This is a Master Project with sub-projects for the different types of leaders.
KHUFU (CHEOPS) - PHAROAH OF EGYPT Renowned as builder of the world’s greatest wonder - the Great Pyramid in 2560 BC.
SHEBA - QUEEN OF ETHIOPIA
Renowned for her visit to King Solomon in 1000 BC, and wealthy dynasty founded in Ethiopia.
CLEOPATRA VII - QUEEN OF EGYPT
Renowned for her relationship to Julius Caesar & Marc Anthony around 47 BC.
THE MONOMOTAPA - KING OF BENAMETAPA
Renowned as king of one of the greatest African countries of the Middle Ages and ruler of Great Zimbabwe in 1200 AD.
MANSA KANKAN MUSA - EMPEROR OF MALI
The most renowned of all the monarchs of the old Sudan. The Emperor claimed that the length of his realm was "about one year". Mali was one of the greatest states in the world of its time.
Renowned as the Emperor (1930-1974) who led one of the first independent and democratic countries in Africa. The first President of the Organization of African Unity.
ALBERT LUTHULI - PRESIDENT OF THE ANC
Renowned as the first person to be awarded a Nobel Prize in Africa (for peace) in 1960. He was born near Durban in South Africa.
DR. CHRISTIAAN BARNARD - FIRST HEART TRANSPLANT
Renowned as the first surgeon to perform a human heart transplant in 1967. A giant step for medicine performed in the Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.
BOUTROS BOUTROS-GHALI - SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Renowned as the first African to be appointed Secretary General of the United Nations in 1992. He was born in Egypt and served as Egypt’s Deputy Prime Minister.
NELSON MANDELA - PRESIDENT OF SOUTH AFRICA
Renowned and respected as the most famous fighter for African freedom. First President of a truly democratic South Africa (1994) and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
50 Influential Africans Alphabetically
1. Annan, Kofi. Ghana. Former Secretary General of The United Nations.
2. Azikiwe, Nnamdi. First President of modern Nigeria (1963 - 1966).
3. Barnard, Dr Christiaan South African. Performed first heart transplant (1967).
4. Biko, Steve (1946 - 1977). South African President of BPC Convention (1972).
5. Boutros-Ghali, Boutros. First African Secretary General of UN (1992).
6. Candace (25BC). Queen of Kush. Led attack on Roman held Philae.**
7. Cleopatra VII (47BC). Queen of Egypt. Relationship with Julius Caesar.
8. De Klerk, FW. South African Nobel prize winner and President (1989-1994).
9. Gordimer, Nadine. South African Nobel prize winner (1991).
10. Hani, Chris. South African ANC Leader.**
11. Ibn Battuta (AD 1300). The "Marco Polo" of North Africa.**
12. Ibn Yasin (AD 1054). North African conqueror.
13. Imhotep (2700BC). Designer of pyramids. The "Leonardo da Vinci" of Egypt.
14. Kankan Musa (AD1307). Mansa (emperor) of Mali - great empire of West Africa.**
15. Kasavubu, Joseph (1913 - 1969). First President of modern Zaire (1960 - 1965).**
16. Kaunda, Dr Kenneth. First President of modern Zambia (1964 - 1991).**
17. Kayamanga (AD800). The first King of Ghana.
18. Kenyata, Jomo (1891 - 1978). First President of modern Kenya.
19. Khufu (Cheops) (2560BC). Pharaoh builder of the Great Pyramid.
20. Lobengula (1833 - 1894). Last King of Matebele (Zimbabwe).
21. Lumumba, Patrice (1925 - 1961). First Prime Minister of modern Zaire.
22. Luthuli, Albert (1899 - 1967). South African Nobel prize winner (1960).**
23. Makeba, Miriam. South African singer.**
24. Mandela, Nelson. Nobel prize winner (1993). President of South Africa.
25. Mbeki, Thabo. South African Vice President.
26. Menelik II (1844 - 1913). First Emperor of modern Ethiopia (1889 - 1909).**
27. Menes (3400BC). Pharoah. United south and north kingdoms. Founded Memphis.
28. Mohamed, Askia (AD 1300). King of Songhay (Sudan). Financier of intellectuals.
29. Monomatapa (AD1200). The king of Benametapa, Central Africa.
30. Moshweshwe (1786 - 1870). Founder King of Lesotho. Nation-builder.
31. Mzilikazi (1870). Zulu Leader of old Central/Southern Africa.
32. Nasser, Gamal Abdel (1918 - 1970). President of Egypt (1956).
33. Nkrumah, Kwame (1909 - 1972). President of Ghana (1960 - 1966).
34. Nyerere, Julius Kambarage. First President of modern Tanzania (1962 - 1985).
35. Paton, Alan Stewart (1903 - 1988). South African author.
36. Piankhy (725BC). King of Nubia. Conquered Egypt. Established 25th dynasty.
37. Plaatjie, Sol. Author and Champion for African rights.
38. Ramaphosa, Cyril. South African businessman and former ANC leader.
39. Sadat, Anwar al. Egyptian Nobel prize winner (1978). President of Egypt.
40. Selassie, Haile (1892 - 1975). Emperor of Ethiopia 1930 - 1974).
41. Shamba Bolongogo (AD 1600). King of the Bushongo. Man of peace.
42. Sheba (1000BC). Queen of Ethiopia.
43. Sisulu, Walter. South African ANC Leader.
44. Smuts, Jan Christiaan (1870 - 1950). South African Premier.
45. Sontonga, Enoch. Composer of Nkosi Sikelel'i Afrika.
46. Tambo, Oliver (1917 - 1993). President of the ANC (1960 - 1990).
47. Tunka Manin (AD1062). Ghana (king) of Aoukar - great empire of Ghana.
48. Tutu, Bishop Desmond. South African Nobel prize winner.
49. Zulu, Shaka (1787 - 1828). South African Zulu King.
Influential Leaders By Category
- Leaders in Politics
- Leaders in Science
- Leaders in Literature
- Leaders in Social Work
- Leaders in Medicine