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  • Jim Risch, Governor, U.S. Senator
    Biography About Senator Risch of Idaho James E. Risch, currently serving as Idaho's 28th Senator, holds a longstanding commitment to public service and a passion for good government. Known for "pragm...
  • Cecil D Andrus 5 term Govenor of Idaho, 42nd United States Secretary of the Interior
    Cecil D Andrus From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Cecil Dale Andrus Cecil Dale Andrus (born August 25, 1931) was an American politician who served as Governor of Idaho from 1971 to 1977, and a...
  • Don Samuelson, Governor (1913 - 2000)
    Donald William Samuelson (July 27, 1913 – January 20, 2000) was a Republican politician from Idaho. He was the 25th Governor of Idaho, serving a single term from 1967 to 1971. Early years ...
  • Robert E. Smylie, Governor (1914 - 2004)
    Robert Eben Smylie (October 31, 1914 – July 17, 2004) was an American politician and attorney from Idaho. A member of the Idaho Republican Party, he served as the 24th Governor of Idaho for tw...
  • Leonard B. Jordan, Governor, U.S. Senator (1899 - 1983)
    Leonard Beck "Len" Jordan (May 15, 1899 – June 30, 1983) was the 23rd Governor of Idaho and United States Senator from Idaho. Jordan served in World War I as an Army officer. He was a shee...

The Governor of Idaho is the head of the executive branch of Idaho's government and commander-in-chief of the state's militia. The governor has the duty to see state laws are executed, power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Idaho Legislature.

Idaho Territory had 16 territorial governors appointed by the President of the United States from the territory's organization in 1863 until the formation of the state of Idaho in 1890. Four of these never took office, resigning before reaching the territory.

Thirty individuals have held the office of governor of Idaho since the state's admission to the Union in 1890, two of whom—C. A. Bottolfsen and Cecil D. Andrus—served non-consecutive terms. The state's first governor, George Laird Shoup, had the shortest term of three months, and Cecil D. Andrus served as governor the longest at 14 years. Four governors resigned, but none has died while in office. There have been 20 Republican and 12 Democratic governors.

Governors of the Territory of Idaho

Idaho Territory was created from Dakota Territory, Nebraska Territory, and Washington Territory on March 4, 1863. Initially, the territory included all of modern-day Idaho and Montana, and most of Wyoming. On May 26, 1864, Montana Territory was split from Idaho Territory, and most of the Wyoming portion was reassigned to Dakota Territory. The portion east of the 111th meridian was split off as part of the new Wyoming Territory on July 25, 1868, giving Idaho Territory its final borders.

Due to the long distance between Washington, D.C. and Boise, there was often a lengthy gap between a governor being appointed and his arrival in the territory; four resigned before even arriving.

  • William H. Wallace
  • Caleb Lyon
  • David W. Ballard
  • Samuel Bard
  • Gilman Marston
  • Alexander H. Conner
  • Thomas M. Bowen
  • Thomas W. Bennett
  • David P. Thompson
  • Mason Brayman
  • John P. Hoyt
  • John Baldwin Neil
  • John N. Irwin
  • William M. Bunn
  • Edward A. Stevenson
  • George Laird Shoup

Governors of the State of Idaho

Idaho was admitted to the Union on July 3, 1890. Since then, the state has had 30 governors, two of whom served non-consecutive terms. The terms for governor and lieutenant governor are four years, commencing on the first Monday in the January following the election. Prior to 1946, the offices were elected to terms of two years. If the office of governor is vacant or the governor is out of state or unable to discharge his duties, the lieutenant governor acts as governor until such time as the disability is removed. If both the offices of governor and lieutenant governor are unable to fulfill their duties, the President pro tempore of the Idaho Senate is next in line, and then the Speaker of the Idaho House of Representatives. After the change to four-year terms, self-succession (re-election) was not initially allowed; newly-elected Governor Smylie, formerly the state's attorney general, successfully lobbied the 1955 legislature to propose an amendment to the state constitution to allow gubernatorial re-election, which was approved by voters in the 1956 general election. There is no limit to the number of terms a governor may serve.

List of Governors of the State of Idaho