Start My Family Tree Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree.
Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree.

Indian Wars: Red Stick War 1813-1814

« Back to Projects Dashboard

view all

Profiles

  • William Tustunnuggee Hutkee White Warrior McIntosh, Chief (c.1775 - 1825)
    William McIntosh (ca. 1775–1825) led part of the pro-American Creek forces against the Red Sticks William McIntosh was a controversial chief of the Lower Creeks in early-nineteenth-century Geo...
  • Menawa, War Chief (1765 - 1836)
    Menawa (ca. 1765–1836) was a principal leader of the Red Sticks during the Creek Wars Menawa, was born about 1765 at the village of Oakfuskee located on or near the Tallapoosa River, the site ...
  • Davy Crockett (1786 - 1836)
    David Stern "Davy" Crockett (August 17, 1786 – March 6, 1836) Son of John M. Crockett and Rebecca Sullivan Hawkins Birth : August 17, 1786 Near Nolichucky River in Free Republic of Frankl...
  • William / Lamochattee "Red Eagle" Red Eagle Weatherford, Chief (1780 - 1824)
    Weatherford, William, c.1780–1824, Native American chief, b. present-day Alabama, also called Red Eagle. In the War of 1812 he led the Creek war party, stirred by Tecumseh, against the Americans...
  • Brigadier General John Coffee (1782 - 1836)
    COFFEE, John, (1782 - 1836) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COFFEE, John, a Representative from Georgia; born in Prince Edward County, Va., Decemb...

The Creek War (1813–1814), also known as the Red Stick War and the Creek Civil War, began as a civil war within the Creek (Muscogee) nation. It is sometimes considered to be part of the War of 1812.

The war began as a civil war, but the United States was pulled into the conflict in present-day southern Alabama, at the Battle of Burnt Corn.

The term "red sticks" is derived from the red-colored war clubs and the alleged magical red sticks used by Creek shamans. This faction of Creeks aggressively supported traditional views of Creek society such as hunting and communal land. Inspired by the Shawnee leader Tecumseh and angered by the unrestrained encroachment of white culture, Red Sticks went to war against their own pro-European Creeks.

Results

On August 9, 1814, Andrew Jackson forced the Creeks to sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson. Despite protest of the Creek chiefs who had fought alongside Jackson, the Creek Nation ceded 23 million acres (93,000 km²)—half of Alabama and part of southern Georgia—to the United States government.

Even though the Creek War was largely a civil war among the Creeks, Andrew Jackson recognized no difference between the Creeks that had fought with him and the Red Sticks that fought against him, taking the lands of both. 1.9 million acres (7,700 km²) of the 23 million acres (93,000 km²) Jackson forced the Creeks to cede what was claimed by the Cherokee Nation, who had also allied with the United States during the war.

As a result of these victories, Jackson became a national figure and eventually rose to become the seventh President of the United States in 1829. As President, Andrew Jackson advocated the Indian Removal Act which relocated the Southeastern tribes to the West, across the Mississippi River.

People

  • please add these profiles to the project

Notables

People of the Creek War

  • Julius Caesar Alford
  • David Jackson Bailey
  • William Butler (militiaman)
  • Samuel Butts
  • William Cocke
  • John E. Coffee
  • George Colbert
  • Joel Crawford
  • Davy Crockett
  • William Barton Wade Dent
  • John Floyd (Georgia politician)
  • Ephraim H. Foster
  • George Rockingham Gilmer
  • Sam Houston
  • James Lauderdale
  • George Mayfield
  • James Meriwether
  • Lemuel P. Montgomery
  • Daniel Newnan
  • Major Ridge
  • Gilbert C. Russell
  • Josiah Ogden Watson
  • James White (General)
  • Joseph M. Wilcox

Links

Resources