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Jacobite Risings (1688-1746)

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  • Angus McDonald (1727 - 1778)
    ) Angus McDonald (1727 – August 19, 1778) was a prominent Scottish American military officer, frontiersman, sheriff and landowner in Virginia. During the Jacobite rising of 1745, McDonald fo...
  • General John Campbell (1727 - 1806)
    ) General John Campbell, 17th Chief of MacArthur Campbells of Strachur (1727 – 28 August 1806) was a Scottish soldier and senior nobleman, who commanded the British forces at the Siege of Pe...
  • Henry St. John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (1678 - 1751)
    Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (16 September 1678 – 12 December 1751) was an English politician, government official and political philosopher. He was a leader of the Tories, and supp...
  • George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend (1724 - 1807)
    Field Marshal George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, PC (28 February 1724 – 14 September 1807), known as The Viscount Townshend from 1764 to 1787, was a British soldier who reached the ra...
  • Brig. General Hugh Mercer (Continental Army) (1726 - 1777)
    Hugh Mercer was born in Scotland. He was baptized in January 1726. He emigrated to America and married Isabella Gordon of Virginia. General Hugh Mercer served in the American Revolutionary War and was ...

Jacobite Risings

The Jacobite Risings were a series of uprisings, rebellions, and wars in Great Britain and Ireland occurring between 1688 and 1746. The uprisings were aimed at returning James VII of Scotland and II of England, and later his descendants of the House of Stuart, to the throne after he was deposed by Parliament during the Glorious Revolution. The series of conflicts takes its name from Jacobitism, from Jacobus, the Latin form of James.


The major Jacobite Risings were called the Jacobite Rebellions by the ruling governments. The "First Jacobite Rebellion" and "Second Jacobite Rebellion" were known respectively as "The Fifteen" and "The Forty-Five", after the years in which they occurred (1715 and 1745).


Although each Jacobite Rising had unique features, they were part of a larger series of military campaigns by Jacobites attempting to restore the Stuart kings to the thrones of Scotland and England (and after 1707, Great Britain). James was deposed in 1688 and the thrones were claimed by his daughter Mary II jointly with her husband, the Dutch-born William of Orange.


After the House of Hanover succeeded to the British throne in 1714, the risings continued, and intensified. They continued until the last Jacobite Rebellion ("the Forty-Five"), led by Charles Edward Stuart (the Young Pretender), who was soundly defeated at the Battle of Culloden in 1746. This ended any realistic hope of a Stuart restoration.

Note:

Profiles related to the The Jacobite war in Ireland (also called the The Williamite War in Ireland http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Williamite_war_in_Ireland) are included in the geni project Battleground Ireland. http://www.geni.com/projects/Battleground-Ireland/8837