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The Jacobite succession is the line through which the crown in pretence of England and Scotland and Ireland has descended since the flight of James II & VII from London at the time of the "Glorious Revolution". Source

For Jacobites, King James II and VII continued to reign until his death in 1701. He was succeeded by his son, James III and VIII, who in turn was succeeded by his sons, Charles III and Henry IX and I.

By the death of the latter in 1807 the legitimate male line of the Royal House of Stuart became extinct. The succession to the throne then passed to the senior heir of King Charles I, descended from his youngest daughter Henrietta Anne; this prince was none other than Charles Emanuel IV of Savoy. The succession to the throne has continued until today when it is represented by Duke Francis of Bavaria.

Jacobitism is, however, more than merely a belief that a different person has the best right to the throne. It is also a radically different understanding of the place which the monarch and the monarchy have within society. Jacobites reject the idea that the king has his authority delegated to him by Parliament. Many hold that the king's authority comes directly from Almighty God. Source

The biographies presented here show in some detail how the succession to the thrones of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland has passed from the House of Stuart through the Houses of Savoy and Habsburg to the House of Wittelsbach, where it remains to this day.

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The House of Stuart

Alternative successions of the English crown

At Henry's death the claim passed to his second cousin twice removed, Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia, and then to his brother Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia. Charles Emmanuel and Victor Emmanuel were great-great-great-grandsons of King Charles I.

When Franz dies, his claim on the English and Scottish crowns will pass to his younger brother Max.

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THE HOUSE OF STUART

"James II & VII"

On the day of James II's death, 16 September 1701, the line of succession to the Jacobite claim was as follows (following primogeniture);

  • 1. James, Prince of Wales (b. 10 June 1688), son of James II & VII
  • 2. Princess Anne, Princess George of Denmark (b. 6 February 1665), elder living daughter of James II
  • 3. Princess Louise (b. 28 June 1692), younger living daughter of James II
  • 4. William III, Prince of Orange (b. 14 November 1650), son of Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange
  • 5. Princess Anne Marie, Duchess of Savoy (b. 27 August 1669), daughter of Princes Henrietta Anne, Duchess of Orléans
  • 6. Victor Amadeus, Prince of Piedmont (b. 6 May 1699), first son of Princess Anne Marie
  • 7. Prince Charles Emmanuel of Savoy (b. 27 April 1701), second son of Princess Anne Marie
  • 8. Princess Marie-Adélaïde, Duchess of Burgundy (b. 6 December 1685), elder living daughter of Princess Anne Marie
  • 9. Princess Mary Louise of Savoy (b. 17 September 1688), younger living daughter of Princess Anne Marie
  • 10. Prince Charles Maurice Palatine of the Platz (b. 9 January 1671), son of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine

Upon James II's death, the Prince of Wales inherited his father's claim, as "James III & VIII"

"James III & VIII"

On the day of James III's death, 1 January 1766, the line of succession to the Jacobite claim was as follows (following primogeniture);

  • 1. Prince Charles, Duke of Cornwall (b. 31 December 1720), elder son of James III
  • 2. Prince Henry, Cardinal-Duke of York (b. 11 March 1725), younger son of James III
  • 3. Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia (b. 27 April 1701), son of Anne Marie, Queen of Sardinia
  • 4. Victor Amadeus, Prince of Piedmont (b. 26 June 1726), first son of Charles Emmanuel III
  • 5. Prince Charles Emmanuel of Piedmont (b. 24 May 1751), first son of Prince Victor Amadeus
  • 6. Prince Victor Emmanuel, Duke of Aosta (b. 24 July 1759), second son of Prince Victor Amadeus
  • 7. Prince Maurice Joseph, Duke of Montferrat (b. 13 September 1762), third son of Prince Victor Amadeus
  • 8. Prince Charles Felix of Piedmont (b. 6 April 1765), fourth son of Prince Victor Amadeus
  • 9. Princess Marie Josephine Louise of Piedmont (b. 2 September 1753), first daughter of Prince Victor Amadeus
  • 10. Princess Mary Theresa of Piedmont (b. 31 January 1756), second daughter of Prince Victor Amadeus

Upon James III's death, Charles Stuart inherited his father's claim, as "Charles III"

"Charles III"

On the day of Charles III's death, 31 January 1788, the line of succession to the Jacobite claim was as follows (following primogeniture);


  • 1. Prince Henry, Cardinal-Duke of York (b. 11 March 1725), younger brother of Charles III
  • 2. Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia (b. 26 June 1726), grandson of Anne Marie, Queen of Sardinia
  • 3. Charles Emmanuel, Prince of Piedmont (b. 24 May 1751), first son of Victor Amadeus
  • 4. Prince Victor Emmanuel, Duke of Aosta (b. 24 July 1759), second son of Victor Amadeus
  • 5. Prince Maurice Joseph, Duke of Montferrat (b. 13 September 1762), third son of Victor Amadeus
  • 6. Prince Charles Felix of Piedmont (b. 6 April 1765), fourth son of Victor Amadeus
  • 7. Prince Joseph Benedict, Count of Moriana (b. 5 October 1766), fifth son of Victor Amadeus
  • 8. Princess Marie Josephine Louise, Countess of Provenance (b. 2 September 1753), first daughter of Victor Amadeus
  • 9. Princess Mary Theresa, Countess of Artois (b. 31 January 1756), second daughter of Victor Amadeus
  • 10. Prince Louis-Antony, Duke of Angoulême (b. 6 August 1775), elder son of Princess Mary Theresa

Upon Charles III's death, Henry Stuart inherited his brother's claim, as "Henry IX & I"

"Henry IX & I"

On the day of Henry IX's death, 13 July 1807, the line of succession to the Jacobite claim was as follows (following primogeniture);


  • 1. Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia (b. 24 May 1751), first son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia
  • 2. Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia (b. 24 July 1759), second son of Victor Amadeus
  • 3. Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy (b. 6 September 1792), eldest daughter of Victor Emmanuel
  • 4. Princess Maria Anna of Savoy (b. 19 September 1803), second daughter of Victor Emmanuel
  • 5. Princess Maria Theresa of Savoy (b. 19 September 1803), third daughter of Victor Emmanuel
  • 6. Prince Charles Felix of Piedmont (b. 6 April 1765), fourth son of Victor Amadeus
  • 7. Marie Josephine Louise, Queen of France (b. 2 September 1753), first daughter of Victor Amadeus
  • 8. Prince Louis-Antony, Duke of Angoulême (b. 6 August 1775), elder son of Princess Mary Theresa, Countess of Artois
  • 9. Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry (b. 24 January 1778), second son of Princess Mary Theresa
  • 10. Princess Mary Anne, Duchess of Chablais (b. 17 December 1757), third daughter of Victor Amadeus

Henry IX was the last actual claimant to the thrones.