaric
  • Soljančić Soljancic
  • Štambuk Stambuk
  • Tadić Tadic
  • Turčinović Turcinovic
  • Ugrinović Ugrinovic
  • Ursić Ursic
  • Vidović Vidovic
  • Vladislavić Vladislavic
  • Vlahović Vlahovic
  • Vrandečić Vrandecic
  • Vrsalović Versalovic
  1. Hrvati u Boliviji
  2. Los inmigrantes croatas en Bolivia

Emigrants from the island of Hvar to Bolivia

According to records, the first Croatian to venture into the Bolivian region was an Ivan Ivanović, a sailor from Sutivan on Brac. Already in 1885, he had passed through the Straits of Magellan, and landed at Antofagasta, from whence he proceeded to Potosi.

The first arrivals from Hvar were brothers Jakov, Dinko and Gajo Franičević of Vrboska. Jakov had arrived via Chile already in 1888, shortly after Ivanović, and Dinko and Gajo arrived somewhat later. After them, came brothers Mate, Ante, Srečko and Dinko Sazunić with their sisters Anka and Danica. Later arrivals were brothers Bepo, Šanto, Zanko and Miro Štambuk, all from Vrboska, then brothers Ante and Marin Bojanić and Toni and Srečko Mileta of Pitve. After came Ivan Lučić of Poljica, Petar Garcina of Jelsa, brothers Ivan, Sibe and Frane Kovačević, and brothers Ivan, Marin, Petar and Vicko Tadić of Starigrad.

extracted from Hvarski Zbornik 5 (1977) (Hvar Journal)

List of Emigrants from the Croatian island of Brač to Bolivia


originally on ufrmsa1.uniforum.org.za/ivol (2000)

Surname, Name, Birth date, Departure date

Bol

  • Cvitanić Ivan 1880 1903

Dol

  • Gospodnetić Ivan 1894 1924

Donji Humac

  • Jakšić Fabian 1911 1927
  • Jakšić Ivan 1900 1920
  • Jakšić Kršto 1904 1924
  • Marinković Adam 1934 1959
  • Marinković Marinko 1904 1928
  • Marinković Silvo 1926 1952
  • Ostojić Franka 1899 1918
  • Ugrinović Rosanda 1907 1929

Dračevica

  • Ilijić Frane 1914 1940
  • Ilijić Jerko 1907 1924
  • Ilijić Luka 1912 1929
  • Ilijić Petar 1921 1955

Gornji Humac

  • Vrsalović Nikola unknown unknown

Ložišća

  • Biskupović Draga 1918 1938
  • Franjola Ivan 1868 1886
  • Franjola Ljubo 1885 1904
  • Franjola Lukre 1877 1902
  • Franjola Marko 1874 1892
  • Franjola Mate 1870 1888
  • Franjola Nikola 1871 1890
  • Franjola Stjepan 1878 1898
  • Jurać Jakubina 1874 1914
  • Krivić Anđa 1897 1913
  • Krivić Josip 1900 1924
  • Krivić Liva 1893 1914
  • Krivić Mate 1891 1928
  • Krivić Petar 1898 1922
  • Sapunar Anka 1909 1930
  • Sapunar Božidar 1905 1928
  • Sapunar Juraj 1911 1932

Milna

  • Aras Kate 1847 1880
  • Aras Stjepan 1853 1880
  • Bonačić-Proti Frane 1899 1925
  • Bonačić-Proti Ivan 1904 1952
  • Bonačić-Proti Slavko 1901 1927
  • Buzolić Ante 1879 1900
  • Buzolić Stjepan 1891 1905
  • Denegri Jerko 1862 1883
  • Denegri Jerko 1869 1900
  • Guić Ante 1862 1886
  • Guić Lucija 1884 1905
  • Kozulić Andrija 1865 1892
  • Kozulić Ivan 1888 1907
  • Kozulić Marija 1894 1923
  • Lentić Aktavio 1890 1910
  • Marinović Ivan 1908 1925

Nerezišća

  • Baković Anka 1899 1927
  • Baković Ante 1903 1934
  • Baković Ante 1886 1912
  • Baković Danko 1899 1917
  • Baković Dinko 1893 1915
  • Baković Forte 1900 1928
  • Baković Frane 1887 1912
  • Baković Frane 1898 1922
  • Baković Irma 1888 1913
  • Baković Ivan 1896 1910
  • Baković Ivan 1895 1920
  • Baković Ivan 1915 1958
  • Baković Jerko 1908 1930
  • Baković Juraj 1905 1925
  • Baković Jure 1900 1910
  • Baković Ljubica 1903 1926
  • Baković Lucijo 1896 1915
  • Baković Marijan 1902 1926
  • Baković Marko 1910 1923
  • Baković Marko 1880 1905
  • Baković Marko 1987 1915
  • Baković Petar 1892 1910
  • Baković Petar 1902 1928
  • Baković Tonči 1912 1931
  • Baković Zlatica 1913 1934
  • Beroš Katina 1883 1910
  • Beroš Nikica 1866 1907
  • Bezmalinović Antun 1897 1921
  • Cvitanović Petar 1914 1937
  • Defilipis Dinko 1889 1911
  • Defilipis Josip 1886 1909
  • Defilipis Juraj 1894 1912
  • Defilipis Luka 1887 1908
  • Defilipis Marko 1890 1910
  • Defilipis Zaharija 1873 1908
  • Dubravcić Ante 1875 1906
  • Dubravcić Ante 1872 1905
  • Dubravcić Antonijo 1915 1927
  • Dubravcić Frane 1886 1906
  • Dubravcić Ivan 1906 1919
  • Dubravcić Ivan 1880 1906
  • Dubravcić Ivan 1883 1010
  • Dubravcić Margita 1900 1919
  • Dubravcić Marko 1902 1919
  • Dubravcić Marko 1910 1927
  • Dubravcić Marko 1887 1907
  • Dubravcić Petar 1903 1919
  • Dubravcić Roko 1913 1927
  • Forense Ivan 1889 1926
  • Forense Juraj 1883 1910
  • Forense Petar 1884 1922
  • Franulić Emanuel 1904 1934
  • Franulić Ivo 1903 1914
  • Franulić Josip 1892 1927
  • Franulić Mario 1897 1918
  • Garafulić Jerko 1907 1924
  • Garafulić Nikola 1915 1935
  • Gardilcić Ane 1877 1905
  • Gardilcić Ante 1892 1912
  • Gardilcić Ante 1902 1905
  • Gardilcić Antica 1896 1912
  • Gardilcić Ivan 1915 1939
  • Gardilcić Ivan 1868 1903
  • Gardilcić Jere 1864 1895
  • Gardilcić Jerica 1898 1912
  • Gardilcić Kate 1895 1912
  • Gardilcić Katina 1898 1905
  • Gardilcić Mandalina 1900 1905
  • Gardilcić Marijana 1870 1912
  • Harašić Dinka 1904 1952
  • Harašić Ivan 1894 1912
  • Harašić Ivan 1870 1902
  • Harašić Ivo 1910 1937
  • Harašić Jerko 1891 1904
  • Harašić Jerko 1893 1911
  • Harašić Juraj 1929 1955
  • Harašić Marijan 1878 1904
  • Harašić Petar 1899 1952
  • Harašić Tonko 1897 1924
  • Jadrijević Franka 1912 1937
  • Krstulović Mario 1898 1926
  • Krstulović Srđo 1902 1929
  • Krstulović Veljko 1916 1928
  • Kukoč Pompeja 1905 1920
  • Kuščević Dinko 1900 1934
  • Kuščević Domina 1903 1929
  • Kuščević Ivan 1904 1929
  • Kuščević Marica 1904 1938
  • Kuščević Marinko 1898 1927
  • Ljubić Augustin 1903 1924
  • Ljubić Jakov 1887 1910
  • Ljubić Josip 1895 1913
  • Ljubić Juraj 1880 1902
  • Martinić Juraj 1905 1928
  • Nigoević Andrijana 1878 1902
  • Nigoević Frane 1869 1894
  • Nigoević Ivan 1905 1925
  • Nigoević Petar 1909 1925
  • Pavišić Ante 1863 1890
  • Pavišić Bepina 1896 1930
  • Pavišić Boris 1943 1957
  • Pavišić Josip 1940 1964
  • Pavišić Katina 1896 1912
  • Pavišić Kristina 1890 1912
  • Pavišić Lazarin 1891 1912
  • Pavišić Luki 1911 1920
  • Pavišić Miko 1896 1914
  • Pavišić Nikola 1893 1910
  • Pavišić Nježe 1889 1904
  • Pavišić Petar 1912 1937
  • Pavišić Petar 1866 1900
  • Pavišić Šušta 1884 1905
  • Pavišić Vjeko 1906 1936
  • Petrićić Ivo 1898 1920
  • Restović Andrija 1879 1920
  • Restović Frane 1908 1935
  • Restović Frane 1899 1905
  • Restović Frane 1912 1927
  • Restović Jacento 1910 1920
  • Restović Marinko 1904 1930
  • Restović Nela 1912 1938
  • Sabiancello Ivan 1871 1904
  • Sabiancello Josip 1908 1923
  • Sabiancello Miroslav 1914 1937
  • Sabiancello Vice 1884 1904
  • Senjković Ivan 1902 1928
  • Senjković Nikola 1895 1914
  • Stipinović Abel 1866 1899
  • Stipinović Andrija 1871 1895
  • Stipinović Ivan 1866 1899
  • Vraničić Luka 1934 1960
  • Vrsalović Srećka 1902 1917

Postira

  • Bižaca Jakov 1913 1937
  • Bižaca Tonči 1898 1927
  • Cvitanović Rina 1924 1968
  • Jelinčić Ante 1890 1910
  • Jelinčić Jerko 1874 1900
  • Jelinčić Jerko 1892 1914
  • Jelinčić Josip 1888 1906
  • Jelinčić Josip 1890 1908
  • Jelinčić Petar 1892 1912
  • Lazanco Juraj 1921 1937
  • Lazanco Katica 1902 1935
  • Lazanco Marko 1898 1920
  • Matulić Jere 1877 1913
  • Matulić Vicko 1896 1922
  • Salamunović Ivan 1919 1936
  • Salamunović Marko 1895 1927
  • Skarić Ivan 1908 1938
  • Skarić Josip 1895 1925
  • Skarić Nježe 1892 1912
  • Skarić Stanko 1904 1945
  • Skarić Tonči 1901 1945
  • Skarić Vicko 1900 1924

Povlja

Pucišća

  • Capković Juraj 1910 1928
  • Drpić Ante 1902 1921
  • Drpić Ante 1912 1935
  • Drpić Dragi 1905 1924
  • Drpić Jure 1900 1920
  • Drpić Petar 1905 1928
  • Eterović Ante 1878 1920
  • Eterović Ante 1926 1939
  • Eterović Ante 1901 1937
  • Eterović Aristion 1905 1930
  • Eterović Gajetan 1900 1929
  • Eterović Ivan 1928 1939
  • Eterović Ivan 1906 1924
  • Eterović Jako 1902 1926
  • Eterović Jerko 1902 1924
  • Eterović Kate 1908 1939
  • Eterović Marija 1897 1924
  • Eterović Nikola 1889 1913
  • Eterović Nikola 1931 1939
  • Eterović Matij 1906 1937
  • Eterović Nikola 1897 1918
  • Eterović Vesela 1929 1956
  • Galetović Ivan 1913 1925
  • Galetović Ivan 1883 1910
  • Galetović Josip 1883 1913
  • Galetović Mate 1866 1910
  • Galetović Ante 1882 1910
  • Jakir Marija 1900 1923
  • Kačić Josip 1887 1920
  • Marasović Marija 1875 1924
  • Marasović Marija 1897 1924
  • Marinović Filomena 1890 1908
  • Martinić Frane 1889 1911
  • Martinić Juraj 1940 1956
  • Martinić Kate 1908 1935
  • Martinić Mande 1907 1928
  • Martinić Marijana 1896 1923
  • Martinić Marko 1880 1919
  • Martinić Marko 1902 1904
  • Martinić Mate 1890 1913
  • Martinić Mate 1894 1922
  • Martinić Petar 1914 1934
  • Martinić Šime 1910 1928
  • Martinić Šime 1881 1910
  • Martinić Toma 1891 1919
  • Matjasić Marko 1903 1930
  • Matjasić Šime 1910 1927
  • Mihaić Dragi 1912 1952
  • Mihaić Josip 1906 1926
  • Mihaić Nikola 1908 1926
  • Orlandini Ante 1902 1919
  • Orlandini Ivan 1892 1919
  • Orlandini Ivo 1885 1906
  • Orlandini Ivan-Zane 1889 1912
  • Orlandini Ivo 1912 1926
  • Orlandini Juraj 1884 1910
  • Orlandini Stejpan 1892 1919
  • Orlandini Valentin 1898 1913
  • Orlandini Vicko 1883 1919
  • Orlandini Vicko 1880 1910
  • Plastić Jure 1894 1913
  • Plastić Petar 1899 1919
  • Radić Ivan 1909 1926
  • Radić Ivan 1860 1885
  • Radić Pavulin 1884 1901
  • Radić Petar 1893 1913
  • Vlahović Domina 1903 1924
  • Vlahović Mate 1905 1926
  • Vlahović Nikola 1911 1929
  • Vrandečić Katica 1886 1935
  • Vrandečić Marija 1897 1926

Selca

  • Gašper Santa 1888 1914
  • Štambuk Metod 1880 1912
  • Ursić Filomena 1914 1946
  • Ursić Josip 1912 1921

Sutivan

  • Grubšić-Kosta Ivan 1883 1902
  • Gvozdanović Antun 1886 1904
  • Gvozdanović Tomo 1872 1890
  • Ivanović Andrija 1891 1901
  • Ivanović Andriana 1892 1921
  • Ivanović Anka 1888 1921
  • Ivanović Antun 1889 1906
  • Ivanović Antun 1887 1905
  • Ivanović Bogoslav 1893 1911
  • Ivanović Frane 1892 1925
  • Ivanović Dinko 1902 1928
  • Ivanović Ivan 1887 1905
  • Ivanović Jerko 1896 1913
  • Ivanović Karmen 1896 1924
  • Ivanović Marga 1894 1922
  • Ivanović Pavao 1891 1908
  • Jurjević Ante 1889 1907
  • Jurjević File 1899 1910
  • Jurjević Marija 1906 unknown
  • Jurjević Stejpan 1874 1905
  • Jutronić Antun 1895 1915
  • Jutronić Jerko 1867 1895
  • Jutronić Ratoslav 1916 1928
  • Kirigin Antica 1882 1911
  • Kirigin Antun 1891 1908
  • Kirigin Kuzma 1884 1901
  • Kirigin Lovre 1887 1905
  • Kirigin Mate 1889 1906
  • Kukoč Andrica 1873 1898
  • Kukoč Andrija 1881 1899
  • Kukoč Lukre 1867 1905
  • Kukoč Viktorij 1877 1895
  • Ljubetić Anka 1885 1909
  • Ljubetić Antun 1900 1919
  • Ljubetić Vinka 1887 1919
  • Lukšić Anka 1904 1928
  • Lukšić Antica 1913 1932
  • Lukšić Dinko 1868 1886
  • Lukšić Ivan 1886 1903
  • Lukšić Jerko 1871 1900
  • Lukšić Niko 1884 1902
  • Lukšić Petar 1877 1912
  • Matijašević Bernardo 1888 1904
  • Matijašević Dinko 1880 1906
  • Matijašević Frane 1897 1913
  • Matijašević Jerko 1892 1910
  • Matijašević Jugoslav 1917 1937
  • Matijašević Leonard 1890 1908
  • Matijašević Panco 1909 1922
  • Matijašević Petar 1854 1904
  • Matijašević Šimun 1910 1928
  • Matijašević Vicko 1893 1911
  • Mazoni Franka 1885 1903
  • Mazoni Marko 1887 1905
  • Rottoloni Antun 1864 1882
  • Soljančić Antun 1876 1894
  • Soljančić Ivan 1889 1908
  • Soljančić Kuzma 1877 1895
  • Soljančić Marija 1889 1910
  • Vidović Antun 1874 1892
  • Vidović Ivan 1876 1906
  • Vidović Mate 1904 1913
  • Vidović Toma 1889 1907
  • Vladislavić Ante 1905 1921
  • Vladislavić Ivan 1872 1891
  • Vladislavić Ivan-Jovanin 1890 1910
  • Vladislavić Jerko 1859 1873
  • Vladislavić Katica 1880 1905
  • Vladislavić Mato 1906 1923
  • Vladislavić Petar 1875 1902
  • Vladislavić Rade 1912 1927
  • Zuanić Jele 1868 1895
  • Zuanić Petar 1874 1892

Brački zbornik : Iseljenići Otoka Brača (1982) - Klement Derado i Ivan Čizmić